Lake Baikal, in eastern Siberia, is a miracleof nature. Its the deepest lake on Earthand it contains more water than all theGreat Lakes of America put together.
More than 300 rivers flow into Lake Baikal andonly one river, the Angara, flowsoutwards. By the way, if the lakewas suddenly no longer be fed with thewater from rivers, and the Angaracontinued to flow, it would take 400 yearsto all the water gone from the lake.
The area of Lake Baikal is seismicallyactive. The last earthquake which occurredthere in 2008 was 9 on the Richter scale.
The water in this lake has a lot of oxygen and it isvery clear.
Lake Baikal is the habitat of many uniqueand endemic plants and animals. Forexample, there are about 27 species of fishwhich exist only in these waters.
The origin of the word Baikal:Bai-Kul (Kirgh.) - Rich LakeBaygal (Yakut.) - Very Deep WaterBaygaal-Dalai (Mong.) - Natural SeaBei-Hai (Chinese) - North Sea
Some problems of Baikal:-Some factories which are located on theshores of Lake Baikal pollute theenvironment (Baikalsk Pulp and Paper Mill )-Illegal fishing and hunting-deforestation- rubbish
Some ways to solve these problems:- We should not pollute the naturalenvironment of Lake Baikal- We should fight against the industrialpollution of Lake Baikal- We should take part in the program “WorldHeritage of UNESCO "