MCX Stock Exchange Limited (MCX-SX), India‟s new stock
exchange, commenced operations in the Currency Derivatives
(CD) segment on October 7, 2008 under the regulatory
framework of Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and
Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
The Exchange is recognised by SEBI under Section 4 of
Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.
In line with global best practices and regulatory requirements,
clearing and settlement is conducted through a separate clearing
corporation, MCX-SX Clearing Corporation Ltd. (MCX-SX
MCX-SX received permissions to deal in Interest Rate
Derivatives, Equity, Futures & Options on Equity and Wholesale
Debt Segment, vide SEBI‟s letter dated July 10, 2012.
Headquartered in Mumbai
Having started operations in November
2003, today, MCX holds a market share of over 80%*
(87.3% during the nine months ended December
31, 2011 and 82.4% inFY2011) of the Indian
commodity futures market
Has more than 2,153 registered members operating
through over 2,96,896 including computer-to-computer
link (CTCL) trading terminals spread over 1,572 cities
and towns across India
The Exchange was the fifth largest commodity
exchange, among all the commodity exchanges
considered in the Futures Industry Association
survey, in terms of the number of contracts traded for
the six months ended June 30, 2011
MCX offers more than 40 commodities across various
segments such as bullion , ferrous and non-ferrous
metals, energy, and a number of agri-commodities on
It was the first exchange in India to offer futures trading in steel,
crude oil, and almond.
MCX HAS introduced several other indices, including
MCXAgri (agriculturalcommodities index), MCXEnergy (energy
commodities index) and MCXMetal (metalcommodities index).
It also has three rain indices, namely RAINDEXMUM
(Mumbai), RAINDEXIDR(Indore), and RAINDEXJAI (Jaipur)
which track the progress of monsoon rains in their respective
geographic locations .
In December 2009, it launched EFP transactions for the first time
in India, which enables parties with futures positions to swap
their positions in the physical markets and vice versa
MCX offers futures trading in bullion, ferrous and
non-ferrous metals, energy, and a number of
agricultural commodities (mentha oil, cardamom,
potatoes, palm oil and others)
A futures contract is a standardised contract between
two parties to buy or sell a specified asset of
standardized quantity and quality for a price agreed
upon today (the futures price or strike price) with
delivery and payment occurring at a specified future
date, the delivery date.
The contracts are negotiated at a futures exchange,
which acts as an intermediary between the two parties
Bullion refers to precious metals in bulk form which
are regularly traded on commodity markets
The value of bullion is typically determined by the
value of its precious metals content, which is defined
by its purity and mass
The specifications of bullion are often regulated by
market bodies or legislation
Gold, Gold HNI, Gold M, i-gold, Silver, Silver HNI,
Silver M,, Silver Micro
Aluminium, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Steel Long
(Bhavnagar), Steel Long (Govindgarh), Steel
Flat, Tin, Zinc
◦ Brent Crude Oil, Crude Oil, Furnace Oil, Natural Gas, M. E.
Sour Crude Oil, ATF, Electricity(Now delisted), Carbon Credit
◦ HDPE, Polypropylene(PP), PVC
The Exchange received permissions to deal in Interest
Rate Derivatives, Equity, Futures & Options on Equity
and Wholesale Debt Segment, vide SEBI‟s letter dated
July 10, 2012
Mock Trading in equity conducted on 19th Nov 2012
commence operations in equity trading as soon as it
reaches the critical mass of registering 350 members
The Exchange had received a record number of over
700 applications for new membership during its
inaugural membership drive that commenced on
September 5, 2012.
MCX-SX currently offers a world-class
electronic trading platform in currency futures contracts
MCX-SX has been a market leader in this
segment, witnessing a steady and significant growth in
average daily turnover and open interest ever since its
The average daily turnover (ADT) of MCX-SX
currency futures stood at Rs 12,927.83 crore at the end
of June 2012, a significant rise from an ADT of Rs
324.78 crore in the first month of operations.
The latest move by MCX-SX is bound to increase the
competition in the currency options segment, which is
currently dominated by the National Stock Exchange
In July „12, NSE registered a total turnover of R1.32
lakh crore in currency options.
The United Stock Exchange (USE) also offers trading
in currency options but the volume is negligible.
ADVANTAGES OF MCX
• MCX has been at the forefront to spread awareness and
benefits of the commodity futures market by
conducting series of seminars and tie ups across India.
