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Cholera

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Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Cholera. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Cholera. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Published in Education , Business , Technology
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Transcript

  • 1. Cholera
  • 2. StatistiekStatistics
  • 3. Cholera vandag / Cholera today
  • 4. Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts
  • 5. Die siekte/ The disease
    • Akuut aansteeklike siekte
    • 6. Dikwels dodelik
    • 7. Gekenmerk deur erge diarree, braking en ineenstorting
    Acute infectious disease
    is often fatal
    characterized by severe vomiting, diarrhoea, and collapse
  • 8. Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle
    • Gasheer drink besmette water
    • 9. Bakterieë beweeg deur die maag
    • 10. Bereik die ingewande en vorm flagella
    • 11. Dring deur na kl ingewande
    • 12. Skei gifstowwe af wat diarree veroorsaak
    • 13. Ontlasting dra bakterieë oor aan water
    Host drinks water
    Bacteria moves through the stomach
    Reach the intestine & produce flagella
    Propel through mucus of the sm. intestine
    Produce toxin causing diarrhoea
    Faeces carry new bacteria into drinking water
  • 14. Lewenssiklus/ Life cycle
  • 15. Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission
  • 16. Veroorsaak deur / Caused by
    • Bakterieë – VibrioCholerae
    Bacteria - VibrioCholerae
  • 17. Oorgedra deur / Transmitted through
    • Indirekte oordrag
    • 18. Objek verspreidend
    • 19. Bereik water deur:
    • 20. Braking
    • 21. Diarree
    • 22. Daers aktief of passief
    • 23. Skei gifstowwe in die kl ingewande af wat diarree en ontwatering veroorsaak
    Indirect transmission
    Vehicleborne
    Reaches water through:
    Vomiting
    Diarrhoea
    Carriers active or passive
    Produces toxins in sml intestines that cause severe diarrhoea and dehydration
  • 24. Infeksie / Infection
    • Deur:
    • 25. Gekontamineerde water
    • 26. Gekontamineerde kos
    • 27. Die maak en eet van kos met ongewaste hande
    • 28. Ook huisvlieë en ander insekte
    Through:
    Contaminated water
    Contaminated food
    Eating with unwashed hands
    Also house flies and other insects
  • 29. Toestande wat lei tot infeksie / Conditions that leads to infection
  • 30. SimptomeSymptoms
  • 31. Algemene Simptome/ General Symptoms
    • 1 dag inkubasie
    • 32. Erge waterige diarree
    • 33. Vinnige dehidrasie
    • 34. Dood agv skok en dehidrasie indien nie behandel word
    1 day incubation
    profuse, watery diarrhoea
    rapid dehydration
    death from shock and dehydration if untreated
  • 35. Fase 1 / Stage 1
    • Braking
    • 36. Maagkrampe
    • 37. Skielike waterige pynlose diarree
    • 38. Ontlasting lyk soos ryswater, is gryserig met wolkerige etter, ruik sweterig
    Vomiting
    Muscle cramps
    Sudden onset and watery, painless diarrhea
    Stool has a characteristic “rice water” appearance (gray, slightly cloudy with bits of mucus, and a slightly sweaty odor)
  • 39. Fase 2 / Stage 2
    • Dehidrasie, dors en skok
    • 40. Koue vel, gesonke oë, swak pols, flou skril stem
    • 41. Min urine
    • 42. Maag krampe en swakheid
    Dehydration, Thirst and Shock
    Cold Skin, sunken Eyes, weak pulse and feint high-pitched voice
    Reduced urine
    Muscle cramps and Muscle weakness
  • 43. Fase 3 / Stage 3
    • Begin herstel
    • 44. Ligte tot ernstige diarree
    • 45. Skok en dehidrasie
    • 46. Verlies aan belangrike minerale en elektroliete
    • 47. Intense dors
    • 48. Verminderde urinering
    • 49. Maagkrampe en swakheid
    Start to recover
    Mild to severe diarrhoea
    Shock and dehydration
    Loss of important minerals and electrolytes
    Intense thirst
    Reduced urination
    Muscle cramps/weakness
  • 50. BehandelingTreatment
  • 51. Orale rehidrasie / Oral rehydration
    • Orale Rehidrasie Terapie (ORT)
    • 52. Sout en suiker oplossing wat oraal geneem word
    • 53. Ook tuisgemaakte oplossings (water, suiker, sout, bakpoeier, vrugte)
    • 54. Soms binne-aars
    Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT)
    Solution of salts and sugars, taken by the mouth
    Also homemade solutions (water, sugar, table salt, baking soda, and fruit)
    Sometimes intravenous
  • 55. Antibiotika / Antibiotics
    • Tetrasiklien
    • 56. Verkort die duur van die siekte
    • 57. Verlig die simptome
    Tetracycline
    Shorten the course of the disease
    Weaken the symptoms.
  • 58. VoorkomingPrevention
  • 59. Risikogedrag/ Risk behavior
    • Plakkerskampe
    • 60. Swak higiëne
    • 61. Onveilige voorbereiding van voedsel
    • 62. Die drink van besoedelde water
    • 63. Om te bad / swem in besoedelde water
    Squatter camps
    Bad hygiene
    Unsafe preparation of food
    Drinking contaminated water
    To bathe / swim in contaminated water
  • 64. Voorkoming / Prevention
    • Immunisasie
    • 65. Kook water, bedek kos
    • 66. Opvoeding
    • 67. Persoonlike higiëne
    • 68. Voorkoming van water kontaminasie
    • 69. Verbeterde rioolstelsels
    • 70. Toegang tot mediese sorg
    Immunization
    Boiling water, covering food
    Education
    Personal and domestic hygiene
    Prevention of contamination of water supplies
    Improvement of sewage systems
    Access to health care