Local people must lead with elements
based on active participation and a clear
methodology, a territorial roadmap and a
where territorial diagnostics, specific
proposals and results in the short, medium
and long term are implemented.
MINOR HISTORIC CENTRES
Socio-cultural territorial units of settlements that
have given birth to original landscape and to city-
countryside relationships that are typical of a
civilisation deeply rooted in the territory.
These systems can represent [...] points of reference
for tourist itineraries based on the principles of [...]
environmental rehabilitation and sustainability, with
the purpose of creating a net of dynamic relationships,
which aim at a revival of the socio-economic fabric of
some of the weakest areas of the Eastern partnership.
EUROPEAN LANDSCAPE CONVENTION 2000
Landscape" is defined as a zone or area as perceived by
local people or visitors, whose visual features and character
are the result of the action of natural and/or cultural (that
is, human) factors. This definition reflects the idea that
landscapes evolve through time, as a result of being acted
upon by natural forces and human beings. It also underlines
that a landscape forms a whole, whose natural and cultural
components are taken together, not separately.
Convention applies to the entire territory of the Parties and
covers natural, rural, urban and peri-urban areas. It
includes land, inland water and marine areas. It concerns
landscapes that might be considered outstanding as well as
everyday or degraded landscapes.
TERRITORIAL CULTURAL SYSTEMS
Individual places within networks of minor historical
centres linked by history, traditions, and/or natural
elements in common (mountains, forests, river systems or
other natural elements).
A “Territorial Cultural System” is both a theory and a
methodology that offers opportunities to answer to some
important questions: the relation between culture and
territory, local identity and global heritage, the question
about conservation versus transformation or between
normative versus operational planning, in the end the
positive relation between conservation and valorisation
from a spatial perspective and a sustainable socio-
VALEA HARTIBACIULUI (ROMANIA)
TAVUSH REGION: DILIJAN AREA (ARMENIA)
CAHUL RAION (REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA)
Integrated Cultural Territorial: Methodology
It addresses both the physical landscape and the social
landscape (socio-economic) of a given territory, both
tangible and intangible assets and their relationships.
It is a structural process organised by projects. It identifies
in a sort of hierarchy: integrated components, intervention
priorities, demostrative projects, etc.
It could be incrementally built by parts that may each have
meaning and functional self-efficacy, while being inserted
into a unitary overall methodological framework.
It could be implemented in time: it does not need to be
immediately a “final and complete Plan“. The various parts
can be articulated and complete with subsequent additions
Integrated Cultural Territorial: Methodology
It is flexible. It is not a plan "hard" and "normative", but above all
works "multiscale scenario“: A spatial program addressing the area
and identifying potential projects at the local scale (historic minor
centers or systems), with guidelines for developing the projects
components in a coordinated manner and in accordance with
prevailing objectives of conservation and development of resources;
however, if useful or necessary, some specific areas or projects or
parts of projects may be subject to normative planning or design
It is also flexible in time as it is also conceived as a process. It has to be
verified through monitoring on the state of implementation of the
projects and on the effects produced by the interventions, with any
necessary corrections during implementation.
It is a strategic planning process (shared, participatory, concerted,
It must be managed ("accompanied" by public authorities, operators
Process of formation of a
Integrated Cultural Territorial Plan
1. Starting the process (initial knowledge base)
2. Area based approach: the landscape (the unit);
3. Scenario of the future physical and social landscape;
4. Guidelines and rules for the preservation,
enhancement and transformation projects;
5. Operational Programmes and Plans (action plans);
6. Projects (demostrative projects);
7. Management of design and implementation process
Starting the process
(initial knowledge base)
Mapping and profiling of the tangible assets
Mapping and recording of intangible assets
Mapping and profiling can be performed initially and
also given in a reduced form.
"Atlas of cultural and natural heritage" to conceive
as a gathering place, open and implementable, news
and information on the shareholders of a given
Bottom-up contributions from the associations and
scholars in the formation of a first draft.
mapping of the forest heritage
The historical and archaeological values
Area based approach:
the landscape (the unit)
On the basis of basic knowledge gathered, there are to be found the "Areas of
landscape" and the scale of the area’s heritage values (the "hierarchy of
The scope of term “landscape” can be defined as the optimal size and
minimum recognisable with given characteristics of perception, physical and
socio-economic unity and/or homogeneity.
The scope of the landscape is found in relation to the opportunity or need to
identify policies and addresses structure and adapted to the specific
characteristics of the given scope.
In fact, the area of the Plan (generally identified with Administrative criterion)
can also be identified as an Area of landscape unit, but in general provide a
system composed of several landscape zones.
It should be the "structure", the axis of a the Plan, the reference base
(though, as mentioned, integrated and modified over time) for the process of
elaboration of the successive phases
"Scenario of the future physical
and social landscape"
As the proposed structure which includes both physical and
social arrangements, the scenario consists of communication
design and a text of "guidelines" that have no normative
value, but only indicative .. A sort of "guide" to the future
To be effective, the scenario must be formalized as a program
to be adopted by the local administrative level (associations
of municipalities and / or Province and / Region) which
includes the part of the territory affected by the scenario
Physical Asset Scenario
Guidelines and rules for the
preservation, enhancement and
Regulations, manuals, project type, procedures and tools to
control the quality of interventions, etc., such as:
– Regulations for planting trees
– Manuals for building restoration
– Intervention Manual of bioengineering
In the implementation phase,
this phase can be processed after stages 5 and 6.
Operational Programmes and Plans
Action plans are identified through participatory processes-
consultation (every three years, every five years, or with
continuity over time).
Interventions will be identified in the base of physical and social
structure, which are considered a priority and that should be
promoted, or those mature in terms of political and
administrative will, of available operators, used resources and
for which projects can be processed.
In any case, the criteria for inclusion of a project in the
operational program are those of the congruence with the
scenario and the degree of feasibility.
Projects in a cultural territorial system
“Roads/Streets in the landscape”
Management of design and
Key factor for success (the effectiveness and
usefulness) of a process is its management.
The governance management skills ("accompanying"
the plan), the levels of involvement or expertise, and
also by the point of view of operators and
"Handbook to manage process/plan“ to be
implemented over time, in parallel, with the previous
six operating points.
Territorial Operational Planning
Territorial Normative Planning
Operational dilemmas and challenges associated
with the practice of community-based territorial