VERONA DENTAL
DENTALDENTAL
ANATOMYANATOMY
1. Anatomy of a tooth.1. Anatomy of a tooth.
a. Anatomical crown- portion of tootha. Anatomical crown- portion of tooth
co...
b.b. Clinical crownClinical crown- visible part of tooth- visible part of tooth
above the gum lineabove the gum line..
Ana...
c. Rootc. Root
(1) Part of tooth embedded in the(1) Part of tooth embedded in the
alveolar process and covered byalveolar ...
d.d. Apex- tapered end of root tip.Apex- tapered end of root tip.
e.e. Apical foramen-Apical foramen-
opening atopening at...
3.3. Tissues of the tooth.Tissues of the tooth.
a. Enamela. Enamel
(1) Makes up anatomic crown.(1) Makes up anatomic crown...
Enamel
b.b. DentinDentin
(1)(1) Makes up bulk of tooth.Makes up bulk of tooth.
(2)(2) Covered by enamel on crownCovered by enamel...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
c. Cementumc. Cementum
(1) Covers root of tooth.(1) Covers root of tooth.
(2) Overlies the dentin and joins(2) Overlies th...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
Cementum
d. Pulpd. Pulp
(1) Made up of blood vessels(1) Made up of blood vessels
and nerves entering throughand nerves entering thr...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
Cementum
Pulp
4. Periodontium4. Periodontium
a. Alveolar process.a. Alveolar process.
(1) Bone extensions of the maxillae(1) Bone extens...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
Cementum
Pulp
Alveolar
Process
Cortical Plate
Spongy Bone
b. Periodontal ligaments.b. Periodontal ligaments.
(1) Dense connective fibrous(1) Dense connective fibrous
tissues that c...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
Cementum
Pulp
Alveolar
Process
Cortical Plate
Spongy Bone
Periodontal
Ligaments
c. Gingiva - surrounds the teethc. Gingiva - surrounds the teeth
and covers the alveolar process.and covers the alveolar p...
Dentin
Enamel
Dentinal
Tubules
Cementum
Pulp
Alveolar
Process
Cortical Plate
Spongy Bone
Periodontal
Ligaments
Gingiva
Types of DentitionTypes of Dentition
1. Deciduous (baby) teeth1. Deciduous (baby) teeth
a. Twenty ( 20) primary teeth.a. T...
d. Teeth in each quadrant.
(1) Central incisor
(2) Lateral incisor
(3) Cuspid
(4) 1st molar
(5) 2nd molar
Deciduous TeethD...
e. Anterior and posterior teeth.e. Anterior and posterior teeth.
(1) Anterior - centrals, laterals,(1) Anterior - centrals...
f. Numbering system.f. Numbering system.
(1) Alphabetical.(1) Alphabetical.
(2) Maxillary - patient’s(2) Maxillary - patie...
Types of DentitionTypes of Dentition
2. Permanent teeth.2. Permanent teeth.
a. Thirty-two (32) permanenta. Thirty-two (32)...
c. Quadrants.c. Quadrants.
(1) Maxillary right and left.(1) Maxillary right and left.
(2) Mandibular right and left.(2) Ma...
d. Teeth in each quadrant.d. Teeth in each quadrant.
(1) Central incisor.(1) Central incisor.
(2) Lateral incisor.(2) Late...
(4) 1st bicuspid(4) 1st bicuspid
(5) 2nd bicuspid(5) 2nd bicuspid
(6) 1st molar(6) 1st molar
(7) 2nd molar(7) 2nd molar
(8...
e. Anterior and posterior teeth.e. Anterior and posterior teeth.
(1) Anteriors - central,(1) Anteriors - central,
lateral ...
f. Numbering system.f. Numbering system.
(1) Numerical.(1) Numerical.
(2) Maxillary- patient’s(2) Maxillary- patient’s
rig...
1. Facial - next to cheeks & lips .1. Facial - next to cheeks & lips .
a. Labial- anterior facial.a. Labial- anterior faci...
4. Distal- away from midline.4. Distal- away from midline.
5. Incisal- cutting edge of anterior teeth.5. Incisal- cutting ...
7. Proximal surfaces - mesial7. Proximal surfaces - mesial
or distal surface of aor distal surface of a
toothtooth
lying n...
9. Cusps- pronounced elevations9. Cusps- pronounced elevations
on the occlusal surfaces of aon the occlusal surfaces of a
...
