Assume that the topic is relooking the Kyoto Protocol.
Parliamentary Procedures MUN
Mass MUN Session 1Basic Parliamentary ProceduresBy: Zachary Wong (13S47)
ScheduleThis week: Parliamentary Procedures by Zachary WongNext week: Resolution Writing by Ynez Tan / WenRui2 weeks later: CRISIS!! By Harit Patel / Joel Lee3 weeks later: Mock MUN
MUN Decorum No vulgarities and slangs (e.g. YOLO, LOL) in council. Formality and respect for one another forms the basis of this council. Dress formally. Communicate with each other via note paper. You can only speak when the chair recognizes you. Yield your time back to the chair when finished. Speak in third person e.g. “This delegate” or “Country XXX” Address your counterparts as “The delegate of XXX”X Never address yourself “the government of XXX” as you are not representing the government of a country.
Flow of debateRole callOpening SpeechesGeneral Debate (No particular focus)Moderated Caucus (Specific aspect of the issue)Un-moderated caucusIntroduction of resolutionDebate on resolutionDebate on ammendmentsVoting
Role CallA means for the chair to take attendance.When the chair calls your country, raise your placard andreply “Present and Voting” OR “Present”.A delegate responding “Present” have three options whenvoting on a substantive issue (passing a resolution: in favour,against, or abstain.A delegate responding “present and voting” have only twooptions: in favour or against – in other words, they MUSTvote and cannot abstain from it.
Opening SpeechA means for other countries in the council to know yourcountries’ position on the issue.Start off a speech by thanking the chair, using words like “Thankyou Honorable Chair/Madame/Mr.”Reflect:1) Brief history on the issue2) How the issue affects your country3) Your country’s position on the issue.4) Discuss past UN, member states of NGO action.5) Your country’s expectations. (e.g. a resolution that…)
General DebateFor you to expound on your opening speech.You can also bring up points brought up by otherdelegates and comment on it. +++You can also sum up everyone’s stances and reflect thesimilarities/differences in council. +++
Moderated CaucusFor the council to focus on a particular aspect of the issue ANDlisten to the stances of all countries.A delegate has to motion for an moderated caucus for it tohappen, clearly stating the duration, speaker time and thetopic. (e.g. Motion for moderated caucus of 5 minutes, speakertime of 30s on the issue of how to involve developed countriesin sustainable development.)After which, the chair will ask the delegated to give a shortspeech on why this caucus be entertained.Delegates will remain seated and order still applies in thecouncil. (ref. to un-moderated caucus)When this expires, the chair will resume general debate.Points of Information NOT entertained after each speech.
Un-moderated CaucusAllows delegates to informally talk to other delegatesoutside of debate.Delegates are allowed to move around freely.Usually, it is used to allow for delegates to introduceresolutions / working paper and gain the support ofdelegates.A delegate has to motion for the un-moderated caucus,clearly stating the duration. (e.g. Motion for un-moderatedcaucus of 20 minutes.)When this expires, the chair will move back into generaldebate.
Introduction of resolutionThe writer of the resolution has to “Motion toIntroduce Resolution” for the chair to entertain aresolution.When passed, the writer has to read out certain partsof the resolution.More on this next week.
Debate on ResolutionChairs will allocate time FOR and AGAINST thisresolution.More on this next week.
Debate on AmendmentsFor friendly Amendment,o The writer will submit the amendment to the chair, who willinform the council of the changes.o No debates necessary.For unfriendly amendment,oThe writer of the amendment will send it via note paper to thechair and “motion to introduce amendment”.oThere will be debates for and against the amendment and it willbe voted upon.MORE ON THIS NEXT WEEK
Voting on ResolutionResolution requires ½ majority to pass. Vetoes are onlyvalid in the Security Council.Delegates can vote for, against or abstain. In someMUNs, delegates who abstain have to write a notepaper to the chair explaining why.In some MUNs, delegates can vote “Yes with rights” or“No with rights” BUT this is only if the resolution goesagainst their country’s position FOLLOWING whichthe chair will ask the delegate to explain.
PointsPoint of Information: this point can be raised only after speeches by delegates ifthey want to clarify doubts that they may have on the other delegate’s speech.- Must be phrased in a question- Not applicable to be raised during “moderated caucus” or “opening speeches”.- You can choose to open yourself up to points of information by “Yielding to Points of Information after your speech”. +++Point of Personal Privilege: this point can be raised by any delegate at any timewhen the request concerns the well-being of the delegate. - Only the Point of Privilege relating to inaudibility can interrupt a speech. - Other examples include being excused to use the washroom or answer a call.
PointPoint of Parliamentary Inquiry: this point can be raisedby any delegate at any time, addressed to the Chair,when the delegate wishes to enquire about aparliamentary procedure.Right to reply: this point can be raised by any delegateat any time, to interrupt a speech, when his/hercountry has been explicitly insulted through thecomments of a delegate.Point of order: Used to call the chair’s attention to aprocedural violation at any time, to interrupt a speech.
Yield At the end of a speech, you may yield to the following:a. Yield to chair: the remaining time is given back to the Chairb. Yield to Points of Information: these are simply questions that the other delegate may ask you.c. Yield to another Delegate: the remaining time is given to another delegate that you have specified.