BackgroundConstructiveargumentationbetween the process and resultdrivencolleaugues and the long term change
The sacrifice which causes sorrow to the doer of the sacrifice is no sacrifice. Real sacrifice lightens the mind of the doer and gives him a sense ...
Government built village
VRO villageafter 10 years
VRO villagewithowner builtimprovements
07 | What is your greatest joy? 08 | What is your greatest fear? 09 | What angers you the most?13 | Are you happy? How do you define happiness? 14 | What would you like to change about your life? 23 | Do you feel free? Out of all the days in your life, which could you not do without?25 | What does nature mean to you? 27 | Do you live better than your parents? Why? 28 | What does money represent to you? Why? 37 | What would you like to say or what questions would you like to ask the people who will see you?
Sandhapur Micro Finance
Action Aid and UN Aid expertise
Ranchi, Jesuitactivists and XISS directors F Ekka
CenderetBipin Das and F Topno
Ashapuri G BPTC embroiderieCompare later
Ashapuri Health Center
Principle and PracticeThe NRHM has put rural public health care firmly on the agenda, and is on the right track with the institutional changes it has wrought within the health system. True, there are problems in implementation, so that delivery is far from what it ought to be. On physical infrastructure, medicines and funding, process problems might be more easily scaled with time (in some instances, they already appear to have been overcome), whereas on human resources, and to the extent these impact actual availability of services, structural issues of some complexity need careful resolving with a definite long term investment in the training and education of paramedical and medical staff, especially women, and close monitoring of attendance.
Thenit is relevant to knowwhatexcactly do we measure as “poverty”PrintEmailShare DID YOU KNOW?The number of people added to the U.S. population between 2000 and 2010 was lower than it was during the 1990s (32.7 million), and the percent change was the lowest since the 1930s. More...Get PRB E-mail NewsDataFinder >Discuss Online >2010 World Population Data Sheet >Behind the Numbers: The PRB Blog >Webcasts and Audiocasts >Population Bulletins >Graphics Bank >What Is Poverty, Really? The Case of Indiaby Carl Haub and O.P. Sharma(January 2010) Countries struggle with measuring their poverty populations, a figure that often determines the distribution of public assistance funds to those in need. The World Bank estimates that 1.4 billion people live below an income of $1.25 per day and that 2.6 billion live below the $2 level worldwide.1 Deciding which of these figures represents "poverty" is left up to the individual. India is an example of the controversial nature of statistical estimates, although it is far from the only example in this controversy. Poverty measures in the United States are frequently criticized. India also serves as a good example since changes in the country's poverty definition can add hundreds of millions to the global poverty population. India's official poverty measure has long been based solely upon the ability to purchase a minimum recommended daily diet of 2,400 kilocalories (kcal) in rural areas where about 70 percent of people live, and 2,100 kcal in urban areas. Rural areas usually have higher kcal requirements because of greater physical activity among rural residents. The National Planning Commission, which is responsible for the estimate, currently estimates that a monthly income of about Rs. 356 (about US$7.74) per person is needed to provide the required diet in rural areas and Rs. 539 in urban areas.2 Factors such as housing, health care, and transportation are not taken into account in the poverty estimates. A typical rural village in Tamil Nadu state. The below poverty line is currently estimated to be 29 percent of rural India's population. Photo: Carl Haub. The estimate is derived from the National Sample Survey (NSS), which measures monthly per capita consumer expense (MPCE) every five years. The last such survey was held in 2004-2005 and the next is being conducted in 2009-2010. The Planning Commission's estimates are significant since they are used to determine the official national and state level below poverty line (BPL) population. The BPL population is currently estimated at 29 percent in rural areas and 26 percent in urban areas. The BPL estimates set a rough ceiling on how many people are eligible for BPL identity cards, which provide some commodities at greatly reduced prices.3The income amounts given above to estimate the BPL population have been ridiculed in the Indian press as "ridiculously low" and "astounding."4 To address the issue, the Tendulkar Committee was set up in 2008 and reported its recommendations in November 2009. It proposed that the previous calorie requirement be eliminated and that national and state poverty lines be based on the current urban estimate of 26 percent. After adjustment, the rural poverty percentage was increased from 29 percent to 42 percent. The monetary cutoffs were raised to Rs. 447 of expenses a month for rural areas and Rs. 579 a month for urban areas. These new poverty lines also accounted for education and health needs. Although the direction of change was clearly correct, it was branded as "meager" by one researcher who pointed out that raising the rural daily minimum income from Rs. 12 to Rs. 15 alone added over 100 million to the BPL population.5 In addition, given the fact that the 