INTRODUCTIO
N
NOSTRADAMUS
LIQUI
D
“ EITHER YOU ARE WITH US
AGAINST US.

OR

THERE IS NOTHING IN
BETWEEN
PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH
POST 9/11 ADDRESS TO
NATION
N KOREA
IRAQ
IRAN

AXIS OF EVIL
INTERNATIONAL FORUMS
 UNITED NATIONS

- FRAGMENTED.



EUROPEAN UNION

- DIVIDED.



NATO

- FRACTURED.



NAM

 OIC
...
OPERATION
IRAQI
FREEDOM
SHOCK & AWE
?
OPERATION
IRAQI
FREEDOM
PREVIEW
 PART I
– HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE.
 PART II

– AMERICAN DESIGNS FOR
WAR.

 PART III – OPERATION IRAQI
FREEDOM.
...
PART I

HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE
HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE

 MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATION (5000
BC).
 OTTAMAN EMPIRE.
 TRIBAL IRAQ - AUTONOMOUS.
PERIMETER OF IRAQ
KMS.
COASTLINE
KMS.

3650
60
HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE
 BRITISH RULE – A HASHEMITE
MONARCHY (1921 – 1958).
 DECADE OF COUP / COUNTER COUPS.
 THE BAATH ...
SADDAM

“THE ONE WHO CONFRONTS”
• 1937

- BORN

• 1956

- JOINED BAATH PARTY.

• 1959

- FLED TO EGYPT.

• 1963

- RETURNE...
IRAN – IRAQ WAR
(1980 – 1988)
KUWAIT – IRAQ
RELATIONSHIP.
KUWAIT IRAQ - RELATIONSHIP

19 TH PROVINCE
OF IRAQ ??
OPERATION DESERT
STORM

16 JAN – 27 FEB
1991
NO FLY ZONES
NATURAL
RESOURCES
 PETROLEUM.
 NATURAL GAS.
 PHOSPHORUS.
 SULPHUR.
DEMOGRAPHY
 TOTAL POPULATION – 24
MILLION.


A MULTI – ETHNIC SOCIETY.
 SHIA ARABS

– 60 %

 SUNNI ARABS

– 15%

 KUR...
MIDDLE EAST
REGION
PART II
AMERICAN
DESIGNS FOR
WAR
BUILD UP TO THE
WAR
 THE SEPTEMBER 11
LINK.
 WAR AGAINST
TERRORISM.


AXIS OF EVIL.
9/11

“WE ARE GOING TO FIND OUT WHO DID THIS
AND WE ARE GOING TO KICK HIM”
AL - QAIDA
IDEOLOGICAL ENEMY
COERCIVE DIPLOMACY
UN RESOLUTIONS
 IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS.
 DESTRUCTION OF WMD.
 RESTRICTING MILITARY CAPABILITY.
 PROHIBIT SALE AND PUR...
FINAL BUILD UP
 NON COMPLIANCE OF RESOLUTION 1441.
SEC UN RESOLUTION SEEKING USE OF
FORCE.
 MOBILISATION OF FORCES IN G...
THE AMERICAN AGENDA
• POLITICAL
• SECURITY
• ECONOMIC
POLITICAL AGENDA



REGIME CHANGE .
MIDDLE EAST
POLITICAL AGENDA

LIBERATION OF IRAQI
PEOPLE .
 IMPERIALISTIC
DESIGNS .
SECURITY
CONSIDERATIONS

WMD
TERRORISM
ISRAELI
CONNECTION

ARIEL SHARON
ECONOMIC
CONSIDERATIONS

CONTROL OF ENERGY
RESOURCES
ECONOMIC
CONSIDERATIONS

(

=

EURO

VERSUS

$
DOLLAR
ECONOMIC
CONSIDERATIONS

WEAKEN
OPEC.
EUROPEAN
UNION
PART III
OPERATION
IRAQI
FREEDOM
FORCE LEVELS
COALITION FORCES .
• THREE LAKHS TROOPS - AB-FORCES, MARINES AND
SPECIAL FORCES.
•

KURD FIGHTERS.

