Presentation on the Obesity Epidemic - Stanford Hospital - March 2013
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Presentation on the Obesity Epidemic - Stanford Hospital - March 2013

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Presentation giving by LeBootCamp CEO & Founder, Valerie O

Presentation giving by LeBootCamp CEO & Founder, Valerie O

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15 of 22 Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • @paleofast great suggestion and yes I have heard of him :)
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  • @christianrrf True, the government could help by lowering taxes on veggies and fruits!
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  • @christianrrf I agree with you with one caveat...there are good people out there, too. People who know and help. People who might make a living (doctors, nurses, dietitians, nutritionists) by helping others...and bad gurus who sells dreams and miraculous potions. It is of the utmost importance that one takes the time to research before believing anything ;)
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  • @ValerieOrsoni To extend my comment, I forgot to mention that there are a lot o people, even certified nutrionists or dietitians, surgeons and health profesionals that are making a lot of money using as a pretext this problem of obesity. It is a great oportunity to earn a lot of cash unscrupulously. Other ethiology of obesity and maybe cancer are the permitted preservatives and other substances that are in our food and water. But everything in this world is business and money. People don´t care, goverment don't care, nobody cares.
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  • @ValerieOrsoni I agree with you that is important to promote healthy life styles like our eating behavior, physical activity, healthy rest, social support, life apreciation, alcohol consumption and avoid smoking cigarrettes and caring about self health. But, there are a lot of interest in some groups that this continues like the pharmaceutical industries, fast food corporations and all the companies that produce sugar and derivatives, not to mention the overwhelming advertising. Soda companies goes to the schools to sell their product to children. Beer companies aim to young people everywhere to cosume their products too. In the other hand, fruits and vegetables are more expensive and usually people don't have enough money to eat healthy especially in developing countries.
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  • http://www.voxeu.org/article/100-years-us-obesity
  • http://www.economiematin.fr/les-experts/item/208-etats-unis-probleme-societe-obesite-poids-coutStyletelegraphique
  • Figures for state obesity: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
  • http://www.everydayhealth.com/weight/outdoor-fast-food-ads-linked-to-obesity.aspx?xid=tw_everydayhealth_sfProcessed foods > Global market for machinery and equipment used in food processing expected to be worth $45+ billion by 2015 [Global Industry Analysts]Portion sizes > average US restaurant meal now 4X larger than it was in the 1950s; average hamburger was 3.9 oz, now 12+ ounces; average French fries was 2.4 oz, now 7 oz; average soda was 7 oz to 40 oz. [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, 2013]Unstructured meal times >Fast food > Adults average of 11.3% of daily calories consumedfrom fast food in 2007-2010 [CDC survey, 2013]Snacking > The average American eats 4.9 snacks and meals daily -- a 29% increase since the 1970s [2011 study published in PLoS Medicine]Ubiquity of food > “Food is everywhere you turn. It’s in pharmacies, in hardware stores.” [Thomas Farley, NYC Health Commissioner]
  • http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/newsrel/soc/07-07ObesityIK-.aspContagion: Arizona State University researchers published online May 5 in the American Journal of Public Health“http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110505160953.htm30 min in a car = + 3% risk n obesity
  • http://www.neatorama.com/2010/09/09/the-history-of-diets/

