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Suthep Liumsirijarern: Biofuels Perspectives and Policies
 

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Suthep Liumsirijarern's presentation for BioEnergy Asia at VIV Asia 2011

Suthep Liumsirijarern's presentation for BioEnergy Asia at VIV Asia 2011

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    Suthep Liumsirijarern: Biofuels Perspectives and Policies Suthep Liumsirijarern: Biofuels Perspectives and Policies Presentation Transcript

    • Biofuels Perspectives and Policies in Thailand Suthep Liumsirijarern Deputy Director General Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency Ministry of Energy, Thailand
    • Why do we need Renewable Energy? GLOBALIZATION
    • Oil 34 % Electricity 6 6 % Thailand energy situation in 2010
      • In 2010, the energy consumption in Thailand costs 1. 52 trillion Baht
      • The energy use in domestic commercial was 1. 2 million barrels of oil eq /day
      Commercial fuels Energy Consumption by sectors
    • Fuel Mix for Electricity Generation Over-reliance on Natural Gas Supply : Key Risk Area Power generation by energy sources In 2010 P Natural gas 73.1% Fuel oil/Diesel 0.6% Coal/Lignite 19.8% Renewable energy 6.5% … Diversification Challeneges… Natural GAS Fuel Oil Hydro Coal
    • Thailand’s Energy Policy
      • 2 Critical Driving Forces  Proactive RE Targets
        • Energy Security
          • Reduce Oil Import Bills
          • Mitigate Risk of Over-reliance on Natural Gas-Dependent Power Generation
        • Reduce GHG Emission
      National RE Development Plan (2008-2022) Securing Energy Supply Set Renewable Energy as National Agenda Encouraging Energy Conservation Ensure Fair Energy Price Preserving Environment coupled with Energy Development and Consumption 1 Policy 2 Policy 3 Policy 4 Policy 5 Policy
    • Note : * estimate at January 2009 Estimate average crude oil price at 2008 of 94.45 USD/barrel Renewable Energy Development Plan- Master Plan 2008 – 2022 7.6% Target 5 ,608 MW Existing 1,750 MW
      • Adder cost 3,858 MW
      • pico hydro/wind/solar
      • biomass/biogas/
      • energy from waste/hydrogen
      Target 7,433 ktoe Existing 3,007 Ktoe 2554 15.6% 2.4% Ethanol Target 9.0 Mil Liter/day Existing 1. 26 Mil Liter/day Biodiesel Target 4.5 Mil Liter/day Existing 1.91 Mil Liter/day Hydrogen Target 0.1 Mil kg 4.1% Electricity Production Thermal Production Biomass 2565 20.3% 2551* 6.4% R&D Adder cost ESCO Fund BOI/ Investment Promotion Measures CDM NGV Target 690 mmscfd (6,090 ktoe) Existing 108.1 mmscfd 6.2% 19.1% 2559 Renewable energy usage of 4,237 ktoe/yr Reduce energy import of 99,500 mil baht/yr Reduce GHG 13 mil Ton/yr Renewable energy usage of 19,800 ktoe/yr Reduce energy import of 461 , 800 mil baht/yr Reduce GHG 4 2 mil Ton/yr
    • Biofuels in Thailand
    • Ethanol Demand ( ML/day ) ** 1.24 1.34 2.11 2.96 6.2 9 .0 Ethanol Market Sustainable ethanol production R&D and promote ethanol logistic , ethanol depot for export Ethanol Production Promote ethanol production from molasses and cassava Promote ethanol production from sugar cane Promote by-product utilization from ethanol production ex. Acetic acid Feed Stock R&D yield of cassava 3.5 to 4.5 ton / rai / yr in 2012 R&D yield of sugarcane 11.8 to 15 ton / rai / yr in 2012 Sustainable feed stock for ethanol production R&D R&D 2 nd generation of ethanol production (Cellulosic) Promote 2 nd generation of ethanol production value added ex. sawage study E85 E20 E85 ,promote FFV Gasohol E10 nationwide 390,000 FFVs 1,070,000 FFVs 2,000 FFVs Budget ( M ฿ ) Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 - 28 60 30 160 280
