Current Trends in Libraries


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Emerging Trends in Libraries in 2014
Latest Trends in Libraries 2014
Current Trends in Library
Library and Information Science Profession
Latest Technologies in Library
Use of IT in a Library
Trends in Library Building and Furniture
Libraries of developed countries

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  • Realdania, a philanthropic association. In Denmark new libraries are user-oriented (rather than collection-oriented) and self-served. the Danish Agency for Culture and Realdania launched a ‘Model Programme for Public Libraries’ in the summer of 2012. The purpose of the Model Programme is to provide innovative suggestions as to how modern libraries can contribute to urban development, and how libraries’ physical settings can be developed in order to support the libraries’ new role in the best possible way. The programme will conclude in the autumn of 2014.
  • The issues we are seeing and dealing with are being dealt with in libraries all over the country.
  • Middle Tyger library’s renovation took full advantage of the surrounding landscape by creating open spaces and reading rooms with windows that look out over the Middle Tyger River.
  • Ketchikan Public Library’s design recalls the canneries, lumber mills, and Native American longhouses of the city’s past. Large windows allow light to brighten the interiors, while also creating stunning views of the surrounding wilderness.
  • Schaumburg repurposed office space to create a teen area comprised of a soundproofed multipurpose room with gaming stations, collaboration stations, connected discussion rooms, a quiet room, a café, and a professional digital media production studio.
  • Seven Trees branch’s angular lines and turret-like walls give the library a unique look that nods to both the past and future. Large clerestory windows and an open layout on the second floor bring in an abundance of natural light. The functional design also allows for views of the hills east of San José.
  • The William O. Lockridge/Bellevue Neighborhood branch is a commanding, positive presence in an impoverished area, featuring a large, three-story glass, wood, and concrete main building with three extending, geometric-shaped pavilions.
  • The Francis A. Gregory branch’s children’s room mimics a treehouse. Painted different shades of green, it features reading nooks set into windows that look out into the surrounding trees.
  • Saint Francis High School’s Sobrato Family Learning Commons and Cassin Family Library is a hub of student activity. With more than 40,000 square feet of new construction and classroom modernization, it features a student center on the first floor and the school on the second level.
  • Some 78% of those 16 and older had read at least one book in any format in the previous 12 months.
    21% of American adults read an e-book in the last year
    68% read a print book
    11% listened to an audiobook
    19% of adults say they read NO books in the past year, in any format
  • 29% of US adults own a specialized e-reading device (either a tablet or an e-reader)
    E-reader and tablet ownership are strongly correlated with income & education
    Women are more likely than men to own e-readers
    Parents are more likely than non-parents to own tablets
  • An emerging trend that is on the rise in many institutions and enterprise locations is BYOD or bring your own device. The mass consumerization of information technology has put the consumer in the driver’s seat. While institutions still depend on IT departments, more and more users are bringing their own devices. This has lead to shifts in the management of devices, security, and IT systems. While some IT departments are resistant to change, institutions which have successfully allowed students, teachers, faculty, and even visitors to bring their own device are providing the consumer with what he/she wants and needs.
    Some things to consider with BYOD include the IT department’s ability to provide wireless networking infrastructure for all devices that are coming online and also to consider how much support the IT or library will be able to provide to users. Is IT able to troubleshoot all issues on all devices? How much support is expected?
    Security and privacy are also issues with BYOD in some settings. It is important for IT departments and users to engage in communication about expectations, goals, and support solutions. When departments fail to provide users with support for their own devices users often go around the boundaries and limits which can actually cause more bad and good when it comes to privacy and support.
  • While the bulk of electronic resources available from the Library are in English, non-English language content is also represented.
    Polish: Lex Polonica
    French: Lexis-Nexis JurisClasseur, Le Doctrinal, CAIRN, Agence Europe
    Spanish: WestlawES, PRISMA
    Italian: Journal collections from Il Mulino, FrancoAngeli, Giuffre
    Eastern European languages: CEEOL journal collection
    German: Digizeitschriften, Beck Online
    Multi-lingual: vLex
  • The EUI Library licenses access for its users to electronic journals and articles from a wide range of publishers and database providers.
    This slide shows just a sample of these providers. Each of them have their own interfaces, with differing means of searching and display of full-text.
    In Catalogue/E-Journal List: 12,000 titles
    Not in Catalogue: Additional 30,000 titles
    Multiple providers
    Aggregators: Ingenta, MetaPress, Project Muse, CEEOL
    Publishers: Cambridge, Oxford, Springer, Wiley, etc.