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Verona Dental Presents Dental Anatomy By Jim Emms

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Jim Emms provides this interactive presentation on Dental Anatomy, also brought to you by Verona Dental.

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Transcript of "Verona Dental Presents Dental Anatomy By Jim Emms"

  1. 1. VERONA DENTAL DENTALDENTAL ANATOMYANATOMY
  2. 2. 1. Anatomy of a tooth.1. Anatomy of a tooth. a. Anatomical crown- portion of tootha. Anatomical crown- portion of tooth covered with enamelcovered with enamel Dental Anatomy Anatomic crownAnatomic crown
  3. 3. b.b. Clinical crownClinical crown- visible part of tooth- visible part of tooth above the gum lineabove the gum line.. Anatomical crown Clinical crown Dental Anatomy
  4. 4. c. Rootc. Root (1) Part of tooth embedded in the(1) Part of tooth embedded in the alveolar process and covered byalveolar process and covered by cementum.cementum. Dental Anatomy
  5. 5. d.d. Apex- tapered end of root tip.Apex- tapered end of root tip. e.e. Apical foramen-Apical foramen- opening atopening at the root tip.the root tip. Dental Anatomy
  6. 6. 3.3. Tissues of the tooth.Tissues of the tooth. a. Enamela. Enamel (1) Makes up anatomic crown.(1) Makes up anatomic crown. (2) Hardest material in the human(2) Hardest material in the human body.body. (3) Incapable of remodeling and(3) Incapable of remodeling and repair.repair. Dental Anatomy
  7. 7. Enamel
  8. 8. b.b. DentinDentin (1)(1) Makes up bulk of tooth.Makes up bulk of tooth. (2)(2) Covered by enamel on crownCovered by enamel on crown and cementum on the root.and cementum on the root. (3)(3) Not as hard as enamel.Not as hard as enamel. (4)(4) Exposed dentin is oftenExposed dentin is often sensitive to cold, hot, air, andsensitive to cold, hot, air, and touch (via dentinal tubules).touch (via dentinal tubules). Dental Anatomy
  9. 9. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules
  10. 10. c. Cementumc. Cementum (1) Covers root of tooth.(1) Covers root of tooth. (2) Overlies the dentin and joins(2) Overlies the dentin and joins the enamel at the cemento-enamelthe enamel at the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ).junction (CEJ). (3)(3) Primary function is to anchorPrimary function is to anchor the tooth to the bony socketthe tooth to the bony socket with attachment fibers.with attachment fibers. Dental Anatomy
  11. 11. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules Cementum
  12. 12. d. Pulpd. Pulp (1) Made up of blood vessels(1) Made up of blood vessels and nerves entering throughand nerves entering through the apical foramen.the apical foramen. (2) Contains connective tissue,(2) Contains connective tissue, which aids interchangewhich aids interchange between pulp and dentin.between pulp and dentin. Dental Anatomy
  13. 13. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules Cementum Pulp
  14. 14. 4. Periodontium4. Periodontium a. Alveolar process.a. Alveolar process. (1) Bone extensions of the maxillae(1) Bone extensions of the maxillae and mandible that supports theand mandible that supports the teethteeth.. (2) Cortical plate is the dense outer(2) Cortical plate is the dense outer layer of bone covering the spongylayer of bone covering the spongy (cancellous) bone(cancellous) bone Dental Anatomy
  15. 15. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules Cementum Pulp Alveolar Process Cortical Plate Spongy Bone
  16. 16. b. Periodontal ligaments.b. Periodontal ligaments. (1) Dense connective fibrous(1) Dense connective fibrous tissues that connect teeth totissues that connect teeth to the alveolar bone.the alveolar bone. (2) One end is embedded in(2) One end is embedded in cementum and other end incementum and other end in bone.bone. (3) Supports and protects the(3) Supports and protects the tooth fromtooth from normal shock.normal shock. Dental Anatomy
  17. 17. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules Cementum Pulp Alveolar Process Cortical Plate Spongy Bone Periodontal Ligaments
  18. 18. c. Gingiva - surrounds the teethc. Gingiva - surrounds the teeth and covers the alveolar process.and covers the alveolar process. Dental Anatomy
  19. 19. Dentin Enamel Dentinal Tubules Cementum Pulp Alveolar Process Cortical Plate Spongy Bone Periodontal Ligaments Gingiva
  20. 20. Types of DentitionTypes of Dentition 1. Deciduous (baby) teeth1. Deciduous (baby) teeth a. Twenty ( 20) primary teeth.a. Twenty ( 20) primary teeth. b. Arches - maxillary and mandibular.b. Arches - maxillary and mandibular. c. Quadrants - each arch divided inc. Quadrants - each arch divided in half.half. (1) Maxillary right and left.(1) Maxillary right and left. (2) Mandibular right and left.(2) Mandibular right and left.
