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The purpose of this presentation is to share knowledge, skills and techniques of using a reflective teaching and learning approach.
Traditionally we taught our students by using the ‘cramming method’. In which the purpose of education was to impart knowledge to learners.
Currently the teaching approach is shifting from teachers centered to learners centered. With this approach the purpose of education is considered to be that of cultivating the development of students’ innovation spirit and practical competences.
Participatory teaching approach is a form of a reflective teaching approach which is sometimes termed as interactive teaching method or learner centered teaching method.
This method stresses the subjectivity of learners and the self construction of knowledge.
It is a shift from a belief that learners are empty plate who are supposed to be imparted with knowledge (teach concept) to a belief that learners can construct knowledge and learn on their own if properly guided (learn concept).
There is no single teaching method that is suitable for all learners. All these teaching and learning methods are to be used interchangeably. It is advised that a teacher should use a variety of teaching and learning methods in a single period so as to provide a great variability of activities in the teaching and learning process.