• M1 ABRA...
IRAQI FORCES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

FOUR LAKHS TROOPS.
ELITE REPUBLICAN GUARDS.
PARA MILITARY FORCES.
FIDAYEENS.
FOUR THOUSAND A...
AMERICAN MILITARY
STRATEGY
SHOCK
&
AWE
SIMULTANIETY OF
OPERATIONS
DOUBLE PINCER
CAPTURE OF BAGHDAD

SUSTAINED BOMBING.
SPRINT TO BAGHDAD.
(CAPTURE OF AIRPORT)
FALL OF SADDAM

FIRDOS SQUARE
LOOT & ANARCHY
FALL OF SADDAM

FIRDOS SQUARE
PROPAGANDA
WAR

WESTERN
MEDIA.
JOKER IN THE
PACK
HI-TECH WAR
TOMAHAWK
MISSILES
COST $ 1 MILLION
HI-TECH WAR
• B 52 BOMBERS.

– COST.

$ 1.3 BILLION.

• F16 FALCON AIRCRAFT.
APACHE HELICOPTER

COST $ 4 MILLION
MI ABRAM TANK
$ 4.3 MILLION
$ 3.2 MILLION

M2 BRADELEY
(TROOP CARRYING
VEHICLE)
30,000 SORTIES.
2000 AIRCRAFT.
20,000 TONNES
EXPLOSIVES
14,000 PGMs
LETHAL ARMADA
HI-TECH BLASTERS

• BAT.
• JDAM.
• BLU-114B.
• CBU-97.
• TANK BUSTER.
ECONOMICS OF WAR
• LIBERATION OF IRAQ-$ 75 BILLION$1.6 TRILLION.
• 1% TO 2 % OF US GDP.
• GULF WAR I - 80% COST BORNE BY
A...
RECONSTRUCTION
• OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM TO COST $ 75
BILLION.
• COST OF RECONSTRUCTION - $ 20 TO $100
BILLION.
• CUMULATI...
USA’S POST WAR
PLAN
• DEVELOPMENT OF PORT
• ROADS
- 5,000 KM.
• POWER .
• AIR LINKS.
• HOSPITALS - 300.
• SCHOOLS
- 5,000....
BUDGET
• IMMEDIATE HUMANITARIAN AID

- $ 2.5 BILLION.

• ANNUAL COST OF PEACE KEEPING

- $25 BILLION.

• REBUILDING INFRAS...
PART IV
ROLE AND RELEVANCE
OF
THE UNITED NATIONS
AIM : UNITED NATIONS
 TO MAINT INTERNATIONAL PEACE.

 TO SETTLE DISPUTES PEACEFULLY.
 TO AVOID THREAT / USE OF FORCE
AN...
IRAQ
CRISIS
WHERE DOES UN
STAND ???
IRAQ CRISIS
 POTENTIALLY CAPABLE OF

RESOLUTION.

 LARGER US AGENDA FOR WAR NOT
FULFILLED.
 MOCKERY OF SECURITY
COUNCIL...
FUTURE ROLE OF UN IN
IRAQ

 GRANTING LEGITIMACY TO IRAQI

REGIME.

 REMOVAL OF SANCTIONS.
 HUMANITARIAN ROLE .
 PEACEK...
FUTURE OF THE UN

???
“THERE IS NO UNITED NATIONS.
THERE IS
AN INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
THAT
OCCASIONALLY CAN BE LED BY THE
ONLY SUPERPOWER IN TH...
RELEVANCE OF UN
 FUTURE OF THE UN DEPENDS ON THE
ATTITUDE OF THE US.
 US NEVER HESITATED TO USE ‘VETO’ TO
FURTHER THEIR ...
THE UNITED NATIONS
OR

UNITED NATIONS OF UNITED STATES
?
FUTURE STATUS OF
UN
ASSESSMENT OF GULF WAR
II
ADVERSE REACTION IN ISLAMIC
WORLD
REACTIONS IN IRAQ
AMERICAN DOMINANCE IN
21 st CENTURY
EMERGENCE OF NEW WORLD
ORDER.

