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Conversation Analysis
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Conversation Analysis

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Conversation Analysis Conversation Analysis Presentation Transcript

  • CONVERSATION
  • Conversation is any interactive spoken exchange between two or more people and can be:
        • face – to – face exchanges
    • non – face – to – face exchanges
    • broadcast materials
  • Conversation consists of
    • opening
    • turn-taking
    • holding a turn
    • passing a turn
    • closing
    • overlapping
    • repair
    • adjacency pair
    • sequencing
    • turns
  • ADJACENCY PAIR Question - A nswer Invitation - A cceptance Request for favor - G ranting Apology - A cceptance Complaint - D enial Complaint- A pology B lame- D enial Response: Preferred - Dispreferred
  • SPEECH ACT An utterance defined in terms of intention and / or effect Loccution Illicution Perlocution Direct Indirect
    • assertives = speech acts that commit a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition
    • directives = speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action, e.g. requests, commands and advice
    • commissives = speech acts that commit a speaker to some future action, e.g. promises and oaths
    • expressives = speech acts that expresses on the speaker's attitudes and emotions towards the proposition, e.g. congratulations, excuses and thanks
    • declarations = speech acts that change the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration, e.g. baptisms, pronouncing someone guilty or pronouncing someone husband and wife
    Illocutunary Speech Acts
  • Would you open the window? Open it yourself. Request for favor - Rejecting
  • I am sorry to disturb you. That’s all right what can I do for you? Apology - A cceptance
  • Where the book I bought this morning? On the table. Question - A nswer
  • Y ou left the light on. It was not me. Complaint- A pology
  • D egreeting -> D egreeting See you! Yeah, see you later!
  • It's awfully cold in here Oh, sorry, I'll close the window C omplaint -> E xcuse/ R emedy
  • Would you like to visit the museum with me this evening? I'd love to! O ffer -> A cceptance/ R ejection
  • Hi! Hello! G reeting -> Gr eeting
  • Let’s try to apply the above information on the following conversation
    • Yoy wanted to see me?
    • Yes.
    • Oh my…
    • Did you finish your errands? Because I need you to head to the diner and take care of the night shift.
    • Tonight’s my night off and it’s the Halloween dance at school ,so …
    • I know, but you need to stop being so self-centered, Sam, and start thinking of others. Others need you to go to the diner and mop the floors tonight.
    • But I really need to go to this dance tonight, Fiona. I have to.
    • Come on, Sam. You need to earn your tuition money for college. You gotta bus a lot of tables.
    • Fiona, I’m a straight – A student. I work seven days a week and I’m taking extra AP classes. I never asked you for anything. Please let me go to this dance.
    • Sweetheart, now that you’re old enough… there’s something I’ve always wanted to tell you, and I think you’re ready to hear it. You’re not very pretty, and you’re not very bright. I’m so glad we had that talk.