• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this document? Why not share!
  • 2,262 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,262
Views on SlideShare
2,260
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0

2 Embeds 2

http://www.slideshare.net 1
http://veracitylearning.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Teens talk poems-2010 Teens talk poems-2010 Document Transcript

    • Veracity Learning Inc. Teens Talk Poems Decipher. Visualize. Respond. Vera Borukhov You Can Do It!
    • Poetic Device Ever heard the term ―poetic device‖? It sounds fancy, but there’s really nothing complicated about it. A poetic device is simply a strategy poets and writers use to convey (express) their ideas or get their point across. Poets use many different devices, and each one has a name. Here are some of the most commonly used ones. Most definitions for the following have been taken from the Cliff’s Notes Advanced Placement English Language and Composition Preparation Guide by Barbara V. Swovelin. 1. Metaphor—a figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity. Metaphorical language makes writing more vivid, imaginative, thought-provoking and meaningful. 2. Simile—Comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity, using ―like‖ or ―as.‖ 3. Personification—a figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions. Personification is used to make these abstractions, animals or objects appear more vivid to the reader. 4. Imagery—the sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion or represent abstractions. 5. Oxymoron—From the Greek for ―pointedly foolish,‖ an oxymoron is a figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox. For example, ―cruel kindness.‖ 6. Hyperbole—a figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. 7. Tone –describes the author’s attitude toward his or her material, the audience or both. Some words describing tone are playful, serious, businesslike, sarcastic, humorous, formal, ornate and somber. 8. Mood—the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work. 9. Allusion - a direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place or work of art. For example, referring to Hitler, Queen Elizabeth I or Obama would be an historical allusion. Referring to Adam Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 2
    • and Eve or Noah and the flood would be a religious allusion. 10. Repetition—the duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence or grammatical pattern. 11. Symbol—generally anything that represents or stands for something else. Usually, a symbol is something concrete—such as an object, action, character or scene—that represents something more abstract (theoretical or conceptual). How this workbook began… Now that you’ve learned about some of the basic strategies writers use to express themselves, let me explain what inspired me to create this workbook. Teens Talk Poems is based on this quote: “Poetry… wasn’t meant to be obvious on its surface, and every reader, whether they were Princeton smarties or community college dropouts, had to go through the process of deciphering [translating, interpreting] the words, then the sentences, then the stanzas, pulling the poem apart and putting it back together before it would yield (give up) its meaning.” Jennifer Weiner, In Her Shoes Sample response: ―Through the process of pulling a poem apart we can better appreciate the diligent construction of a poem which will yield a deeper, perhaps more personal understanding. By isolating key words, phrases and images, [it] will allow us to expand on the poems’ vision and make connections with our life.‖ Peter Sirena, English teacher. Your response: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 3
    • How to use this workbook Start by answering the introductory question you’ll find before each poem. Then read the poem twice and make sure you understand it. We’ve included definitions of some of the words that may be unfamiliar to you, but if there are other words you don’t understand, look them up in the dictionary. Then read the poem again and answer the comprehension questions that follow. Next, you’ll be asked to think about the poem’s images and actions and draw a picture of them. Finally, use your own ideas and experiences to answer the response questions. Now before you go on, think and write about this: What is a poem? (Remember, there is no right or wrong answer!) Think about your interpretation or explanation of what a poem is based on all the different kinds of poems you’ve read throughout your life, both in and out of school. Now answer the question, being sure to include the few elements that, in your opinion, most poems share. Your response: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 4
