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3D MODELLING OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY

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This presentation slide is a final presentation of the project "3D MODELLING OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY USING ARC GIS AND GOOGLE SKETCH UP".The project members are ...

This presentation slide is a final presentation of the project "3D MODELLING OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY USING ARC GIS AND GOOGLE SKETCH UP".The project members are
1.Uttam Pudasaini : utmpudasaini@gmail.com
2.Niroj Panta : sadrose777@gmail.com
3.Biplov Bhandari : bionicbiplov45@gmail.com
4.Archana KC : kecyarchana@gmail.com
5.Upendra Oli : Upendraoli@gmail.com

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  • 1. Group Members: Biplov Bhandari (04) Archana KC (09) Upendra Oli (19) Niroj Panta (20) Uttam Pudasaini (22) Supervisors: Shashish Maharjan Ganesh Dhakal Multisource Data Integration To Prepare Interactive 3D Model Of Kathmandu University Final Presentation on: Dated on: Friday, July 12, 2013
  • 2. Presentation Outline Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 2  Introduction  Rationale  Objectives  Resources Used  Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation
  • 3. Description Of The Project Title Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 3 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare a Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University  Spatial data acquired from different heterogeneous sources are being input into a common data base  The use of different data sources brings along many challenges.  For example, multiple data formats, various accuracies, coordinate systems and level of details must be taken into consideration
  • 4. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 4 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare a Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University  A digital representation of features, either real or hypothetical, in three- dimensional space  3D models represent a 3D object using a collection of points in 3D space, connected by various geometric entities such as triangles, lines, curved surfaces, etc
  • 5. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 5 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare a Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University A 3-Dimensional representation of landscape and inanimate feature of Kathmandu University Overlay of Photorealistic features made using Google Sketch UP over the 3D terrain made using Arc GIS(Arc map and Arc Scene) complete the model Projection System details: Projected Coordinate System: MUTM Central 87, False Easting= 500000, False Northing=0, Scale Factor=0.9999,Linear Unit =meter Geographic Coordinate System : GCS Everest Bangladesh, Prime Meridian: Greenwich, Angular Unit=Degree How were we able to synchronize the various file formats??
  • 6. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 6 Some Common 3D File Formats ABC – Alembic (Computer Graphics) BLEND – Blender(.blend) CTM – OpenCTM(.ctm) DAE – COLLADA (.dae) MRC – voxels in cryo-electron microscopy U3D – Universal 3D file format (.u3d) VRML97 - VRML Virtual reality modeling language (.wrl) COLLABORATIVE DESIGN ACTIVITY  An open-standard XML format for storing 3D models.  Often used as an interchange format for 3D applications.  Also format for 3D textured objects stored inside KML.  File extension: .dae (digital asset exchange)  Exporting multipatch features to COLLADA allows sharing of complex analysis results with others and also provides a mechanism for updating textured 3D GIS data, such as buildings, using third-party software like SketchUp
  • 7. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 7 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare a Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University Computerized maps that allow users to interface with various aspects of the maps themselves. Offers following major options to the map user  Zooming in or out on a specified location,  Panning easily between geographic areas  planning driving routes and Geocoding  Providing street/satellite views of a desired locale.  Permitting professionals the ability to interact, update, and make changes to the maps in real time.
  • 8. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 8 Introduction  Rationale  Objectives  Resources Used  Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 9. Rationale: Why This Project Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 9 Kathmandu University being the leading institution of Nepal doesn’t have any means to disseminate the University map portals among its visitors, students and other stake holders The two dimensional master plan without any spatial reference is still serving as the tool to visualize the spatial position of the University components So a necessity of three dimensional map was felt which could serve as a tool to visualize all the features along with the terrain in digital form with the web access.