    • Existing Ethanol Plants 9 Molasses/Sugarcane 4 Cassava 6 Molasses/Sugarcane/Cassava
      • Currently ( Jan. 11) 19 existing plants total installed
      • cap. 2.93 Ml/day
      • Molasses / Sugarcane 9 Plants Cap. 1.30 Ml/day
      • Cassava 4 Plants Cap. 0.63 Ml/day
      • - Molasses / Sugarcane/ Cassava 6 Plants Cap. 1.00 Ml/day
      • In 2011
      • 5 new ethanol producers, total installed capacity 1.82 Ml/day
      • Total installed capacity 4.75 million liters/day in 2011
      Bioethanol Production Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Material Operated ( Oct. 10) Plant Total cap. ( Ml / day ) 1 Molasses / Sugarcane 9 1.30 2 Cassava 4 0.63 3 Molasses / Sugarcane/ Cassava 6 1.00 Total 19 2.93
    • Existing Ethanol Plants Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Companies Installed cap. ( Liters/day ) Raw mat. Province 1. Pornwilai International Group Trading 25 ,000 Molasses Ayuttaya 2 . Thai Alcohol 200,000 Molasses/Cassava NakhonPathom 3 . Thai Agro Energy 150,000 Molasses Suphanburi 4 . Thai Nguan Ethanol 130,000 Cassava Khon Kaen 5 . Khon Khan Alcohol (Khon Kaen) 150,000 Molasses / Sugarcane/Cassava Khon Kaen 6. Petrogreen ( Chaiyabhum) 200,000 Molasses / Sugarcane Chaiyabhum 7. Thai Sugar Ethanol 100,000 Molasses / Sugarcane Kanchanaburi 8. KI Ethanol 100,000 Molasses / Sugarcane Nakhon Ratsima 9. Petrogreen ( Kalasin) 200,000 Molasses / Sugarcane/Cassava Kalasin 10. Akarat Pattana 200,000 Molasses Nakhonsawan 11. Thai RoongRuang Energy 120,000 Molasses / Sugarcane Saraburi 12. Ratburi Ethanol Co., Ltd. 150,000 Molasses/Cassava Ratburi 13. ES Power Co., Ltd. 150,000 Molasses/Cassava Sarkaew 14 . Mae sord Co., Ltd. 200,000 Sugarcane Trak 15. Sapthip Co., Ltd. 200,000 Cassava Lopburi 16. Tai ping Ethanol Co., Ltd. 150,000 Cassava Sarkaew 17. P.S.C. Starch Product Plc. 150,000 Cassava Chonburi 18. Petrogreen ( Suphanburi) 200,000 Molasses / Sugarcane Suphanburi 19. Khon Khan Alcohol ( Kanchanaburi) 150,000 Molasses/Cassava Kanchanaburi Total cap. 2,925,000
    • Ethanol Plants Under Construction Remark : - Pha Kwhan Tip Co., Ltd. constructed 90 % but stop since 2008 - Double A Ethanol Co., Ltd. separate in to 2 phase of technology i.e. 1.Praj, 2.China(huada) . First phase use Praj technology Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Compan ies Installed Cap a city (L iters /d ay ) Province Feedstock Expected Operation Remark 1 TPK Ethanol Co., Ltd. Phase I 340,000 Nakhonratsima Cassava Q1/2011 Constructed 70 % TPK Ethanol Co., Ltd. Phase II,III 680,000 Nakhonratsima Cassava Q2/2011 Constructed 30 % 2 Double A Ethanol Co., Ltd. 250,000 Prachinburi Cassava Q1/2011 Constructed 70 % 3 Impressed Technology Co., Ltd 200,000 C hachoengsao Cassava Q4/2011 Constructed 30 % 4 Sima Inter Product Co., Ltd. 150,000 Chachoengsao Cassava Q2/2011 Constructed 30 % 5 Thai Agro Energy 200,000 Suphanburi Cassava Q2/2011 Constructed 80 % T otal Cap. 1,820,000
      • Gasahol Usage
      • Total GSH95, GSH91, E20 and E85 Usage 12.03 MLPD