    Databases: Lexis-Nexis, Westlaw
    Archives: JSTOR, Hein, Digizeitschriften
    Varying dates
  • As with electronic journal articles, the EUI also licenses access to a wide range of electronic book publishers and collections.
  • Cloud computing is not actually a very new or emerging trend. It is actually a form of computing and access that has reached commonality among computer users.
    Cloud computing itself is actually a jargon term, which actually sounds pretty nice.
    Today’s technology with easy access to the internet can use cloud computing to access applications or stored documents at anytime.
    Of course these materials are actually stored in servers located in another facility. The idea of connecting seamlessly to content or information at a point of need versus having to store all documents and applications on one devices is what makes cloud computing a popular option for many.
    Currently the privacy of information or applications stored in the cloud has received much attention.
  • When we speak of privacy it is important to remember that with most cloud computing options you will work with a vendor to store you data, documents, or applications.
    Today a variety of vendors are offering cloud services.
    Many big names in industry have seen the demand for this service and have offered it to their customers.
    As you can see in the slide above many vendors have begun listing their services as “drives” to provide customers with a better understanding of how the cloud model is meant to work, as a another drive on your device.
    Google Drive has received much attention as it works as both a storage location as well as providing access to applications including word processing, presentations, spreadsheets, and more.
    SkyDrive from Microsoft is also attempting to make it easier for users to access commonly used Microsoft applications including the Office suite.
    iCloud from Apple provides access to storage and can be synced across multiple devices allowing users to seamlessly save and access videos, photos and other content across devices.
    Disaster management has shown that Cloud Applications and Services can play an important role in setting out a disaster plan because the services allow for collaboration in planning. Cloud services also provide a storage and backup location for important documents. Imagine a building fire. Your computer is destroyed. Storage of important documents in the cloud will ensure that you can access them. I have personally used the cloud as a storage location for medication dosing that while typically handled by another device, when that device was damaged I could turn to the cloud to access the information that I needed.
  • Mobile technology proliferation has been aided in part due to increased internet access as well as advances in hardware technology. With both broadband and wifi access points increasing today more people have access to the internet thanks in part to smartphones and tablets.
    Smartphone with ready access to wifi and broadband from cellular networks provided a starting place for today’s mobile trends.
    According to the Pew Internet and American Life Project today in the US more adults own smartphones (56%) than any other type of cell phone.
    As smartphones took off soon tablets joined the race. Tablet technology allows users to connect and interact more easily with content. The larger screen size, portable weight, wifi and broadband access and touch screen make tablets ideal for today’s mobile lifestyle.
    There are many tablets to choose from. All major manufacturers of PCs or laptops now have a tablet which they also market.
  • QR stand for Quick Response and that is the goals of these codes, get a user to information quickly and easily.
    Using mobile technologies such as a smartphone equipped with access to the internet and a QR code scanner a user can quickly and easily get access to vital information. Can you image having to type out a full URL to get to information at an accident scene. Information needs to be accessible quickly and easily.
    The image shown here is from Mercedes-Benz. The car manufacturer will provide QR codes (on the inside of the gas flap) about the car that provide additional information that can help emergency responders save the lives of passengers. The emergency responder will save time by scanning the code to get additional information versus having to look up all information through other means.
  • In 2011 48 hours of video were uploaded into YouTube every minute. This means that about 8 years of video content are uploaded to YouTube every single day! YouTube was acquired by Google and now even more video is coming in. YouTube provides some robust analytic tools to it’s users that allow us to continue to monitor video popularity and tweak videos when we see that audiences lose interest.
    While YouTube is not the only online video hosting site it does provide tools through built in analytics which can help you see when people are tuning to your video and when then are turning it off. This information could be used to help you create more informative videos to better meet your audience needs and expectations.
    At the NN/LM SCR we created a video about public libraries and emergency preparedness after we heard from many librarians that such a video would be the best way to reach busy councilmen and other first responders as well as community members.
  • The data dashboard shown here is from my fitbit. This is just one example of all the data is that is being collected from one device. While this data my be useful to me on a personal level and motivates me to stay active there may be other uses of the data as time goes on.
    In the future data could be collected from individuals wearing devices during an emergency to monitor their response and recovery. Data could also be use to highlight trends in healthcare or illness.
  • There is a large trend towards free, open-access scholarly works to enable access, remove barriers to participation and serve the public good.
    Support for open access publishing models is being driven by a number of institutional mandates. For example, the US National Institute of Health (which distributes US$29 billion of grants
    resulting in 80,000 articles annually) has insisted on articles being available to all within a year of publication.
    A range of models including author-pays, hybrid open access (where authors pay to
    have their articles made freely available immediately) and timedelayed open access exist.
