Technology integration in education in Tanzania Ayoub C KafyuliloA workshop on technology integration in science teaching for Chang’ombe and Jitegemee secondary schools January 2012
Topics to be covered Playing with technology Technology Where to begin enhanced The concept of Exemplary Lessons learning TPACK
Playing with technology Ipad • Weblogs Camera • Television Wikipedia • Computer GPS Online games • e-portfolios Corse Management System (CMS)
• Wiki – The usefulness of sharing ideas on a wiki increases if the tutor contributes, but avoids taking charge.• Weblogs – Integrating comments from the blog into tutorial discussions extracts full value from the activity. How to make a blog? Hands on activity!• Digital audio – Providing feedback in different media reinforces the message and gives students a more personal learning experience.
• VLE/CMS – e-Learning content can be delivered through moodle, blackboard, facebook etc – Skilful combinations of online resources and face-to-face activities can promote independent, self-directed learning.• Ipad touch – Multimedia resources accessible on mobile devices support situated learning and provide opportunities for reinforcement.• Digital video – Problem-based learning scenarios based around virtual resources enable students to learn from their mistakes in safety.
• E-portfolio – Opportunities for self-evaluation need to be introduced early to help learners grasp the importance of reflective, e-portfolio- based learning.• Power point presentation – A simple orientation to PowerPoint presentation
Technology integration in science teaching• Technology-enhanced learning is gaining favour since it emphasises how technology adds value to learning• Technology-enhanced learning enables: – Connectivity to information and to others – Greater choice over the time, place and pace of study – Alternative modes of study: distance, blended, work-based, partially or wholly campus-based
Technology integration in scienceteaching – Opportunities for reflection and planning in personal learning Rapid feedback on formative assessments – More active learning by means of interactive technologies and multimedia resources – Participation in communities of knowledge, inquiry and learning – Learning by discovery in virtual worlds
Technology integration in science teaching• Effective teaching depends on flexible access to reach, well-organized and integrated knowledge from different domains, including – knowledge of student thinking and learning (Pedagogy), – knowledge of subject matter (Content), and increasingly, – Knowledge of technology
Technology integration in science teaching– Teachers often have inadequate experience with using technology for teaching and learning– Teachers earned degrees at a time when educational technology was at a very infant stage of development– They do not consider themselves sufficiently prepared to use technology in the classroom– They do not appreciate its value or relevance to teaching and learning
Where to begin?• How can teachers integrate technology into their teaching?• There is no “one best way” to integrate technology into curriculum• Integration efforts should be designed for particular subject matter ideas in specific classroom• At the heart of good teaching with technology there are three core components: content, pedagogy, and technology, plus the relationships among and between them
The Technological PedagogicalContent Knowledge framework
TPACK• Technological (ICT) Knowledge – Skills necessary to operate particular technologies – The ability to learn and adapt to new technologies – A functional understanding of technologies• Pedagogical knowledge – Students’ prior knowledge – How to use resources – Classroom management – Lesson plan development & implementation – Student evaluation
TPACK• Content or Subject matter knowledge – Knowledge of central facts, concepts, principles, theories & procedures – Explanatory frameworks – Evidence for proof
TPACK• Technological pedagogical Knowledge: – How pedagogies change because of ICT• Technological Content Knowledge: – How subject matter changes because of ICT• Pedagogical Content Knowledge: – How particular aspects of subject matter are organized, adapted and represented for instruction
TPACK• TPACK is the basis of effective teaching with technology and requires an understanding of; – the representation of concepts using technologies – pedagogical techniques that use technologies in constructive ways to teach a content – knowledge of what makes concepts difficult or easy to learn and how technology can help readdress some of the problems that students face
TPACK – knowledge of students’ prior knowledge and knowledge of how technologies can be used to build on existing knowledge to develop new knowledge• There is no single technological solution that applies for every teacher, every course, or every view of teaching
How do we design a technologyintegrated lesson• You can make it yourself in Word, Excel or PowerPoint• There are online learning materials that are available for free: www.kscience.co.uk, www.youtube.com• Examples of online materials: animations, video• These materials can also be downloaded and be presented through a CD.• Example of some CDs that have teaching and learning contents.