The lexical approach By Masnur


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The lexical approach By Masnur

  1. 1. By: MASNUR 141100805 TARBIYAH/PBI UNIT 1/ SEM. VI The Lexical Approach
  2. 2. Key figures: Dave Willis – “Lexical Syllabus” - (1990) Michael Lewis – “The Lexical Approach” - (1993) “Implementing the Lexical Approach” – (1997)
  3. 3. The basic concept on which this approach rests is the idea that an important part of learning a language consists of being able to understand and produce lexical phrases as chunks.
  4. 4. Students are thought to be able to perceive patterns of language (grammar) as well as have meaningful set uses of words at their disposal when they are taught in this way.
  5. 5. In the 1990s, Michael Lewis wrote two books outlining his language learning theory: The English Verb and The Lexical Approach. According to the Lexical Approach, students should learn 'chunks' of language, since language is made up of collocations, idioms, and fixed phrases. Collocations might be described as the words that are placed or found together in a predictable pattern. Examples range from two word combinations such as problem child to extended combinations such as He’s recovering from a major operation. These language patterns comprise much of speech and writing.
  6. 6. There is a distinction between vocabulary, traditionally thought to be constituted of single items, and lexis, which includes not only the single words but also the word combinations that we store in our mental lexicon.  MULTI-WORD ITEMS OR CHUNKS  WORDS book, pen  POLYWORDS by the way, upside down, on the other hand  COLLOCATIONS community service, do a job  FIXED EXPRESSIONS I´ll get it; We´ll see; If I were you ...  SENTENCE FRAMES OR HEADS The problem is …, That is all very well, but …
  7. 7. single Words (pencil, watch) Polywords (by the way,anyway)
  8. 8. Trinomials: cool, calm, upside down Similes: as old as the hills. Convinced Connectives: finally, to
  9. 9. Fixed Expressions Social greetings ( Good morning! It’s a lovely morning, isn’t it )
  10. 10. Semi-fixed Expressions Minimal variation ( It’s / That’s not my fault) Idioms: shead crocodile tears,dead drunk, to run partnerships
  11. 11. There are some combinations of words which co-occur naturally with greater than random frequency.
  12. 12. Introduction of chunks – practice of chunks – accumulation of chunks, use of chunks and coolocations Teaching individual collocations Making students aware of collocattions Extanding what students already know by adding knowledge of collocation restrictions to know vocabulary Storing collocations through encouragin students to keep a lexical notebook
  13. 13. It lacks full characterization of an approach lack of a detailed learning theory
  14. 14. Deliberately draw attention to chunks, collocations, idioms, etc.. And invite learners to do the same Focus attention on identifying and using chunks Teach learners to be critically aware Teach the what good language learners do and how to do it It is lexically based theory of language It doesn’t have any certain learning theory Learning lexis is not an easy task, it is a slow and complex process which require a lot of dedication and effort from teachers and learners.
  15. 15. 02/lexical.php approach/ .htm approach-1-what-does-lexical-approach-look