    • ―Poems tell stories and express feelings in creative ways, all through musical and rhythmical language. They can be short or long, funny or serious, sad or joyful. Some poems rhyme and others do not. Some have an obvious structure while others do not. But every poem is a work of art made entirely of words.‖ Scholastic, They’re Poets and They Know It!: A Collection of 30 Timeless Poems. There are many different kinds of poems; here, we’ll discuss four of the most popular forms. The definitions for Rhyming Poems, Free Verse and Narrative Poems, have been taken from Scholastic’s They’re Poets and They Know It!: A Collection of 30 Timeless Poems. Rhyming Poems—rhyming sounds are everywhere - in song lyrics, TV advertisements and poetry. Rhyme is a technique that creates rhythm using words that sound alike. Free Verse—if you are a rule-breaker, free verse might be the poetry form for you. Free verse doesn’t have to rhyme, but many free verse have their own patterns. Poets like to write in free verse because it gives them lots of freedom to express themselves. Narrative Poems—tell a story and are longer than most forms of poetry. A narrative poem can rhyme, but it doesn’t have to. Narrative poems can also have patterns that create rhythm. Each line might have the same number of syllables, or the stanzas might have the same number of lines. Sonnet-- is a poem with a very specific structure:  There are a total of 14 lines, with 10 syllables in each line.  The first 12 lines are quatrains. A quatrain is four lines; think of the word quatro, which means ―four‖ in Spanish. So there are three sets of four lines, or three quatrains.  The last two lines are a couplet. (Think of the word ―couple,‖ which means ―two.‖)  The sonnet follows the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. Notice that in each quatrain, every other line rhymes; in a couplet, both lines rhyme.  Sonnets are often about love. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 5
    • Dreams! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 6
    • Think and write about this: Are you committed to your dreams? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Dreams By: Langston Hughes Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly. Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow. About the poet: Langston Hughes (1902-1967) was an African-American poet and writer who prospered during the Harlem Renaissance. He sought to explore and celebrate the experience of being black in America. Vocabulary: Barren : frozen, unfertile, unproductive. What does for mean here? _______________________________________________________ Comprehension Questions: What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 7
    • What two poetic devices does Hughes use to convey his point? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What two points does he make about dreams? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What do these points encourage you to do? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 8
    • Visualize it! Make a mental image of the poem and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 9
    • Respond! Write a letter to Mr. Hughes and tell him your reaction to his advice. Be sure to answer the following questions: 1. Did Hughes encourage you to ―hold fast‖ to your dream? 2. What is your dream? 3. What do you want to know about ―holding fast‖ to dreams? (For example, are you wondering how hard or easy it may be? How do you plan to ―hold fast‖ to your dreams?) Include as many specific details as you can. Broad statements like ―I really liked this poem‖ or ―Dreams are important‖ are just plain boring. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 10
    • A Dream Deferred! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 11
    • Think and write about this: Did you ever watch yourself or someone you know put off or give up on a dream? What was it like? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Harlem (Dream Deferred) By Langston Hughes What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode? Vocabulary Fester: to produce pus or rot gradually. It can also mean ―producing bitter feelings.‖ Defer: to put off or postpone. Comprehension Questions What is Hughes questioning here? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 12
    • ______________________________________________________________________________ What poetic device does he use to convey his point? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Write down the phrase that speaks to you the most. How are you able to relate to it? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What do you think inspired Hughes to write this, based on his life and background? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 13
    • Visualize it! Make a mental image of this poem and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 14
    • Respond! Write a poem or an editorial discussing what could happen when people defer their dreams. Be imaginative and descriptive. (An editorial is an article in a newspaper or other periodical presenting the opinion of the publisher, editor, or editors.) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 15
    • Listen Little Sister! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 16
    • Think and write about this: Do women have a fear of men? Or do men fear women? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ South Fork Poetry Adam’s Rib Sandwich By Beverly Wiggins Wells Listen little sister You will know him by the traces of evil Oiling the corners of his glib mouth Beware of this fork-tongued man with rich and ready appetite for young rib sandwiches, Who sees you as saucy, succulent fastfood, Convenient sweet meat, willing to be middled And smacked for a time or a lifetime Between coarse slices of self serving gluttony And bit by bit, and Bite by bite this man will pepper your heart In sharp-toothed pain, feed upon your spirit, Devour your tender soul, sucking your bones and Your personhood cleaner than mama’s chitterlings, belch And contemptuously snake along to the next darned rib sandwich. Listen little sister… About the poet: Beverley Wiggins Wells is an African-American poet from Sag Harbor, New York. This is a passage from ―Simply Black,‖ a collection of poems published in August 1993. Vocabulary Glib: Shallow, pat, facile Succulent: Juicy Gluttony: Excessive eating and drinking Devour: To eat up hungrily or take in eagerly Contemptuously: With contempt; viewing something or someone as vile or worthless Chitterlings: A dish made of fried or boiled pigs’ intestines (sometimes abbreviated to “chitlins”) Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 17
    • Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What poetic devices are used here for the author to convey (express) her point? Give examples. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What are the adjectives and adverbs being used here? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the theme? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 18
    • Visualize it! What’s going on in this poem? Make a picture in your mind and draw it. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 19
    • Respond! Did you ever have to warn someone about something serious? If not, this is your chance: Write a strong warning to someone you know about a danger he or she may be in. You may employ the same techniques as the author or use another poetic device to get your point across. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 20
    • Nostalgia! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 21
    • Think and write about this: What is nostalgia? Have you experienced it lately? Write how you feel about being nostalgic for something. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Pot Roast By Mark Strand I gaze upon the roast, that is sliced and laid out on my plate and over it I spoon the juices of carrot and onion. And for once I do not regret the passage of time. I sit by a window that looks on the soot-stained brick of buildings and do not care that I see no living thing—not a bird, not a branch in bloom, not a soul moving in the rooms behind the dark panes. These days when there is little to love or to praise one could do worse than yield to the power of food. So I bend to inhale the steam that rises from my plate, and I think of the first time I tasted a roast Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 22
    • like this. It was years ago in Seabright, Nova Scotia; my mother leaned over my dish and filled it and when I finished filled it again. I remember the gravy, its odor of garlic and celery, and sopping it up with pieces of bread. And now I taste it again. The meat of memory. The meat of no change. I raise my fork in praise, and I eat. About the poet: Born in Canada in 1934, Mark Strand has lived and worked in the United States most of his life. Currently, he teaches English and comparative literature at Columbia University in New York City. His poetry, noted for the stories it tells, earned him the Pulitzer Prize in 1999. Vocabulary Gaze: look intently at Soot: Black dust from coal or smoke Bloom: Come into flower; become physically perfect Yield: Give way to Nova Scotia: An eastern Canadian province Sopping: Dripping wet Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 23
    • Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What poetic device does Strand use to convey (express) his point about this pot roast? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Write them out and explain them in at least 5 descriptive phrases. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What can you infer (conclude, decide) about the narrator’s life based on these descriptions? Support your answer with quotes. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 24
    • Visualize it! Envision this poem and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 25
    • Respond! Write a poem or short story expressing nostalgia for something in your past. You have the right to be imaginative and descriptive. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 26
    • Limits Unlimited! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 27
    • Think and write about this: What is a limit? What does it mean to set limits on yourself or to be limited by society? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ A Work of Artifice By Marge Piercy The bonsai tree in the attractive pot could have grown eighty feet tall on the side of a mountain till split by lightning. But a gardener carefully pruned it. It is nine inches high. Every day as he whittles back the branches the gardener croons, It is your nature to be small and cozy, domestic and weak; how lucky, little tree, to have a pot to grow in. With living creatures one must begin very early to dwarf their growth: the bound feet, the crippled brain, the hair in curlers, the hands you love to touch Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 28
    • About the poet: Born in 1936 in Detroit, Marge Piercy is the author of 17 volumes of poetry as well as several novels. ―Piercy’s poetry tends to be highly personal free verse and often addresses the same concern with feminist and social issues. Her work shows commitment to the dream of social change.‖ Poemhunter.com Vocabulary Artifice: Craftiness; clever trick; skillful work Bonsai: A tree or shrub that has been dwarfed by providing roots and pinching the shoots and branches. Prune: To remove or cut away undesired parts Whittle: To cut, trim Croon: To sing or hum in a soft soothing voice Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What does the Bonsai tree represent? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Who does the gardener represent? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ How does the author convey her point? ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 29
    • ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is happening to the Bonsai tree? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the narrator’s tone and mood here? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the theme? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ How is this relevant to history? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 30
    • Visualize it! Create a picture of this poem in your mind and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 31
    • Respond! Write a 3-5 paragraph composition explaining how this poem relates to history and what effects it has today. Sound too boring for you? Try this instead: Explain the meaning of the word limit. Did you ever have to limit yourself or did you ever see others limit themselves? How do you think it feels to impose limits on ourselves? Should we or shouldn’t we? When is it okay to impose limits, and when should people be unlimited? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 32
    • Helpless Agony! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 33
    • Think and write about this: Did you ever mourn the death of someone you didn’t know personally but who you greatly admired – an actor, singer, sports star, scientist, political figure? What would you tell that person if you could? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ O Captain! My Captain! By Walt Whitman O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done, The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is won, The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring; But O heart! heart! heart! O the bleeding drops of red, Where on the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells; Rise up--for you the flag is flung for you the bugle trills, For you bouquets and ribboned wreaths for you the shores a- crowding, For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turning; Here Captain! dear father! This arm beneath your head! It is some dream that on the deck, You've fallen cold and dead. My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still; My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor will; The ship is anchored safe and sound, its voyage closed and done; From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won; Exult O shores, and ring O bells! But I, with mournful tread, Walk the deck my Captain lies, Fallen cold and dead. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 34
    • About the poet: Arguably, Walt Whitman (1819-1892) is America’s most influential and innovative poet. Much of his writing reflects American history, freedom of thought, democracy and liberty. Vocabulary: Sought: Looked for Exulting: Rejoicing Keel: The curved base of a ship’s frame; a ―steady keel‖ indicates the ship is moving smoothly Grim : Forbidding, threatening, humorless Bugle: A small trumpet-like horn with no valves Trills: Short, vibrating sound like a birdcall Swaying mass: A crowd moving back and forth Mournful: Feeling or showing sadness Comprehension Questions Comment on the structure of the poem, not what kind it is. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Who is the Captain? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Explain the scene each stanza describes. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 35
    • ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the scene variation from stanza to stanza? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ How is the narrator portrayed (shown, seen) in this poem? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What are the themes? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ How is this relevant to history? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 36
    • Visualize it! Think of the pictures this poem summons up in your mind, and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 37
    • Respond! Write on one of the following topics: 1. How does this poem relate to history, and what relevance does it have today? 2. ―O Captain! My Captain!‖ captures a sense of agony and injustice. Write about a time you felt that way. Be descriptive and use different poetic devices, as Whitman does. Let your feelings pour out. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 38
    • A Red Red Rose! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 39
    • Think and write about this: What does the word ―extreme‖ mean? How can it be applied to everyday life to describe situations or people? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ A Red, Red Rose By Robert Burns O my Luve's like a red, red rose That's newly sprung in June; O my Luve's like the melodie That's sweetly play’d in tune. As fair art thou, my bonnie lass, So deep in luve am I: And I will luve thee still, my dear, Till a' the seas gang dry: Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear, And the rocks melt wi' the sun; I will luve thee still, my dear, While the sands o' life shall run. And fare thee weel, my only Luve, And fare thee weel awhile! And I will come again, my Luve, Tho' it were ten thousand mile. About the poet: Robert Burns (1759-1796) is considered Scotland’s national poet. He was a major voice of the literary time period called Romanticism (or the Romantic Era), ―a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe, and gained strength in reaction to the Industrial Revolution.‖ (Wikipedia.com) Burns was known for pursuing his desires with ultimate zeal. Burns also wrote lyrics to classic Scots folk songs; ―Red, Red Rose‖ is one of them. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 40