2004-2005 NSS showed that 77 percent of the population had an average daily income of just Rs. 16, there are vast numbers barely above the poverty line who are nonetheless excluded from BPL benefits. The committee was also careful to point out that, despite the higher estimate of poverty, their analysis of past surveys showed that poverty had declined as the government had previously claimed. In 2008, the Union (national) Rural Development Ministry set up a commission to examine alternative methods of estimating poverty. The commission reported its findings in late 2009. At the outset, the Commission felt that monetary amounts specified by the Planning Commission for a minimal diet were too low. Instead of Rs. 356 a month per person in rural areas, Rs. 700 was considered necessary (Rs. 1,000 in urban areas). The Commission recommended that the proportion of the rural population living below poverty be raised to at least 50 percent. But even that figure was achieved by lowering the rural kcal requirement to 2,100, the same as in urban areas, and adding a minimum monthly cereal consumption of 12.25 kilograms. If the 2,400 kcal criterion had been kept, the percentage of India's rural population living in poverty would have risen to about 80 percent. Two other Indian estimates are worth mentioning. The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) was established in 2004 to examine ways to provide the welfare of that group. The unorganized sector comprises 86 percent of the Indian labor force and nearly always works below the daily minimum wage of Rs. 152 per day, have no benefits, pay no taxes, and often have little or no job security. Many are low-paid agricultural workers, workers in small manufacturing shops, or workers who deliver hazardous materials on bicycles. In its study, NCEUS set an overall minimum of Rs. 20 per day per person as its poverty cutoff and calculated that 77 percent of Indians live below poverty. The figure of Rs. 20 per day was cited in the Central Government's Economic Survey 2008-2009, but in recalculating poverty based on the 2004-2005 NSS it estimated that 60.5 percent lived in poverty nationally—72 percent in rural areas and 32 percent in urban areas.
Mumbai Dec 2010: With the current growth rate, per capita income of India will get doubled in nine years,” Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia said. The per capita income at current prices during 2009-10 is estimated at Rs 44,345 per annum as per the latest government data. (of course the reduction of birth rate is also an important factor here! Theo)
RestructuringTN-Odisha-APOperational ActionsReduce organizational unit sizes
Give mrSethi one year to experiment in freedom. He can report what he has done every GOB meeting directly, but we do not interfere as long as he stays in the boundaries that we currently have agreed. Success always comes with the risk of failure. I propose to take this calculated risk and let him select a team of coaches, well wishers as he sees fit. F Windeys idea was to let old trees go and give new trees the opportunity to grow again.
ValuesissueIndia kampt met zichzelf - de corruptie remt de werkelijke ontwikkeling De regering dwint 3 van haar hoog geplaatste politiekers tot ontslag wegens corruptie- Telecom minister AndimuthuRaja, moet ontslag nemen, hij wordt er van verdacht gesjoemeld te hebben met licenties voor de maatschappijen voor mobile telefoon- SureshKalmadi, parlementssecretaris, verdacht van omkoperij en vriendjespolitiek- In het zakencentrum van Bombay (Mumbai), hebben hogere beambte en officieren, immobiliën verworven. AshokChavan, ministerpresident van vanMaharahtra moet afgedankt worden. Zakenman RatanTata, werd jaren verhindert om een vliegtuigmaatschappij te exploiteren omdat hij weigerde miljoenen smeergeld te betalenHet gaat in India niet om enkele alleenstaande gevallen De Indische maatschappij, verhindert de zakenlui om geld te verdienen dixit de voorziter van CA Technologies Schandaal in Bombay, er werd een 32 verdiepen hoog gebouw rechtgetrokken, waarvan politiekers, burokraten, Generalen, hun echtgenotes en hun zonen eigenaar zijn. JairamRamesch, milieuminister wil het gebouw laten afbreken. De ministers verliezen hun job, maar de eigenaars kunnen de gestolen bedragen niet terugbetalen. Het grote schandaal! De corruptie blijft groot, van 1 usd komt maar 0.15 cent aan waar ze moet aankomenHet telecom schandaal heet 22.95 Miljart Euro gekost!"CIVIL SOCIETY ACTION AGAINST CORRUPTION" Another "FORUM AGAINST CORRUPTION" Both started in Hyderabad. The firstone was covered live by a TV channel (4.30 hours) on the 12th. The secondone was discussedby a few caring and concernedcitizenson the 19th and a big launch is plannedinvitingvolunteersinterested in and committed to the cause. NagenderRestoringValuesWikileaks, you tube, even if respect for the Villagers does not move us to action, the reality of the newworldwillMy only concern are the articledescribing the Benefitstahteludedestitutewomen, all 10 Millio
Champions: Initiative,sense of urgencycreativity and risk capacityNeverlongerthan 12 yearsNo onelongerthan 6 yearsLearning and Training: volunteers through periodical in-service training programmes – sectoral specific camps to update their knowledge, also spiritual training camps to change their mindsetInternal, external, bursariesSkill enhancement of Youth: to enhance the skills of young people of respective community through building/construction activities- like masonry, carpentry, Iron work, leadership, etc.
