The Electoral System of the USA The 2012 Presidential Election    Barack Obama   vs.   Mitt Romney
topics• The political parties• Congress• The Presidential Election• The latest polls• my sources
The major political parties
The Democratic Party•   Founded in 1828•   Considered to be liberal•   Political aims:    •   Social and economic programs...
The Republican Party                         the “Grand Old Party”• Founded in 1854• Considered to be conservative• Politi...
II. Congress
source: www.kminot.com
U.S. House of Representatives• 435 elected members, 6 delegates• 2-year term• Passes federal legislation• Exclusive powers...
United States House of Representatives seat distribution
United States House of Representatives seat distribution           240 Republicans - 190 Democrats
U.S. Senate•   100 senators, 2 from each state•   6-year term•   Re-election of a third after two years•   Collegial atmos...
United States Senate seat distribution   53 Democrats - 47 Republicans
source: www.kminot.com
The major candidates
The Primaries• Calendar: January to June 2012• Primary: candidates on ballot• Caucus: public discussions in villages
The Republican Primaries• Primaries:  •   Mitt Romney: 42 states  •   Rick Santorum: 11 states  •   Newt Gingrich: 2 state...
The Democratic Primaries• Democratic National Convention: •   Barack Obama: 5415 delegates (100%) •   Joe Biden (Acclamati...
elect                       President           January 20th   House of                    majorityRepresentatives        ...
Electoral College• 538 electorates• Electoral College on December 17
The 57th Presidential Election• Tuesday November 6th, 2012• Elections on the same day  •   U.S. House of Representatives  ...
Elegible candidates• Major candidates •   Barack Obama and Joe Biden (Democratic Party) •   Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (Rep...
Barack Obama•   Born on August 4th, 1961•   1983: graduation from Columbia University•   1991: Juris Doctor at Harvard Uni...
Mitt Romney•   Born on March 12, 1947•   1966: 30 months in France as missionary•   1969: marriage with Ann Davies•   1971...
The President’s plan• Cheap education• More manufacturing jobs• Energy independence• Better health care system• Reducing d...
The Governor’s plan• Energy independence• Fair international trade (e.g. with China)• Easier access to education• Reducing...
The latest polls           source: www.realclearpolitics.com
Colorado: Obama 50% - Romney 48%Florida: Obama 48% - Romney 47%Iowa: Obama 50% - Romney 44%Nevada: Obama 47% - Romney 45%N...
source: www.cnn.com
Germans elect Obama                                  If the Germans had to elect                3%                        ...
My sources• www.senate.gov• www.house.gov• www.wikipedia.com• www.cnn.com/election/2012• www.barackobama.com• www.mittromn...
created by:     Valentin Schraubfor an exam presentation at  high school, 12th gradeImmanuel-Kant-Gymnasium  Leinfelden-Ec...
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The Electoral System of the USA // The 2012 Presidential Election

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I have created this presentation for an English exam in my last year at the Immanuel Kant high school in Leinfelden, Germany. It is about the 2012 presidential election in the United States and its electoral system. I got 14 out of 15 credits for this presentation and after it I conducted a spontaneous survey among the 15 students on who they would vote for if they were Americans. 13 out of 15 voted for Barack Obama, the remaining two for Mitt Romney.

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  • The Electoral System of the USA // The 2012 Presidential Election