Presentation on the Obesity Epidemic - Stanford Hospital - March 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. All rights reserved © 2013 ObesityEvolution – Costs - Origins – Remedies By Valerie Orsoni (Founder of LeBootCamp.com)
  • 2. All rights reserved © 2013Evolution of the BMI (1850-2012)BMI 33 31 29 27 25 23 21 19 17 1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040
  • 3. All rights reserved © 2013 42% obese72% unhealthy weight 36% obese54% unhealthy weight in millions Adults only
  • 4. Cost of All rights reserved © 2013 Obesity Increase A 6% obesity increase from 2012 to 2030 will lead to: $190 billion in annual medical costs due to obesity, double earlier estimates $5,530 more per year in medical costs for a worker with a BMI above 40 Obesity responsible for 32% of all medical costs in 2030 vs. 21% in 2012 Airlines spending: $5 billion to cater for heavier passengers (over 2 decades) $285,000/y/company spent on obesity related lack of productivity and absenteeism $4 billion / year for additional gasoline as cars carry heavier passengers
  • 5. All rights reserved © 2013 Obesity Metrics The medical costs for people who are obese are $1,429 higher than those of normal weight Non Hispanic blacks have a 49.5% obesity rate vs. 31% in non Hispanic whites 400,000 premature deaths per year in the USA 7% of non obese children become obese adults 77% of obese children become obese adults Fattest state: Mississippi (34.9% - entire population) Leanest state: Colorado (20.7% - entire population)
  • 6. All rights reserved © 2013Obesity Metrics
  • 7. All rights reserved © 2013 Nutritional Origins of Obesity Processed foods (high GI of foods) Portion sizes average US restaurant meal now 4X larger than it was in the 1950s; average hamburger was 3.9 oz, now 12+ ounces; average French fries was 2.4 oz, now 7 oz; average soda was 7 oz to 40 oz Unstructured meal times Fast food. Adults average of 11.3% of daily calories consumed from fast food in 2007-2010 Snacking. The average American eats 4.9 snacks and meals daily -- a 29% increase since the 1970s! Ubiquity of food. “Food is everywhere you turn. It’s in pharmacies, in hardware stores.” [Thomas Farley, NYC Health Commissioner]
  • 8. All rights reserved © 2013 Lifestyle Origins of Obesity Sedentary lifestyle: major changes due to labor-saving technologies The rise of the culture of consumption Automobile way of life 620h/year in commute = 35 lbs Introduction of radio - TV - computer - video games 8.5h in front of a screen / day Social clustering of obesity/thinness
  • 9. All rights reserved © 2013 Remedies: Diets 1087: First ever recorded diet: England’s first King William I. 1830: Graham Diet 1863: Banting Diet (the first recorded low carb diet) 1879: First artificial sweetener (saccharine) 1900’s: Fletcherism 1920: Jean Nidetch (founder, Weight Watchers) 1977: Slim-Fast® 70’s and 80’s: The Mayo Clinic Diet 80’s: High-protein diets 90’s – now: Paleo, vegan, raw, tubes, etc.
  • 10. All rights reserved © 2013 Remedies: Drugs• Alli (Orlistat, originally Xenical): reduces intestinal fat absorption• Metformin (Glucophpage): reduces blood glucose levels• Byetta (Exenatide): reduces blood glucose levels• Qsymia (Phentermine/Topiramate): appetite suppressant• Belviq (Lorcaserin): appetite suppressant• Symlin (Pramlintide): controls blood glucose; currently being tested in non- diabetics as a treatment for obesity
  • 11. All rights reserved © 2013 Remedies: Lifestyle Changes Eliminate calorie- Introduce a varied counting and nutritional diet1st step restrictive diet + which draws from all approaches food groups 1 small change per day: Replace monotonous2nd step Daily small changes yield better results + gym with daily integrative exercises (Berkeley study) Empower individuals Address with real information emotional/mental3rd step issues which contribute + on the body, nutrition, and greatly to obesity fitness
  • 12. All rights reserved © 2013 Remedies: Lifestyle Changes Encourage mindful Educate and inform home cooking vs.4th step oversized fast-food + on healthy fast-food options portions Combat powerful Offer unlimited5th step advertising for quick- fix weight + support (affordable personal coaching) loss methods Organize healthy6th step living communities + Monitor daily
  • 13. All rights reserved © 2013 Remedies: SurgeryRestrictive Surgery (ie. sleeve gastrectomy; adjustable gastric banding surgery): Removal or closure of a section of the stomach to limit the amount of food it can hold and cause a feeling of fullnessMalabsorptive Surgery (ie. gastric bypass): Shortening the length of the small intestine, and/or changing where it connects to the stomach to limit the amount of food that is completely digested or absorbedCombination of Restrictive & Malabsorptive Procedures (ie. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery, “gold standard”): tend to produce more weight loss than either procedure does on its own. Studies show that after 10 to 14 years, patients on average have only gained back 10-13% of the lost weight.
  • 14. All rights reserved © 2013 LeBootCamp 1.2 million membersFor more information on LeBootCamp go to http://www.LeBootCamp.com Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/lebootcamp Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/lebootcamp