Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Hormones: what women need to know to stay balanced

918

Published on

A discussion of hormones that affect women and how to stay balanced and optimize women's health through the stages of menopause. Treatment options including nutrition, lifestyle modification, hormone …

A discussion of hormones that affect women and how to stay balanced and optimize women's health through the stages of menopause. Treatment options including nutrition, lifestyle modification, hormone replacement therapy, herbal and botanical options, and bioidentical hormones discussed.

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
918
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
46
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Parker Adventist Hospital | Women’s Wellness Expo optimawomenshealthcare.com drjerath.com
  • 2. General Information
  • 3. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Vandna Jerath, MD, FACOG FACOG - Board-Certified Private practice - 15 years Optima Women’s Healthcare Located at Parker Adventist Hospital Full-scope obstetrics & gynecology Enjoy education and community outreach Disclosure – no affiliations Healthcare social media pioneer & expert locally Educate, engage, and empower women Website /Blog
  • 4. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Learning Objectives General overview of hormones related to women’s health Review menstrual cycle Learn about menopause condition and treatment Review of current healthcare guidelines for women with latest updates regarding Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and alternative therapy Learn the latest research, news, and updates related to hormones and women’s health issues
  • 5. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Global Women’s Health & Rights 1. The right to be full and responsible citizens of their countries, with equal property, economic, voting and freedom of movement rights. 2. The right to equal education. 3. The right to work and earn a living with equal pay for equal work. 4. The right to be free of all forms of gender based violence such as domestic violence, sexual assault, incest, female infanticide, honor killings, female genital cutting and self-immolation at a husband’s death. 5. The right to the best available, scientifically based healthcare, including health and sexuality education. 6. The right to autonomous decision-making, informed consent, privacy and confidentiality regarding their own health care. 7. The right to participate equally in ethically conducted clinical and other research. 8. The right to decide when and if to have sex, including choosing one’s partner, and freedom from coerced marriage and sex trafficking. 9. The right to decide whether to have children, the number and spacing of their children, and to have the information, education and access to health services to make these choices. 10. The right to safe childbearing, with resources available to reduce maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. ACOG Statement of Policy, July 2012 (endorses FIGO resolutions)
  • 6. Basic Overview
  • 7. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Hormones Overview What are hormones?  Substances that control how organs work  Made by certain glands/organs  Ovaries  Estrogen  Progesterone  Testosterone  Androgens  Hypothalamus  Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone (TRH)  Prolactin Releasing Hormone (PRH)  Corticoptropin Releasing Hormone (CRH)  Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH)  Dopamine  Growth Hormone  Somatostatin  Oxytocin  Vassopressin  Pituitary  Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)  Luteinizing Hormone (LH)  Prolactin (Prl)  Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)  AdrenocorticotropicHormone (ACTH)  Growth Hormone (GH)  Thyroid  Thyroid Hormones (T3 and T4)  Adrenal  Aldosterone  Cortisol  Catecholamines – epinephrine  Androgens  DHEAS  17OH Progesterone  Testosterone
  • 8. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menstrual Cycle Source: menstrupedia.com
  • 9. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menstrual Cycle
  • 10. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Clinical Conditions Menarche Fertility-Infertility Family Planning/Contraception Polycystic Ovaries (PCOS) Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Pregnancy Urinary Incontinence Osteoporosis Lifestyle Obesity Menopause
  • 11. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause
  • 12. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause Pre, Peri, and Post-Menopause No period for 1 year Average age in U.S. is 51; range age 45-55 Increased FSH > 30 Increased Risk CV Disease Osteoporosis Urinary Incontinence Metabolic Syndrome Risk CVD & diabetes Natural aging vs medical disorder