    Public and third sector funded research will drive research increasingly towards open access models.
    Bidirectional forms of discussion through blogs and Wikis are breaking down the role of creator, editor and peer reviewer, and leading to scientific articles being released in a state of constant beta testing.
    Already, textbooks are being developed collaboratively: the first chapter/ volume will be ‘published’ before others are complete; some beta versions will also make it online, and will be updated in response to feedback from students.
    These open models are being enabled by open licensing schemes such as Creative Commons and the open source software movement.
    Open research and learning is also being driven by transparency and open government initiatives
    Image of a 7 TeV proton-proton collision in LHC producing more than 100 charged particles.
  • Virtual International Authority (VIAF) file
    MulDiCat: Multilingual dictionary of cataloguing
    Contextual Query Language (CQL)
     Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
    general material designation (GMD)
     integrated library system (ILS)
     Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN)
     online public access catalog (OPAC)
     Resource Description and Access (RDA)
     Search/Retrieve via URL (SRU)
    Institutional Repository (IR)
    Web OPACs
    Digital Preservation
    Serials Solutions’ Intota, 
    Innovative’s Sierra, Ex Libris’s Almaand Kuali’s OLE.  
    VTLS ’ new platform, tentatively called “Open Skies”.
      SaaS.  (Software as a Service)
    Multi-tenant software (Multi-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application serves multiple customers)
    Security certifications (ISO/IEC 27001., SAS 70)
    "initial bibliographic control" (IBC)
    Patron-driven acquisition (PDA) trends in eBook access
    OASIS (Online Acquisitions and Selection Information System) 
    Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
  • The high-tech Newspaper Storage Building at the British Library will eventually contain 750 million pages from more than 300 years of local, regional and national newspapers. This project will be outfitted with numerous sensors and accessed by robots only; that is, no humans will ever have to go inside. The robots will be tasked with retrieving the content and delivering it to the customer. Recommended ordering time, for now at least, is 48 hours in advance. low oxygen to prevent fires, low humidity to prevent rot. But low oxygen also means no people. Once the collection moves in 2014, humans will be locked out and requested papers will be delivered by a robotic shelving system.
    The newspapers will be put on to racking up to 20 metres high by robots, and will be bar-coded to ensure they can be retrieved whenever needed.
    The £10 million new building has been funded as part of a £33 million investment by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to safeguard the long-term future of the national newspaper collection.
    This massively sized building will serve as the central repository for the library’s collection of newspapers dating back to the 16th century (an estimated 750 million pages).
  • Newspapers are moved around the space robots, which apparently can go as fast as 30 miles per hour (but we don't let them).
    In the meantime, we’ve also been digitising newspapers. So far by working with partners, we’ve digitised 6m pages which you can see on the British Newspaper Archive and 40m will be added by the end of the decade.
  • Sections
  • Requests
    Ask A LibrarianSubmit your question via an email form. You may expect a response within one business day.
    Bioinformatics Consult The program staff offers a depth and breadth of experience ranging from understanding the work and needs of a bench scientist to performing sophisticated data analysis and programming.
    Editing Service Receive assistance from Writing Center editors when preparing your manuscript for publication.
    Loansome Doc / PubMed Delivery PubMed's Loansome Doc service allows you to order articles through PubMed. The NIH Library receives your requests and emails the documents to you. Complete this form to begin the registration process.
    Order Articles, Books, and Documents Request books, articles, patents, proceedings, technical reports and audiovisuals from other libraries.
    Request a Literature Search NIH Librarians will conduct a thorough search that can include specialty databases not publicly available. Animal welfare, chemical structure, and protocol support are a few of the specialized searches you may request. Any costs associated with pay-per-use databases will be charged back to the customer.
    Suggest A Resource The Library invites suggestions for the acquisition of books, journals, and online resources.
    Translations Translations, including oral and written translations of materials required to carry out NIH programs, are provided for all NIH staff holding a current NIH ID with Library privileges.
    Tutorials Individual or group instructional sessions on topics ranging from database search techniques to efficient use of reference management software. Each tutorial is tailored to meet the needs of the researcher or staff member requesting assistance. Sessions may be held at the NIH Library, labs, offices, conference rooms or virtually.
  • patrons: diy + google = less references, more tech support
  •  Michigan Library Association
  • IFLA further affirms that:
    The international library and information community forms a network that connects developing and developed countries, supports the development of library and information services worldwide, and ensures these services respect equity, the general quality of life for all people and the natural environment.
    Library and information professionals acknowledge the importance of education in various forms for all. Library and information services act as gateways to knowledge and culture. They provide access to information, ideas and works of imagination in various formats, supporting personal development of all age groups and active participation in society and decision-making processes.
