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  • V Gunnarsson, P.F Orazem and G Sedlacek, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18Accessed 26 October 2010

Child labour presentation Child labour presentation Presentation Transcript

  • What are the key regulations that govern Child Labour?
    BY:
    Wayne B. Marsh-0016966
    Michelle Jack-Osimiri-10030948
    Vanessa Gill-09017709
  • Objectives
    State the key regulations prohibiting child labour
    Examine their roles
    Evaluate their successes
    Conclusion
    • International Labour Organisation MinimumAge Convention No 138 of 1973 (ILO MAC)
    What are their key Aims?
    • United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child 1989 (UNCRC)
    • The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
  • How Successful have these regulations been?
    1- ILO MAC
    the concept of minimum age was not dealt with adequately.
    low ratification levels worldwide
  • 2- UNCRC
    The definition of a child under Article 1 gives room for inconsistencies.
    Disregard for the Convention my member states
    America and Somalia have yet to ratify the Convention.
  • 3-The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
    • Open for signature since 2007 but only five member states have ratified it.
    • Gilbert and Moore commenting on evidence of little improvement on child exploitation in 2010.
  • Success?
    Child Labor Participation by Continent (%)
    Sources; ILO (1996) and World Bank’s calculations based on Bulletin of Child Labour Statistics, 1995 I-IV, ILO and Penn World Tables
    • The International Regulations have played a role in reducing the levels of child labour.
    • However, child labour is still at a particularly significant level
  • Overall, it is clear there has been limited success
    Minimum age for employment differs from one nation to the next
    Certain nations have failed to ratify certain conventions
    Disregard for Convention Commitments
    Recommendation- need for increased awareness
    CONCLUSION
  • Bibliography
    Statutes
    • The Minimum Age Convention 1973 (No. 138)
    • The Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989
    • The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2007
  • Texts
    Anti-Slavery Society, Child Labour in South Africa (Anti-Slavery Society, London 1983)
    Black M, In the Twilight Zone: Child Workers in the hotel, tourism and catering industry (International Labour Organization, Geneva 1995)
    Challis J and Elliman D, Child Workers Today (Quatermaine House Ltd, Middlesex 1979)
    Finch, E and Fafinski S, Legal Skills (2ndedn OUP, Oxford 2009)
    Fyfe A, Child Labour: A guide to Project Design (International Labour Organization, Geneva 1993)
    International Labour Office, Child Labour: A Textbook for University Students (International Labour Office, Geneva 2004)
    MacLennan E, Child Labour in London (Low Paid Unit, London 1982)
    Kirby P, Social History in Perspective: Child Labour in Britain, 1750-1870 (Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2003)
    Hobbs S and McKechnie J, Child Employment in Britain: A Social and Psychological Analysis (The Stationary Office Limited, Edinburgh 1997)
    United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), The State of the World’s Children 1997 (OUP, Oxford 1997)
  • Articles
    Bellamy C, The State of the World’s Children 1997’ (Oxford, OUP 1997)
    Available online <http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/report/ >
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    Council of Europe, ‘Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseCETS No.: 201’
    <http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=201&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    Gilbert A and Moore C, ‘Human trafficking in the United Kingdom: the journey so far and the road ahead’, [2010] 194 Crim. Law. 2, 4 <https://login.westlaw.co.uk/maf/wluk/app/document?src=toce&docguid=ID3D84810220211DFB445EBB1ADEDC2A6&crumb-action=append&context=21>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    Gunnarsson V, Orazem P.F and Sedlacek G, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18
    <http://wwwwds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/24/000012009_20050624133608/Rendered/PDF/327410rev.pdf >
    Accessed 26 October 2010
    Professor Hamilton C, ‘Children’s Rights and the role of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: Underlying structures for States in implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child’ [2010] IFL 31
    <http://www.lexisnexis.com/uk/legal/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T10453290064&format=GNBFULL&sort=PUBLISHED-DATE,D,H,$PSEUDOLOSK,A,H&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T10453290067&cisb=22_T10453290066&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=302220&docNo=2>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
  • Websites
    Council of Europe, ‘Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual AbuseCETS No.: 201’
    <http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/Commun/ChercheSig.asp?NT=201&CM=&DF=&CL=ENG>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    ILO: ‘International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour: About Child Labour’ <http://www.ilo.org/ipec/facts/lang--en/ >
    Accessed 25 October 2010
     
    The Free Dictionary by Farlex, ‘ratification’
    <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ratification >
    Accessed 26 October 2010
    UNICEF, ‘Convention on the Rights of the Child: Frequently Asked Questions’ <http://www.unicef.org/crc/index_30229.html >
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    UNICEF, ‘The State of the World’s Children’
    <http://www.unicef.org/sowc97/report/>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    V Gunnarsson, P.F Orazem and G Sedlacek, ‘Changing Patterns of Child Labor around the World since 1950: The Roles of Income Growth, Parental Literacy and Agriculture’ [2005] 0510 SPDPS 18
    <http://wwwwds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2005/06/24/000012009_20050624133608/Rendered/PDF/327410rev.pdf>
    Accessed 26 October 2010
     
    Human Rights Watch, ‘Blood Diamonds’ <http://www.kintera.org/c.nlIWIgN2JwE/b.5657811/k.FB1A/Stop_Blood_Diamonds/siteapps/advocacy/ActionItem.aspx >
    Accessed 26 October 2010