  • 13. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – Symptoms Symptoms  Hot flashes – 75%  Night Sweats  Vaginal dryness  Painful intercourse  Mood swings  Decreased libido  Decreased concentration  Memory Loss  Insomnia  Hair loss  Menstrual disorders  Weight gain
  • 14. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause - Symptoms Symptom What you can do Hot Flashes/Night Sweats Dress in layers Keep Thermostat down Avoid hot drinks Use a cold, wet washcloth against neck Use a fan Quit smoking, if you smoke Vaginal Dryness Use lubricants before sex Use a vaginal moisturizer Do your kegel exercises Sleep Problems Keep a circadian rhythm Avoid naps Avoid caffeine Avoid alcohol Relaxation Try sleep aid Depression Exercise and stay active Seek social support Talk about it
  • 15. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause - Treatment Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Types  Estrogen  Estrogen/Progestin  Pills, patches, creams, vaginal suppositories, rings, shots, pellets, intranasally (in Europe), progestin IUD  Bioidentical hormones  Cyclic or daily Benefits  Reduction and improvement of symptoms  Protect bones  May reduce risk of colon cancer NAMS: Menopause.org
  • 16. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause - Treatment  Risks  Side Effects – bleeding, breast tenderness, bloating, abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)  Anxiety  Stroke  Heart attack  Blood clot  Breast cancer  Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) results  Contraindications  Breast Cancer  Blood clots – PE, DVT  CV disease  Liver disease  History of stroke or heart attack NAMS: Menopause.org
  • 17. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause - HRT No longer recommended as primary prevention or treatment of disease Acceptable and safe option for the relatively young (up to age 59 or within 10 years of menopause) Reduce total mortality by 30% when initiated in women younger than 60 years Lowest dose for shortest duration that is effective Currently fewer than 1 in 3 women take Breast cancer risk increases with use beyond 3 to 5 years Many FDA approved HRT products are in fact bioidentical NAMS Statement 2012
  • 18. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – Other Treatment Low Dose Oral Contraceptive Pills Antidepressants  SSRI or SNRI – Venlafaxine (Effexor), Citalopram (Celexa), Escitalopram (Lexapro), Paroxetine (Paxil)  FDA approved Brisdelle Gabapentin Phytoestrogens/Botanicals Bioidentical Hormones Vaginal Moisturizers and Lubricants Quality of life issue Duration of Treatment NAMS: Menopause.org
  • 19. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – Alternative Therapy HRT used by less than 1 in 3 women HRT often discontinued within 1 year Holistic or natural approach – not an assurance of safety or efficacy Alternative therapy used by more than 30% of women Not FDA approved Significant costs Multibillion dollar business ACOG Committee Opinion – Compounded Bioidentical Menopause HRT, No. 532, August 2012 ACOG Practice Bulletin – Use of Botanicals for Management of Menopausal Symptoms, No 28, June 2001 Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine – Bioidentical HRT: Clarifying Misconceptions, Vol 78, No 12, December 2011
  • 20. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – Bioidentical Hormones  Bioidentical Hormones  Identical in molecular structure to endogenous hormones  Types of Hormones  17-beta estradiol (E2)  Estrone (E1)  Estriol (E3)  Progesterone  Testosterone  Compounded  Tri-estrogen (tri-est)  80% estriol, 10% estrone, 10% estradiol  Bi-estrogen (bi-est)  Estriol and estradiol in a ratio of 8:1 or 9:1  Synthesized chemically by extracting diosgenin from plants  Not FDA approved  Compounding variance – no assurance of purity, safety, or efficacy  Salivary testing not accurate or precise, not recommended  May receive higher doses of hormones and have higher risks  Reversal of aging process are unsubstantiated  Transdermal progesterone creams do not protect the endometrium  Some standard FDA approved HRT is bioidentical too ACOG Committee Opinion – Compounded Bioidentical Menopause HRT, No. 532, August 2012 ACOG Practice Bulletin – Use of Botanicals for Management of Menopausal Symptoms, No 28, June 2001 Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine – Bioidentical HRT: Clarifying Misconceptions, Vol 78, No 12, December 2011
  • 21. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – Alternative Therapy  Herbal/Botanical  Not FDA approved  High degree of variation  Some studies show positive effects, but more research needed  Hot flashes – soy, black cohosh, evening primrose, dong quai  Mood disturbances – St. John’s wort, valerian root  Sexual dysfunction – chasteberry, ginseng  Menstrual Disorders – wild yam  Sleep Disorders – Black Cohosh  Overall wellness - Ginseng  Phytoestrogens  Isoflavones - soy, garbanzo beans, legumes  60mg of active form  45% reduction in vasomotor symptoms  Avoid in Breast CA?  Lignins – flaxseed  Coumestans – red clover, sunflower seeds, bena sprouts  Acupuncture  Lifestyle modification  Nutrition  Exercise  Yoga ACOG Committee Opinion – Compounded Bioidentical Menopause HRT, No. 532, August 2012 ACOG Practice Bulletin – Use of Botanicals for Management of Menopausal Symptoms, No 28, June 2001 Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine – Bioidentical HRT: Clarifying Misconceptions, Vol 78, No 12, December 2011