      • (Jan. 11)
      • Total stock of ethanol 57.04 ML. (Dec. 10)
      • @ Oil companies 18.47 ML @ Ethanol producer 38.57 ML
      • Total GSH Service station 4,333 stations, 12 oil companies
      Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Gasohol service stations & Volume sale 12.03 MLPD Oil Companies Total Service Stations GSH Service Stations Dec. 10 Dec . 07 Dec . 08 Dec . 09 Ptt . 1,149 1,185 1,139 1,135 Bangchak 8 91 756 852 868 Shell 590 548 578 590 ESSO 553 513 550 553 Chevson 458 370 423 453 IRPC oil 1 1 1 1 Ptt. retail 145 146 146 145 Petronas 101 98 117 116 SUSCO 137 106 143 145 Pak tai 239 35 144 212 Thai oil 2 - 2 2 Rayong Pure 67 64 71 67 Total 4,333 3,822 4,166 4,287 GSH Service Stations Dec. 10 GSH E85 10 GSH E20 432 Ref. DOEB, Jan. 11 Total GSH+Gasoline (ML / day ) 20.13 100 % GSH 12.03 59.8% Gasoline 8.10 40.2%
    • Thai and Global Ethanol Price Thailand’s Ethanol export 2 producer exported ethanol 10.41 ML Ref : * Excise Department Jan. 11 Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Producers Export (ML. ) Destination Jan. 11 Accum. ( Jan . 08-Jan. 11) * Khonkan alchohol - 13.89 Singapore, Philippines, Australia Petrogreen 4.73 62.62 Singapore, Netherland, Arab Emirates, Japan Thai Sugar - 0.14 Taiwan Akarat 5.68 63.27 Singapore, Taiwan, Korea, Indonesia, Japan Thai Ngun - 0.0002 Philippines PSC Starch - 0.024 Netherland Sapthip - 0.05 China Total 10.41 139.99
      • Gasohol Measures
      • 1. Market incentive
      • Ethanol reference price (Feb. 11) = 26.73 Baht/liter
      • Current price: (Feb. 11)
        • ULG95 – E85 = 24.22-25.32 Baht/liter
        • ULG95 – E20 = 12.50-13.60 Baht/liter
        • ULG91 – Gasohol91 = 6.90 Baht/liter
        • ULG95 – Gasohol95 = 9.10-10.20 Baht/liter
      Bioethanol Policy Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022
      • 2. Promote E85 and FFVs (Flexible Fuel Vehicles)
      • Cabinet resolution 19 Nov. 08 National Agenda : Promote E85
      • Ministry of Finance: Reduction of customs from 80 % to 60 % for 2,000 imported FFVs ( 2,000 cc - 2,500 cc engine) before 31 Dec. 2009
      • Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Energy: Reduction of excise tax from 25 % – 22 % by using oil fund for 2,000 imported FFVs ( 2,000 cc - 2,500 cc engine) and domestic FFVs ( 2,000 cc - 2,500 cc engine) before 31 Dec. 2010
      • Current Status: At the end of Dec. 10 FFV Sell Volume is 3,443 cars (Volvo S80 & C30 577 cars, Mitsubishi Lancer Ex 2,866 cars ) and in Q4/2010 a new production line of FFVs open
      Bioethanol Policy Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022
    • 3. Reduction of customs and excise tax for FFVs (Flexible Fuel Vehicles) and imported FFVs parts Cabinet resolution 27 Apr. 10 Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Bioethanol Policy Item Incentive Policies ( Percent - % )
      • 1. Excise Tax
      • FFVs (Flexible Fuel Vehicles) cylinder volume
      • from 1,780 c.c . not exceed 2,000 c.c.
      • above 2,000 c.c . not exceed 2,500 c.c.
      • above 2,500 c.c . not exceed 3,000 c.c.
      Ministry of Finance Reduction of excise tax 3% from 25 to 22 from 30 to 27 from 35 to 32
      • 2. Custom
      • Imported CBU (Complete Build Up) FFVs
      • cylinder volume from 1,780 c.c. not exceed 3,000 c.c.