What would I like to contribute as a president of the Governing Board?To coordinate the strategic review and the change program that this board will undertake. VRO faces some of its greatest challenges in its more than 40 years’ existence and I believe I can help to converge our founder, Father Michael Windey’s original objectives, to eradicate the endemic poverty in the villages, with the strengths of our current teams. We need to meet the needs and expectations of those we assist with the ones of our sponsors in a fast changing environment. We need to re-focus our attention from house building to village community building. We need to re-focus from providing to assisting with self help solutions. We need to address health, education, land use, equity and equality. We need to accept our responsibilities for the errors of the past and deal with them in an open and unambiguous manner. We need to improve and further professionalize our teams. We need to execute the current work program with diligence and ahead of deadlines. China reduced its poverty from more than 50 % of the population to less than 10% in 30 years and thereby accounts for 75% of the global poverty reduction, it is the only country that is achieving the millennium objectives of the UN, India is lagging behind and on top of that we see an unequal distribution of resources between rural and urban development .// Our board will organize itself to harness the insights of these long term strategic thinkers to develop a plan for the next 10 years and to guide, train and develop our volunteers, regional coordinators and possible other structures to meet the new challenges ahead. Besides the exploration of these new directions we will also ensure that we continue to improve the operational efficiencies that we achieved in the previous phase. When should we deliver results?I foresee to need between 6 and 12 months to develop a deeper understanding to disseminate this learning process in our movement and organization. Secondly I see an implementation phase of another 12 to 18 months. During the following six months of this 3 year period we will prepare a new leadership team to solidify this interaction with our sponsors through an elaborate communication program. Letter from Theo Vaes, With my current understanding as on 5/11/2010 1
1] Sense of Urgency Talk of change typically begins with some people noticing a vulnerability in the organization. The threat of losing ground in some way sparks these people into action, and they in turn try to communicate that sense of urgency to others. "Without motivation, people won’t help and the effort goes nowhere…. It is hard to drive people out of their comfort zones". In the more successful cases the leadership group facilitates a frank discussion of potentially unpleasant facts: about the changing environment, or other relevant indicators. It is helpful to use outsiders ( to bring outsiders who can share the "big picture" from a different perspective and help broaden the awareness.) When is the urgency level high enough? Kotter suggests it is when 75% of your leadership is honestly convinced that business as usual is no longer an acceptable plan. 2
Organizational renewal program: Proposalsby the President Origin of the thinking process: If it is not worth measuring it is not worth doing Not everything that can be counted counts (Einstein) If you cannot imagine it, you will never create it (Einstein) 3
What has changed and what has not changed since the start of VRO. I will try to explain my conviction that VRO needs sincere efforts with long-term vision, sacriﬁce, unbreakable social commitment and good understanding. I took 2 weeks to look around in India and spent a substantial part understanding the world around VRO. This is what I did:Delhi (, TISS, IISS, Action Aid) 4
12 Fr Prakash Luis also participated in action aid activities. They are member of the IPPA (International Partners Program association). These seven organizations are funded by the UK government for the time being. Apart from traditional development work they also engaged in human rights actions and capacity building.
