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# Block Diagramming

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### Block Diagramming

1. 1. A PresentationonBlock and Relationship DiagrammingSubmitted to:- Submitted By:-Mr. S.K. Gupta Veeraj Vashishtha(Professor Operations) (NU- MBA Year 1) Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
2. 2. What are Blocks? Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
3. 3. Shipping Assembling ShippingFinishing Unit Production Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
4. 4. Block Diagramming Block Diagramming is a technique of designing a process layout and is used when quantitative data is available. Block diagramming is one way to visualize the amount of movement that occurs between departments. Different blocks represent different departments of the organization. The main objective is to reduce the transportation cost Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
5. 5. Production AssemblingShippingShipping Finishing Unit Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
6. 6. Terms used in Block Diagramming Unit Load: Refer to the quantity in which material is moved/transported from one department to the other. Non Adjacent Load: Refer to the load between departments which are not adjacent in their location. Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
7. 7. Process of Block Diagramming • Create a Load Summary ChartStep 1 • Calculation of Composite MovementStep 2 • Preparation of Trial LayoutsStep 3 Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
8. 8. Example of Block Diagramming (cont.) Step 1: Load Summary Chart Department 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 -- 20 20 80 2 -- 10 75 3 -- 15 90 4 -- 70 5 -- 6 -- Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
9. 9. Example of Block Diagramming (cont.) Step 1: Gather Information (Initial Layout) 2 4 3 6 5 1 Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
10. 10. Example of Block Diagramming(contd)Step 2: Calculation of composite Movements 10 Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
11. 11. Example of Block Diagramming (cont.) Step 3: Develop a block plan (Show new traffic) 5 70 4 15 3 75 20 90 20 80 2 1 6 10 Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
12. 12. Exercise on Block Diagramming Load Summary Chart 1 2 3 FROM/TO DEPARTMENT Department 1 2 3 4 5 1 — 100 50 2 — 200 50 4 5 3 60 — 40 50 4 100 — 60 5 50 —Initial Layout Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA
13. 13. GRID 1. 110 100 200 1 2 3 150 50 50 60 4 5 40 Veeraj Vashishtha NU-MBA