HISTORY IS SHAPED NOT JUST BY THE EVENT ITSELF
BUT MORE BYTHE EXTENT & FORCE OF ITS AFTER
E...
UNI-POLAR
WORLD
INDO – US
EQUATION

REALISIM, NOT RHETORIC, SHOULD
GOVERN INDIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH
USA
COOPERATION
IN
MILITARY
FIELDS
MILITARY
IMPLICATIONS
FOR INDIA
WARS OF PREEMPTION

PROACTIVE
INTERDICTION
MILITARY IMPLICATIONS FOR
INDIA
• ICBMs.
• SLBMs.
• AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.
• ANTI MISSILE SYSTEMS.
• AIR DEFENCE SYSTEMS.
MILITARY IMPLICATIONS FOR
INDIA

• GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS.
• PRECISION GUIDED MUNITIONS.
• NIGHT FIGHTING CAPABILITIES...
CONCLUSIO
N
CONCLUSION
• INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.
• POLITICAL INSTABILITY.
• INTERVENTION IN KASHMIR.
• WARS OF PRE-EMPTION
• CREDIBLE...
?
Iraq War- 2003
Iraq War- 2003
Iraq War- 2003
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Iraq War- 2003

  1. 1. INTRODUCTIO N
  2. 2. NOSTRADAMUS LIQUI D
  3. 3. “ EITHER YOU ARE WITH US AGAINST US. OR THERE IS NOTHING IN BETWEEN PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH POST 9/11 ADDRESS TO NATION
  4. 4. N KOREA IRAQ IRAN AXIS OF EVIL
  5. 5. INTERNATIONAL FORUMS  UNITED NATIONS - FRAGMENTED.  EUROPEAN UNION - DIVIDED.  NATO - FRACTURED.  NAM  OIC  ARAB LEAGUE  OPEC  G-8 IRRELEVANT
  6. 6. OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM
  7. 7. SHOCK & AWE
  8. 8. ?
  9. 9. OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM
  10. 10. PREVIEW  PART I – HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE.  PART II – AMERICAN DESIGNS FOR WAR.  PART III – OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.  PART IV – ROLE AND RELEVANCE OF UNITED NATIONS.
  11. 11. PART I HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
  12. 12. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE  MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATION (5000 BC).  OTTAMAN EMPIRE.  TRIBAL IRAQ - AUTONOMOUS.
  13. 13. PERIMETER OF IRAQ KMS. COASTLINE KMS. 3650 60
  14. 14. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE  BRITISH RULE – A HASHEMITE MONARCHY (1921 – 1958).  DECADE OF COUP / COUNTER COUPS.  THE BAATH PARTY (1968).
  15. 15. SADDAM “THE ONE WHO CONFRONTS” • 1937 - BORN • 1956 - JOINED BAATH PARTY. • 1959 - FLED TO EGYPT. • 1963 - RETURNED TO BAGHDAD. ( TIKRIT ). • 1979 - BECAME THE PRESIDENT OF IRAQ. • 2003 - MISSING IN ACTION
  16. 16. IRAN – IRAQ WAR (1980 – 1988)
  17. 17. KUWAIT – IRAQ RELATIONSHIP.
  18. 18. KUWAIT IRAQ - RELATIONSHIP 19 TH PROVINCE OF IRAQ ??
  19. 19. OPERATION DESERT STORM 16 JAN – 27 FEB 1991
  20. 20. NO FLY ZONES
  21. 21. NATURAL RESOURCES  PETROLEUM.  NATURAL GAS.  PHOSPHORUS.  SULPHUR.
  22. 22. DEMOGRAPHY  TOTAL POPULATION – 24 MILLION.  A MULTI – ETHNIC SOCIETY.  SHIA ARABS – 60 %  SUNNI ARABS – 15%  KURDS – 20 %  OTHERS – 5%  RELIGION -
  23. 23. MIDDLE EAST REGION
  24. 24. PART II AMERICAN DESIGNS FOR WAR
  25. 25. BUILD UP TO THE WAR  THE SEPTEMBER 11 LINK.  WAR AGAINST TERRORISM.  AXIS OF EVIL.
