Future trends in technology business incubation_Rustam Lalkaka_2007
New Zealand Trade and Enterprise Asian Association of Business Incubation International Conference, Auckland, New Zealand March 2007 Future Trends inTechnology Business Incubation Rustam Lalkaka Business & Technology Development Strategies LLC firstname.lastname@example.org www.btds.biz
Key Development Concern is now PovertyToday, 1 in 5 of the world’s people - 1.2 billion - live onless than one dollar a day, 1 in 3 have no access to electricity,and 1 in 2 lack basic sanitation. 50 countries have lower percapita incomes now than a decade ago.Traditional measures of poverty focus on income orexpenditure. The broader concept of Empowerment,however, covers choices, opportunities and access to:Human Assets (Skills, Knowledge, Health care)Social Assets (Family, Friends, Political networks)Financial Assets (Savings, Government transfers, Credit)Physical Assets (Property rights, drinking Water, clean Air)Equity, Human rights, Self-esteem, Social InclusionRespect for Culture, Ethnicity, Religion, LanguageThe lack of access to such assets are ‘unfreedoms’
The Paradoxes of Poverty Knowledge to attack problems of poverty and disease exists. But political commitment and resources have yet to be mobilized. Knowledge Rights (IP) unfairly deny the right to a better life Energy demands of developing nations must rise & oil prices climb, with disastrous effects on global warming and growth. Today renewable energy contributes under 15 % of global supply People paradox: Population is ageing in many rich countries but proportions of youth are rising in poor countries - This poses the dilemma: Import young workers OR export the work ? Official development assistance to poor countries is about $ 50 billion a year. Subsidies to agriculture in rich nations are $ 350 billion, and military expenditures $1,000 billionRacial, religious and gender violence make us all less secure
Determinants of Incubation Success ....beyond incubator location, layout, management Public policy Community support Geography Business History Infrastructure CultureThe COMMUNITY is the New incubation Contextultimate supporter modes must be(and beneficiary) developed to addressof the Incubation system rural & urban poverty
Putting Incubation in ContextIncubation deals with a tiny portion of SME developmentIt is no panacea, not a solution to vast unemploymentIncubation requires a variety of players, playing as a teamFor success, it must be integrated in national plansIts about people and process, not only plans and policiesChange comes slowly, and failure is part of successFrom the outset, it must involve politicians and communityImportantly, incubation must have a ‘champion’ Half the world’s 4,500+ incubators are in developing nations. But one-third of these are in only three (China, Brazil, Korea)
Emerging Developments WorldwideONE, Technology need no longer be the dominant focus.The urgent issues are employment, empowerment, environmentTWO, Government should no longer be the sole sponsor.The emerging model is of public-private-academia partneringTHREE, the Bottom-of-pyramid - 4 bill poor with $ 2,000 PPPincome - is much bigger market than the affluent 100 million with$20,000 at Top-of-pyramid. MNCs and SMEs can serve BoPFOUR, it is not enough to look west at USA and Europe, assignificant developments are taking place in the South, eg. inBrazil, Chile, New Zealand, and in East, eg. China, India, Korea No one wants to (or can) stop the GLOBALIZATION Express, but you must prepare the platform for us to jump on to it !!
Future developments outside the incubatorMany service/ pharma/ manufacture jobs will move out of USASkilled migrants will return home, while American youth migrateDisparities in incomes within countries may well widenMore people will work at home, Ideas of retirement will changeWorkers will choose quality-time over more moneyComputing power/convergence will rise, Robots will replace laborUse of stem-cells and targeted drug delivery will enhance healthWater shortages will become severe > Major cause of conflictsCosts of global climate change will rise to billions per year ....but enlightened self-interest and human ingenuity may well prevail
Discernible Incubation Trends1. Convergence of services on the ‘smart’ Incubation platform2. Incubators & Managers accredited to meet quality norms4. Stronger links to knowledge-base: academia-research5. Mobilizing public-private partnerships, to serve the BoP6. e-incubation network for distance counseling, as eRedes7. Increase in global out-sourcing of services /manufacture8. More emphasis on MIS, monitoring, evaluation, impact Move towards balance between:Public intervention> Private Initiative >Inclusive Development
9. Strengthened incubator association linked worldwide10. Social innovation - civic entrepreneurs, to address 3 E’s11. New technologies (nano, environment, energy, security)12. Expatriate nationals to bring back expertise, contacts13. International incubation alliances for soft-landings/synergy14. Incubator Expansion: Finland (pop. 5 mill has 40incubators), Korea (pop 50 mill - 350 incubators), that is,7 to 8 per million pop. What are the plans in your country?Which of the trends above will be your national priorities?? We welcome your comments and proposals
We cannot solve tomorrow’s problemsusing the same skills and knowledge we had when we created them Albert Einstein
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