      • Imported FFVs parts
      • Ministry of Finance
      • Reduction of customs from 80 % to 60 %
      • 1 yr. for imported 2,000 FFVs
      • since this regulation enforce
      • To make a notification of
      • reduction of custom for imported FFVs parts
      3. Excise Tax compensation from Oil fund Ministry of Energy cancel excise tax compensation from Oil fund for imported FFVs and domestic FFVs since the regulation in No.1 enforce
    • Bioethanol Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Bioethanol Policy
      • 4. Cabinet resolution 25 Nov. 10 on Excise tax and Customs
      • To approve a draft of Ministerial Regulation under Ministry of Finance about reduction of excise tax
      • To behold a draft of Ministerial Regulation under Ministry of Finance about reduction of custom for imported 2,000 FFVs and imported FFVs parts
      • To commit Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Industrial to consider and reconstruct a whole excise tax
    • Biofuels in Thailand
    • B100 Marketing Enforcement B2 Enforcement B5 Optional B5 Optional B10 Sustainable B100 production B100 Production Biodiesel production from CPO and Sterine R&D production / Community usage Biodiesel standard development Feedstock Expanding Palm oil cultivation areas 2.5 million rai R&D Yield of palm 2.8 to 3.2 ton / rai / yr Sustainable CPO production R&D R&D and promote value added of gycerline / small CPO extraction unit R&D BTL / BHD Promote BTL and/or BHD, seaweed R&D biodiesel production from seaweed R&D Alternative feed stock for biodiesel production ZERO waste of Jatropha for biodiesel production 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 B5 nationwide, B10 optional Research on Biodiesel with fish boat Engines Budget ( M ฿ ) Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Demand B100 ( ML/day ) 1.35 1.35 1.35 3.02 3.64 4.50 129.75 37.4 29.4 19.4 450 330
    • Existing B100 plants 4 CPO / RBD 5 Palm Stearine 5 CPO / RBD/ Stearine Currently ( Jan. 11) 15 existing plants total installed cap. 6.01 Ml/day - CPO / RBD 4 Plants Cap. 2.36 Ml/day - Palm Stearine 5 Plants Cap. 2.35 Ml/day - CPO / RBD/ Palm Stearine 5 Plants Cap. 1. 2 0 Ml/day Biodiesel Production Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Material Permitted Plant Total cap. ( Ml / day ) 1 CPO / RBD 4 2.36 2 Palm Stearine 5 2.35 3 CPO / RBD / Palm Stearine 5 1.30 Total 15 6.01
    • Biodiesel Production Ref : DOEB, Jan. 11 Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 B100 producers Provinces Installed Capacity ( L / day ) 1. Bangchark Petroleum Bangkok 50,000 2. Bio Energy Plus Ayutthaya 100,000 3. Energy Asolute Prajeenburi 800,000 4. Patum Vegetable Oil Pathumtani 1,4 00,000 5. Green Power Cooperation Chumporn 200,000 6. AI Energy Samutsakorn 250,000 7. Veerasuwan Samutsakorn 200,000 8. Thai Oleochemical Rayong 685,800 9 . New Biodiesel Suratthani 220,000 10. Pure Biodiesel Rayong 300,000 1 1 . Technic Plus Petchaburi 1,200,000 1 2 . E-Ester Chaingrai 50,000 1 3 . Bangchark Biofuel Ayutthaya 300,000 1 4 . Bio Energy Plus 2 Ayutthaya 250,000 15. Bangkok Produce Sarabury 4,000 Total 6, 0 0 9 ,800
    • Biodiesel Volume Sale ( Jan. 11 )
        • B5 Volume Sale 16.86 ML / day (B100 0.843 ML / day)
        • Diesel (B3) Volume Sale 35.61 ML / day (B100 1.068 ML / day)
        • Total volume of B100 1.911 ML / day
      Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022
    • Biodiesel Service Stations & price 3 ,803 B5 service stations Ref : DOEB, EPPO , DIT Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022 Average Price Biodiesel = 53.66 ฿ / l. CPO = 47.58 ฿ / kg . In Jan. 11 Methanol = 13. 41 ฿ / kg . FFB = 9.14 ฿ / kg .
    • Biodiesel Policy
      • Market Incentive
      • Retailed price of B5 is lower than Diesel (B3) .
      • Current price : (Feb. 11) Diesel (B3) 30. 49 ฿ / L B5 29.99 ฿ / L
      • 2. Biodiesel Usage
      • Diesel ( B2) was enforced nationwide on 1 Feb, 2008 , while B5 will be enforced nationwide in 2011 by expanding palm oil cultivation 2.5 million rais in 2012 and using the rest of palm oil from exporting and domestic consumption. Now (Jun. 1,2010) we enforced B3 nationwide.