  • 10. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 10 Introduction Rationale  Objectives  Resources Used  Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 11. Objectives Of The Study Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 11 The main objective of the study is to prepare the 3D virtual model of the Kathmandu University showing the photo realistic buildings, roads, boundary, and other living as well as the inanimate features. • To integrate the spatial data obtained from the heterogeneous sources. • To prepare a Geo database of Kathmandu University • To prepare the interactive map where users can request different aspects of map viewing. • To upload the interactive map on the web portal for multi user access as a means of map dissemination. The main objectives are followed by following sub objectives:
  • 12. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 12 Introduction Rationale Objectives  Limitations  Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 13. Limitations Of The Study Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 13 This study has been undertaken in the view of meeting the partial fulfillment of the Engineering Project, GEOM 307. The study had to be completed within the limited time frame and resource limitations. 1.Resource limitation: The limited budget constrained for the quality data, high precision instruments i.e. Satellite Images and good working environment i.e. High speed internet, (For downloading the textures, Images and Google Earth Integration) High computer processors (For simultaneous use of various software )
  • 14. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 14 Introduction Rationale Objectives Limitations  Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 15. Software used Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 15 Sketch Up-For creating 3d inanimate features like buildings, pole, playground etc. Google Earth- Georeferenced Google images are good source for positional data of features like trees, vegetation etc. Arc Map V.10.0 Cad to Geodatabase conversion and preparation of all 2d map layers Arc Scene V.10.0 Preparation of 3D terrain and integration of the models prepared in Sketch Up to produce a model. AutoCAD Civil 3D Land Desktop Companion 2009 Editing and extractions of annotation data from AutoCAD drawing of the university
  • 16. Work Flow Diagram Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 16 3D MODEL OF TERRAIN KU Land Survey July 2010 Multipurpose Cadastral Data, Banepa Office Google Earth Image Of University Area AutoCAD plan of buildings and other features CAD Models To Sketchup MODELS TO SKETCH UP Creation Of 3d Features In Skecth Up IMPORT SKETCHUP MODELS TO ARC SCENE 3d Models(buildings+ roads+ other Man Made Features) 3D MODEL OF FEATURES 3D Model Of KU
  • 17. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 17 3D Model Of KU Adding Interactive Options (Interactive Map) Upload To Web
  • 18. Data Integration Procedure Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 18 AutoCAD plan (CED 2010)  Cad to Geodatabase conversion  Differentiating individual layers of whole features AutoCAD master plan of KU Geodatabase in Arc Map
  • 19. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 19 Multipurpose Cadastral Survey-digital Cadastral Office, Banepa  Accurate positioning of building footprints and roads
  • 20. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 20 Google earth images  Images were georeferenced and used for creating features like trees, vegetation
  • 21. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 21  Sketch Up Modelling An open source software provided by Google and is mainly used for 3D modeling and sharing. Mainly used for 3d city modeling in the Google Earth We used this software to develop our 3D models of the KU buildings. Tools we used
  • 22. Photorealistic Models Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 22
  • 23. Buildings constructed using Auto CAD plans 6/21/201323 MULTISOURCE DATA INTEGRATION TO PREPARE INTERACTIVE 3-D MODEL OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY
  • 24. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 24
  • 25. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 25 Features made without using AutoCAD plan KU Triangle
  • 26. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 26
  • 27. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 27
  • 28. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 28
  • 29. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 29 Arc map  One of the 3 main component that make up ArcGIS.  An interface that allows users to view data sets together, perform analysis and create maps  All 2d mapping works were performed in Arc map Version 10  Arc map version 10 provides an easy interface for mapping functionality Arc Scene  A software to visualize features in 3D by providing height information from feature geometry, feature attributes, layer properties, or a defined 3D surface (such as a digital elevation model, or DEM)  Arc Scene version 10.0 have got advance 3d editing tools 2D Editing 3D Editing 3D Terrain Modeling Using GIS Package: ArcGIS V10.0
  • 30. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 30 2D EDITING AND MAPPING-ARC MAP Cad to Geodatabase Reads a CAD dataset and creates feature classes of the drawing. The feature classes are written to a Geodatabase feature dataset.
  • 31. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 31 Final 2D map with all information
  • 32. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 32 TIN representation of the terrain  TINs are a form of vector-based digital geographic data and are constructed by triangulating a set of vertices (points).  The vertices are connected with a series of edges to form a network of triangles following Delaunay triangulation
  • 33. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 33
  • 34. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 34 INTERACTIVE TIN EDIITNG  The resulting triangulation satisfies the Delaunay triangle criterion  No vertex lies within the interior of any of the circumcircles of the triangles in the network.  If the Delaunay criterion is satisfied everywhere on the TIN, the minimum interior angle of all triangles is maximized.  The result is that long, thin triangles are avoided as much as possible.
  • 35. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 35 3d Editing - Arc Scene  Arc Scene allows 3D editing environment and offers more edit tool options specific to multipatches  Editing in 3D is designed to work with the 3D Analyst extension in ArcScene  3D editor tools are easily available from a dock able toolbar and a pull- down 3D Editor menu  All tools provide real-time surface feedback, which permits you to save your edits directly back the document or undo your changes.
  • 36. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 36
  • 37. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 37 Multipatch feature  A GIS object that stores a collection of patches to represent the boundary of a 3D object as a single row in a database  Contain 3D models with vertical and overhanging faces allowing the creation of photorealistic 3D views.  Can contain texture information, such as a digital photograph of the front of a building.  Is stored in the Geodatabase or shapefiles in the same manner as point, line, and polygon data.
  • 38. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 38 Fig: Multipatch representation of Kathmandu University central library. Fig: Multipatch representation of Admin Block
  • 39. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 39  Locating the building exactly where it has to be.  Models are georeferenced with the help of move tool. Georeferencing 3D
  • 40. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 40 Integration Of ArcScene and SketchUp
  • 41. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 41  Using Google API V3.  Strong JavaScript Library.  Coding is relatively easy to use and understand. Why Google API v3? Core objects: Map, Markers, Info Windows. Custom Overlays, Controls, Tiles. Geocoding. Ground Overlays. KML/KMZ Layers. Interactive Web Mapping
  • 42. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 42 Google Earth API  Extension required for browser to display.  Can be used to show KML(Keyhole Markup Language) file with DAE extension.  Integration Google API JS, CSS element in HTML 5.  Performing various functions of JS by division id element of HTML.  Showing 3D Model using the environment of Google maps. Procedures  Setting up the Map and its elements.  Adding the Marker at the precise location using LatLng function.  Adding the InfoWindow at the Marker and hence triggering the click event.  Adding Other Interactive features.  Google Earth API for 3D viewing.
