Referencing Styles

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  • Let’s stop talking about problems, and look at opportunities, or at least look at things differently
  • Referencing Styles

    1. 1. Referencing styles and tools: An overview Vasantha Raju N Librarian Govt. First Grade College Periyapatna vasanthrz@gmail.com 83 rd Orientation Program Academic Staff College July 30, 2009 University of Mysore, Mysore
    2. 2. <ul><li>To acknowledge others works </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect the thoroughness of the work (Amit, 2004). </li></ul><ul><li>To trace the intellectual development of the ideas you present. </li></ul><ul><li>To give credibility to your work. </li></ul><ul><li>Studies have reported that students do not cite properly (Chikkamanju, 2009; Oppenheim & Smith, 2006 ; Clarke & Oppenheim, 2006). </li></ul>Why we need to cite?
    3. 3. When to cite <ul><ul><li>Quotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizations of facts or ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information relevant to a particular argument (Amit, 2004). </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What sources to cite <ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web pages etc. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Citation styles <ul><li>There are several popular citation style manuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the most commonly used style manuals are…. </li></ul><ul><li>Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual of Style </li></ul><ul><li>MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Book covers of APA, Chicago and MLA Manual
    7. 7. Information necessary for properly citing sources For book - Author or editor(s) with initials or forenames - Title - Edition - Publisher - Date of publication Imprint - Place of publication
    8. 8. Example for books
    9. 9. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for books http://www.silverbearcafe.com/private/images/drowning.jpg <ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, C. (2006). On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual of Style </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, Charles. 2006. On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>MLA </li></ul><ul><li>Darwin, Charles. On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications, 2006. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Information necessary……… Conti… <ul><li>For journal article </li></ul><ul><li>- Article author (s) with initials or forenames </li></ul><ul><li>- Publication year </li></ul><ul><li>- Article title </li></ul><ul><li>- Journal title (italics) </li></ul><ul><li>- Volume and issue number </li></ul><ul><li>- pagination </li></ul>
    11. 11. Example for journal articles
    12. 12. <ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><li>Byrne, A. (2008). Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services. Australian Library Journal, 57 (4), 365-376. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual of Style </li></ul><ul><li>Byrne, A. 2008. Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services. Australian Library Journal , 57 (4): 365-376. </li></ul><ul><li>MLA </li></ul><ul><li>Byrne, Alex. “Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services.” Australian Library Journal 57.4 (2008): 365-376. </li></ul>Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for journal articles
    13. 13. Information necessary……… Conti… <ul><li>For article/chapter in a book collection </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>author's surname(s) and initial(s) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- title of article </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- title of book </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- editor(s) name </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- publisher </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- place of publication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- year of publication </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- page number(s) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Example for article/chapter in a book collection
    15. 15. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for a book chapter <ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><li>Narahari Rao, H.N. (2007). Girish’s women trilogy. In N. Manu Chakravarthy (ed.), Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films (pp. 99-106). Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narahari Rao, H.N. 2007. . “Girish’s women trilogy.” In Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films , ed. N. Manu Chakravarthy , 99-106 . Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MLA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narahari Rao, H.N. “Girish’s women trilogy.” Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films . Ed. N. Manu Chakravarthy . Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka, 2007. 99-106. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>For website </li></ul><ul><li>- Author </li></ul><ul><li>- Name of the site </li></ul><ul><li>- date site was created </li></ul><ul><li>- Retrieved date </li></ul><ul><li>- URL </li></ul>Information necessary……… Conti…
    17. 17. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for web page /site
    18. 18. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for webpage/ site <ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><li>National School Board Association. (2007). Retrieved July 26, 2009, from http://www.nsba.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual </li></ul><ul><li>National School Board Association. 2007. http://www.nsba.org/ (accessed July 26, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>MLA </li></ul><ul><li>National School Board Association. 26 July 2009 < http://www.nsba.org> </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>For article in electronic (e) journal </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- author's surname(s) and initial(s) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>title of article </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Journal title </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volume & issue number (if available) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Page numbers (if available ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Document retrieved date </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>URL </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Source: http://flickr.com Information necessary……… Conti…
    20. 20. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for e-journal
    21. 21. <ul><li>APA </li></ul><ul><li>Pyati, A. K. (2009). Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions. First Monday, 7(6). Retrieved July 29, 2009, from http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237. </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Pyati, Ajit. K. 2009. Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions. First Monday 7, no. 6, (July 6 ) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237 (accessed July 29, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>MLA </li></ul><ul><li>Pyati, A. K. &quot; Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions.&quot; First Monday 7.6 (2009): 29 July 2009 <http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237 >. </li></ul>Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for e-journal
    22. 22. Few important referencing tools/ software <ul><li>Features of these referencing tools </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Web based </li></ul><ul><li>Import from online databases/web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Create bibliographies </li></ul><ul><li>Create footnotes, in-text references etc </li></ul><ul><ul><li> features are endless…….! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Source: http://library.nyu.edu/tools/compare.html </li></ul>SL. No. Name of the Software URL Free or commercial 1. EndNote http://www.endnote.com Commercial 2. RefWorks http://www.refworks.com Commercial 3. Citation Machine http://citationmachine.net Free 4. Zotero http://www.zotero.org/ Free
    23. 23. Online social bookmarking tools SL No. Online bookmarking tools URL Availability 1. citeulike http://www.citeulike.org Free 2. Connotea http://www.connotea.org/ Free 3. Delicious http://delicious.com Free
    24. 24. Citulike web interface (http://www.citeulike.org)
    25. 25. Citation formats in citeulike
    26. 26. Features of citulike <ul><li>Easily store references you find online </li></ul><ul><li>Discover new articles and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Share references with your peers </li></ul><ul><li>Find out who's reading what you're reading </li></ul><ul><li>Store and search your PDFs </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.citeulike.org/ </li></ul>
    27. 27. Delicious web interface (http://delicious.com)
    28. 28. Features of delicious <ul><li>Can save all your bookmarks online </li></ul><ul><li>Share bookmarks with other people </li></ul><ul><li>Can see what other people are bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>Search and tagging tools help you keep </li></ul><ul><li>track of your entire bookmark collection </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://delicious.com </li></ul>
    29. 29. Connotea web interface (http://www.connotea.org/)
    30. 30. Features of Connotea bookmarking tool <ul><li>Save and organize links to your references </li></ul><ul><li>Easily share references with colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Access references from any computer </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Source : http://www.connotea.org </li></ul>
    31. 31. <ul><li>Thank You </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>

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