Special Topics in Digital
Media Production DIGI400
July - October 2010
E-learning courses should have both
words and graphics
Words - printed on the screen/presented as speech
Graphics - Illustrations, photos, animations, and video
*Interactions - ﬂash/html- based; button related content*
Corresponding graphics and printed
words should be placed near each
Relational graphics and text are separated or not fully
visible due to browser scrolling.
Onscreen reference appears on a second browser
window that covers the onscreen course
Use words in spoken form rather
printed for narration
Visual graphics and onscreen text must
compete for the same visual attention
“Modality effect” - people learn
more deeply when words explain
animations and graphics.
Presenting words in both text and audio
narration can hurt learning
1. Avoid Presenting Words as Narration
and Identical text in the presence of
Students learn better from animation
and narration than from animation,
narration, and text.
Adding interesting but unnecessary material to
elearning can harm the learning
Distraction: guiding the learner’s attention with
Disruption: preventing relevant material with irrelevant
Seduction: existing knowledge that is used for
organzing the incoming material.
Clear informal spoken text or
printed words on screen.
User Interface Design
Principles and Tips
Structure – recognizable to target users
Simplicity – communicate clearly
Visibility – Keep all needed options visible
Consistency - set a standard
What is SCORM?
“SCORM” stands for “Shareable Content Object
SCORM is a speciﬁcation that governs how e-
learning is created and delivered
Dictates the technical
speciﬁcations for creating e-
learning (using software
languages like XML and
create any type of learning content; it
doesn’t specify instructional design,
pedagogical methods, visual
appearance or anything else that
affects the educational experience.
What is SCORM?
Three versions of SCORM
SCORM 2004 (formally 1.3)
*will make Arrangements to meet with students in
RG213 or within school grounds*
I will periodically send updates, revisions, and
additional information about requirements for
assignments and activities via this email, so you
should check it daily.