0
Sociology Applied in
Transportation Planning
Valdosta State University

Spring 2014
Introductions
• Semester Projects?
• What do you think
transportation planning
is?

2
Agenda
•
•
•
•

Transportation Planning
Ethical Basis
Legal Basis
Public Participation
Policies
• Group Projects

3
What is Sociology?

4
What is Sociology?

“…to improve people's lives
and to resolve social
problems.”
5
http://www.edthefed.com/
http://www.ralphmag.org/CX/briefs.html
http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/1857/after/rail1.htm
http://www.dot.ca.gov/hwy50/
http://www.patricepress.com/books/580.htm
http://newmobilityagenda.blogspot.com/2010/07/honk-city-of-future-have-stupid-weekend.html
FHWA and Google Earth
http://http://www.rampantscotland.com/let060218.htm
What is Transportation Planning?

14
What is Transportation Planning?
Transportation planning has been a rational model of
defining goals, identifying problems...
Transportation Planning Process

Cooperative

Continuous

Comprehensive
Continuous

Performance Monitoring

Systems Operations

Goals

Alternatives

Project Development

Evaluation

Projects, Pr...
Comprehensive
Transportation Plan
Bicycles

Land Use

Health

Freight

Safety

Railroads

Financial
Sustainability

Pedest...
Coordinated

Federal
Local

State

Regional Transportation Plan
Ethical Issues in Planning
• American Planning Association
– American Institute of Certified Planners
• Code of Ethics and...
What is Sociology?

“…to improve people's lives
and to resolve social
problems.”
21
Planning Ethics and Sociology
• As a planner what
ethical issues are faced
that can impact peoples
lives?
• As a planner w...
Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning
• Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
– “No person in the United States shall, o...
What is Environmental Justice?

24
Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning
• Executive Orders
– EO 12898 – Environmental Justice
• “[address] as appropriate, di...
The Law and Sociology
• How do planners
address legal issues that
impact peoples lives?
• How do planners
resolve social p...
Public Participation Policies
• VLMPO Public Participation Plan
– Required by federal law
– “defines the process or framew...
PPP Strategies
• What can the VLMPO
do to resolve social
issues through these
strategies?

28
PPP Strategies
• Raise public awareness and understanding of
the transportation planning process including
the functions, ...
PPP Strategies
• Maintain timely contact with key stakeholders
and the public throughout the transportation
planning proce...
Social Media
• How has Social Media
changed society?
– Public Outreach?
– Engagement?

• Is this good or bad?
• Is it mean...
Sociology in Planning
• Environmental Justice Analysis
– Census Data
– Equality in distribution of projects/funding
throug...
Sociology in Planning

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=uHMsJjJrMxqUJM&tbni...
34
Sociology in Planning
•
•
•
•
•
•

W Hill Ave Overpass
Widening of Forrest Street in Valdosta
Food Deserts
Student Educati...
Corey Hull, AICP
Valdosta-Lowndes
Metropolitan Planning Organization
Southern Georgia Regional Commission
chull@sgrc.us
22...
Online Resources
www.sgrc.us/transportation
www.facebook.com/valdostalowndesmpo
www.youtube.com/vlmpo
www.twitter.com/vlmp...
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Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Spring 2014

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Presentation given to an Applied Sociology class at Valdosta State University in February 2014.

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  • Nee How (hello) and Shi-wu How (good afternoon)
  • http://www.valdosta.edu/academics/graduate-school/our-programs/sociology.php
  • The transportation planning process ins required to be Continuous, Comprehensive and Cooperative, involving the public throughout the entire planning process. Once one plan is adopted, work continues to implement that plan and begin the work on the next plan.All transportation plans are 5-years in length.
  • This illustrates the general steps in the development of a transportation plan (or any plan for that matter)GoalsAlternatives IdentificationEvaluation of AlternativesSelect Projects, programs, policiesProject development/implementationSystems operationsPerformance monitoringThe public needs to be engaged and involved at each and every step
  • This slide it meant to show that a transportation plan cannot stand up without all of the different comprehensive elements underneath it, public involvement being one of them.
  • This slide is trying to show that transportation planning is coordinated between the various governmental partners, they all come together and agree on a transportation plan.
  • http://www.valdosta.edu/academics/graduate-school/our-programs/sociology.php
  • Transcript of "Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Spring 2014"

