Creation Cosmology Big Bang vs. CreationAre we being told all the evidence or just selected information to support a particular idea?
The Big Bang The Handy Space Answer Book, 1998―Fifteen to twenty billion years agoa big bang, or explosion, occurred,creating the universe. Theuniverse began as an infinitelydense, hot fireball, a scrambling ofspace and time.‖
The Big Bang Expansion of space and time Original A Universe Matter With No Center Does this sudden explosion of nothing intosomething (the universe) sound like a miracle?
The Big BangPaul Davies, physicist and evolutionist, in his book -The Edge of Infinity, describes the big bang this way:―[The big bang] represents the instantaneoussuspension of physical laws, the suddenabrupt flash of lawlessness that allowedsomething to come out of nothing. Itrepresents a true miracle…‖ Why is this more scientific than In the beginning God created?
God Stretched the Heavens17 times the Bible declares that God stretched the heavens2 Sam 22:10 Job 37:18 Isaiah 51:13Psalm 18:9 Isaiah 40:22 Jeremiah 10:12Psalm 104:2 Isaiah 42:5 Jeremiah 51:15Psalm 144:5 Isaiah 44:24 Ezekiel 1:22Job 9:8 Isaiah 45:12 Zechariah 12:1Job 26:7 Isaiah 48:13
God Stretched Out the Heavens Isaiah 42:5 This is what God the LORD says— he who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and all that comes out of it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it: Isaiah 44:24 "This is what the LORD says— your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, who has made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself, Isaiah 45:12 It is I who made the earth and created mankind upon it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts. Isaiah 51:13 that you forget the LORD your Maker, who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth, that you live in constant terror every day because of the wrath of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction? For where is the wrath of the oppressor? Jeremiah 10:12 But God made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding. Jeremiah 51:15 "He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom and stretched out the heavens by his understanding.
Is the Big Bang True?If the big bang is true then: 2,000 years of incorrect interpretation Science is needed to understand Scripture The authority of Scripture is in doubt The Earth is not a special place
Big Bang vs. Creation The order of events in the creation is inconsistent with the evolutionary model. Order of Appearance (Evolution) Order of Appearance (Bible)1. Sun/stars existed before the 1. Earth created before Earth sun/stars2. Sun is Earth’s first light 2. Light on Earth before sun3. First life = marine organisms 3. First life = land plants4. Reptiles predate birds 4. Birds predate land reptiles5. Land mammals predate 5. Whales predate land whales animals6. Disease/death precede man’s 6. Disease/death results from sin man’s sin
The Big Bang There is no special place in the universe The universe is homogeneous There is no center to the universe
The Big BangEvidences used to support the big bang Redshift Cosmic background radiation Element abundances
Redshift of Starlight Light SpectrumUV Blue Red IR Moving toward Moving away Redshifts are used to describe the expansion of the universe – the distance of a galaxy from the earth due to the stretching of the light waves.Compressed (blue side) Stretched (red side)
Redshifts Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. Physics, Technical Journal, 2002―Astronomers have confirmed that numericalvalues of galaxy redshifts are ‗quantized‘,tending to fall into distinct groups. …That would mean the galaxies tend to begrouped into (conceptual) spherical shellsconcentric around our home galaxy.‖
Implications of Quantized Redshifts Russell Humphreys, Ph.D. Physics, Starlight and Time, 1994, p. 128.―…the quantized distribution of galacticred shifts, observed by variousastronomers seems to contradict theCopernican principle and all cosmologiesfounded on it – including the big bang.‖
Redshifts and Galaxy Distances Concentric circles 1-million light years apart Milky Way Has this been confirmed and what does it mean?
Confirmation of Quantized Redshifts W. G. Tifft and W. J. Cocke, Global redshift quantization, Astrophysical Journal, 1984. ―There is now very firm evidence that redshifts of galaxies are quantized …‖
Confirmation from HubbleW. Napier and B. Guthrie, Quantized redshifts: a statusreport, Journal Astrophysics and Astronomy, 1997. ―… the redshift distribution has been found to be strongly quantized in the galactocentric frame of reference.‖ What does this mean to the big bang?
A Special Place John Hartnett (Ph.D. Physics), Journal of Creation, vol 18(1), 2004, p. 9.―Newly published data from the SloanDigital Sky Survey (SDSS), led by MaxTegmark of the University ofPennsylvania, shows that our galaxy iscentered on a great concentricdistribution of galaxies… continued
If this map is correct, the evidence seemsto suggest that the so-called‗cosmological principle‘, upon which all ofbig bang cosmology is based is wrong.‖ John Hartnett (Ph.D. Physics), Journal of Creation, vol 18(1), 2004, p. 9.
Halton Arp Key actor in the debate on the origin and evolution of galaxies in the universe. Staff astronomer at the Mt Wilson and Palomar Observatories in California for 29 years. Earlier in his career, he was Edwin Hubbles assistant. He has earned the Helen B.Warner prize, the Newcomb Cleveland award and the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award.
Galaxy NGC 4319 Quasar (Markarian 205)Quasars and Galaxies
Halton Arp on Redshift Halton Arp Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies, Interstellar Media, Berkeley, California, 1987.―The fact that measured values of redshift donot vary continuously but come in steps—certain preferred values—is so unexpectedthat conventional astronomy has never beenable to accept it, in spite of the overwhelmingobservational evidence.‖... continued
Halton Arp on Redshift―For supposed recession velocities of quasars,to measure equal steps in all directions in thesky means we are at the centre of a series ofexplosions. This is an anti-Copernicanembarrassment.‖
A New Big Bang BombshellAn open letter to the scientific community by 229 scientists, May 2004New Scientist, www.cosmologystatement.org An open exchange of ideas is not tolerated The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things we have never observed
The big bang theory cannot survive without fudge factors In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted The big bang can boast of no quantitative predictions that have been validated by observation
Evidence Against the Big Bang Redshift Cosmic Background Radiation Galaxy formation Spiral Galaxies Supernova Remnants (SNR) Distribution of galaxies 1st and 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics Medium and heavy elements Star formation
Implications of the Big Bang God‘s creation was not 6-days The meaning of ―very good‖ in Genesis 1:31 Death before sin The Genesis Flood was not worldwide Colossians 1:16 ―all‖ does not mean all things What do the heavens declare: God or evolution? The authority of Scripture