      Biodiesel Development Plan 2 008 - 2 022
    •  
      • The Renewable Energy Development Plan (REDP Master Plan 2008-2022) has been approved from the National Energy Policy and Planning Committee and Cabinet on 28 January 2009
      • Key objective is “To increase the ratio of national renewable energy usage to 20% of the final energy consumption
      • Development Framework = 3 phases – Short, Mid, Long-term
      Technology R&D to Market Renewable Energy Development Plan- Master Plan 2008 – 2022 Short-Term Promote proven technologies with financial measures Mid-Term - Promote Thai Technologies and continuous investment in Industries - R&D on pilot technologies for application including 2 nd- Gen & Non-Food Biofuels - Develop Green Community Model Long-Term - Promote high-end renewable energy ie. Hydrogen - Further implement Green Community - Promote Thailand as the center of production-market for biofuel in Asian. Develop Green Community Model
      • Developing Green Communities or Green Cities
      • 1. Partial Development
        • Waste management, Planting trees, Using clean energy
      • 2. Develop existing community to meet the Green City indicating factors
      • 3. Develop new model community based on the Green City indicating factors
      Green Community Development Praluay Green Island Chiang Mai World Green City
    • Green Island Development Abroad Denmark’s Renewable Energy Island Location Samso - Denmark (114 km 2 , Population 4,100) Funding Funding support from government, private investment in renewable energy, and the people of the island (about 66 million USD) Timeframe 10 years (1998 – 2008) Operations - Create renewable energy development plan for the island - Change the behavior from using fossil fuel - Develop renewable energies to generate electricity and heat in the island. Excess electricity are sold back to the main island. Target 100 % renewable energy island by 2008 Renewable Energy Development for Samso 1. 11 Onshore wind turbine ( 11 MW or 28,000 MWh) 2. 10 m high Offshore wind turbine ( excess electricity) 3. 2500 m 2 of solar panel combined with 900 MW wood chip fired boiler 4. 3 x Straw fired plants to generate heat for 571 households
    • Green Island Development Abroad South Korea Smart Grid Test-bed on Jeju Island Location Gujwa-eup, Jeju Island (185km 2 6,000 Households) Funding $ 200 mil ( $50 mil from government $150 mil from private sector ) Timeframe Dec 2009 – May 2 013 ( infrastructure 18 months and 24 months for Smart Grid testing system) Operations - Research collaboration with national and international universities including private sectors in modern technologies for Smart Grid - Focus on increasing efficiency in distribution and electricity usage in factory and households Develop electricity from wind, solar, and increase filling stations for electrical cars. Target Expect to use Smart grid all over the country by 2030
    • Green Island Development Abroad Singapore Project ot turn Pulau Ubin into a model “Green island” Location Pulau Ubin North East of Singapore Island (110km 2 , 100 inhabitants) Funding $ 170 mil from government and from private sector in the clean energy industry Operations - The Energy Market Authority (EMA) is responsible for the project to develop Pulau Ubin to be the test-bed for clean and renewable energy (Solar, wind, biomass, hydrogen, waves, biofuels) To be the electricity generator for community and business group. Currently, electricity is from diesel engine because there is no electrical cable from the main island. Target Global test-bedding site for new energy technologies
    • Green Island Development Abroad Project Renewable and Livelihood Development for the Poor in Negros Occidental Location Negros Occidental Island, the Philippines area 7 ,802.5 km 2 population = 2 ,370,269 Funding $ 1 .5 million from The Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction through The Asian Development Bank with timeframe of 2004-2007 Operations Winrock International Company with collaboration from The Provincial Government of Negros Occidental and Ministry of Energy Target Achieve 14 renewable energy resources, Mitigate poverty by agriculture and promotion of renewable energy usage
