Trudy Huskamp Peterson
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To Have and to Have Not

To Have and to Have Not
Trudy Huskamp Peterson

Archives without borders
August, 30th 2010
Peace Palace, The Hague

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Trudy Huskamp Peterson Trudy Huskamp Peterson Presentation Transcript

  • To Have and To Have Not: Archives as Information, Archives as Symbol Trudy Huskamp Peterson .
  • Introduction
    • Part 1. Archives as symbol
    • Part 2. Archives as protected cultural property
    • Part 3. The case of the cross-cultural digital copying project
    • Part 4. Adjusting the relationship between object and information
  • Part 1. Archives as symbol
    • National
    • Bilateral
    • International
  • .
    • .
  • .
    • .
    • The Shoah Memorial
  • .
  • .
    • Poland and Russia:
    • The Katyn controversy
    • Armenia and Turkey:
    • The Ottoman Archives
  • .
  • Part 2. Archives as protected cultural property
    • The right to information
    • The right to property, cultural property, and the state
    • Separability of information and object
    • UNESCO Memory of the World
  • The Right to Information
    • Article 19, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • Principle 2, Joinet Principles Against Impunity
  • The right to property, cultural property, and the state
    • Article 17, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    • 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict
    • 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property
  • UNESCO Memory of the World
    • 1993 Memory of the World background paper: “two forms of heritage will be distinguished: first, information itself, incorporeal and of intrinsic value; second, the material objects which serve as supports to that information.”
  • Mid-1990s View
    • Archival heritage is part of the cultural heritage
    • Protecting cultural heritage is a state responsibility but of world interest
    • Distinction between control of object and control of information
    • Keepers of cultural heritage to balance property and knowledge rights
  • Part 3. The case of the cross-cultural digital copying project
    • The acquiring institution
    • The archives
    • Reasons archives agree to projects
    • Loss to the archives
  • Part 4. Adjusting the relationship between object and information
  • Options
    • 1. Licensure
    • 2. Revised research applications
    • 3. State copyright or state export controls
    • 4. ICA principles on international copying projects and model agreements
  • Reprise
    • Balance the right to control cultural heritage and the right to know
    • Balance the control of the object and the control of information
    • Principle of respect and fair dealing