vSphere Upgrade Series Part 1:
vCenter Server
Josh Gray, VMware
Justin King, VMware
VSVC5690
#VSVC5690
2
vSphere Deployment Best Practices – vCenter Server 5.1
 Upgrade Overview
 Before vCenter and vCenter Single Sign-On
 ...
3
vSphere Upgrade Overview
 Upgrading vSphere is a multistage process
• Plan your upgrade
• Order is important
• Always s...
4
vSphere Upgrade Resources
 vSphere Documentation Center
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/
 VMware Compatibility Gui...
5
Before vCenter had vCenter Single Sign-On
vCenter Server
vCenter Server
Database
vSphere Web Client
(5.0)
• Server-side ...
6
Added with vCenter Server 5.1
Single Sign-On Inventory Service
• Identity sources
• Database
• Embedded users /
groups a...
7
Upgrade Matrix
 VMware supports in-place upgrades on 64-bit systems from
• vCenter Server 4.x
• vCenter Server 5.0.x
• ...
8
System Requirements (Hardware)
Simple Install (Minimums)
• 2CPU / 12GB RAM / 100GB Disk /
1Gbps
Custom Install (Minimums...
9
System Requirements (Hardware) - Recommended
Simple Install (Recommended)
• 4CPU / 24GB RAM / 200GB Disk / 1Gbps
Custom ...
10
Deprecated Operating Systems
 vCenter Server 5.5 removes support for
• Windows Server 2003 as a host operating system
...
11
New Install vs In Place Upgrade
New Install
Pro’s
 Clean Start
 Reconfigure Architecture
 New Hardware
Con’s
 Loss ...
12
Installation – Then and Now
Download and Install
vCenter
Download and Install
VI Client on desktop
vCenter 4.x / 5.0
vC...
13
Installers
14
Installer
 Simple Install Changes
• Added Web Client
• Installer Order changes
5.1
Single Sign-On
Inventory Service
vC...
15
Custom Install
Why would you run this?
 Distribute services across multiple
servers
 Customize location
 Advanced co...
16
Single vCenter Server 5.5 Design Recommendation
VC Database
vCenter Server Host or VM
vCenter
Server
SSO
Server
Web Cli...
17
Multiple vCenter Server 5.5 (Remote) Design Recommendation
By Default
 Each site is independent
 Does not provide a s...
18
SSO
Server
Web Client
Multiple vCenter Server 5.5 (Local) Design Recommendations
A Datacenter with 6 or more vCenter Se...
19
Supports Upgrade of all vCenter 5.1 configurations
Previous vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 deployment models
• Fully Mainta...
21
What about 4.0/4.1/5.0 upgrade configurations?
Architecture is unchanged
vSphere 5.5vSphere 4.0 / 4.1 / 5.0
vCenter
Ser...
22
What about 5.1 upgrade configurations? (Basic SSO)
Architecture is unchanged
Removal of SSO database
vSphere 5.5vSphere...
23
What about 5.1 upgrade configurations? (SSO HA)
Shared Database
Host or VM
SSO Server
(Primary)
Load Balancer
Host or V...
24
Multiple Remote vCenter Server Design Recommendations
Local
Databases
vCenter Server
vCenter
Server
vCenter Server
vCen...
25
Multiple Remote vCenter Server Design Recommendations
vCenter Server
vCenter
Server
vCenter Server
vCenter
Server
Inven...
26
vCenter’s in Linked Mode
 vCenter Server Linked Mode groups
• does not support different versions of vCenter Server
 ...
27
VMware vCenter Server 5.0: Upgrade Process
 Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker
28
VMware vCenter Server 5.5: Upgrade Process
 Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker
29
VMware vCenter Server 5.0: Upgrade Process
 Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker
• Performs checks include
• Host is reachab...
30
VMware vSphere 5.5 vCenter Appliance
 VMware vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA)
• SLES 11 Linux based virtual machine app...
31
VMware Update Manager
 You can upgrade to Update Manager 5.5 from
• Update Manager version 4.x
• Update Manager 5.0
• ...
32
Thank You
Stay up to date with vCenter Server
http://blogs.vmware.com/vsphere/
@vCenterGuy @jasper9
33
Other VMware Activities Related to This Session
• vSphere Upgrade Series Part 2: vSphere Hosts and Virtual Machines
• V...