    • General Information about Praluay Island Location Praluay Island is located in Angthong district, Samui Island, Surat thani on the west of Samui Island. The upper area is in the Angthong National Forest and the rest is under Treasury Department Population 1 8 0 Households with 438 people – mainly are small local fishermen, rubber tree farm. They mainly live on the bay 3 communities and on the National Forest area is 1 community. Praluay Island Pangun Island Samui Island Surat thani Angthong National Forest Bay 1 Bay 4 Bay 3 Bay 2
    • General Information about Praluay Island To develop Praluay Island as clean energy model island by Dec 5, 2011 under Reduce Global Warming for His Majesty the King Campaign, Ministry of Energy Thursday, April 27, 1972 His Majesty the King and Her Majesty the Queen visited the people on Praluay Island by a small boat www . ohmpps . go . th
    • Basic Issues on Public Utilities Problems 1. Lack fresh water reservoir/irrigation system 2. Lack stable electricity development 3. Lack development in efficient transportation routes 4. All coconut trees were destroyed
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors in this project การพัฒนาสาธารณูปโภค ขั้นพื้นฐาน การสร้างความเข้าใจและการมีส่วนร่วมของชุมชน การพัฒนาพลังงานทดแทน และอนุรักษ์พลังงาน การพัฒนาเกาะพะลวยเป็นต้นแบบเกาะพลังงานสะอาด พัฒนาอ่างเก็บน้ำและระบบชลประทาน / ประปา ปรับปรุง / ซ่อมแซมถนน / ท่าเรือ พลังงานแสงอาทิตย์ ส่งเสริมความเข้าใจด้านพลังงาน / เกษตร พลังงานลม พลังงานชีวมวล ไบโอดีเซล ส่งเสริมการพัฒนาวิสาหกิจชุมชน / ชีววิถี กำหนดกติกาเพื่อพัฒนาคุณภาพชีวิตชุมชน ชีวภาพ / ขยะ การประหยัดพลังงาน
      • Strength
      • The island is in the main tourism area of Samui island
      • At present, Praluay is the stopping destination for tourist to have lunch.
      • There are some project on renewable energy such as Solar Home project of EGAT and Solar Cell System of DEDE.
      • Small island, low population – able to thoroughly develop
      • Weakness
      • Transportation from mainland only by boat (even days – 1 trip/day)
      • Lack basic utility such as water management, electricity, roads which influence on the develop of resources and activities in the area (agriculture)
      • Non-develop roads
      • Fisherman’s ways of life – mainly isolated from other people – difficult to unite the community together for activities
      • Opportunity
      • High fuel price on the island. High possibility to promote renewable energy development
      • Small Island – possible to thoroughly develop the clean energy
      • School on the island – able to convert to Learning Center for the Community
      • Fisherman’s ways of life – possible as attractions for conservative tourism
      • Praluay household ways of life – usually use wood as fuel in the household, able to use Biomass technology for energy efficiency
      • Threat
      • Without sufficient water management, it will be very difficult to develop the island
      • There are no coconut on the island due to insect disease – coconut has potential to be used for renewable energy
      • Island is in the natural forest conservation area- some rules and regulation may obstruct with green island project
      • Equipment is broken and/or need maintenance from the government sector – reduce credibility from the community
      • Lack financial support
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors
      • Strength
      • The island is in the main tourism area of Samui island
      • At present, Praluay is the stopping destination for tourist to have lunch.
      • There are some project on renewable energy such as Solar Home project of EGAT and Solar Cell System of DEDE.
