Child labour presentation

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  • V Gunnarsson, P.F Orazem and G Sedlacek, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18
    <http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/24/000012009_20050624133608/Rendered/PDF/327410rev.pdf >
    Accessed 26 October 2010
  • Child labour presentation

    1. 1. What are the key regulations that govern Child Labour? BY: Wayne B. Marsh-0016966 Michelle Jack-Osimiri-10030948 Vanessa Gill-09017709
    2. 2. Objectives • State the key regulations prohibiting child labour • Examine their roles • Evaluate their successes • Conclusion
    3. 3. What are their key Aims? United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child 1989 (UNCRC) The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse International Labour Organisation Minimum Age Convention No 138 of 1973 (ILO MAC)
    4. 4. How Successful have these regulations been? 1- ILO MAC • the concept of minimum age was not dealt with adequately. • low ratification levels worldwide
    5. 5. 2- UNCRC • The definition of a child under Article 1 gives room for inconsistencies. • Disregard for the Convention my member states • America and Somalia have yet to ratify the Convention.
    6. 6. Open for signature since 2007 but only five member states have ratified it. Gilbert and Moore commenting on evidence of little improvement on child exploitation in 2010. 3-The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
    7. 7. Sources; ILO (1996) and World Bank’s calculations based on Bulletin of Child Labour Statistics, 1995 I-IV, ILO and Penn World Tables Continent 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 World 27.6 24.8 22.3 19.9 14.7 Africa 38.4 35.9 33.1 31.0 27.9 Asia 36.1 32.3 28.4 23.4 15.2 Latin America & Caribbean 19.4 16.5 14.6 12.6 11.2 North America, Western Europe and Australia 6.1 3.8 2.1 0.5 0.1 Child Labor Participation by Continent (%) Success?
    8. 8. • Overall, it is clear there has been limited success • Minimum age for employment differs from one nation to the next • Certain nations have failed to ratify certain conventions • Disregard for Convention Commitments • Recommendation- need for increased awareness CONCLUSION
    9. 9. Bibliography Statutes •The Minimum Age Convention 1973 (No. 138) •The Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 •The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2007
    10. 10. Texts • Anti-Slavery Society, Child Labour in South Africa (Anti-Slavery Society, London 1983) • Black M, In the Twilight Zone: Child Workers in the hotel, tourism and catering industry (International Labour Organization, Geneva 1995) • Challis J and Elliman D, Child Workers Today (Quatermaine House Ltd, Middlesex 1979) • Finch, E and Fafinski S, Legal Skills (2nd edn OUP, Oxford 2009) • Fyfe A, Child Labour: A guide to Project Design (International Labour Organization, Geneva 1993) • International Labour Office, Child Labour: A Textbook for University Students (International Labour Office, Geneva 2004) • MacLennan E, Child Labour in London (Low Paid Unit, London 1982) • Kirby P, Social History in Perspective: Child Labour in Britain, 1750-1870 (Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2003) • Hobbs S and McKechnie J, Child Employment in Britain: A Social and Psychological Analysis (The Stationary Office Limited, Edinburgh 1997) • United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The State of the World’s Children 1997 (OUP, Oxford 1997)
    11. 11. Bellamy C, The State of the World’s Children 1997’ (Oxford, OUP 1997) Available online <http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/report/ > Accessed 26 October 2010 Council of Europe, ‘Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseCETS No.: 201’ <http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=201&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG> Accessed 26 October 2010 Gilbert A and Moore C, ‘Human trafficking in the United Kingdom: the journey so far and the road ahead’, [2010] 194 Crim. Law. 2, 4 <https://login.westlaw.co.uk/maf/wluk/app/document?src=toce&docguid=ID3D84810220211DFB445EBB1ADEDC2A6&cru mb-action=append&context=21> Accessed 26 October 2010 Gunnarsson V, Orazem P.F and Sedlacek G, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18 <http://wwwwds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/24/000012009_20050624133608/Ren dered/PDF/327410rev.pdf > Accessed 26 October 2010 Professor Hamilton C, ‘Children’s Rights and the role of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: Underlying structures for States in implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child’ [2010] IFL 31 <http://www.lexisnexis.com/uk/legal/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T10453290064&format=GNBFULL &sort=PUBLISHED- DATE,D,H,$PSEUDOLOSK,A,H&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T10453290067&cisb=22_T10453290066&treeMax=true&t reeWidth=0&csi=302220&docNo=2> Accessed 26 October 2010 Articles
    12. 12. Websites Council of Europe, ‘Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseCETS No.: 201’ <http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=201&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG> Accessed 26 October 2010 ILO: ‘International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour: About Child Labour’ <http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang--en/ > Accessed 25 October 2010 The Free Dictionary by Farlex, ‘ratification’ <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ratification > Accessed 26 October 2010 UNICEF, ‘Convention on the Rights of the Child: Frequently Asked Questions’ <http://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30229.html > Accessed 26 October 2010 UNICEF, ‘The State of the World’s Children’ <http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/report/> Accessed 26 October 2010 V Gunnarsson, P.F Orazem and G Sedlacek, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18 <http://wwwwds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/24/000012009_20050624133 608/Rendered/PDF/327410rev.pdf> Accessed 26 October 2010 Human Rights Watch, ‘Blood Diamonds’ <http://www.kintera.org/c.nlIWIgN2JwE/b.5657811/k.FB1A/Stop_Blood_Diamonds/siteapps/advocacy/ActionIte m.aspx > Accessed 26 October 2010

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