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Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
Referencing Styles
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Referencing Styles

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  • Let’s stop talking about problems, and look at opportunities, or at least look at things differently
  • Transcript

    • 1. Referencing styles and tools: An overview Vasantha Raju N Librarian Govt. First Grade College Periyapatna vasanthrz@gmail.com 83 rd Orientation Program Academic Staff College July 30, 2009 University of Mysore, Mysore
    • 2.
      • To acknowledge others works
      • To avoid plagiarism
      • Reflect the thoroughness of the work (Amit, 2004).
      • To trace the intellectual development of the ideas you present.
      • To give credibility to your work.
      • Studies have reported that students do not cite properly (Chikkamanju, 2009; Oppenheim & Smith, 2006 ; Clarke & Oppenheim, 2006).
      Why we need to cite?
    • 3. When to cite
        • Quotations
        • Summarizations of facts or ideas
        • Information relevant to a particular argument (Amit, 2004).
    • 4. What sources to cite
        • Books
        • Journals
        • Conference proceedings
        • Patents
        • Thesis
        • Personal communications
        • Web pages etc.
    • 5. Citation styles
      • There are several popular citation style manuals.
      • Among the most commonly used style manuals are….
      • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)
      • Chicago Manual of Style
      • MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA)
    • 6. Book covers of APA, Chicago and MLA Manual
    • 7. Information necessary for properly citing sources For book - Author or editor(s) with initials or forenames - Title - Edition - Publisher - Date of publication Imprint - Place of publication
    • 8. Example for books
    • 9. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for books http://www.silverbearcafe.com/private/images/drowning.jpg
      • APA
      • Darwin, C. (2006). On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications.
      • Chicago Manual of Style
      • Darwin, Charles. 2006. On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications.
      • MLA
      • Darwin, Charles. On the origin of species: By means of natural selection . New York: Dover Publications, 2006.
    • 10. Information necessary……… Conti…
      • For journal article
      • - Article author (s) with initials or forenames
      • - Publication year
      • - Article title
      • - Journal title (italics)
      • - Volume and issue number
      • - pagination
    • 11. Example for journal articles
    • 12.
      • APA
      • Byrne, A. (2008). Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services. Australian Library Journal, 57 (4), 365-376.
      • Chicago Manual of Style
      • Byrne, A. 2008. Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services. Australian Library Journal , 57 (4): 365-376.
      • MLA
      • Byrne, Alex. “Web 2.0 strategy in libraries and information services.” Australian Library Journal 57.4 (2008): 365-376.
      Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for journal articles
    • 13. Information necessary……… Conti…
      • For article/chapter in a book collection
            • author's surname(s) and initial(s)
            • - title of article
            • - title of book
            • - editor(s) name
            • - publisher
            • - place of publication
            • - year of publication
            • - page number(s)
    • 14. Example for article/chapter in a book collection
    • 15. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for a book chapter
      • APA
      • Narahari Rao, H.N. (2007). Girish’s women trilogy. In N. Manu Chakravarthy (ed.), Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films (pp. 99-106). Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka.
      • Chicago Manual
        • Narahari Rao, H.N. 2007. . “Girish’s women trilogy.” In Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films , ed. N. Manu Chakravarthy , 99-106 . Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka
      • MLA
        • Narahari Rao, H.N. “Girish’s women trilogy.” Culturing realism: reflection on Girish Kasaravalli’s films . Ed. N. Manu Chakravarthy . Bangalore: Nudi Pustaka, 2007. 99-106.
    • 16.
      • For website
      • - Author
      • - Name of the site
      • - date site was created
      • - Retrieved date
      • - URL
      Information necessary……… Conti…
    • 17. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for web page /site
    • 18. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for webpage/ site
      • APA
      • National School Board Association. (2007). Retrieved July 26, 2009, from http://www.nsba.org/
      • Chicago Manual
      • National School Board Association. 2007. http://www.nsba.org/ (accessed July 26, 2009).
      • MLA
      • National School Board Association. 26 July 2009 < http://www.nsba.org>
    • 19.
      • For article in electronic (e) journal
            • - author's surname(s) and initial(s)
            • title of article
            • Journal title
            • Volume & issue number (if available)
            • Page numbers (if available )
            • Document retrieved date
            • URL
      Source: http://flickr.com Information necessary……… Conti…
    • 20. Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for e-journal
    • 21.
      • APA
      • Pyati, A. K. (2009). Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions. First Monday, 7(6). Retrieved July 29, 2009, from http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237.
      • Chicago Manual
      • Pyati, Ajit. K. 2009. Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions. First Monday 7, no. 6, (July 6 )
      • http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237 (accessed July 29, 2009)
      • MLA
      • Pyati, A. K. &quot; Public library revitalization in India: Hopes, challenges, and new visions.&quot; First Monday 7.6 (2009): 29 July 2009 <http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2588/2237 >.
      Referencing in APA, Chicago and MLA for e-journal
    • 22. Few important referencing tools/ software
      • Features of these referencing tools
      • Easy to use
      • Web based
      • Import from online databases/web pages
      • Create bibliographies
      • Create footnotes, in-text references etc
        • features are endless…….!
      • Source: http://library.nyu.edu/tools/compare.html
      SL. No. Name of the Software URL Free or commercial 1. EndNote http://www.endnote.com Commercial 2. RefWorks http://www.refworks.com Commercial 3. Citation Machine http://citationmachine.net Free 4. Zotero http://www.zotero.org/ Free
    • 23. Online social bookmarking tools SL No. Online bookmarking tools URL Availability 1. citeulike http://www.citeulike.org Free 2. Connotea http://www.connotea.org/ Free 3. Delicious http://delicious.com Free
    • 24. Citulike web interface (http://www.citeulike.org)
    • 25. Citation formats in citeulike
    • 26. Features of citulike
      • Easily store references you find online
      • Discover new articles and resources
      • Share references with your peers
      • Find out who's reading what you're reading
      • Store and search your PDFs
      • Source: http://www.citeulike.org/
    • 27. Delicious web interface (http://delicious.com)
    • 28. Features of delicious
      • Can save all your bookmarks online
      • Share bookmarks with other people
      • Can see what other people are bookmarking
      • Search and tagging tools help you keep
      • track of your entire bookmark collection
      • Source: http://delicious.com
    • 29. Connotea web interface (http://www.connotea.org/)
    • 30. Features of Connotea bookmarking tool
      • Save and organize links to your references
      • Easily share references with colleagues
      • Access references from any computer
      • Easy to use
      • Source : http://www.connotea.org
    • 31.
      • Thank You
      • ?

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