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The Social Economy in Quebec
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The Social Economy in Quebec


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  • Qui aurait cru possible, il y a juste dix ans, une rencontre comme celle-ci ? Que nous puissions tous nous retrouver dans une même salle pour discuter d’un sujet commun qui nous tient tant à cœur. Pourtant il y a dix ans, nos intérêts personnels et collectifs étaient probablement à peu près les mêmes qu’aujourd’hui. Qu’est-ce qui a changé ? C’est le miracle du mouvement dans lequel nous sommes tous engagés, celui de la reconnaissance, de la valorisation et du développement de l’économie sociale.
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    • 1. The social economy in Québec An important dynamic in the development of communities
    • 2. An integral part of a pluralist economy Building new solidarities The Quebec experience: the evolution of an integrated model of development of the social economy The social economy
    • 3. 100 years ago, Alphonse et Dorimène founded the first credit union «La caisse n’est qu’un prélude, bien d’autres organismes suivront, englobant tous les besoins matériels susceptibles d’être mieux satisfaits par l’association coopérative.» Alphonse Desjardins, 1910
    • 4. Today social tourism, recreation, culture, housing, agriculture, workplace integration, adapted enterprises, daycare…
    • 5. … homecare, recycling, new technology, fair trade, community media and even more !
    • 6.
      • Emerges from a collective process and rooted in community
      • ‘ Values added’ business
      • Primacy of people and sustainable development over capital
      • Socially profitable, financially viable,
      • Context for creation and innovation
      The chacteristics of a social economy enterprise
    • 7.
      • 7 151 entreprises 3 210 coops, 3941 associations
      • 124 302 jobs 2 of the 4 biggest private employhers: credit unions and daycare centres
      • 17,2 billion annual sales 8% of the GNP of Québec
      A major player Social economy enterprise;
    • 8.
        • Three keys to understand the longevity
        • . Deep roots in the community
        • . Technical support and coaching
        • . Public policies adapted to the realities of the social economy
      Businesses that last … 65 % survival after 5 years compared to 35% for private businesses
    • 9. Revitalising neighbourhoods and villages … with the social economy!
    • 10.
      • Services to the population at all stages of life:
      • perinatal, daycare, recreation, collective
      • transport, homecare for the elderly,
      • funeral cooperatives
      • Exploitation of local resources:
      • forestry and agricultural cooperatives,
      • recycling businesses, culture, etc.
      An important contribution to the development of communities
    • 11. Collective response to social and material needs: housing coops, community media, school cooperatives, solidarity financing, etc. Socio-professional insertion and integration into permanent jobs for marginalised groups Contribution to the dynamics of community economic development Local and regional capacity to respond collectively to social and material challenges
    • 12. Recognition of a pluralist economy
      • A mix of three types of economic activities:
      • . Public (government)
      • . Private
      • . Social (civil society)
    • 13.
      • Contribution to the renewal of our model of development :
      • • A change from government’s traditional silo approach
      • • Challenges private sector to increase social responsability
      • • Mobilises civil society to more involvement in economic development in an integrated perspective (social, environmental and cultural dimensions)
      • • Develops a pluralist democracy
      Pluralist Economy
    • 14.
      • le Chantier de l’économie sociale (1996)
      • le Réseau d’investissement social du Québec (1997)
      • le Comité sectoriel de main-d’œuvre de l’économie sociale et de l’action communautaire (1998)
      • l’Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale (1999)
      An integrated model of development of the social economy
    • 15. From local to global.. The social economy: A global movement!
    • 16. Pour une économie plurielle et solidaire