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Continuous Forms
 

Continuous Forms

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    Continuous Forms Continuous Forms Presentation Transcript

    • VERÓNICA QUEVEDO REVENGA Continuous forms
    • Present continuous
      • Actions happening now. “now”, “just”, “still”, “at the moment”
        • I think he is watching TV
      • A firm intention
        • I´m not asking Tom to the party!
      • Changing/developing situations
        • My broken leg is getting better
      • Temporary situations (usually with “live”, “work”, “study”, “stay”)
        • I am staying in this hotel for two weeks
      • Annoying or characteristic habits (with “Always”, “constantly”, “continually”, “forever”)
        • She is always losing her keys
        • Advertisers are always trying to sell us some new brand of clothes or trainers
      • Plans and arrangements in the future
        • Are you going out this evening?
        • Another new shopping mall is coming soon
    • Present perfect continuous
      • Talk about a recent activity when the effect of that activity can still be seen
        • Why are you out of breath? I´ve been running
        • Recently the government have been taking measures to preserve the local way of life
      • To emphasise how long an action has been going on for or that it has been repeated many times
        • I´ve been replying to emails all morning
      • To suggest that an activity is temporary
        • I´ve been living here for five years but I´m going to move soon
      • To suggest that an action is not complete
        • I´ve been reading War and Peace but I haven´t finished yet
    • Past continuous
      • To describe an action in progress in the past (to set the scene for a particular event)
        • I was sitting in the garden, reading a book
      • To talk about temporary situations in the past
        • Rodolfo was living in South America at that time
      • To talk about an event that was in progress in the past and was interrupted
        • I was going out of the house when I heard a noise
      • To talk about actions in progress at the same time in the past
        • While I was painting you were watching TV
      • To talk about anticipated events that did not happen
        • We were going to Greece for a holiday, but then I broke my leg
    • Future continuous
      • Pre-arranged future activity
        • Anne will be helping us to organise the party (it suggests a previous arrangement)
        • She´ll be taking up her place at university in October (this is the result of an arrangement)
      • Future activity that is part of the normal course of events (one of a regular series of events)
        • Will you be driving to Glasgow, as usual?
      • Something that is predicted to start before a particular point of future time.
        • In thirty years´ time I don´t suppose anyone will be wearing traditional dress anymore
    • After certain verbs
      • Everywhere you go nowadays people are speaking English
      • Everywhere you go nowadays people seem to be speaking English
    • After a modal verb
      • Beigjing is changing faster than any other city on earth
      • Beigjing may be changing faster than any other city on earth
    • With passive sentences
      • They are pulling down old buildings
      • Old buildings are being pulled down
    • State verbs
      • Do not have continuous forms:
      • Be / consist of/ contain / exist / belong to / have (own), include / lack / possess / adore / dislike / desire / despise / detest / envy / hate / like / prefer / pity / want / wish / believe / doubt / expect / feel (think) / forget / imagine / intend / know / realise / recognise / remember / see (understand) / depend / deserve / fit / matter / mean / mind
        • Every city centre seems the same nowadays
    • Dynamic and Stative meanings
    • Change in meaning (state or dynamic meanings)
      • Be:
        • Your son is being very obedient these days (behaving obediently)
        • I am here
      • Mean:
        • They are always meaning to call us (intending)
        • Brand means a make of any kind
      • See
        • She is seeing Tom at the moment. They see to be getting along
        • I see your point, but… (=understand)
      • Taste
        • She´s tasting the sauce to see if it tastes good
      • Weigh
        • He is weighing the carrots
        • The carrots weigh 2 kilograms
      • Smell
        • She is smelling the flowers
        • The flowers smell lovely
      • Think
        • She is thinking (considering) about which mobile to buy
        • She thinks Nokia is the best (that´s her oponion)
      • Look
        • What´s the painting she´s looking at?
        • It looks like a Monet
      • Have
        • He´s having driving lessons (=taking). She´s having a shower
        • She has two brothers (“possess”))
      • Appear
        • The play appears to be very popular
        • Jude Law is appearing as Hamlet (=act)
    • References/Bibliography:
      • English Grammar in Use, CUP
      • Inside Out, Advanced, MacMillan
      • Gold First Certificate, Longman