THANK YOU
VMworld 2013: vSphere Upgrade Series Part 1: vCenter Server
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VMworld 2013: vSphere Upgrade Series Part 1: vCenter Server

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VMworld 2013

Josh Gray, VMware
Justin King, VMware

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VMworld 2013: vSphere Upgrade Series Part 1: vCenter Server

  1. 1. vSphere Upgrade Series Part 1: vCenter Server Josh Gray, VMware Justin King, VMware VSVC5690 #VSVC5690
  2. 2. 2 vSphere Deployment Best Practices – vCenter Server 5.1  Upgrade Overview  Before vCenter and vCenter Single Sign-On  Components of vCenter 5.1  Upgrade Matrix  vCenter Server 5.5 Requirements  Upgrade / Install order  New Install vs In Place Upgrade  Reference Architecture  Linked Mode  vCenter Appliance  VMware Update Manager (VUM)
  3. 3. 3 vSphere Upgrade Overview  Upgrading vSphere is a multistage process • Plan your upgrade • Order is important • Always start with vCenter • Don’t forget about plug-ins • Rolling ESXi host upgrades are supported • Know your VM upgrade requirements • Don’t forget about VMFS and VDS Step 3 ESXi Step 4 VMs Step 5 VMFS Step 1 vCenter Step 2 VUM This session focuses on Steps 1 - 2For Steps 3 – 5 see VSVC4945: vSphere Upgrade Part 2
  4. 4. 4 vSphere Upgrade Resources  vSphere Documentation Center https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/  VMware Compatibility Guide http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility  Product Interoperability Matrix http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php
  5. 5. 5 Before vCenter had vCenter Single Sign-On vCenter Server vCenter Server Database vSphere Web Client (5.0) • Server-side setting’s • VMware Plugins • Third Party Plugins • vCenter Data• SSL Certificates • ADAM
  6. 6. 6 Added with vCenter Server 5.1 Single Sign-On Inventory Service • Identity sources • Database • Embedded users / groups and policies • xDB file format (Inventory Cache) • Tags No new components added with vCenter Server 5.5
  7. 7. 7 Upgrade Matrix  VMware supports in-place upgrades on 64-bit systems from • vCenter Server 4.x • vCenter Server 5.0.x • vCenter Server 5.1.x *Exception being Windows XP Professional x64  VMware does not support directly migrating an existing, 5.0.x or earlier vCenter Server to a new machine during an upgrade to version 5.5 • You can migrate such an existing vCenter Server to a new machine during an upgrade to version 5.0.x, and then perform an in-place upgrade from version 5.0.x to version 5.5  vCenter Server 5.5 can manage • ESX 4.x/ESXi 4.x, ESXi 5.0.x, and 5.1 x hosts • in the same cluster with ESXi 5.5 hosts  vCenter Server 5.5 cannot manage ESX 2.x or 3.x hosts
  8. 8. 8 System Requirements (Hardware) Simple Install (Minimums) • 2CPU / 12GB RAM / 100GB Disk / 1Gbps Custom Install (Minimums)  Single Sign-On • 1CPU / 3GB RAM / 2GB Disk / 1Gbps  vSphere Web Client • 1CPU / 2GB RAM / 2GB Disk / 1Gbps**  Inventory Service • 1CPU / 3GB RAM / 5GB Disk / 1Gbps  vCenter Server • 2CPU / 4GB RAM / 60GB Disk / 1Gbps
  9. 9. 9 System Requirements (Hardware) - Recommended Simple Install (Recommended) • 4CPU / 24GB RAM / 200GB Disk / 1Gbps Custom Install (Recommended)  Single Sign-On • 2CPU / 4GB RAM / 8GB Disk / 1Gbps  vSphere Web Client • 2CPU / 4GB RAM / 8GB Disk / 1Gbps**  Inventory Service • 1CPU / 8GB RAM / 32GB Disk / 1Gbps  vCenter Server • 4CPU / 8GB RAM / 100GB Disk / 1Gbps Based on an Inventory Size of 400 hosts or 4000 virtual machines
  10. 10. 10 Deprecated Operating Systems  vCenter Server 5.5 removes support for • Windows Server 2003 as a host operating system • Windows Server 2008 (no SP) as a host operating system • Windows Server 2008 SP1 as a host operating system Upgrade to Windows Server 2008 SP2 before upgrading vCenter Server to version 5.5  vSphere Documentation Center https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/  VMware Compatibility Guide http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility  Product Interoperability Matrix http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php
  11. 11. 11 New Install vs In Place Upgrade New Install Pro’s  Clean Start  Reconfigure Architecture  New Hardware Con’s  Loss of Historical data  Rebuild of environment  Settings manually recreated  Time Involved In place Upgrade Pro’s  Most Common  All Setting’s Maintained  Slipstreamed Process  Historical data maintained Con’s  Carry over of old/unused data  Performance (hardware?)