  26. 26. 9/11 “WE ARE GOING TO FIND OUT WHO DID THIS AND WE ARE GOING TO KICK HIM”
  27. 27. AL - QAIDA IDEOLOGICAL ENEMY
  28. 28. COERCIVE DIPLOMACY
  29. 29. UN RESOLUTIONS  IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS.  DESTRUCTION OF WMD.  RESTRICTING MILITARY CAPABILITY.  PROHIBIT SALE AND PURCHASE OF ARMS.  OIL FOR FOOD PROGRAMME.  SIMULTANEOUS BUILD UP IN GULF SINCE SEP 02
  30. 30. FINAL BUILD UP  NON COMPLIANCE OF RESOLUTION 1441. SEC UN RESOLUTION SEEKING USE OF FORCE.  MOBILISATION OF FORCES IN GULF SINCE SEP 02.  UN RESOLUTION NOT NECESSARY TO TAKE MILITARY ACTION.
  31. 31. THE AMERICAN AGENDA • POLITICAL • SECURITY • ECONOMIC
  32. 32. POLITICAL AGENDA  REGIME CHANGE .
  33. 33. MIDDLE EAST
  34. 34. POLITICAL AGENDA LIBERATION OF IRAQI PEOPLE .  IMPERIALISTIC DESIGNS .
  35. 35. SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS WMD
  36. 36. TERRORISM
  37. 37. ISRAELI CONNECTION ARIEL SHARON
  38. 38. ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS CONTROL OF ENERGY RESOURCES
  39. 39. ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS ( = EURO VERSUS $ DOLLAR
  40. 40. ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS WEAKEN OPEC.
  41. 41. EUROPEAN UNION
  42. 42. PART III
  43. 43. OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM
  44. 44. FORCE LEVELS COALITION FORCES . • THREE LAKHS TROOPS - AB-FORCES, MARINES AND SPECIAL FORCES. • KURD FIGHTERS. • M1 ABRAM TANKS. • BRADLEY FIGHTING VEHICLES. • AH64 APACHE ATTACK HELICOPTERS. • F117 STEALTH BOMBERS. • B1,B2 AND B52 BOMBERS. • AIR CRAFT CARRIERS AND OTHER NAVAL SHIPS. • HI-TECH WEAPONARY
  45. 45. IRAQI FORCES • • • • • • • • FOUR LAKHS TROOPS. ELITE REPUBLICAN GUARDS. PARA MILITARY FORCES. FIDAYEENS. FOUR THOUSAND ARTY GUNS . T-72 TANKS. SCUD MISSILES. VINTAGE SOVIET ERA WEAPONS.
  46. 46. AMERICAN MILITARY STRATEGY
  47. 47. SHOCK & AWE
  48. 48. SIMULTANIETY OF OPERATIONS
  49. 49. DOUBLE PINCER
  50. 50. CAPTURE OF BAGHDAD SUSTAINED BOMBING.
  51. 51. SPRINT TO BAGHDAD. (CAPTURE OF AIRPORT)
  52. 52. FALL OF SADDAM FIRDOS SQUARE
  53. 53. LOOT & ANARCHY
  54. 54. FALL OF SADDAM FIRDOS SQUARE
  55. 55. PROPAGANDA WAR WESTERN MEDIA.
  56. 56. JOKER IN THE PACK
  57. 57. HI-TECH WAR
  58. 58. TOMAHAWK MISSILES COST $ 1 MILLION
  59. 59. HI-TECH WAR • B 52 BOMBERS. – COST. $ 1.3 BILLION. • F16 FALCON AIRCRAFT.
  60. 60. APACHE HELICOPTER COST $ 4 MILLION
  61. 61. MI ABRAM TANK $ 4.3 MILLION
  62. 62. $ 3.2 MILLION M2 BRADELEY (TROOP CARRYING VEHICLE)
  63. 63. 30,000 SORTIES. 2000 AIRCRAFT. 20,000 TONNES EXPLOSIVES 14,000 PGMs
  64. 64. LETHAL ARMADA
  65. 65. HI-TECH BLASTERS • BAT. • JDAM. • BLU-114B. • CBU-97. • TANK BUSTER.
  66. 66. ECONOMICS OF WAR • LIBERATION OF IRAQ-$ 75 BILLION$1.6 TRILLION. • 1% TO 2 % OF US GDP. • GULF WAR I - 80% COST BORNE BY ALLIES. • US PROFIT - $ 20 BILLION. • OIL BILL FOR US - $ 10 PER BARREL INCREASE RAISES US TAX TO $ 100 BILLION.
  67. 67. RECONSTRUCTION • OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM TO COST $ 75 BILLION. • COST OF RECONSTRUCTION - $ 20 TO $100 BILLION. • CUMULATIVE COST - $ 100 TO $150 BILLION.