This single—market vision has also spread to the NGO sector—MadhavChavan’s vision for Pratham is to teach 60 million children across India to read.We do not provide enough schools, universities, basic civil infrastructure (housing, public health, general hygiene etc) for the people we are adding each year in our country. Expenditure and supervision in basic education, general infrastructure is far from adequate to cater this increasing population. Just one example- The “right to education” bill is practically dead as states and central Govt is yet to come up with required funding and political willingness to make it a reality. 26
Much of the recent literature favouring a multidimensional view of poverty stems from Sens critique of a narrow utility-based approach to assessing welfare in economics, in which he questions the solitary focus on income levels and consumption choices as markers of broader well-being (Sen 1985, 1987). Rather, his pioneering approach judges individual advantage in terms of capabilities, defined as the freedom and potential to actually achieve or enhance certain valuable functionings (Sen 1999). Poverty is conversely conceptualised as the inability of individuals to acquire the necessary capabilities, prominent amongst which is the capability to be healthy (Nussbaum and Sen (eds.) 1993). 27
Economic growth but..The national survey statistics are starting to come out. India actually lost jobs, although unemployment rates also decreased. The main aspect is that it was mainly casual labors that have no assets who lost their jobs. What we need to focus on is to help these people find the dignity of work. 28
Poverty statisticsOn the other hand, the highest incidence of poverty (over 84%) is recorded in 5 district located in Orissa. In fact out of seven districts that have more than 70% incidence of poverty, four districts are in Orissa, ./.. 31
Empowerment - EntitlementsAs mentioned earlier: Government initiatives such as right to education, right to work are there but their implementation is dramatically low.VRO could consider it as their mission to make these government initiatives actually work. Very often government will choke initiatives that are not aligned with their ideology. VRO could become a platform for peaceful mobilization to assist the ST SC and OBC to inform them about and get their entitlements. This will provide a substantial alternative to armed struggle that is currently developing in India. It is interesting to see that F Windey already pushed for this Empowerment aspect. 32
Empowerment VRO should become active in villagers empowerment in a structured way. ./..This will ensure a transparent bridge between the central government policies and the ultimate impact there of on the village level. In this way we facilitate the capacity building of the government. 33
Man is small, and, therefore, small is beautiful. The less toil there is, the more time and strength is left for creativity. And work, properly conducted in conditions of human dignity and freedom, blesses those who do it and equally their output. (Inspiration: Schumacher,) 34
Reduce the physical geographical size Reduce the number of our various activitiesStrengthen core competencesReduce the distance to the Donors Get closer to State government (if not for funding, at least for learning) Intensify Survey and Impact measurement activities 35
Satyagraha statement Develop awareness campaign Give everybody the opportunity to come clean with the pastwith a legally binding settlement deed. All VRO engaged people to commit to a clean VRO Put any irregularity in the hands of the court. 38
I always had these questions in my mind: Should WE be doing some of the services we offer? Should we still BE in some of the area’s where we operate today? Should we be offering ALL the different services in those chosen areas? Are the areas that we operate in still the neediest or is inertia keeping us there? Should we not be considering addressing new needs? 39
40 What do we stand for: VRO becomes a national champion to fight endemic rural poverty VRO demonstrates operational excellence and is prepared to benchmark this VRO measures its impact both internally and externally in a transparent way VRO actively searches for the most needy area’s VRO moves on swiftly when the mission is accomplished, constantly rewriting history in our heads. VRO commits to pre-defined capacity building of its own teams (*) VRO continuously upgrades and disseminates its knowledge base VRO people are ready to move on after a maximum of six years’ cycle VRO is an explicit clean hands organization VRO values work hard, play hard and warm people VRO cherishes the inspiration of Father Michael Windey What do we do: VRO delivers any service that can uplift villagers from endemic poverty VRO does not necessarily fulfill these services itself, it can coordinate other parties VRO surveys, tests, mobilizes the community and the resources necessary for a sustainable solution
The Rainbow BridgeMany stones are on the earth,many houses we can build,many walls can be trainedtall towers can be built upon.Will you be stone among stones?Little is the protection of the house,all walls must fallthe highest towers fall.You see, the rainbow bridgespreads its high archbetween stars, between people. -You are hovering just recovered! Should you wear the rain bridgeyou must go with light feet.Will you say the word that turned you,send your angels out to implore it.God is mighty weak, not strong,forget about the forces that you yourself have.On the shores of your dreams waiting barges,contribute to more than holds your soul. ( Ephides) 42