    Library and information services provide essential support for lifelong learning, independent decision-making and cultural development for all. Through their vast collections and variety of media, they offer guidance and learning opportunities. Library and information services help people improve educational and social skills, indispensable in an information society and for sustained participation in democracy. Libraries further reading habits, information literacy and promote education, public awareness and training.
    Library and information services contribute to the development and maintenance of intellectual freedom and help safeguard basic democratic values and universal civil rights. They respect the identity, independent choice, decision-making and privacy of their users without discrimination.
    To this end, library and information services acquire, preserve and make available to all users without discrimination the widest variety of materials, reflecting the plurality and cultural diversity of society and the richness of our environments.
    Library and information services are helping to tackle information inequality demonstrated in the growing information gap and the digital divide. Through their network of services, information on research and innovation is made available to advance sustainable development and the welfare of peoples worldwide.
    IFLA therefore calls upon library and information services and their staff to uphold and promote the principles of sustainable development.
    This Declaration was approved by the Governing Board of IFLA meeting on 24 August 2002 in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.
  • Current Trends in Libraries

    1. 1. Presented by: Veerangana Singh Negi Department of Library & Information Science, CSAIST, Jhansi Session 1 07/10/2013
    2. 2. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    3. 3. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    4. 4. • Libraries collaborates with the private fund RealDania in the so-called model programme to develop a blueprint for the physical library of the future • The programmes are subsequently backed by funds for rebuilding and redesigns
    5. 5. 24-hour service Cafés and liberal food & drink policies Group study accommodations Information Commons & Consolidated Service Points Ubiquitous computing Hardware/media circulation
    6. 6.  Users want it all in one place.  Successful “unofficial” study spaces have food, technology, comfort, variety, social
    7. 7. Silent QuietQuiet GroupGroup
    8. 8. American Libraries' annual celebration of new and newly renovated libraries. These libraries are shining examples of innovative architecture that addresses user needs in unique, interesting, and effective ways. 
    9. 9. Renovation Spiezle Architectural Group Size: 13,000 square feet Cost: $250,000
    10. 10. New Construction Bettisworth Welsh Whiteley, LLC Size: 16,250 square feet Cost: $8,792,217
    11. 11. Renovation  Dewberry Size: 6,000 square feet Cost: $1.5 million Schaumburg repurposed office space to create a teen area comprised of a soundproofed multipurpose room with gaming stations, collaboration stations, connected discussion rooms, a quiet room, a café, and a professional digital media production studio.
    12. 12. New Construction Rob Wellington Quigley, FAIA Size: 15,567 square feet Cost: $8.9 million
    13. 13. New Construction Adjaye Associates Wiencek + Associates Size: 22,000 square feet Cost: $13.5 million
    14. 14. New Construction Adjaye Associates Wiencek + Associates Size: 22,000 square feet Cost: $13.5 million
    15. 15.   Renovation and Expansion HMC Architects Size: 40,300 square feet Cost: $7.6 million
    16. 16. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    17. 17. Note: Due to multiple responses, categories do not add up to 100% One in five adults (16 and older) has read an e-book in the past year Source: Pew Internet December 2011 survey.
    18. 18. Among all Americans in each age group who read an e-book in the past 12 months, as of December 2011 Source: Pew Internet December 2011 survey.
    19. 19. For the first time a third (34%) of American adults ages 18 and older own a tablet computer like an iPad, Samsung Galaxy Tab, Google Nexus, or Kindle Fire Price points on these devices varies across the broad and makes owning a tablet something that falls into the budgets of many people. The study also found that adults with high school or college aged children where some of the most likely responders to have a tablet device in their home.
    20. 20. • Libraries work nationally and internationally to develop cutting edge ideas and services for their user groups and they fund R&D projects to the same effect through several funding schemes
    21. 21. One of the Projects Involves Interactive Gaming
    22. 22.