    1. 1. The Electoral System of the USA The 2012 Presidential Election Barack Obama vs. Mitt Romney
    2. 2. topics• The political parties• Congress• The Presidential Election• The latest polls• my sources
    3. 3. The major political parties
    4. 4. The Democratic Party• Founded in 1828• Considered to be liberal• Political aims: • Social and economic programs by government • Higher taxation of the rich • Environmental engagement• Voters: women, academics, minority groups, working class, organized labor• W. Wilson, F. Roosevelt, J. Kennedy
    5. 5. The Republican Party the “Grand Old Party”• Founded in 1854• Considered to be conservative• Political aims: • Tax reduction • Encouragement of private enterprise • Minimal governmental intervention: sovereignty of states• Voters: wealthy, business, middle class• A. Lincoln, R. Reagan, G. W. Bush
    6. 6. II. Congress
    7. 7. source: www.kminot.com
    8. 8. U.S. House of Representatives• 435 elected members, 6 delegates• 2-year term• Passes federal legislation• Exclusive powers: • Initiation of revenue bills • Impeachment of officials • Election of President (if the EC is tied)
    9. 9. United States House of Representatives seat distribution
    10. 10. United States House of Representatives seat distribution 240 Republicans - 190 Democrats
    11. 11. U.S. Senate• 100 senators, 2 from each state• 6-year term• Re-election of a third after two years• Collegial atmosphere• Law proposals• Exclusive powers • Approval of international treaties • Court during impeachment procedure • Confirmation of high officials • Checks the President and the judicial branch
    12. 12. United States Senate seat distribution 53 Democrats - 47 Republicans
    13. 13. source: www.kminot.com
    14. 14. The major candidates
    15. 15. The Primaries• Calendar: January to June 2012• Primary: candidates on ballot• Caucus: public discussions in villages
    16. 16. The Republican Primaries• Primaries: • Mitt Romney: 42 states • Rick Santorum: 11 states • Newt Gingrich: 2 states • Ron Paul: 1 state• Republican National Convention: • Mitt Romney: 2.061 delegates • Ron Paul: 190 delegates • Rick Santorum: 9 delegates
    17. 17. The Democratic Primaries• Democratic National Convention: • Barack Obama: 5415 delegates (100%) • Joe Biden (Acclamation)
    18. 18. elect President January 20th House of majorityRepresentatives January 3, 2013 no majority Electoral College December 17th meet in Electorates elect November 6th eligible voters
    19. 19. Electoral College• 538 electorates• Electoral College on December 17
    20. 20. The 57th Presidential Election• Tuesday November 6th, 2012• Elections on the same day • U.S. House of Representatives • U.S. Senate class 1 • 11 gubernatorial elections (DE, IN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NH, UT,VT, WA, WV) • Several state legislature elections• Electoral College on December 17th
    21. 21. Elegible candidates• Major candidates • Barack Obama and Joe Biden (Democratic Party) • Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (Republican Party)• Third party candidates • Gary Johnson and Jim Gray (Libertarian Party) • Jill Stein and Cheri Honkala (Green Party) • Virgil Goode and Jim Clymer (Constitution Party) • Rocky Anderson and Luis Rodriguez (Justice Party)
    22. 22. Barack Obama• Born on August 4th, 1961• 1983: graduation from Columbia University• 1991: Juris Doctor at Harvard University• 1992: marriage with Michelle Robinson• 1992: University of Chicago Law School• 1997-2004: Senator in Illinois• 2005-2008: Senator in the U.S. Senate• 2008-2012 President of the United States
    23. 23. Mitt Romney• Born on March 12, 1947• 1966: 30 months in France as missionary• 1969: marriage with Ann Davies• 1971: BA at Brigham Young University• 1975: joint JDMBA from Harvard University• 1984: co-foundation of Bain Capital• 2002: chief organizer of Winter Olympics• 2003-2007 Governor of Massachusetts
    24. 24. The President’s plan• Cheap education• More manufacturing jobs• Energy independence• Better health care system• Reducing deficit • Cut superfluous spending • Higher taxes for the wealthy • Ending war in Afghanistan
    25. 25. The Governor’s plan• Energy independence• Fair international trade (e.g. with China)• Easier access to education• Reducing the deficit• Support of small businesses• Tax reduction for all Americans
    26. 26. The latest polls source: www.realclearpolitics.com
    27. 27. Colorado: Obama 50% - Romney 48%Florida: Obama 48% - Romney 47%Iowa: Obama 50% - Romney 44%Nevada: Obama 47% - Romney 45%New Hampshire: Obama 49% - Romney 47%Ohio: Obama 50% - Romney 47%Virginia: Obama 49% - Romney 47%Wisconsin: Obama 49% - Romney 46% source: www.cnn.com
    28. 28. source: www.cnn.com
    29. 29. Germans elect Obama If the Germans had to elect 3% the next U.S. President a 17% majority of 80% would vote for Barack Obama. About 50% of the 1600 Germans think the election is important for Germany as well. Obama 80% undecided Romneysource: FASZ 04.11.2012
    30. 30. My sources• www.senate.gov• www.house.gov• www.wikipedia.com• www.cnn.com/election/2012• www.barackobama.com• www.mittromney.com
    31. 31. created by: Valentin Schraubfor an exam presentation at high school, 12th gradeImmanuel-Kant-Gymnasium Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany November 5, 2012
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