The Doel ships: interpretations and conclusionJeroen VermeerschSCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE 201325 April 2013‘De Kogge’ team: T. Lenaerts, J. Van Laecke, T. Jacobs, L. Poelmans, K. Haneca, K. Deforce, J. Vanmassenhove, S. Corveleyn, P. De Neef,N. Beernaert, F. Vereycken, W. Bartels , L. Allemeersch and C. Lenaers (†)
Doel 1 Doel 2Containers 26/29 1/4Timbers 700 31Tree ring series 147 15Samples taken 340 19
Doel 1 Doel 2Keel length (incl hooks) 8 (11,24) 8? (11,24)Carvel strakes 4 (symmetrical) 3 (remaining)Clinker strakes 14 0Framing stations Ca. 40 (assymetrical) Ca. 20Reconstructed dimensions Ca. 21 m x 7, 5 x 4 m Ca. 21 m x 7, 5 x 4mFelling date 1325/26 1328-1340Provenance Lower Saxony Southern Baltic(Gdansk area)Repairs 1339/Southern Baltic(Gdansk area)Caulking Mainly mosses (1 ex.wool)Mainly mosses (1ex. wool)
3D drawings -> scale model Landscape & History of the areaWhat’s next? - Need for further analysis!sGrooten - 1575
3D drawings -> laser-sintered models (FRAUG)-understanding interconnection of the (+ 800) ship parts-working towards the original form-hull analysis, stability, hydrostatic analysis, etc.-comparison with similarly-built vessels (cogs/cog-like/hybrids)
Take home messagesTree-ring analysis essential in archaeological researchon ship remains. Not only a ‘nice’ dating technique.ProvenanceTimber conversionShip construction/layout…Repairs have high information content.Symmetrical layout (of bottom) on other cog finds?Deviating date of keelplank from other cog finds?
Landscape & History of the areaBoth ships laying upside-downUnderstanding the medievallandscape and its use (maritimecultural landscape)Maritime history of the areaDoelAntwerpBrugesGhent
Conclusion‘Belgium is a microcosm ofWestern Europe (…). The Scheldtand Meuse basins have not onlyserved as the cockpits of Europe:they were also the place whereideas were traded between theLatin and German world (…), it wastheir ports which for centurieswere the entrepôt for merchandisefrom both North and South’.Henri Pirenne,Histoire de Belgique, 1900s
Een huisstijl voor het VIOEThank you for your attention!