  • 43. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 43  Zooming, Panning, Street View Control.  Layer Switchable Option.  Overview Map. Interactive Elements
  • 44. Interactive Elements  Animated Marker at the precise location.  Click Trigger Event for InfoWindow.  Additional Information of the feature using another .html page Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University
  • 45. Interactive Elements  AutoCAD Plan in new HTML window. Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University
  • 46. Interactive Elements  Direction display using Button.
  • 47. Interactive Elements  Precise Geocoding. Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University
  • 48. Interactive Elements  Street View Control. Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University
  • 49. Interactive Elements  Downloadable Option.  Various link for More Details.  Additional Information of the feature using another .html page Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University
  • 50. Overall View
  • 51. Problems  Deprecated Google API V2.  Google API v3 not supporting ArcGIS JS API.  Uploading Raster Image – Complex Issue.
  • 52. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 52 Introduction Rationale Objectives Limitations Methodology  Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 53. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 53 The major outcomes of the project are: Geo Database of Kathmandu University
  • 54. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 54 Animated Map 3D : A video Clip 2D Animated Web Map:
  • 55. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 55 Introduction Rationale Objectives Limitations Methodology Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 56. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 56 S.N Weeks Activities 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 1 Project title discussion 2. Desk study and web browsing 3 Project title decision 4 Interaction with Supervisor 5 Proposal defense 6 Data collection 7 Data integration and 3D building models preparation 8 3D model of terrain with features 9 Mid term presentation 10 Preparation of interactive web model 11 Final report preparation 12 Final presentation
  • 57. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 57 Introduction Rationale Objectives Limitations Methodology Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 58. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 58  Multisource data integration is often a complex task and involves the series of coordinate transformation and file formats interpolability issues.  The users of today’s era wants map to be more interactive and user friendly.  Accurate 3D modeling of the any geographical location first seeks the quality data with completeness and correctness and also the excellent working environment .  Establishment of the web server is the effective means of disseminating the maps among the variety of users .  A complete 3D model can be build for better visualization and information dissemination interiror.PNG Conclusion and Recommendation
  • 59. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 59 Introduction Rationale Objectives Limitations Methodology Outcomes  Work schedule  Conclusion and Recommendation  References
  • 60.  Longley, P.A., Goodchild M.F., Maguire D.J. and Rhind D.W. (2005). Geographic Information Systems and Science. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.  ReferencesCollaborative Mapping of London Using Google Maps: The LondonProfile Maurizio Gibin, Alex Singleton, Richard Milton, Pablo Mateos, and Paul Longley.  Campas project @ MIT placeMap: “Building community through active context mapping. " Hockenberry, M. Gens, R., and Selker, T. (2005) To appear in proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH '05 Web Application Program  Google Api Documentation  Mohammadi M. and Rajabifard, A. 2010. Development of an interoperable tool to facilitate spatial data integration in the context of SDI, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol 20, No 7  Mohammadi, H., A. Rajabifard, A. Binns, and I. P. Williamson. 2006. Development of a framework and associated tools for the integration of multisource spatial datasets. 17th UNRCC – AP (September 18 – 22). Bangkok, Thailand.  http://blogs.esri.com/esri/arcgis/2012/01/05/making-a-large-scale-3d-map-part-1,2,3 Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 60 References
  • 61. Sunday, October 06, 2013 Multisource Data Integration to Prepare The Interactive 3D Model of Kathmandu University 61  Ross, L., Kleinschmit, B., Döllner, J. and Buchholz, H., 2006. Automated Transformation of 2D Vector-Based Plans to 3D Geovirtual Environments, In Buhmann, E.; Ervin, S.; Jorgeson,I. & Strobl, J. (ed.) Trends in Knowledge-Based Landscape Modeling - Proceedings at Anhalt University of Applied Sciences., Heidelberg (Wichmann), 2006, 138-144.  Collaborative Mapping of London Using Google Maps: The LondonProfile Maurizio Gibin, Alex Singleton, Richard Milton, Pablo Mateos, and Paul Longley. All authors are associated with the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA) at UCL.  Early Development in Vancouver: Report of the Community Asset Mapping Project (CAMP) by Clyde Hertzman, Sidney A. McLean, Dafna E. Kohen, Jim Dunn, Terry EvansAugust 2002  Web mapping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  Talk:Web mapping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  Static Maps API V2 Developer Guide  This document details the Static Maps API v2. To update your v1 URLs, please consult the Upgrade Guide.  Google Maps Image APIs  Google Maps Javascript API V3 Events ,Note: The Google Maps Javascript API Version 3 documented within these pages is now the official Javascript API.  Google Maps JavaScript API V3.
  • 62. 62 6/21/2013 MULTISOURCE DATA INTEGRATION TO PREPARE INTERACTIVE 3-D MODEL OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY
  • 63. Queries And Suggestion 6/21/201363 MULTISOURCE DATA INTEGRATION TO PREPARE INTERACTIVE 3-D MODEL OF KATHMANDU UNIVERSITY