    1. 1. Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Valdosta State University Spring 2014
    2. 2. Introductions • Semester Projects? • What do you think transportation planning is? 2
    3. 3. Agenda • • • • Transportation Planning Ethical Basis Legal Basis Public Participation Policies • Group Projects 3
    4. 4. What is Sociology? 4
    5. 5. What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 5
    6. 6. http://www.edthefed.com/
    7. 7. http://www.ralphmag.org/CX/briefs.html
    8. 8. http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/1857/after/rail1.htm
    9. 9. http://www.dot.ca.gov/hwy50/
    10. 10. http://www.patricepress.com/books/580.htm
    11. 11. http://newmobilityagenda.blogspot.com/2010/07/honk-city-of-future-have-stupid-weekend.html
    12. 12. FHWA and Google Earth
    13. 13. http://http://www.rampantscotland.com/let060218.htm
    14. 14. What is Transportation Planning? 14
    15. 15. What is Transportation Planning? Transportation planning has been a rational model of defining goals, identifying problems, generating alternatives, evaluating alternatives, and developing implementation plans. However, planners are increasingly expected to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, for example, the use of behavioral psychology to persuade drivers to abandon their automobiles and use other forms of transport instead. The role of the transport planner is shifting from a technical analysis to planning for sustainable and resilient economies, environments and societies. Source: paraphrased from Wikipedia: Transportation Planning; FHWA INVEST 15
    16. 16. Transportation Planning Process Cooperative Continuous Comprehensive
    17. 17. Continuous Performance Monitoring Systems Operations Goals Alternatives Project Development Evaluation Projects, Programs, Poli cies
    18. 18. Comprehensive Transportation Plan Bicycles Land Use Health Freight Safety Railroads Financial Sustainability Pedestrians Public Transit Shipping Ports Operations and Maintenance Security Air Quality Environmental Mitigation Public Involvem ent Aviation
    19. 19. Coordinated Federal Local State Regional Transportation Plan
    20. 20. Ethical Issues in Planning • American Planning Association – American Institute of Certified Planners • Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct • Overall Responsibility to the Public – Conscious of the rights of others – Seek social justice – Interrelatedness of decisions – Opportunity for impact – Long-range consequences of present actions 20
    21. 21. What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 21
    22. 22. Planning Ethics and Sociology • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that can impact peoples lives? • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that attempt to resolve social problems? 22
    23. 23. Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – “No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.” • Other laws – 23 USC 324, Sex Discrimination – Age Discrimination Act of 1975 – Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 23
    24. 24. What is Environmental Justice? 24
    25. 25. Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Executive Orders – EO 12898 – Environmental Justice • “[address] as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of…programs, policies and activities on minority and low-income populations.” – EO 13166 – Limited-English Proficiency • “persons with limited English proficiency can meaningfully access…services” 25
    26. 26. The Law and Sociology • How do planners address legal issues that impact peoples lives? • How do planners resolve social problems using the previously described laws? 26
    27. 27. Public Participation Policies • VLMPO Public Participation Plan – Required by federal law – “defines the process or framework for providing citizens, affected public agencies and other associated stakeholders with reasonable opportunities to be involved in the metropolitan transportation planning process.” 27
    28. 28. PPP Strategies • What can the VLMPO do to resolve social issues through these strategies? 28
    29. 29. PPP Strategies • Raise public awareness and understanding of the transportation planning process including the functions, responsibilities and programs of the MPO and identify how interested citizens can become involved. • Provide the public and others with early, ongoing and meaningful opportunities for involvement in the transportation planning process. 29
    30. 30. PPP Strategies • Maintain timely contact with key stakeholders and the public throughout the transportation planning process. • Identify, involve and mitigate impacts on traditionally underserved communities (those communities with high concentrations of minority, low-income, elderly or disabled populations) in the transportation planning process. 30
    31. 31. Social Media • How has Social Media changed society? – Public Outreach? – Engagement? • Is this good or bad? • Is it meaningful? 31
    32. 32. Sociology in Planning • Environmental Justice Analysis – Census Data – Equality in distribution of projects/funding throughout the community – Meeting the needs of the entire community • Mitigation Actions – Improve peoples lives, resolve social issues – Lessen any negative impacts – Promote positive impacts 32
    33. 33. Sociology in Planning https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=uHMsJjJrMxqUJM&tbnid=NWr0lDVwU7ymMM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cancercare.on.ca%2Ftoolbox%2Fpfac%2Fcommunicate%2Fexp erience%2F&ei=RjEvUrrRFdfe4AOhjYDIDw&bvm=bv.51773540,d.dmg&psig=AFQjCNEp9y6COLghvHGI23u_-AYAjaPW_g&ust=1378910839012727 33
    34. 34. 34
    35. 35. Sociology in Planning • • • • • • W Hill Ave Overpass Widening of Forrest Street in Valdosta Food Deserts Student Education in Lowndes County Exercise Deserts Public Transportation in Valdosta/Lowndes County 35
    36. 36. Corey Hull, AICP Valdosta-Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Southern Georgia Regional Commission chull@sgrc.us 229-333-5277 36
    37. 37. Online Resources www.sgrc.us/transportation www.facebook.com/valdostalowndesmpo www.youtube.com/vlmpo www.twitter.com/vlmpo www.slideshare.net/vlmpo 37
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