The Great Transformation of our Time: Hans Abrahamsson


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The Great Transformation of our Time: Hans Abrahamsson

  1. 1. School of Global Studies Hans Abrahamsson Contribution to Barrett Values Centre’s 2014 International Conference Building a Values Driven Society Stockholm, June 13, 2014 The global political economy and The Great Transformation of our Time Towards just and socially sustainable Scandinavian cities Knowledge about and approaches to Fair and Socially Sustainable Cities KAIROS
  2. 2. Globalisation Epicentrum moving South and East Urbanisation Cities' increasing role in the new economic geography Migration/Flow Everyday life in two places simultaneously In transit Increased mobility and interconnectivity National Production Systems replaced by a global network of production – added value chain The great transformation of our time Uneven development and increased social polarization Increased diversity and differing socioeconomic conditions challenge Social sustainability
  3. 3. Westphalian Order Government Post-Westphalian Order Governance Pre-Westphalian Order Disorder Pope Church King Cities Feudal lords Regions Nation-states Urban regions Warlords / Maffia Transnational Corperations Multilateral Organisationd (IMF/WB) Globalisation and the political room The changing role of the state 1648 1944 When the state withdraw from the political room increased space is created for other actors, i.a. for cities and their cross-border networks
  4. 4. Time Cost of entry ticket to the global production network creates troublesome financial gap Costs Level of investments Degree of self-financing Costs for attracting global flows tend to increase > at the same time as tax base tends to decrease = reduced welfare
  5. 5. World Order Nation state Financial gap and lack of governance put relations between state and society under stress and challenges the social cohesion Requirements for macro-economic balance – budget restrictions reduced public expenditures and social undertakings Social contract Civil society Identity formation lojalty Primary groups of identity - in rivalry The hidden borders o social inclusion Percieved social exclusion Social contract – Fordism From ”welfare to workfare” The erosion of the social contract Civil society under stress Danger of organic crisis Informal networks of provision and safety Global networkproduction Separation of producer/consumer: Income gaps – uneven development
  6. 6. Living conditions Time Capability Social exclusion and relative deprivation Individual guilt - inarticulated disgrace – På 30 år anger - violence Capability Burning cars on demand
  7. 7. Moving direction in this area of tension is politically responsive The imperative of social sustainability Area of tension Increasing glocality The changing role of the state When the state withdraw from the political room increased space is created for cities and their cross-border networks Challenges for Urbanization Dimension and pace of Increasing inequalities Global North / Global South Node for Sustainable development Battlefield for social conflicts
  8. 8. Security Military threats Human Security Safety Predictability Development Economic growth Human Development Inclusion Belonging Right to the city Human Rights Equality Recognition Political Space Justice Distribution of resources fördelning Social Sustainability Social cohesion, resilience Capacity to deal with ”wicked issues” Citizen participation, co-creation Weak sustainability Strong sustainability Towards just and social sustainable cities essentially contested concepts based upon three values shaping human history
  9. 9. Growth Engine, and one of the world's most innovative Regions Västra Götaland will 2020 be the World Leader within its areas of strength Production networks have four "mantra" for global competitiveness shape development thinking in Swedish urban regions GROWTH innovation CREATIVITY attraCTIVITY Urban governance in our time requires several value driven paradigmatic shifts! Stockholm region will be Europe’s most attractive metropolitan region.
  10. 10. Reducing exclusion Fear of social risks and threats to the security- increases the risk of reinforced inside Community Social investment policy Shock absorber for managing conflicting goals early intervention reduces future costs Co-creation and citizen dialogue - Strengthen the democratic legitimacy of the system - Manage complex social problems - Identify the effects of conflicting goals - Real power through participatory budgeting Offense (positive) security preventing, promoting, creating social trust from below Defensive (negative) security control , fencing, monitoring from above
  11. 11. Dialogue and co-creation Interdependent and mutually constitutive Dialogue – the art of thinking together. To visualize different perspectives, conflicting goals and diverging interests. Empowerment for stronger agency. Co-creation – interaction on equal terms, based upon theoretical anchored as well as experienced based – tacit knowledge Dialogue and co-creation is about creating conditions for increased participation and co-creation to manage wicked and complex social issues of our time. Identifying measures to promote social sustainability and prevent social conflicts (provention).
  12. 12. A new welfare-regime Social sustainability Proportional universality Increased diversity and differing socioeconomic conditions create a need to combine A universal welfare policy with a directed social investment policy In search for social sustainability What ought to be done ? A new growth regime Economic sustainability (a) Defining and measuring economic growth Decoupling: Quality of life / well-being (b) Orientation of production Increased local resource mobilization gradually decreased outward orientation The urban – rural connection Citizen participation – co-creation and dialogue Reconsidering the relationship between growth and welfare Conflicting goals Growth and sustainability The difficult balancing act given the necessary welfare funding Global market vulnerability The most globalized country in OECD. TNC / capita 50% of GDP export oriented Gothenburg 60% of GRP
  13. 13. The policy ”le Police” To do anything Impartiality Consensus The political ”le Politique” How Means Ownership Politics ”la Politique” Room of manouevre Systems of production and public health sence of coherence What and why Conflicting goals and interests Citizen participation – co-creation and dialogue in order to break with the post-political consensus Rhetorical gapPolicyformation Implementation Confrontational dialogue Disciplinary dialogue Consensus building dialogue Co-creation and citizen dialogue Creativity, innovation and cognitive ability Identifiation of conflicting goals Manage wicked issues Westphalian order Government Post-Westphalian order Government Transition
  14. 14. Traditional hierarchical policy-driven management (for the voter) Network Society with their complex social issues place new demands on governance: dialogue and co-creation Thesis - Antithesis - Synthesis New Public Management market-driven (for the customer) Public Value Management network based governance Dialog - co-creation (for citizens) tt Network based governance from New Public Management to Public Value Management The value of the common welfare is greater than the satisfaction of individual needs Dialogue and co-creation
  15. 15. Thank you for the attention Hans Abrahamsson School of Global Studies