BIOINFORMATICSBIOINFORMATICS
INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION
TECHNIQUES USED INTECHNIQUES USED IN
BIOINFORMATICSBIOINFORMATICS
US...
IntroductionIntroduction
Bioinformatics isBioinformatics is
o A field of science in which biology, computer science andA f...
Techniques in bioinformaticsTechniques in bioinformatics
 PhylogeneticsPhylogenetics
 ProteomicsProteomics
 Sequence An...
• Identification and isolation of the desired gene or DNA
• Fragmentation with restriction enzyme
• Isolation of plasmids ...
DNA recombinantDNA recombinant
technologytechnology
PROCESS OF DNA-RECOMBINANTPROCESS OF DNA-RECOMBINANT
Other uses of Recombinant technologyOther uses of Recombinant technology
synthesis of human insulinsynthesis of human ins...
CLONINGCLONING
•Cloning is
• the process of producing populations of genetically-
identical individuals
•refers to process...
What happens actually?What happens actually?
Isolation donor nucleusIsolation donor nucleus
Obtaining the unfertilized egg...
Process of cloningProcess of cloning
Human CloningHuman Cloning
• Cloning can be also performed in human
beings. There are 3 types of cloning namely;
cloning
T...
USES OF CLONING
Improved Animal Varieties
For Transplantation
Improved plant varieties
Bio Informatics
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Bio Informatics

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this is a presentation which gives a short introduction to bioinfoematics and it's uses

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Bio Informatics

  1. 1. BIOINFORMATICSBIOINFORMATICS INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION TECHNIQUES USED INTECHNIQUES USED IN BIOINFORMATICSBIOINFORMATICS USES OF BIOINFORMATICSUSES OF BIOINFORMATICS
  2. 2. IntroductionIntroduction Bioinformatics isBioinformatics is o A field of science in which biology, computer science andA field of science in which biology, computer science and information technology merge to a single disciplineinformation technology merge to a single discipline oA science of managing and analyzing biological data usingA science of managing and analyzing biological data using advanced computing techniqueadvanced computing technique What is done in bioinformatics?What is done in bioinformatics? Analysis and interpretation of various types of biological data.Analysis and interpretation of various types of biological data. Development of new algorithms and statistics with which toDevelopment of new algorithms and statistics with which to assess biological information, such as relationships amongassess biological information, such as relationships among members of large data sets.members of large data sets.
  3. 3. Techniques in bioinformaticsTechniques in bioinformatics  PhylogeneticsPhylogenetics  ProteomicsProteomics  Sequence AnalysisSequence Analysis  Local and global PairwiseLocal and global Pairwise sequence alignmentsequence alignment  3D Structure determination3D Structure determination  Gene Expression analysisGene Expression analysis
  4. 4. • Identification and isolation of the desired gene or DNA • Fragmentation with restriction enzyme • Isolation of plasmids and it’s fragmentation • Incorporation of DNA into plasmids • Use of DNA ligase to form bonds • Incorporation of plasmids into host cells • Growth of transgene • Identification and isolation of desired gene DNA recombinant technologyDNA recombinant technology Joining together of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations that are of value to science, medicine, agriculture, and industry. STEPS:
  5. 5. DNA recombinantDNA recombinant technologytechnology PROCESS OF DNA-RECOMBINANTPROCESS OF DNA-RECOMBINANT
  6. 6. Other uses of Recombinant technologyOther uses of Recombinant technology synthesis of human insulinsynthesis of human insulin Identification of mutationsIdentification of mutations Diagnosis of affected and carrier states forDiagnosis of affected and carrier states for hereditary diseaseshereditary diseases Transferring of genesTransferring of genes Mapping of human genesMapping of human genes
  7. 7. CLONINGCLONING •Cloning is • the process of producing populations of genetically- identical individuals •refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments, cells or organisms. •creation of an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another.
  8. 8. What happens actually?What happens actually? Isolation donor nucleusIsolation donor nucleus Obtaining the unfertilized eggsObtaining the unfertilized eggs Removal the egg's nucleusRemoval the egg's nucleus Insertion donor nucleusInsertion donor nucleus Placement of the egg into wombPlacement of the egg into womb
  9. 9. Process of cloningProcess of cloning
  10. 10. Human CloningHuman Cloning • Cloning can be also performed in human beings. There are 3 types of cloning namely; cloning Therapeutic cloning use cloning cells from an adult for use in medicine and is an active area of research replacement cloning is a theoretical possibility, and would be a combination of therapeutic and reproductive cloning.reproductive cloning would involve making cloned human beings.
  11. 11. USES OF CLONING Improved Animal Varieties For Transplantation Improved plant varieties
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