  21. 21. d. Teeth in each quadrant. (1) Central incisor (2) Lateral incisor (3) Cuspid (4) 1st molar (5) 2nd molar Deciduous TeethDeciduous Teeth
  22. 22. e. Anterior and posterior teeth.e. Anterior and posterior teeth. (1) Anterior - centrals, laterals,(1) Anterior - centrals, laterals, and cuspids.and cuspids. (2) Posterior - molars.(2) Posterior - molars. Deciduous TeethDeciduous Teeth
  23. 23. f. Numbering system.f. Numbering system. (1) Alphabetical.(1) Alphabetical. (2) Maxillary - patient’s(2) Maxillary - patient’s right to left, “A” thruright to left, “A” thru “J”.“J”. (3) Mandibular -(3) Mandibular - patient’s left to right,patient’s left to right, “K” thru “T”.“K” thru “T”. Deciduous TeethDeciduous Teeth K L M N OP Q R S T A B C D F H I J E G R L MAXILLARY MANDIBULAR
  24. 24. Types of DentitionTypes of Dentition 2. Permanent teeth.2. Permanent teeth. a. Thirty-two (32) permanenta. Thirty-two (32) permanent teeth.teeth. b. Arches - maxillaryb. Arches - maxillary R L
  25. 25. c. Quadrants.c. Quadrants. (1) Maxillary right and left.(1) Maxillary right and left. (2) Mandibular right and left.(2) Mandibular right and left. R L Permanent TeethPermanent Teeth
  26. 26. d. Teeth in each quadrant.d. Teeth in each quadrant. (1) Central incisor.(1) Central incisor. (2) Lateral incisor.(2) Lateral incisor. (3) Cuspid (canine).(3) Cuspid (canine). Permanent TeethPermanent Teeth
  27. 27. (4) 1st bicuspid(4) 1st bicuspid (5) 2nd bicuspid(5) 2nd bicuspid (6) 1st molar(6) 1st molar (7) 2nd molar(7) 2nd molar (8) 3rd molar(8) 3rd molar (wisdom tooth)(wisdom tooth) Permanent TeethPermanent Teeth
  28. 28. e. Anterior and posterior teeth.e. Anterior and posterior teeth. (1) Anteriors - central,(1) Anteriors - central, lateral and cuspids.lateral and cuspids. (2) Posteriors - bicuspids(2) Posteriors - bicuspids and molars.and molars. Permanent TeethPermanent Teeth
  29. 29. f. Numbering system.f. Numbering system. (1) Numerical.(1) Numerical. (2) Maxillary- patient’s(2) Maxillary- patient’s right toright to R L Permanent TeethPermanent Teeth
  30. 30. 1. Facial - next to cheeks & lips .1. Facial - next to cheeks & lips . a. Labial- anterior facial.a. Labial- anterior facial. b. Buccal - posterior facial.b. Buccal - posterior facial. 2. Lingual- next to tongue.2. Lingual- next to tongue. 3. Mesial - towards midline, an imaginary line3. Mesial - towards midline, an imaginary line between central incisors.between central incisors. Tooth SurfacesTooth Surfaces
  31. 31. 4. Distal- away from midline.4. Distal- away from midline. 5. Incisal- cutting edge of anterior teeth.5. Incisal- cutting edge of anterior teeth. 6. Occlusal- chewing surface of the posterior6. Occlusal- chewing surface of the posterior teeth.teeth. Tooth SurfacesTooth Surfaces
  32. 32. 7. Proximal surfaces - mesial7. Proximal surfaces - mesial or distal surface of aor distal surface of a toothtooth lying next to another tooth.lying next to another tooth. Tooth SurfacesTooth Surfaces
  33. 33. 9. Cusps- pronounced elevations9. Cusps- pronounced elevations on the occlusal surfaces of aon the occlusal surfaces of a tooth terminating in a conical ortooth terminating in a conical or rounded surface.rounded surface. Tooth SurfacesTooth Surfaces

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