Englands national sport is cricket although tomany people football (soccer) is seen as ournational sport.
Cricket The rules of cricket became the responsibility, in the 18th century, of the Marylebone Cricket Club(MCC), based at Lord’s cricket ground in north London.
How to play CricketTeams are made up of 11 players each. They play with aball slightly smaller than a baseball and a bat shaped like apaddle. Two batters stand in front of wickets, set about 20metres apart.Each wicket consists of three wooden rods (stumps)pushed into the ground, with two small pieces of wood(bails) balanced on top. A member of the opposing team(the bowler) throws the ball towards one of the batters, whomust hit the ball so that it does not knock a bail off thewicket.If the ball travels far enough, the two batters run back andforth between the wickets while the fielders on the opposingteam try to catch the ball. The game is scored according tothe number of runs, which is the number of times thebatters exchange places.
FootballIs our most popular sport. Some of Englandsfootball teams are world famous, the mostfamous being Manchester United, Arsenal andLiverpool.
Did you know?The first set of laws of the game of football, or socceras it is known in the US, date from the formation ofThe Football Association in England in 1863.In the English Football League there are 92 professionalclubs. These are semi-professional, so most playershave other full-time jobs. Hundreds of thousands ofpeople also play football in parks and playgrounds justfor fun.The highlight of the English football year is the FA(Football Association) Cup Final each May.
Rugby originated from Rugby school in Warwickshire.It is similar to football, but played with an oval ball. Playerscan carry the ball and tackle each other. The best rugbyteams compete in the Super League final each September.For many years Rugby was only played by the rich upperclasses, but now it is popular all over the country. There aretwo different types of rugby - Rugby League, played mainlyin the north of England, and Rugby Union, played in the restof England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland, together with Franceand Italy, play in an annual tournament called the SixNations.American Football derived from game of Rugby alsoBaseball derived from the old English game of Rounders.
WHAT IS POLO?The fastest ball sport in the world, it is played with four menon horses to a team. A ball is hit with a stick towards thegoal, one at each end of a 300 yard long by 160 yard widefield.A game consists of 4 to 6 periods called chukkas, a chukkais 7 minutes long. Teams change ends each time a goal isscored. It can be played by men and women of anystandard.
The handicap system goes from -2 at the bottom to thevery best at 10. In handicap tournaments the number ofgoals start is obtained by multiplying the differencebetween the two teams total handicaps by the numberof chukkas to be played and then dividing by 6.There are usually two umpires on ponies on the field,and a third man, the referee, on the side line.Arena Polo is played during the winter, three aside andin an arena 300 feet by 150 feet.Where to play? Polo clubs can be found throughout theCountry, many of them catering for beginners. Some ofthe Pony Clubs have also taken up polo resulting in anincrease in young players.
Where to learn? The H.P.A. can supply a list of"Approved Coaches".Who can play? There is no age limit. The H.P.A. has2,000 members of all ages, playing through 51 clubsand 62 pony clubs.Equipment? Helmets are compulsory. Pony Club - onlyone pony is needed and sticks and balls can beprovided. Clubs - ponies, sticks and balls can be hiredfor hour sessions from some clubs. Normal games - aminimum of two ponies are needed.Brought to Britain from India in the 19th Century byarmy officers. It is the fastest ball sport in the world.
Traditionally Boxing Day is a day for fox hunting. Thehuntsmen and huntswomen ride horses. They use dogstoo.The dogs (fox hounds) follow the smell of the fox. Thenthe huntsmen and huntswomen follow the hounds.Before a Boxing Day hunt, the huntsmen andhuntswomen drink hot wine. But the tradition of theDecember 26th is changing. Now, some people want tostop Boxing Day hunts (and other hunts too) They dontlike fox hunting. For them it is not a sport - it is cruel.
Netball Netball is the largest female team sport in England. The sport is played almost exclusively by women and girls, although male participation has increased in recent years.
Netball is a ball sport played between two teams of sevenplayers. Its development, derived from early versionsof basketball, began in England in the 1890s.Games are played on a rectangular court with raised goalrings at each end. Each team attempts to score goals bypassing a ball down the court and shooting it through itsgoal ring. Players are assigned specific positions, whichdefine their roles within the team and restrict their movementto certain areas of the court.During general play, a player with the ball can hold onto it foronly three seconds before shooting for a goal or passing toanother player. The winning team is the one that scores themost goals. Netball games are 60 minutes long
Darts Darts is a very popular pub game. The game of darts, as it is today, was invented in the north of England in a town called Grimsby. However, the origins of the game date back to at least the Middle Ages.
Golf Scotland is traditionally regarded as the home of golf. There are over 400 golf courses in Scotland alone. The most important golf club in Scotland is in the seaside town of St. Andrews, near Dundee.
Horseracing, the sport of Kings is a very popular sport withmeetings being held every day throughout the year. TheDerby originated here, as did The Grand National which isthe hardest horse race in the world.Horse racing and greyhound racing are popular spectatorsports. People can place bets on the races at legal off-trackbetting shops. Some of the best-known horse races are heldat Ascot, Newmarket, Goodwood and Epsom.Ascot, a small town in the south of England, becomes thecentre of horse-racing world for one week in June. Its calledRoyal Ascot because the Queen always goes to Ascot. Shehas a lot of racehorses and likes to watch racing.
The most important The most important thing is that the sport rather than a physical activity dating back to be a tradition every sport has its history. is important to note that most of these games were made in wet weather or very cold, unlike other countries where the parties come to stay because of the rain. Most of these sports were started exclusively for men, but currently looks more female participation.The discipline, teamwork and leadership roles begin to learn in a team sport. Children learnto be supportive and begin to understand the meaning of victory and defeat.Exercise improves mental functioning, autonomy, memory, speed, "body image" and the feel-good, there is stability in personality characterized by optimism, euphoria and mentalflexibility.Provide benefits across many health and psychological aspects such as the heart, lungs andmetabolism without mentioning that reduces stress and releases endorphinsIt is advisable to make minimum 30 minutes of physical activity a day, either from walking inthe park or playing some sport as cricket or rugby
UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE NUEVO LEÓN Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica BRITISH CULTURE C. OcañasHector Robledo Veloz 1495008Saúl Sánchez Saldívar 1495729