VIVA EASTPART presentation round table_EU


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VIVA EASTPART presentation round table_EU

  2. 2. Local people must lead with elements based on active participation and a clear methodology, a territorial roadmap and a strategy where territorial diagnostics, specific proposals and results in the short, medium and long term are implemented.
  3. 3. WHAT
  4. 4. MINOR HISTORIC CENTRES Socio-cultural territorial units of settlements that have given birth to original landscape and to city- countryside relationships that are typical of a civilisation deeply rooted in the territory. These systems can represent [...] points of reference for tourist itineraries based on the principles of [...] environmental rehabilitation and sustainability, with the purpose of creating a net of dynamic relationships, which aim at a revival of the socio-economic fabric of some of the weakest areas of the Eastern partnership.
  5. 5. EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION 2000 Landscape" is defined as a zone or area as perceived by local people or visitors, whose visual features and character are the result of the action of natural and/or cultural (that is, human) factors. This definition reflects the idea that landscapes evolve through time, as a result of being acted upon by natural forces and human beings. It also underlines that a landscape forms a whole, whose natural and cultural components are taken together, not separately. Convention applies to the entire territory of the Parties and covers natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas. It includes land, inland water and marine areas. It concerns landscapes that might be considered outstanding as well as everyday or degraded landscapes.
  6. 6. TERRITORIAL CULTURAL SYSTEMS Individual places within networks of minor historical centres linked by history, traditions, and/or natural elements in common (mountains, forests, river systems or other natural elements). A “Territorial Cultural System” is both a theory and a methodology that offers opportunities to answer to some important questions: the relation between culture and territory, local identity and global heritage, the question about conservation versus transformation or between normative versus operational planning, in the end the positive relation between conservation and valorisation from a spatial perspective and a sustainable socio- economic development.
  8. 8. HOW
  9. 9. Integrated Cultural Territorial: Methodology It addresses both the physical landscape and the social landscape (socio-economic) of a given territory, both tangible and intangible assets and their relationships. It is a structural process organised by projects. It identifies in a sort of hierarchy: integrated components, intervention priorities, demostrative projects, etc. It could be incrementally built by parts that may each have meaning and functional self-efficacy, while being inserted into a unitary overall methodological framework. It could be implemented in time: it does not need to be immediately a “final and complete Plan“. The various parts can be articulated and complete with subsequent additions and amendments.
  10. 10. Integrated Cultural Territorial: Methodology It is flexible. It is not a plan "hard" and "normative", but above all works "multiscale scenario“: A spatial program addressing the area and identifying potential projects at the local scale (historic minor centers or systems), with guidelines for developing the projects components in a coordinated manner and in accordance with prevailing objectives of conservation and development of resources; however, if useful or necessary, some specific areas or projects or parts of projects may be subject to normative planning or design rules. It is also flexible in time as it is also conceived as a process. It has to be verified through monitoring on the state of implementation of the projects and on the effects produced by the interventions, with any necessary corrections during implementation. It is a strategic planning process (shared, participatory, concerted, communicative). It must be managed ("accompanied" by public authorities, operators and associations).
  11. 11. Process of formation of a Integrated Cultural Territorial Plan 1. Starting the process (initial knowledge base) 2. Area based approach: the landscape (the unit); 3. Scenario of the future physical and social landscape; 4. Guidelines and rules for the preservation, enhancement and transformation projects; 5. Operational Programmes and Plans (action plans); 6. Projects (demostrative projects); 7. Management of design and implementation process
  12. 12. Starting the process (initial knowledge base) Mapping and profiling of the tangible assets Mapping and recording of intangible assets Mapping and profiling can be performed initially and also given in a reduced form. "Atlas of cultural and natural heritage" to conceive as a gathering place, open and implementable, news and information on the shareholders of a given territory. Bottom-up contributions from the associations and scholars in the formation of a first draft.
  13. 13. mapping of the forest heritage
  14. 14. The historical and archaeological values
  15. 15. Area based approach: the landscape (the unit) On the basis of basic knowledge gathered, there are to be found the "Areas of landscape" and the scale of the area’s heritage values (the​​ "hierarchy of heritage values"). The scope of term “landscape” can be defined as the optimal size and minimum recognisable with given characteristics of perception, physical and socio-economic unity and/or homogeneity. The scope of the landscape is found in relation to the opportunity or need to identify policies and addresses structure and adapted to the specific characteristics of the given scope. In fact, the area of the Plan (generally identified with Administrative criterion) can also be identified as an Area of landscape unit, but in general provide a​​ system composed of several landscape zones. It should be the "structure", the axis of a the Plan, the reference base (though, as mentioned, integrated and modified over time) for the process of elaboration of the successive phases
  16. 16. "Scenario of the future physical and social landscape" As the proposed structure which includes both physical and social arrangements, the scenario consists of communication design and a text of "guidelines" that have no normative value, but only indicative .. A sort of "guide" to the future scenario. To be effective, the scenario must be formalized as a program to be adopted by the local administrative level (associations of municipalities and / or Province and / Region) which includes the part of the territory affected by the scenario itself
  17. 17. Physical Asset Scenario
  18. 18. Guidelines and rules for the preservation, enhancement and transformation projects Regulations, manuals, project type, procedures and tools to control the quality of interventions, etc., such as: – Regulations for planting trees – Manuals for building restoration – Intervention Manual of bioengineering In the implementation phase, this phase can be processed after stages 5 and 6.
  19. 19. Operational Programmes and Plans (action plans) Action plans are identified through participatory processes- consultation (every three years, every five years, or with continuity over time). Interventions will be identified in the base of physical and social structure, which are considered a priority and that should be promoted, or those mature in terms of political and administrative will, of available operators, used resources and for which projects can be processed. In any case, the criteria for inclusion of a project in the operational program are those of the congruence with the scenario and the degree of feasibility.
  20. 20. Projects in a cultural territorial system
  21. 21. “Roads/Streets in the landscape”
  22. 22. Management of design and implementation process Key factor for success (the effectiveness and usefulness) of a process is its management. The governance management skills ("accompanying" the plan), the levels of involvement or expertise, and also by the point of view of operators and associations concerned. "Handbook to manage process/plan“ to be implemented over time, in parallel, with the previous six operating points.
  23. 23. Territorial Operational Planning vs. Territorial Normative Planning Operational dilemmas and challenges associated with the practice of community-based territorial planning.