  68. 68. USA’S POST WAR PLAN • DEVELOPMENT OF PORT • ROADS - 5,000 KM. • POWER . • AIR LINKS. • HOSPITALS - 300. • SCHOOLS - 5,000. • HOUSES - 25,000.
  69. 69. BUDGET • IMMEDIATE HUMANITARIAN AID - $ 2.5 BILLION. • ANNUAL COST OF PEACE KEEPING - $25 BILLION. • REBUILDING INFRASTRUCSTURE - $ 75 BILLION.
  70. 70. PART IV ROLE AND RELEVANCE OF THE UNITED NATIONS
  71. 71. AIM : UNITED NATIONS  TO MAINT INTERNATIONAL PEACE.  TO SETTLE DISPUTES PEACEFULLY.  TO AVOID THREAT / USE OF FORCE AND ESCHEW INTERFERENCE EXCEPT WHEN AUTHORISED BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL .
  72. 72. IRAQ CRISIS WHERE DOES UN STAND ???
  73. 73. IRAQ CRISIS  POTENTIALLY CAPABLE OF RESOLUTION.  LARGER US AGENDA FOR WAR NOT FULFILLED.  MOCKERY OF SECURITY COUNCIL ???
  74. 74. FUTURE ROLE OF UN IN IRAQ  GRANTING LEGITIMACY TO IRAQI REGIME.  REMOVAL OF SANCTIONS.  HUMANITARIAN ROLE .  PEACEKEEPING.
  75. 75. FUTURE OF THE UN ???
  76. 76. “THERE IS NO UNITED NATIONS. THERE IS AN INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY THAT OCCASIONALLY CAN BE LED BY THE ONLY SUPERPOWER IN THE WORLD THAT IS UNITED STATES. WHEN THE UNITED STATES LEADS THE UNITED NATIONS WILL FOLLOW”. John Bolton, US Under Secretary of State 1994 Global Structure Convocation,
  77. 77. RELEVANCE OF UN  FUTURE OF THE UN DEPENDS ON THE ATTITUDE OF THE US.  US NEVER HESITATED TO USE ‘VETO’ TO FURTHER THEIR OWN NATIONAL INTERESTS.  US HAS SUPPLANTED THE UN ITSELF.
  78. 78. THE UNITED NATIONS OR UNITED NATIONS OF UNITED STATES
  79. 79. ? FUTURE STATUS OF UN
  80. 80. ASSESSMENT OF GULF WAR II
  81. 81. ADVERSE REACTION IN ISLAMIC WORLD
  82. 82. REACTIONS IN IRAQ
  83. 83. AMERICAN DOMINANCE IN 21 st CENTURY
  84. 84. EMERGENCE OF NEW WORLD ORDER. HISTORY IS SHAPED NOT JUST BY THE EVENT ITSELF BUT MORE BYTHE EXTENT & FORCE OF ITS AFTER EFFECTS
  85. 85. UNI-POLAR WORLD
  86. 86. INDO – US EQUATION REALISIM, NOT RHETORIC, SHOULD GOVERN INDIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH USA
  87. 87. COOPERATION IN MILITARY FIELDS
  88. 88. MILITARY IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA
  89. 89. WARS OF PREEMPTION PROACTIVE INTERDICTION
  90. 90. MILITARY IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA • ICBMs. • SLBMs. • AIRCRAFT CARRIERS. • ANTI MISSILE SYSTEMS. • AIR DEFENCE SYSTEMS.
  91. 91. MILITARY IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA • GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS. • PRECISION GUIDED MUNITIONS. • NIGHT FIGHTING CAPABILITIES. • COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS.
  92. 92. CONCLUSIO N
  93. 93. CONCLUSION • INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM. • POLITICAL INSTABILITY. • INTERVENTION IN KASHMIR. • WARS OF PRE-EMPTION • CREDIBLE DETERRENT MILITARY CAPABALITY. • STATE OF THE ART TECHONOLOGY. • ECONOMICALLY STRONG. • IDEOLOGICAL STRAITJACKET. • STABILITY & PROSPERITY AT HOME. • INTERNATIONAL PRE-EMINENCE.
  94. 94. ?

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