    • Vocabulary Luve’s: Love’s Art thou: Are you Bonnie lass: Pretty young girl Gang: Go Thee: You Fare thee weel: Farewell; goodbye Comprehension Questions: What poetic device does the narrator use to convey his point? Explain your answer and use at least 5 examples/quotes to support your answer. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 41
    • Visualize it! Envision this poem and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 42
    • Respond! Write a poem or a letter to Mr. Burns. Tell him about a time when you felt very strongly about something – love, hate, fear or another emotion - and describe what it was like. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 43
    • The Brain & the Sky… Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 44
    • Think and write about this: What power does your mind have? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ The Brain By Emily Dickinson The brain is wider than the sky, For, put them side by side, The one the other will include With ease, and you beside. The brain is deeper than the sea, For, hold them, blue to blue, The one the other will absorb, As sponges, buckets do. The brain is just the weight of God, For, lift them, pound for pound, And they will differ, if they do, As syllable from sound. About the poet: Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) was an American poet from Amherst, Massachusetts. She lived a lonely, secluded life, rarely leaving her home. Most of her works were published after her death, when her younger sister Lavinia discovered nearly 1,800 of her poems. Vocabulary Heft: Weight, heaviness, significance or impact Comprehension Questions Comment on the poem’s structure, including the rhyme scheme and the number of stanzas. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 45
    • What three elements does Dickinson compare the brain to? How does she justify these comparisons? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What are your thoughts on this interesting comparison? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 46
    • Visualize it! Draw a picture of the image this poem conjures up in your mind. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 47
    • Respond! What beliefs, values or morals were you taught as a child, and do they differ from the beliefs you hold now? How have these beliefs shaped your life today? What is the power of beliefs or values? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 48
    • Phenomenal! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 49
    • Think and write about this: Describe yourself using two positive and powerful words. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Phenomenal Woman By Maya Angelou Pretty women wonder where my secret lies. I'm not cute or built to suit a fashion model's size But when I start to tell them, They think I'm telling lies. I say, It's in the reach of my arms The span of my hips, The stride of my step, The curl of my lips. I'm a woman Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, That's me. I walk into a room Just as cool as you please, And to a man, The fellows stand or Fall down on their knees. Then they swarm around me, A hive of honey bees. I say, It's the fire in my eyes, And the flash of my teeth, The swing in my waist, And the joy in my feet. I'm a woman Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, That's me. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 50
    • Men themselves have wondered What they see in me. They try so much But they can't touch My inner mystery. When I try to show them They say they still can't see. I say, It's in the arch of my back, The sun of my smile, The ride of my breasts, The grace of my style. I'm a woman Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, That's me. Now you understand Just why my head's not bowed. I don't shout or jump about Or have to talk real loud. When you see me passing It ought to make you proud. I say, It's in the click of my heels, The bend of my hair, the palm of my hand, The need of my care, 'Cause I'm a woman Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, That's me. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 51
    • About the poet: Born in 1928, Maya Angelou is a renowned African-American author and poet best known for her series of autobiographies, including I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Active in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, Angelou is a popular lecturer and a powerful spokesperson for women and the black community. Vocabulary Phenomenal: Extraordinary, unusual; can also mean something experienced through the senses rather than through thought Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Explain the narrator’s mood and tone. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the narrator proclaiming? What does she mean by ―phenomenal‖? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What device does Angelou effectively use to convey her proclamation? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the theme here? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ How does this poem apply to people’s understanding of women, and/or stereotypes about them? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 52
    • Visualize it! Think about the images in this poem and draw what you see. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 53
