Natural disaster management indian scenario by vvr iasDocument Transcript
Natural Disaster Management: Indian ScenarioAs per the Ministry of Home Affairs, a disaster is defined as a situation in which thenormal life or ecosystem gets disrupted and some emergency actions are required to saveand preserve the life and the environment.Indian ScenarioBeing highly vulnerable to natural disaster, 25 states out of a total of 35 states/UTs inIndia are considered disaster prone. 68% of Indian land is draught prone, 12% to floodand 8% to cyclone. Some of the natural disasters occurring in India are floods, droughts,cyclone, earthquake, landslides and avalanches etc.Impacts: Disaster results not only in the loss of life & shelter but also creates lack offood, increase in diseases, and disturb socio-economic activities. Therefore it is one if themajor area of concern for developing countries like India.Disaster Management System in IndiaThe Disaster Management Division of Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal agency forall issues related to disaster management except the drought. This is looked after by theMinistry of Agriculture.Also the NGOs and local communities play on important role in the case of naturaldisaster in a particular area. Therefore their awareness and adequate training is veryimportant in the areas which are prone to frequent disaster.Natural Disaster Management Act - 2005This act is aimed at preparedness, prevention and early planning towards disaster. By thisAct three authorities namely, National Disaster Management Authority, State DisasterManagement Authority and District Disaster Management Authority have beenestablished.This Act states that there shall be no discrimination on the ground of gender, caste andcommunity in providing compensation and relief. It provides penalties for obstruction,false claims etc. It ensures establishment of Disaster Response fund and DisasterMitigation fund at central, state and district level.Importance from examination point of view:i) 2005 - paper I: (Q. - 10 - B): What is Disaster Management? Discuss the steps requiredto tackle natural disasters.