  12. 12. 12 Installation – Then and Now Download and Install vCenter Download and Install VI Client on desktop vCenter 4.x / 5.0 vCenter on Windows vCenter Server Appliance
  13. 13. 13 Installers
  14. 14. 14 Installer  Simple Install Changes • Added Web Client • Installer Order changes 5.1 Single Sign-On Inventory Service vCenter 5.5 Single Sign-On vSphere WebClient Inventory Service vCenter  Why? • In the rare case SSO goes wrong, users can log into Web Client and configure/edit  Best practice: Simple Install puts all components in a single server • VMware’s suggested best practice
  15. 15. 15 Custom Install Why would you run this?  Distribute services across multiple servers  Customize location  Advanced configurations • E.g. additional vCenter servers 1 2 3 4
  16. 16. 16 Single vCenter Server 5.5 Design Recommendation VC Database vCenter Server Host or VM vCenter Server SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc Use Simple Installer Installs / Upgrades core components with a single virtual machine 1. vCenter Single Sign-On 2. vSphere Web Client 3. vCenter Inventory Service 4. vCenter Server  No change to architecture  All services are local • Reduces complexity  Supports 1-1000 Hosts / 1- 10,000 Virtual Machines
  17. 17. 17 Multiple vCenter Server 5.5 (Remote) Design Recommendation By Default  Each site is independent  Does not provide a single pane of glass view  SSO automated replication  SSO Users & Groups  SSO Policies  Identity sources  Site awareness  Linked Mode  Maintains single pane of glass  Replicates Licenses, permissions and roles  Availability  vSphere HA  vCenter Heartbeat vCenter Server vCenter Server New York vCenter Server vCenter Server Miami vCenter Server vCenter Server Web Client Inventory Svc SSO Server – vsphere.local Los Angeles Web Client Inventory Svc Web Client Inventory Svc SSO Site 1 SSO Site 2 SSO Site 3 Single SSO Authentication Domain
  18. 18. 18 SSO Server Web Client Multiple vCenter Server 5.5 (Local) Design Recommendations A Datacenter with 6 or more vCenter Servers  Centralized SSO authentication • Same Physical location  Single Centralized vSphere Web Client  Availability (Required) • vSphere HA • vCenter Heartbeat • Network Load Balancer 18 vCenter Server 2 vCenter Server 5.5 Inventory Svc SSO Server Web Client Database Server VCDB1,VCDB2,VCDB3 vCenter Server 3 vCenter Server 5.5 Inventory Svc vCenter Server 1 vCenter Server 5.1 Inventory Svc Backwards compatible to vCenter Server 5.1
  19. 19. 19 Supports Upgrade of all vCenter 5.1 configurations Previous vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 deployment models • Fully Maintained via Upgrade • Basic • Single Sign-On High Availability • Single Sign-On Multisite New recommendations with vSphere 5.5 • Better use of new technology • Single virtual machine for all vCenter components** • Distributed virtual machines add complexity • Availability • Backup & Restore • Easily migrate to new recommendations during upgrade ** Enterprise customers with 6 or more local vCenter servers can use a centralized instance
  20. 20. 21 What about 4.0/4.1/5.0 upgrade configurations? Architecture is unchanged vSphere 5.5vSphere 4.0 / 4.1 / 5.0 vCenter Server VC Database vCenter Server Host Web Client (*5.0) VC Database vCenter Server Host vCenter Server SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc
  21. 21. 22 What about 5.1 upgrade configurations? (Basic SSO) Architecture is unchanged Removal of SSO database vSphere 5.5vSphere 5.1 VC Database vCenter Server Host vCenter Server SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc VC Database SSO Database vCenter Server Host vCenter Server SSO Server (Basic) Web Client Inventory Svc