  • 22. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 FDA Approved Bioidentical Hormones Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine – Bioidentical HRT: Clarifying Misconceptions, Vol 78, No 12, December 2011
  • 23. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Bioidentical Hormones – prescription vs customized Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine – Bioidentical HRT: Clarifying Misconceptions, Vol 78, No 12, December 2011
  • 24. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Vaginal Atrophy - Treatment May lead to dyspareunia and sexual dysfunction  Moisturizers and lubricants  Replens, Me Again, Vagisil Feminine, Feminease, K-Y Silk-E  Water soluble - Astroglide, Slippery Stuff, K-Y Jelly  Silicone based - Pjur Eros, ID Millennium  Oil based - Elegance Women’s Lubricant  Mechanical Measures  Sexual activity  Vaginal dilators  Vaginal Estrogen Therapy  Cream – Premarin, Estrace  Ring – Femring, Estring  Tablet – Vagifem  Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators (SERM)  Oral tablet – Ospemifene (Osphena)  Other  Smoking cessation  Oral Vit D  Vaginal Vitamin E  ?Testosterone – may help libido, but not vaginal atrophy
  • 25. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – WHI Women’s Health Initiative Launched in 1991, 15+ year study Clinical trials and an observational study, 161,808 generally healthy postmenopausal women Age 50-79 Test the effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy, diet modification, calcium and vitamin D supplements on heart disease, fractures, and breast and colorectal cancer. Some follow-up studies ongoing nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/
  • 26. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Menopause – WHI Data  Compared with the placebo, estrogen plus progestin resulted in:  Increased risk of heart attack  Increased risk of stroke  Increased risk of blood clots  Increased risk of breast cancer  Reduced risk of colorectal cancer  Fewer fractures  Increased risk of dementia (study included only women 65 and older)  Stopped 2002  30/10,000  Compared with the placebo, estrogen alone resulted in:  No difference in risk for heart attack  Increased risk of stroke  Increased risk of blood clots  Uncertain effect for breast cancer  No difference in risk for colorectal cancer  Reduced risk of fracture  Stopped 2004  8-10/10,000 NAMS 2012 Statement on HRT, Menopause, Vol 19, No 3, 257-271
  • 27. Summary
  • 28. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Important Points Hormones affect many clinical conditions HRT improves menopausal symptoms HRT is not used to prevent or treat disease Must use progesterone if you have a uterus to prevent endometrial cancer Inform your doctor if you have postmenopausal bleeding HRT is considered acceptable, safe, and appropriate Use HRT in smallest dose for shortest duration Some conventional FDA approved HRT is bioidentical Bioidentical does not mean safe, effective, proven, or accurate Herbal Alternatives are available, but still need more research
  • 29. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Tips Maintain healthy lifestyle Talk to your doctor Do your own research and share it with your doctor Be flexible , patient, and willing to experiment with treatment options Try conservative measures and lifestyle modification first Consider HRT or alternative therapy Understand the risks, but do not live in fear Remember your quality of life is important
  • 30. Resources
  • 31. University of Denver | Women’s Wellness Expo | September 7, 2013 Helpful Links  General Women’s Health  Acog.org  Contraception  Plannedparenthood.org  Essure.com  Nexplanon-USA.com  Paraguard.com  Mirena-us.com  Skyla-us.com  Infertility  Resolve.org  ASRM.org  Sexually Transmitted Infections/Diseases  cdc.gov/std  Heavy Periods  Novasure.com  Pelvichealthsolutions.com  Menopause  Menopause.org  Knowmenopause.com  nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/  Pause.acog.org  Incontinence  AUGS.com  Mypelvichealth.com  NAFC.org  Osteoporosis  NOF.org  WHO.int/en  shef.ac.uk/FRAX/tool.jsp  Heart Disease  Goredforwomen.org  Cancer  Foundationforwomenscancer.org  Cancer.org
  • 32. Contact Information
  • 33. Contact Information Optima Women’s Healthcare Vandna Jerath, MD,FACOG Sierra Medical Office Building Parker Adventist Hospital Campus 9399 Crown Crest Blvd, Suite 450 Parker, CO 80138 303.805.1807 P | 303.595.5390 F optimawomenshealthcare.com drjerath.com staff@optimawomenshealthcare.com

×