    23. 23. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    24. 24. • Books • E-Books • Articles • E-Journals • Databases • Quick Search • Ephemera, Pamphlets • Maps, Atlases • Photos • Posters • Other Still Visual • Motion Pictures • Music • Serials
    25. 25. The following are the sources of Electronic Information: 1. CD-ROMs. 2. DVDs 3. Blu-rays 4. Electronic Journals 5. Electronic Databases 6. Electronic Books 7. ETD’s (Electronic Theses and Dissertations) 8. Digital Libraries 9. Internet Resources 10. Electronic mail Data 11. OPAC 12. Institutional Repository System
    26. 26. The International Library strives to provide access to e-resources in English as well as many other European languages. Some of the databases with content in languages other than English are:
    27. 27. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    28. 28. Newspaper Storage Building at Boston Spa,Newspaper Storage Building at Boston Spa, West Yorkshire, EnglandWest Yorkshire, England
    29. 29.  GPS-navigation apps to help patrons locate material inside library buildings   “Redbox”-style lending machines or kiosks located throughout the community where people can check out books, movies or music without having to go to the library itself  “Amazon”-style customized book/audio/video recommendation schemes that are based on patrons’ (users’) prior library behavior
    30. 30. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    31. 31.  The way users interact, share information, seek information has now undergone a big change  So Libraries has to Remain valuable & relevant to users according to latest trends
    32. 32. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    33. 33. Aggregator/ Synthesizer Organizer Network node Facilitator
    34. 34. • Handling the Universes of Knowledge • Understand Library Users • Skills for Selecting Quality Content • From Developing Collections Locally to Accessing Collections Globally • Classification Skills • Cataloguing / Metadata Creation Skills • Content Management Systems • Publishing
    35. 35. • ICT Skills • Knowledge of Cloud computing • Managing Online Content • Use Subject Portals • Information literacyInformation literacy • Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), creative commons Copyright • Project management skills • Digital DiscoveryDigital Discovery • Search the Web RegularlySearch the Web Regularly • Ethics and social responsibilityEthics and social responsibility
    36. 36. • Evaluating Users’ NeedsEvaluating Users’ Needs – Users’ Who Come to the LibraryUsers’ Who Come to the Library – Users’ Who don’t Come to the LibraryUsers’ Who don’t Come to the Library • TeamworkTeamwork • Problem solvingProblem solving • Negotiating skills • Critical thinkingCritical thinking • LeadershipLeadership • Skills to Manage Social Media • Ability to Market Library ServicesAbility to Market Library Services
    37. 37. Emerging Technologies Librarian Web Content Manager Information Architect Usability Analyst Information Specialist Digital Collections Metadata Librarian Virtual Services Manager Digital Assets Librarian Database Developer Reference Tool Developer Marketing Librarian Documentation Officer Scientist (Library Science/ Documentation) Information Officer Knowledge Manager/ Officer Information Executive Director/Head of Library Services Information Analyst
    38. 38. Shawn McCannShawn McCann Web LibrarianWeb Librarian Adjunct Instructor,Adjunct Instructor, Library andLibrary and Information ScienceInformation Science ProgramProgram Victoria Owen, Chief Librarian, University of Toronto Canada Louise Alcorn Reference Technology Librarian and Webmistress West Des Moines Public Library John E. Ulmschneider University Librarian Libraries Virginia Commonwealth University
    39. 39. Olaf Eingenbrodt, Senior Head of User Services, Library Hamburg Carl von Ossietzky, Germany Moreno Barros, Research librarian University of Rio de Janeiro Martin Halbert, Dean of UNT Libraries, Denton, USA Ally G. Reed Executive Director of United for Libraries Christa Burns Special Projects Librarian, Technology & Access Services, Nebraska Library Commission Matthew MartinMatthew Martin Digital ProjectsDigital Projects LibrarianLibrarian
    40. 40. Jeremy Bolom, Head of Public Service Lincoln Parish Library Ruston, LA Larry Neal, MLA’s 2013 Librarian of the Year. a mentor for the ALA Emerging Leaders Program and Spectrum Scholarship Tameca Beckett Youth Services Librarian Laurel Public Library (DE) Paul Healey Senior Instructional Services Librarian Jenner Law library University of Illinois College of Law John Thill Librarian specializing in Local History and Spanish Language Services Napa County Library Gail Sheldon Director of Oneonta Public Library Alabama
    41. 41. 1. Understand user behavior and new trends 2. Stimulate development in the library area 3. Seek best practice 4. Test new business models
    42. 42. Alliance with the UsersAlliance with the Users Culture and growthCulture and growth DigitisationDigitisation InternationalisationInternationalisation
    43. 43. Trendy Library Buildings & Furniture Trendy Library Users Trendy Library Resources Trendy Tools & Technologies in Libraries Trendy Library Services Trendy Library Professionals’ Skills
    44. 44. Objectives of this Presentation • All the content used in this presentation is only meant for: – Making aware of the latest trends in the libraries mainly of the developed countries. – Motivation 07/10/2013
    45. 45. Questions andQuestions and DiscussionDiscussion Session 1
    46. 46. Presented by: Veerangana Singh Negi Department of Library & Information Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad Institute of Science & Technology, Jhansi 07/10/2013