Complete Streets Best Practices
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  • 1. Waycross-Ware County Transportation Planning Coordinating Committee Best Practices for Complete Streets September 19, 2013
  • 2. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Outline • What are Complete Streets? • National Trends • GDOT Policy • Implementing Complete Streets • Rural Best Practices • Local Projects
  • 3. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization What are Complete Streets? • Use public right-of-way to serve needs of all modes of transportation – Vehicles – Bicycles – Pedestrians – Others • Provide mobility, access and safety for the travelling public
  • 4. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization What are Complete Streets? • Emphasizes safety, mobility, and accessibility for all modes of travel (including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit riders, and motorists) and individuals of all ages and abilities.
  • 5. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 6. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 7. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 8. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 9. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 10. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization National Trends
  • 11. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization GDOT Policy • It is the policy of the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) to routinely incorporate bicycle, pedestrian, and transit (user and transit vehicle) accommodations into transportation infrastructure projects as a means for improving mobility, access, and safety for the traveling public.
  • 12. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization GDOT Policy • Responsibility to improve conditions and opportunities for walking and bicycling • Integrate walking and bicycling into transportation systems. • Benefits that walking and bicycling provide: health, safety, environmental, transportation, and quality of life • Go beyond minimum standards to provide safe and convenient facilities for these modes
  • 13. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Implementation • Roadway Construction and Reconstruction Projects • Encourage Local Governments and Regional Planning Agencies on local projects and programs – SRTS, TAP (TE), transit, etc. – GDOT PDP required projects – Does not apply to LMIG
  • 14. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Design Principles • Appropriate to the context and function of the transportation facility • Likely demand for bicycling and walking • Safely cross intersections and travel along roadways • Future accommodation considerations • 3R projects should consider bicyclists and pedestrian facilities
  • 15. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Warrants • Standards vs. Guidelines (shall vs. should) • Pedestrians (standards) – Pedestrian generators (land uses) – Evidence of pedestrian traffic – High pedestrian crash rates – Identified by local governments, RCs (through adopted planning study)
  • 16. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Warrants • Standards vs. Guidelines (shall vs. should) • Pedestrians (guidelines) – Proximity to public institution – Urbanized areas (50,000+) – Pedestrian crashes – Engineering/Planning analysis, public need
  • 17. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Warrants • Standards vs. Guidelines (shall vs. should) • Bicycles (standards) – Designated Bicycle Route • US, State, Regional, Local – Existing bikeway – Bicycle travel generators (land use) – Bridge width (23 USC 2.217 Part (e)) – High bicycle crashes
  • 18. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Warrants • Standards vs. Guidelines (shall vs. should) • Bicycles (guidelines) – Proximity to public institutions – Connectivity of existing bikeways – Bicycle crashes – Engineering/Planning analysis, public need • 3R Projects – Local request to re-stripe (w/limits)
  • 19. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Appropriateness • Low speed residential roadways • Disproportionate impacts to adjacent property • Outside of construction limits • Rural areas
  • 20. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Urban Pedestrian
  • 21. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Rural Pedestrian
  • 22. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Urban Bicycle
  • 23. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Rural Bicycle
  • 24. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Rural Best Practices • Typical Users • Community Characteristics – Central Business Districts/Downtowns – Commercial/Industrial Corridors – Residential – Suburban – Rural (Agricultural)
  • 25. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Best Practices
  • 26. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Central Business Districts • Bike lanes should be provided on both sides of the street • Use sharrows when ROW limits lanes • Sidewalks on both sides of the street
  • 27. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Commercial/Industrial • Separate bicycle lanes with pavement markings • Sidewalks are a critical means of safe travel – Allow for space for public utilities
  • 28. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Residential • Wider lanes can accommodate both bicycles and motor vehicles at low volumes and speeds • Sidewalks on both sides of the street
  • 29. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Suburban • Bicycle lanes along arterial and collector roads • Sidewalks on both sides of the street – Allow for space for public utilities
  • 30. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Rural • Bikeable shoulder is ideal – No pavement markings – Rumble strips with breaks
  • 31. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Local Examples
  • 32. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Local Projects • 0010293 – Hwy 122 – Bikeable Shoulders • 0007664 – Hatcher Point Road – Sidewalks
  • 33. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Planning • Consider adopting a Complete Streets Policy • Follow local and regional plans – Comprehensive Plan – Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan • Develop local ordinances that require inclusion of bicycle/pedestrian facilities in new developments • Be Context Sensitive – Not a one size fits all solution
  • 34. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Bike Route Analysis • Bicycle Route 10 and 20 • Video tour available on YouTube • Recommendations – Signage (directional and safety) – Wider shoulders – Designate Albany Hwy./Ave. – Multi-use path along US 82 in Ware in Brantley Counties
  • 35. Valdosta – Lowndes Metropolitan Planning Organization Questions Corey Hull, AICP chull@sgrc.us www.sgrc.us/transportation