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Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
Aansteeklike siektes
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Aansteeklike siektes

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Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Infectious Diseases. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Infectious Diseases. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Published in: Health & Medicine, Lifestyle
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  • 1. Aansteeklike SiektesInfectious Diseases<br />
  • 2. Wat is dit? What is it?<br />Aansteeklike siektes is siektes wat van een organisme na ʼn ander oorgedra kan word<br />Infectious diseases are diseases that can pass from one organism to another<br />
  • 3. Belangrike terme /Important terminology<br /><ul><li>Patogeenorganisme wat siekte kan veroorsaak</li></ul>Pathogenorganism that can cause disease<br />
  • 4. Belangrikste patogene/Most important pathogens<br /><ul><li>Bakterieë
  • 5. Virusse
  • 6. Swamme
  • 7. Parasiete</li></ul>Bacteria<br />Viruses<br />Fungi<br />Parasites<br />
  • 8. Bakterieë / Bacteria<br /><ul><li>Eensellige mikro-organismes
  • 9. Skei gifstowwe af</li></ul>1 celled microorganisms<br />produce toxins (poisons)<br />
  • 10. Virusse / Viruses<br /><ul><li>Kleiner as bakterieë
  • 11. Kan nie vermeerder tensy dit in ʼn lewende sel is</li></ul>Smaller than bacteria<br />Can’t reproduce unless inside a living cell<br />
  • 12. Swamme / Fungi<br /><ul><li>Groei op ʼn menslike gasheer
  • 13. Voorbeeld - atleetvoet</li></ul>Grows on a human host<br />Example – athlete’s foot<br />
  • 14. Parasiete / Parasites<br /><ul><li>Kom voor in lewende organismes
  • 15. Word van die een organisme na die ander oorgedra</li></ul>Are found inside living organisms<br />Are carried over from one organism to the other<br />
  • 16. Voorwaardes vir suksesvolle oordrag/ Conditions for successful transmission<br /><ul><li>‘n Geinfekteerde persoon of objek
  • 17. ‘n Vatbare ontvanger
  • 18. Dit moet vir die patogeenmoontlik wees om van die geinfekteerde na die ontvanger te beweeg</li></ul>An infected person or object<br />A susceptible receiver<br />The pathogen must be able go from the infected person/object to the susceptible receiver<br />
  • 19. Vatbaarheid.../ Susceptibility…<br /><ul><li>Is die vermoe om geinfekteer te word wanneer jy bloodgestel word aan n patogeen
  • 20. Mense word immuun wanneer:
  • 21. Hulle voorheen reeds geinfekteer was
  • 22. Hulle ingeent is teen die patogeen
  • 23. Medikasie kan vatbaarheid tydelik verlaag</li></ul>Is the ability to become infected with an pathogen when exposed to it<br />People may loose susceptibility (or become immune) once they:<br />have been infected with the organism<br />Vaccinated <br /> Medications may reduce susceptibility temporarily<br />
  • 24. Hoe word patogene oorgedra?How are pathogens transmitted?<br />
  • 25. Direkte oordrag/ Direct transmission<br /><ul><li>Direkte kontakMense kom in kontak met geinfekteerde:
  • 26. vel, spoeg, liggaamsvloeistowwe (bloed, uriene, ontlasting)
  • 27. Direct contactThe susceptible person comes in contact with infected person’s:
  • 28. skin, mucus membranes or body fluid (blood, urine, feces).
  • 29. INDIRECT CONTACTPeople come in contact with pathogens through breaths, coughs or sneezes.
  • 30. Infection occurs when the droplet enters his eyes, nose or mouth directly or via contamination of hands.
  • 31. INDIREKTE KONTAKMense kom in kontak met patogene deur asemhaling, hoes en nies
  • 32. Word geinfekteer wanneer druppels die oe, neus of mond binnekom
  • 33. Ook deur ongewasde hande</li></li></ul><li>Indirekte oordrag/ Indirect transmission<br /><ul><li>Vind plaas wanneer die patogeen van die geinfekteerde persoon na die vatbare persoon dmv n ander medium oorgedra word
  • 34. Deur die lug = lug-verspreidend
  • 35. Deur insekte = vektor-verspreidend
  • 36. Deur n voorwerp = voorwerp-verspreidend
  • 37. Occurs when an pathogen is spread from an infected person to a susceptible person via an intermediary or go-between.
  • 38. Via the air = airborne
  • 39. Via an insect = vectorborne
  • 40. Via an inanimate object = vehicleborne</li></li></ul><li>Voorwerp-verspreidend/Vehicleborne<br />Eetgerei /silverware<br />Handdoeke / Towels<br />Kos/ food<br />Water<br />
  • 41. Vektor-verspreidend/Vectorborne<br />
  • 42. Lug-verspreidend/Airborne<br />
  • 43. Aansteeklike siektes en risikogedrag/Infectious diseases and risk behaviour<br /><ul><li>Sekere tipe risiko gedrag maak jou vatbaar vir aansteeklike siektes
  • 44. Siektes in SA:
  • 45. MIV/VIGS
  • 46. Malaria
  • 47. TB
  • 48. Bilharzia
  • 49. Cholera
  • 50. Certain kinds of risk behaviour make you susceptible to infectious diseases
  • 51. Siektes in SA:
  • 52. HIV/AIDS
  • 53. Malaria
  • 54. TB
  • 55. Bilharzia
  • 56. Cholera</li>

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