Gender planing as an input to engender governance  coloured 11-2-09
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Gender planing as an input to engender governance coloured 11-2-09

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“We need a vision of mankind not as patients whose interests have to be looked after, but as agents who can do effective things- both individually and jointly. We also have to go beyond the role of ...

“We need a vision of mankind not as patients whose interests have to be looked after, but as agents who can do effective things- both individually and jointly. We also have to go beyond the role of human beings specifically as ‘consumers’ or as ‘people with need’, and consider, more broadly, their general role as agents of change who can- given opportunity- think, assess, evaluate, resolve, inspire, agitate, and through these means, reshape the world.” Prof. Amartya Kumar Sen

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Gender planing as an input to engender governance  coloured 11-2-09 Gender planing as an input to engender governance coloured 11-2-09 Presentation Transcript

  • Gender Planning as an Input to Engender Governance Dr. Vibhuti Patel, Director, PGSR Professor & Head, Post Graduate Department of Economics, SNDT Women’s University, Churchgate, Mumbai-400020. E-mail- vibhuti.np@gmail.com Phone-91-022-26770227®, 22052970 (O) Mobile 9321040048
  • Need for an interdisciplinary perspective
    • All stake group should be reached out.
    • Government bodies
    • Social movements/ people’s movements
    • Citizens groups
    • Political parties and legislators
    • Human rights organisations
  • Philosophy behind Gender Audits
    • “ We need a vision of mankind not as patients whose interests have to be looked after, but as agents who can do effective things- both individually and jointly. We also have to go beyond the role of human beings specifically as ‘consumers’ or as ‘people with need’, and consider, more broadly, their general role as agents of change who can- given opportunity- think, assess, evaluate, resolve, inspire, agitate, and through these means, reshape the world.” Prof. Amartya Kumar Sen
    View slide
  • Gender audit of constitutional guarantees
    • fundamental rights, directive principles,
    • family laws, criminal legal system-substantive law, procedural law, rules and infrastructure
    • labour and population policies
    • political parties and electoral system have proved to be important tools for public education
    • transformatory process for women’s development and legal reforms to ensure gender-justice.
    View slide
  • Gender audit of macro policies
    • Economic reforms
    • globalisation and structural adjustment programmes
    • the Five Year Plans have been done by women’s studies scholars to identify conceptual and operational biases in the approach, design and implications.
    • International economics & Local processes of empowerment
  • Economic Reforms and Women
    • Social Sector Budgets
    • Public Health
    • Privatisation of Education
    • Feminisation of Poverty
    • Feminisation of Labour Market
    • Flexible Labour, BPO, FEZ, EPZ, SPZ
    • Female Healded Households
  • Decline in Juvenile Sex Ratio
    • There was a deficit of 6 million female infants and girls in 2001.
    • This is a result of the widespread use of sex determination and sex pre-selection tests throughout the country (including in Kerala), along with high rates of female infanticide in the BIMARU states, rural Tamilnadu and Gujarat.
  • Gender audits of mega developmental schemes
    • Useful exercise to seal to the leakages that dis-empower women and bring to the fore women’s component in terms of employment, educational opportunities, skill development, entitlement and assets ownership.
    • Displacement in the Name of Development
    • Occupational Health & Safety
    • Labour Standards
  • Gender audits of statistics and indicators
    • To identify women’s contributions & stakes and provide a realistic picture for allocation of resources for women specific projects and gender-neutral projects.
    • Conceptual & operational biases
    • Underestimation/overestimation can lead to faulty policies, programmes, schemes
  • Gender audits of documents of state and central governments
    • Towards Equality (1974)
    • Shram Shakti Report (1988)
    • National Perspective Plan for Women (1988-2000)
    • State Policies for Women
    • Women Empowerment Policy, 2001
    • Amendments in the Panchayati Raj Institutions act to grant 33% reservation of seats for women
    • II National Commission of Labour (2002)
    • human Development Reports
  • Policy making with respect to Plan Documents
    • I FYP (1951-56) Formation of CSWB 1953
    • II FYP-Development of Mahila Mandals
    • III & IV FYPs & interim plans(1961-74)-Women’s Education and Mother & Child Health
    • V FYP (1974-78)-Paradigm Shift: Welfare Development
    • VI FYP(1980-85)-WD as separate economic agenda-Health, Education, Employment
  • Influence of WID-WAD-GAD
    • VII FYP(1986-1991)-WID-integration into mainstream
    • VIII FYP(1992-97)- Development Empowerment
    • outlay, Rs. 4 cr. In I FYP to Rs. 2000 cr. In VIII FYP
    • IX FYP (1997-2002)- W Empowerment Policy, 2001, 30% of funds/benefits from development sector to Women
    • X FYP Appreciated efforts at ensuring gender-just and gender-sensitive budget- Outlay of Rs. 13780 crores
  • XI Five Year Plan
    • Gender Mainstreaming
    • XI Plan continues the process of dissecting the govt. budget to establish its gender-differential impact
    • Translate gender commitment to budgetary commitments-
    • Women Component Plan & GB to play complimentary role for effective convergence, proper utilisation and monitoring of fund from various developmental sectors
  • Gender audits of Sectoral Policies
    • Housing policy
    • Water policy
    • Energy and environment policy
    • Population policy, National Health policy, Mental Health Policy
    • Disaster management policy, policy for financial assistance
    • Foreign policy have helped to evolve safety nets for women’s survival and subsistence
  • Gender Audits of Budgets
    • provides policy framework, methodology and set of tools to assist governments to integrate a gender perspective into the budget as the main national plan of public expenditure.
    • It also aims to facilitate attention to gender analysis in review of macroeconomic performance, ministerial budget preparations, parliamentary debate, and mainstream media coverage.
  • Demands of the Women’s Groups
    •   S eparate listing of women specific items in the budget
    • No diversion of women’s component funds (30% of the total) in different ministries and departments
    • Transparency about allocation and utilisation of funding
    • Right to information
    • Inclusion of gender economists in pre-budget workshops that should be held around October so that their suggestions can be included.
  • Plan of Action
    • training and capacity building workshops on gender audits as a tool to evolve a gender-aware policy framework for decision-makers in the government structures, gram sabhas , legislative assembly, parliament, judiciary and legal system, educational institutions, corporate world, financial and funding institutions, local-national and international NGOs, human rights organisations and audio-visual media.
  • Thank You If we don’t engender Governance,Women’s existence will be endangered .