Universiteit betaalt wetenschappers en infrastructuur
Publieke fondsen betalen projecten
MAAR: onderzoeksresultaten enkel toegankelijk via een abonnement
Traditional academic publishing works like this
Research money (typically from the government, ie your money) is used to fund research and scientists write articles about it.
Those articles are sent to periodicals (journals) to be published. The journals are corporate, and carry different amounts of prestige. For a researcher, getting papers in prestigious journals is extremely important, so they send them off willingly, and the journals do not pay a dime (in fact, sometimes the researcher has to pay).
The article gets to sent to an editor at the journal, who is typically a well established senior researcher working for free because being an editor is prestigious (that is, he is working on time paid for by your money).
The editor chooses researchers to do "peer review" on the article, that is anonymously write judge its merit. These peer reviewers work for free.
If the article is accepted, the researcher is very happy, and gleefully signs over the copyright on the article he has written (which you paid for) to the corporate publisher.
The corporate publisher, which now owns the article, won't let anybody access it unless they pay for a subscription to the journal. Large universities typically pay millions of dollars a year (again, largely your money) for journal subscriptions.
Discussie rond PRISM op Slashdot: http://yro.slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=291935&cid=20527549 (10 sept. 2007)
Het is veel waarschijnlijker dat de meeste tijdschriften, indien financieel onhoudbaar, eerst zullen experimenteren met het OA model alvorens er de brui aan te geven. Indien ze als OA tijdschrift verder gaan, wordt peer review immers helemaal niet bedreigd.