Conversation Analysis

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Conversation Analysis

  1. 1. CONVERSATION
  2. 2. Conversation is any interactive spoken exchange between two or more people and can be: <ul><ul><ul><li>face – to – face exchanges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>non – face – to – face exchanges </li></ul><ul><li>broadcast materials </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conversation consists of <ul><li>opening </li></ul><ul><li>turn-taking </li></ul><ul><li>holding a turn </li></ul><ul><li>passing a turn </li></ul><ul><li>closing </li></ul><ul><li>overlapping </li></ul><ul><li>repair </li></ul><ul><li>adjacency pair </li></ul><ul><li>sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>turns </li></ul>
  4. 4. ADJACENCY PAIR Question - A nswer Invitation - A cceptance Request for favor - G ranting Apology - A cceptance Complaint - D enial Complaint- A pology B lame- D enial Response: Preferred - Dispreferred
  5. 5. SPEECH ACT An utterance defined in terms of intention and / or effect Loccution Illicution Perlocution Direct Indirect
  6. 6. <ul><li>assertives = speech acts that commit a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition </li></ul><ul><li>directives = speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action, e.g. requests, commands and advice </li></ul><ul><li>commissives = speech acts that commit a speaker to some future action, e.g. promises and oaths </li></ul><ul><li>expressives = speech acts that expresses on the speaker's attitudes and emotions towards the proposition, e.g. congratulations, excuses and thanks </li></ul><ul><li>declarations = speech acts that change the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration, e.g. baptisms, pronouncing someone guilty or pronouncing someone husband and wife </li></ul>Illocutunary Speech Acts
  7. 7. Would you open the window? Open it yourself. Request for favor - Rejecting
  8. 8. I am sorry to disturb you. That’s all right what can I do for you? Apology - A cceptance
  9. 9. Where the book I bought this morning? On the table. Question - A nswer
  10. 10. Y ou left the light on. It was not me. Complaint- A pology
  11. 11. D egreeting -> D egreeting See you! Yeah, see you later!
  12. 12. It's awfully cold in here Oh, sorry, I'll close the window C omplaint -> E xcuse/ R emedy
  13. 13. Would you like to visit the museum with me this evening? I'd love to! O ffer -> A cceptance/ R ejection
  14. 14. Hi! Hello! G reeting -> Gr eeting
  15. 15. Let’s try to apply the above information on the following conversation
  16. 16. <ul><li>Yoy wanted to see me? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes. </li></ul><ul><li>Oh my… </li></ul><ul><li>Did you finish your errands? Because I need you to head to the diner and take care of the night shift. </li></ul><ul><li>Tonight’s my night off and it’s the Halloween dance at school ,so … </li></ul><ul><li>I know, but you need to stop being so self-centered, Sam, and start thinking of others. Others need you to go to the diner and mop the floors tonight. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>But I really need to go to this dance tonight, Fiona. I have to. </li></ul><ul><li>Come on, Sam. You need to earn your tuition money for college. You gotta bus a lot of tables. </li></ul><ul><li>Fiona, I’m a straight – A student. I work seven days a week and I’m taking extra AP classes. I never asked you for anything. Please let me go to this dance. </li></ul><ul><li>Sweetheart, now that you’re old enough… there’s something I’ve always wanted to tell you, and I think you’re ready to hear it. You’re not very pretty, and you’re not very bright. I’m so glad we had that talk. </li></ul>

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