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  • 1. Etienne Wenger
    Learning for a small planet
    P.O. Box 810 North San Juan, CA 95960, U.S.A.
    Phone (530) 292-9222
    E-mail etienne@ewenger.com Website: www.ewenger.com
    Communities of practice
    a social discipline of learning
    ......................................
  • 2. A social discipline of learning
    Key dimensions
    Sponsorship
    Meaning
    Domain
    Identity
    Nurturing
    Participation
    Learningtogether
    Community
    Practice
    Boundaries
    Competence/power
    Support
  • 3. A social discipline of learning
    Key processes
    Reflect andself-design
    Meaning
    Identity
    Domain
    Push practiceforward
    Bring practice in
    Learningtogether
    Community
    Practice
    Boundaries
    Competence/power
    Create self-representation
    In collaboration with Beverly Trayner
  • 4. Learning activities
    Exchanges
    Productive inquiries
    Building shared understanding
    Producing assets
    Creating standards
    Formal access to knowledge
    Visits
    Outsidesources
    Pointers to resources
    News
    Informal
    Information
    1
    Hot topicdiscussions
    Stories
    Broadcast inquiry
    Tips
    3
    Debates
    Exploringideas
    Readinggroup
    Document sharing
    2
    Jointevents
    Case clinics
    Documentingpractice
    Eachother
    With
    Guests
    From
    Project and
    after-actionreviews
    Jointresponse
    Collections
    Visits
    7
    4
    Field trips
    Problem solving
    Learningprojects
    Formalpracticetransfer
    Boundarycollaboration
    Practice fairs
    6
    Mutual benchmark
    Helpdesk
    5
    Models of practice
    Trainingand workshops
    Warranting
    Formal
    External benchmark
    Invited
    speaker
    Systematicscan
  • 5. Community profilesas patterns of togetherness
    Orientations
    … meetings
    … projects
    … open-ended conversation
    … access to
    expertise
    … content publishing
    Community activities oriented to …
    … individual
    participation
    … relationships
    … context
    … community
    cultivation
    In collaboration with Nancy White and John Smith
    © 2006 Wenger, White, and Smith
  • 6. Forms of participation
    a common picture
    transactional
    outsiders
    lurkers
    peripheral
    occasional
    experts
    alumni
    active
    beginners
    core group
    leaders
    coordinator
    sponsors
  • 7. An ecology of leadership
    community nurturing roles
    • Coordinator
    • 8. Subgroup leader
    • 9. Cybrarian
    • 10. Technology steward
    Community roles
    Member roles
    Support roles
    Elected
    Volunteer
    Consensus
    Appointed
    Tacit
    Emergent
    Assigned
    Rotation
    Self-selected
  • 20. A learning partnership
    Lifecycle and evolution
    It involves responsibilities
    It becomes an entity in its own right
    private and public
    It is voluntary
    communalidentity
    long-termviability
    It is fun
    recognizedstewardship
    Maturing
    Sustaining
    Coalescing
    It takes initiative
    Transforming
    It evolves
    ongoinglegacy
    Potential
    commonground
    It depends on renewed passion
    It takes hard work and careful nurturing
    A community is a living entity … not unlike a couple

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