Past tense ppt
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Transcript

  • 1. SimplePastTense-Form-Meaning and Use-Pronunciation
  • 2. How do we form the simple pasttense?English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular
  • 3. Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….. Which are regular and which are irregular? walked regular studied regular taught irregular gave irregular became irregular cried regular lived regular did irregular
  • 4. Regular verbs are verbs that endSimple form verbs: Past tense verbs: with -edwalk walkedstudy studiedcry criedlive lived
  • 5. Rules for adding –ed: Add –ed to most verbs Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled). Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied). Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).
  • 6. Irregular verbs are verbs that don’tend in –ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense:become becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
  • 7. Other irregular verbs have a different kindof change…..you need to memorizethese! teach taught bring brought leave left hear heard buy bought
  • 8. Why do we use past tenseverbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
  • 9. PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS……The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked, talked, jumped d: played, loved, answered id: invited, waited decided.... *With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!
  • 10. How can you practice pasttense verbs? Phonemically (word sorts) Bingo! Modeling Surveysays…… Nancy Fetzer………Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!