      • Small island, low population – able to thoroughly develop
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors
      • Weakness
      • Transportation from mainland only by boat (even days – 1 trip/day)
      • Lack basic utility such as water management, electricity, roads which influence on the develop of resources and activities in the area (agriculture)
      • Non-develop roads
      • Fisherman’s ways of life – mainly isolated from other people – difficult to unite the community together for activities
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors
      • Opportunity
      • High fuel price on the island. High possibility to promote renewable energy development
      • Small Island – possible to thoroughly develop the clean energy
      • School on the island – able to convert to Learning Center for the Community
      • Fisherman’s ways of life – possible as the attractions for conservative tourism
      • Praluay household ways of life – usually use wood as fuel in the household, able to use Biomass technology for energy efficiency
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors
      • Threat
      • Without sufficient water management, it will be very difficult to develop the island
      • There are no coconut on the island due to insect disease – coconut has potential to be used for renewable energy
      • Island is in the natural forest conservation area- some rules and regulation may obstruct with green island project
      • Equipment is broken and/or need maintenance from the government sector – reduce credibility from the community
      • Lack financial support
    • Frameworks for Operating Plan Short Term Goals 2010 Long Term Goals 2 011 -2 022
      • Develop Trust in the Community
      • Develop Basic Utilities
        • Solve community issue to create trust, develop good relations through various communal activities, promote strong community energy council, promote self sustainability
        • Collaborate with various organization and supporters to develop basic utilities
        • Improve, install electricity generator from solar and other potential renewable energy sources
      • Promote renewable energy as core for sustainable way of living
        • Create income and value-add to the local resources
        • Create network, promotion, public relation to induce other communities to follow the model community
      Quantitative Goals Qualitative Goals Better quality of living for the community by sustainable and efficient resources management Collaboration from every sector Government/State Enterprise/Private/Local People 100 % Renewable Energy Usage on Island
        • Strive toward the first clean energy – Island in Thailand
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Focus on community participation Develop community relations and togetherness Listen to the opinion and need of community Transfer renewable energy technologies to the community
    • กรอบแนวคิดในการจัดทำแผนปฏิบัติการ Success Factors Develop basic utilities Develop community understand and participation Develop renewable energy and conservation of energy Development of Praluay Island – Clean Energy Island Model Fix and maintain water reservoir and water supply system Fix and maintain road/harbour Solar energy Promote understand in the area of energy/agriculture Wing energy Biomass energy Biodiesel Promote community enterprise/ways of living/tourism Define rules for the development of quality of living and the environment Biomass / wastes Energy efficiency Collaboration from every sector Government/State Enterprise/Private/Local People Install light system
    • Creating Community Relations Content Assembly Camp to develop Praluay Island Expected Results Create community leaders Affect political policy Have community council to develop island Academic network and continuous activities Know-self Understand oneself Know how to think and learn Virtues - sacrifice - care Determination Free Trade Global Warming – Natural Disaster Borderless World Dominated by global trends Corruption State system Local – distribution of powers Central Government System Thai Strength Agricultural Product World Kitchen Tourism Thai Weakness Patronage system dominant Lack Principal Know-world Know - Thailand Leader and Members in the network = 100 Group and organization Experience strength Lack to the government Attached to some activities weakness obstacles Dominance of the System Personal Limitations activities งานสนาม 4 พื้นที่ เขียนแผนที่เดินดิน ( รายอ่าว ) Know managing science Know community roots Community Development Collaboration Develop people - organization Target Group Culture Community Ways of living Developing Ways Activities after the camp Develop Leaders Network Evaluate changes in people - community Trainee develop experience and learning Learning Process: Study the Science – Synthesize the experience – Conclude – Body of Knowledge – Self Development
    • Problems in Praluay Island Problem Solving Methods Plan/Projects Immediate Phase Plan/Projects Mid-Term Phase Plan/Projects Long-Term Phase Plan/Projects Maps/ community plans
    • Members in Praluay Island conclude their opinion and the need for the development of Praluay Green Island
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • Praluay Island Community Development Council Managing Director Environmental Council Energy Council Quality of Living Development Council Tourism Promotion Council Managing Office Road, fresh water, Education, agriculture Public health Public relations Electricity Petroleum Environment, trash
    •  
    • Mind Map
    • Strategic map
    • Work Plan Key Performance Index Responsible Entity
    • Paluai Green Island To develop Paluai Island as clean energy model island by Dec 5, 2011 under Reduce Global Warming for His Majesty the King Campaign, Ministry of Energy
    • Paluai Green Island Kick off on 19 th Feb, 2011 At Paluai Island
    • Implemented projects on Paluai Solar Energy
    • Implemented projects on Paluai Water reservoir development
    • Implemented projects on Paluai High Efficiency cooking Stove Charcoal producing equipment
    • Future projects on Paluai Hybrid system (wing + solar) for power generation Restore Coconut tree
    • Future projects on Paluai Fix and maintenance local road Promote bio-diesel utilization in fishing boat Electric motorcycle
    • Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) Ministry of Energy 17 Rama 1 Road, Patumwan Bangkok 10330 www.dede.go.th Thank you “ We commit to the stability of energy development”