“Facts and Statistics”Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico,betweenBelize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala andthe USCapital: Mexico CityClimate: varies from tropical to desertPopulation: 104,959,594Ethnic Make-up: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantlyAmerindian 30%,white 9%, other 1%Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 6%, other 5%Government: federal republic
“Language in Mexico”Spanish control of Mexico led to the dominance of Spanish, the official language. Asmany as 100 Native American languages are still spoken in Mexico, but no singlealternative language prevails. Eighty percent of those Mexicans who speak anindigenous language also speak Spanish. The most important of the Native Americanlanguages is Nahuatl.“Mexican Society & Culture”Mexican Family Values. The family is at the centre of the social structure.. Outside of the major cosmopolitan cities, families are still generally large.. The extended family is as important as the nuclear family since it provides a sense ofstability.. Mexicans consider it their duty and responsibility to help family members. For example,the will help find employment or finance a house or other large purchase.. Most Mexican families are extremely traditional, with the father as the head, theauthority figure and the decision-maker.. Mothers are greatly revered, but their role may be seen as secondary to that of theirhusband.
Hierarchical Society. Mexican society and business are highly stratified and vertically structured.. Mexicans emphasize hierarchical relationships.. People respect authority and look to those above them for guidance and decision-making.. Rank is important, and those above you in rank must always be treated withrespect.. This makes it important to know which person is in charge, and leads to anauthoritarian approach to decision-making and problem- solving.. Mexicans are very aware of how each individual fits into each hierarchy--be itfamily, friends or business.. It would be disrespectful to break the chain of hierarchy.Machismo. Machismo literally means masculinity.. There are different outward behaviours to display machismo.. For example, making remarks to women is a stereotypical sign of machismo andshould not be seen as harassment.. Mexican males generally believe that nothing must be allowed to tarnish theirimage as a man.
“Etiquette & Customs in Mexico”Meeting Etiquette. When greeting in social situations, women pat each other on the right forearm orshoulder, rather than shake hands. Men shake hands until they know someone well, at which time they progress to themore traditional hug and back slapping.. Wait until invited before using a Mexicans first nameGift Giving Etiquette. If invited to a Mexicans house, bring a gift such as flowers or sweets.. Gift wrapping does not follow any particular protocol.. Do not give marigolds as they symbolize death.. Do not give red flowers as they have a negative connotation.. White flowers are a good gift as they are considered uplifting.. Gifts are opened immediately.. If you receive a gift, open it and react enthusiastically.
“Business Etiquette and Protocol in Mexico”Relationships & Communication.The right connections facilitate business success..You will be judged by the person who introduces you and changing this first impressionis nearly impossible. .. After the initial getting-to-know-you meeting, the senior executive may not attendmeetings or be visible.. Demonstrating trustworthiness, sincerity, and integrity are crucial to buildingrelationships.. Expect to answer questions about your personal background, family and life interests.Business Meeting Etiquette. Business appointments are required and should be made at least 2 weeks in advance.Reconfirm the appointment one week before the meeting.. Reconfirm the meeting again once you arrive in Mexico and make sure that thesecretary of the person you will be meeting knows how to contact you.. It is important that you arrive on time for meetings, although your Mexican businessassociates may be up to 30 minutes late.. Do not appear irritated if this occurs as people often run behind schedule.. Meetings may be postponed with little advance warning.. Initial meetings are formal.. Have all written material available in both English and Spanish.. Agendas are not common. If they are given, they are not always followed.
Business Negotiation. Since Mexicans are status conscious, you should always have someone on yournegotiating team who is an executive.. If you do not speak Spanish, hire an interpreter.. It will take several meetings to come to an agreement.. Face-to-face meetings are preferred over telephone, letters or email.. Negotiations and decisions take a long time. You must be patient.. Deadlines are seen as flexible and fluid, much like time itself.. Negotiations will include a fair amount of haggling. Do not give your best offer first.. Do not include an attorney on your negotiating teamBusiness Cards. Business cards are exchanged during introductions with everyone at a meeting.. It is advisable to have one side of your business card in Spanish.. Business cards should contain both your professional and educational qualifications.. Present your business card with the Spanish side facing the recipient.