Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Spring 2014
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Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Spring 2014

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Presentation given to an Applied Sociology class at Valdosta State University in February 2014.

Presentation given to an Applied Sociology class at Valdosta State University in February 2014.

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  • Nee How (hello) and Shi-wu How (good afternoon)
  • The transportation planning process ins required to be Continuous, Comprehensive and Cooperative, involving the public throughout the entire planning process. Once one plan is adopted, work continues to implement that plan and begin the work on the next plan.All transportation plans are 5-years in length.
  • This illustrates the general steps in the development of a transportation plan (or any plan for that matter)GoalsAlternatives IdentificationEvaluation of AlternativesSelect Projects, programs, policiesProject development/implementationSystems operationsPerformance monitoringThe public needs to be engaged and involved at each and every step
  • This slide it meant to show that a transportation plan cannot stand up without all of the different comprehensive elements underneath it, public involvement being one of them.
  • This slide is trying to show that transportation planning is coordinated between the various governmental partners, they all come together and agree on a transportation plan.


  • 1. Sociology Applied in Transportation Planning Valdosta State University Spring 2014
  • 2. Introductions • Semester Projects? • What do you think transportation planning is? 2
  • 3. Agenda • • • • Transportation Planning Ethical Basis Legal Basis Public Participation Policies • Group Projects 3
  • 4. What is Sociology? 4
  • 5. What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 5
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  • 12. FHWA and Google Earth
  • 13. http://
  • 14. What is Transportation Planning? 14
  • 15. What is Transportation Planning? Transportation planning has been a rational model of defining goals, identifying problems, generating alternatives, evaluating alternatives, and developing implementation plans. However, planners are increasingly expected to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, for example, the use of behavioral psychology to persuade drivers to abandon their automobiles and use other forms of transport instead. The role of the transport planner is shifting from a technical analysis to planning for sustainable and resilient economies, environments and societies. Source: paraphrased from Wikipedia: Transportation Planning; FHWA INVEST 15
  • 16. Transportation Planning Process Cooperative Continuous Comprehensive
  • 17. Continuous Performance Monitoring Systems Operations Goals Alternatives Project Development Evaluation Projects, Programs, Poli cies
  • 18. Comprehensive Transportation Plan Bicycles Land Use Health Freight Safety Railroads Financial Sustainability Pedestrians Public Transit Shipping Ports Operations and Maintenance Security Air Quality Environmental Mitigation Public Involvem ent Aviation
  • 19. Coordinated Federal Local State Regional Transportation Plan
  • 20. Ethical Issues in Planning • American Planning Association – American Institute of Certified Planners • Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct • Overall Responsibility to the Public – Conscious of the rights of others – Seek social justice – Interrelatedness of decisions – Opportunity for impact – Long-range consequences of present actions 20
  • 21. What is Sociology? “…to improve people's lives and to resolve social problems.” 21
  • 22. Planning Ethics and Sociology • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that can impact peoples lives? • As a planner what ethical issues are faced that attempt to resolve social problems? 22
  • 23. Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – “No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise subjected to discrimination under any program or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.” • Other laws – 23 USC 324, Sex Discrimination – Age Discrimination Act of 1975 – Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 23
  • 24. What is Environmental Justice? 24
  • 25. Legal Basis of Sociology in Planning • Executive Orders – EO 12898 – Environmental Justice • “[address] as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of…programs, policies and activities on minority and low-income populations.” – EO 13166 – Limited-English Proficiency • “persons with limited English proficiency can meaningfully access…services” 25
  • 26. The Law and Sociology • How do planners address legal issues that impact peoples lives? • How do planners resolve social problems using the previously described laws? 26
  • 27. Public Participation Policies • VLMPO Public Participation Plan – Required by federal law – “defines the process or framework for providing citizens, affected public agencies and other associated stakeholders with reasonable opportunities to be involved in the metropolitan transportation planning process.” 27
  • 28. PPP Strategies • What can the VLMPO do to resolve social issues through these strategies? 28
  • 29. PPP Strategies • Raise public awareness and understanding of the transportation planning process including the functions, responsibilities and programs of the MPO and identify how interested citizens can become involved. • Provide the public and others with early, ongoing and meaningful opportunities for involvement in the transportation planning process. 29
  • 30. PPP Strategies • Maintain timely contact with key stakeholders and the public throughout the transportation planning process. • Identify, involve and mitigate impacts on traditionally underserved communities (those communities with high concentrations of minority, low-income, elderly or disabled populations) in the transportation planning process. 30
  • 31. Social Media • How has Social Media changed society? – Public Outreach? – Engagement? • Is this good or bad? • Is it meaningful? 31
  • 32. Sociology in Planning • Environmental Justice Analysis – Census Data – Equality in distribution of projects/funding throughout the community – Meeting the needs of the entire community • Mitigation Actions – Improve peoples lives, resolve social issues – Lessen any negative impacts – Promote positive impacts 32
  • 33. Sociology in Planning erience%2F&ei=RjEvUrrRFdfe4AOhjYDIDw&bvm=bv.51773540,d.dmg&psig=AFQjCNEp9y6COLghvHGI23u_-AYAjaPW_g&ust=1378910839012727 33
  • 34. 34
  • 35. Sociology in Planning • • • • • • W Hill Ave Overpass Widening of Forrest Street in Valdosta Food Deserts Student Education in Lowndes County Exercise Deserts Public Transportation in Valdosta/Lowndes County 35
  • 36. Corey Hull, AICP Valdosta-Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Southern Georgia Regional Commission 229-333-5277 36
  • 37. Online Resources 37