Domestic Violence: Challenges Before Women’s Movement and NGOs
Dr. Vibhuti Patel, Director, P.G. S. R.
Professor and Head, Post Graduate Department of Economics,
SNDT Women’s University, Smt. Nathibai Thakersey Road,
Tel (91) (22) 26770227 ®, 22052970 (O), Mobile-9321040048 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
“Violence against women is perhaps the most shameful human rights violation. And it is perhaps the most pervasive. It knows no boundaries of geography, culture or wealth. As long as it continues, we cannot claim to be making real progress towards equality, development and peace.” Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations
The concept of human rights evolved largely from ideas of western political theory about rights of individuals to autonomy and freedom. Thus the international human rights law evolved to protect individuals' autonomy vis-à-vis the state. And, it held states responsible for individual rights and accountable for abuse of those rights.
The development of human rights has been expressed in terms of 'generations': The civil and political rights, as the first generation rights; economic, social and cultural rights as the second generation rights; and the group or people's rights, which are recently defined as the third generation rights.