• India‟s largest and the world‟s 8th largest commodity
• With more than 80% market share the exchange
provides high liquidity and its strong risk management
systems assure participants of secure transactions on an
online trading platform.
With a strong technology-backed trading platform and
infrastructure MCX is able to provide high liquidity
and low impact cost of transactions
Rapid growth in operations has been supported by best
practices in risk management
Strong competitive position in the market
Product portfolio geared towards commodities linked to
global price movements
85% of MCX‟s turnover is through metal and energy
These commodities have higher volumes but they also
have higher turnover which generates higher
transaction fees compared to agricultural commodities.
FTIL‟s expertise in exchange technology solutions
bodes well for MCX
MCX‟s electronic platform is supported by its infrastructure and
advanced technology, allowing faster trade execution, anonymity,
price transparency, prompt and reliable order routing, trade
reporting, market data dissemination and market surveillance.
MCX‟s share in the overall commodities market has
skyrocketed from 29% in FY04 to 82.3% as of FY10
primarily due to its focus on metals and energy
commodities benchmarked to international prices.
MCX‟s sources of operating income are a) transaction
fees, b) membership admission fees, c) annual
subscription fees and d) terminal charges.
Globally, MCX is the largest silver exchange; 2ndlargest
gold, copper and natural gas exchange
3rd largest crude oil exchange in terms of the number of
contracts traded in each of these commodities
MCX has also pioneered several innovations in the Indian
MCX was the first national commodity futures exchange in
India to offer futures trading in steel, crude oil and several
other commodities, including carbon credits.
In December 2009, MCX launched the exchange of futures for
physicals facility for the first time in India.
In May 2010 and June 2010, the exchange launched zinc mini
futures and lead mini futures contracts, which offer trading in
these metals in smaller lot sizes.
In January 2011, the exchange launched iron ore future
In February 2011, it launched silver micro and
aluminium mini contracts, which offer trading in these
metals in smaller lot sizes.
MCX is also the first exchange in India to initiate
evening sessions to synchronise with the trading hours
of global exchanges in London, New York and other
major international markets to meet the needs of the
physical markets that operate in such time zones.
The membership fees that MCX-SX is planning to
offer, could trigger a price war causing the BSE and the
NSE to revise their membership fee structure
The exchange‟s introductory membership fee is Rs 25
lakh of net outlay for entry-level membership (includes
admission fees and deposit). This offer is valid only till
October 18, following which the total outlay for the
MCX-SX membership would be Rs 50 lakh.
competitive membership fees come at a time when the
Indian equity markets are facing tough times and
exchanges are struggling to grow revenues.
BSE fees are almost at par with the MCX-SX‟s
membership fee, while the NSE‟s membership fees are
“MCX-SX has a tendency of going aggressive. Their
membership fees and membership categories will help
drive financial inclusion,” said Jagannadham
Thunuguntla, Strategist & Head of Research, SMC
Ahead of launching trading in
multiple assets, MCX-SX has
signed up 700 members across
the country. The BSE and the
NSE had launched operations
with 318 members in 1875 and
nearly 200 members in
the high membership clause
was a major entry barrier to
becoming a stock broker in
India. Currently, NSE has
1,500 broker members, while
BSE accounts for about 1,000.
NSE responded by cutting its deposit and net worth
criteria by up to 50 per cent for a class of brokers
under the new „Alpha‟ category, compared to earlier
charges of Rs 75 lakh-Rs 1.5 crore.
BSE‟s charges are much lower compared to the other
MCX- SX offers three categories of membership —
Composite professionally qualified and rural
The second category is for members who have
experience in the capital markets.
MBAs, lawyers, engineers, chartered
accountants, doctors would also be eligible under this
The „Rural Entrepreneur
Membership‟ category is for
people living in sub-districts
and taluks, where there is no
capital market penetration.
Membership is being offered
in the categories of Trading
Clearing Member and
“We have implemented an
integrated India model,
which will foster balanced
participation from foreign
institutions and new
members from Tier-II and
Our aim is to drive financial
inclusion by optimising the
cost structure of membership
and innovating two unique
categories for MCX-SX
membership,” said Joseph
Massey, MD & CEO of the
MCX-SX. Mr Jignesh Shah (left), Vice-
Chairman, along with Mr Joseph
Massey, MD & CEO