  22. 22. 23 What about 5.1 upgrade configurations? (SSO HA) Shared Database Host or VM SSO Server (Primary) Load Balancer Host or VM SSO Server (HABackup) Host or VM Load Balancer Host or VM SSO Server vSphere 5.1 vSphere 5.5 No SSO Database
  23. 23. 24 Multiple Remote vCenter Server Design Recommendations Local Databases vCenter Server vCenter Server vCenter Server vCenter Server Inventory Svc vCenter Server vCenter Server New York Los Angeles Miami Multi Site SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc Multi Site SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc Primary SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc
  24. 24. 25 Multiple Remote vCenter Server Design Recommendations vCenter Server vCenter Server vCenter Server vCenter Server Inventory Svc vCenter Server vCenter Server New York Los Angeles Miami SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc SSO Server Web Client Inventory Svc Automatic Replication Identity Sources SSO Users/Groups/Policies Registered Solutions
  25. 25. 26 vCenter’s in Linked Mode  vCenter Server Linked Mode groups • does not support different versions of vCenter Server  All vCenters Servers in a Linked Mode group need to be part of the same Single Sign-On vSphere Authentication Domain  Upgrade Process • Unjoin vCenter Server from Linked Mode group • Upgrade vCenter Server to 5.5 • Upgrade other vCenter Servers to 5.5 • Rejoin vCenter Servers to Linked Mode group • domain user who is an administrator on both the machines  Notes • DNS • Network Time synchronization
  26. 26. 27 VMware vCenter Server 5.0: Upgrade Process  Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker
  27. 27. 28 VMware vCenter Server 5.5: Upgrade Process  Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker
  28. 28. 29 VMware vCenter Server 5.0: Upgrade Process  Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker • Performs checks include • Host is reachable • Disk space is sufficient • Network is functioning • File system is intact • Required patches are applied • Aim is to prevent hosts going disconnected after • uninstallation of prior agent • installing the new agent
  29. 29. 30 VMware vSphere 5.5 vCenter Appliance  VMware vCenter Server Appliance (VCSA) • SLES 11 Linux based virtual machine appliance • Same license as Windows vCenter  Pro’s • Linux, No windows • All in one, self contained • Deploy in minutes  Con’s • Cannot migrate from Windows to VCSA • Embedded vPostgres Database, 5 host / 50VMs max • Limited external database support – only Oracle • No linked mode, vCenter Heartbeat, IPv6
  30. 30. 31 VMware Update Manager  You can upgrade to Update Manager 5.5 from • Update Manager version 4.x • Update Manager 5.0 • Update Manager 5.1 that are installed on a 64-bit operating system  If on a 32-bit operating system, use the data migration tool that is provided with Update Manager 5.0 and in place upgrade from Update Manager 5.0  Notes • Upgrades cannot change installation or download path • use the Update Manager Utility to replace the existing 512-bit key certificate with 2048-bit key certificate • Scheduled tasks for scan and remediation are maintained • Patch Baselines removed
  31. 31. 32 Thank You Stay up to date with vCenter Server http://blogs.vmware.com/vsphere/ @vCenterGuy @jasper9
  32. 32. 33 Other VMware Activities Related to This Session • vSphere Upgrade Series Part 2: vSphere Hosts and Virtual Machines • VSVC4945: vSphere Upgrade Series Part 2: vSphere Hosts and Virtual Machines • Performance • VSVC5234 Extreme Performance Series: vCenter of the Universe • vCenter Single Sign-On • VSVC5635 vSphere vCenter Single Sign-On Best Practices • vSphere Web Client • VSVC5436 vSphere Web Client – Technical Walkthrough • vCenter Deep Dive • VSVC4830 vCenter Deep Dive  Group Discussions: VSVC1000-GD vCenter Upgrades with Justin King 
  33. 33. THANK YOU
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