    • Respond! Earlier you used two words to describe yourself. Now expand on this by explaining how those two words are special to you and why. Write at least one full page. Love yourself here – tell us how you shine! ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 54
    • Frustration! Condemnation! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 55
    • Think and write about this: What does it mean to condemn or show frustration towards something? Have you ever condemned anything or anyone? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ BABI YAR By Yevgeni Yevtushenko Translated by Benjamin Okopnik, 10/96 No monument stands over Babi Yar. A steep cliff only, like the rudest headstone. I am afraid. Today, I am as old As the entire Jewish race itself. I see myself an ancient Israelite. I wander o'er the roads of ancient Egypt And here, upon the cross, I perish, tortured And even now, I bear the marks of nails. It seems to me that Dreyfus is myself. The Philistines betrayed me - and now judge. I'm in a cage. Surrounded and trapped, I'm persecuted, spat on, slandered, and The dainty dollies in their Brussels frills Squeal, as they stab umbrellas at my face. I see myself a boy in Belostok Blood spills, and runs upon the floors, The chiefs of bar and pub rage unimpeded And reek of vodka and of onion, half and half. I'm thrown back by a boot, I have no strength left, In vain I beg the rabble of pogrom, To jeers of "Kill the Jews, and save our Russia!" My mother's being beaten by a clerk. O, Russia of my heart, I know that you Are international, by inner nature. But often those whose hands are steeped in filth Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 56
    • Abused your purest name, in name of hatred. I know the kindness of my native land. How vile, that without the slightest quiver The antisemites have proclaimed themselves The "Union of the Russian People!" It seems to me that I am Anna Frank, Transparent, as the thinnest branch in April, And I'm in love, and have no need of phrases, But only that we gaze into each other's eyes. How little one can see, or even sense! Leaves are forbidden, so is sky, But much is still allowed - very gently In darkened rooms each other to embrace. -"They come!" -"No, fear not - those are sounds Of spring itself. She's coming soon. Quickly, your lips!" -"They break the door!" -"No, river ice is breaking..." Wild grasses rustle over Babi Yar, The trees look sternly, as if passing judgement. Here, silently, all screams, and, hat in hand, I feel my hair changing shade to gray. And I myself, like one long soundless scream Above the thousands of thousands interred, I'm every old man executed here, As I am every child murdered here. No fiber of my body will forget this. May "Internationale" thunder and ring When, for all time, is buried and forgotten The last of antisemites on this earth. There is no Jewish blood that's blood of mine, Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 57
    • But, hated with a passion that's corrosive Am I by antisemites like a Jew. And that is why I call myself a Russian! About the poet: Born in 1933, Yevgeny Yevtushenko is a Russian poet, author and playwright who taught briefly at Queens College, CUNY. He wrote this poem in 1961 to memorialize the mass murder of 33,771 Jews of Kiev at Babi Yar ravine over a two-day period in September of 1941. Vocabulary Perish: Die off; pass away Philistines: Barbarians Persecute: To pursue with harassing or oppressive treatment, especially because of religion, race, or beliefs Slander: Verbal attack; defamation; insult Dainty: Delicate Dollies: Low trucks or carts with small wheels for moving loads too heavy to be carried by hand Brussels: City in Belgium, Europe Frills: Luxuries, ornaments Unimpeded: Clear, open, unrestrained Rabble: Crowd Pogrom: An organized massacre, especially of Jews Vile: Evil Quiver: Tremble, shake Interred: Placed in a grave or tomb; buried Corrosive: Harmful or destructive; to corrode is to eat or wear away at something (rust corrodes metal) Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 58
    • Dryfus: Alfred Dryfus, a French officer, unfairly dismissed from service in 1894 due to trumped- up charges prompted by anti-Semitism Belostok: The largest city in northern Poland (also known as Bialystok). Belostok was the site of the first and most violent Nazi pogroms, similar to the German Kristallnacht of 1938. "Internationale": The national anthem of the Soviet Union Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Interpret each stanza. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 59
    • ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is Yevtushenko’s mood and tone? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Write out the similes or metaphors and interpret them. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the poet condemning? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Write out phrases that describe the narrator’s emotions, beliefs or ideas. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 60
    • Visualize it! Draw a picture based on the images in this poem. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 61
    • Respond! Expand on the earlier question. Has anything recently happened to you that made you frustrated or angry? Tell us all about it. We want to hear your voice. You matter! Start writing! ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 62
    • FOD! Fear of Death… Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 63
    • Think and write about this: Is there anything in this life that scares you? What is it, and why does it scare you? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ WHEN I have fears that I may cease to be By John Keats WHEN I have fears that I may cease to be Before my pen has glean'd my teeming brain, Before high-piled books, in charactery, Hold like rich garners the full-ripen'd grain; When I behold, upon the night's starr'd face, 5 Huge cloudy symbols of a high romance, And feel that I may never live to trace Their shadows, with the magic hand of chance; And when I feel, fair creature of an hour! That I shall never look upon thee more, Never have relish in the faery power Of unreflecting love;—then on the shore Of the wide world I stand alone, and think, Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink. About the poet: John Keats (1795-1821) was the last born of the English Romantic poets and, at 25, the youngest to die. His popular works are noted for their sensual imagery. Vocabulary Charactery: A system of characters or symbols used to express or convey thought and meaning Teeming: Crowded; packed Garners: Granaries; storehouses for grain Relish: Savor, enjoy, delight in Faery: Fairy-like; magical Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 64
    • Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Comment on its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Interpret each quatrain. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Interpret the couplet. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is the narrator’s fear? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What is/are the theme(s)? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 65
    • Visualize it! Think of the images this poem produces in your mind, and draw them. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 66
    • Respond! Earlier, you were asked to think about what scares you. Now expand on that thought. Why do you fear this thing/person/situation? What comes to mind when you think about it? What conclusion have you come to about your fears? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 67
    • Speak! Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 68
    • Think and write about this: Did you ever speak up for anyone? Or did you ever choose not to speak up about something because it didn’t involve you? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out – because I was not a communist; Then they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out - because I was not a socialist; Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out - because I was not a trade unionist; Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out - because I was not a Jew; Then they came for me - and there was no one left to speak out for me. ----Martin Niemoller About the poet: Martin Niemoller (1892-1984) was a Lutheran minister and early Nazi supporter who was later imprisoned for opposing Hitler’s regime. Vocabulary Communist: Follower of the Communist political movement, which supports the idea of a society without social classes, in which wealth is distributed according to need. Socialist: Advocate of the socialist theory, which believes that all working for the good of the community are equally entitled to the care and protection of the community. Different forms of socialism stress either economic or social issues. Trade unionist: Member of a trade union. Trade unions are associations of workers in any trade who organize to protect their own interests (wages, work hours, etc.) Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 69
    • Comprehension Questions What kind of poem is this? Note its structure. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What poetic device does this poet use to convey the message of his poem? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ What do you think is the sole purpose and the central theme of this poem? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 70
    • Visualize it! Draw a picture of the images you think about when you read this poem. Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 71
    • Respond! What injustice do you see in your community that you think should be addressed? What action needs to be taken to make things right? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 72
    • The End Thank you for making a decision to own this workbook that I diligently created for you to help make it easier and more fun to understand and appreciate classic poems. I hope you enjoyed this workbook as much as I enjoyed creating it for you. Educationally and entrepreneurially yours, Vera Borukhov ___________________________________________________________________________________ About Vera Borukhov: Vera is an entrepreneur, educator, and believer. She is the founder and director of Veracity Learning Inc. About Veracity LearningInc: Veracity Learning Inc. provides tutoring and educational services for K-12th grade children. Mission: Through one-on-one and group tutoring, Veracity Learning, Inc., educates truthfully to reveal your child’s talents and/or genius. This ultimately improves their school and life experience, making them self-sufficient and happy adults. Vision: Every child has a special talent to share with the world. Other workbooks in the Teens Talk Series that you may download on our website, http://www.veracitylearning.com Teens Talk Latin & Greek Teens Talk Shakespeare Copyright Vera Borukhov and Veracity Learning Inc. 2010 http://www.veracitylearning.com | 73