The objective of the course is to make the student understand the
latest trends in electronic business and the information...
The Cycle of Electronic Commerce
• Electronic Business includes the tasks that
support the buying and selling of goods and...
Definition of Electronic Commerce
• Electronic Business is defined as the
conducting of business transactions over
electro...
Definitions of E-Commerce
• According to Lou Gerster, IBM’s CEO – “E
Business is all about cycle time, speed,
globalizatio...
Why E-Business
• Lack of time at public or Consumers
• Flexibility in timings
• Easy delivery at door steps
• Planning for...
Introduction to Electronic Business
• According to Albert Gore Jr. “We are on the verge of
a revolution that is just as pr...
Introduction to Electronic Business
• Electronic commerce describes the manner in which
transactions take place over netwo...
Components of Electronic Business
Electronic Business
NetworksNetworks
CorporateCorporate
InternetInternet
CommercialComme...
The cycle of Electronic Business
Access
Follow on sales
Customer Online Ads Online order
Standard order
Distribution
Elect...
Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic
Business
Eliminations of traditional intermediation is called
disinte...
Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business
ManufacturerManufacturer
ElectronicElectronic
Intermediaries...
Elements of E-Business
• Direct to Consumer from Manufacturer
• Electronic payment system
• Negotiation at online
• Flexib...
Disadvantages of E-Business
• Can not test the product
• Disadvantage in Price and quality
• Legal Problems and jurisdicti...
Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business
ManufactureManufacture
DisintermediationDisintermediation
Co...
Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business
ManufacturesManufactures
WholesalerWholesaler
DistributorDis...
Components of Electronic Business
Electronic Business can facilitate Internal department
interactions, improve customer re...
Types of E-Business
a common Classification of E-Commerce is by the nature of transaction.
• Business-to-consumers (B2C)
•...
Types of EB (Continued)
• Mobile Commerce (m-commerce)
refers to e-commerce that is conducted
in a wireless environment. i...
Classification of Electronic Business Applications
Types of interorganizational
systems.
• Electronic Data Interchange (ED...
Types of Interorganisational systems
• Integrated messaging delivery of e-mail and fax
documents through a single electron...
Classification of Electronic Business Applications
Interorganizational Systems (IOS)
An IOS involves information flow amon...
Interorganisational system
A typical IOS will include a company and its
suppliers and/or customers. Through IOS,
buyers an...
Classification of Electronic Business Applications
What is internet, intranet and extranet?
1. Computers connected to a gl...
Classification of Electronic Commerce Applications
Electronic Markets
Electronic Market is a network-based location where ...
Classification of Electronic Business Applications
Application of EC are divided into 3 categories
1. Buying and selling g...
Business-to-Consumers (B2C)
These are retailing transactions with
individual shopper. The typical shopper at
Amazon.com is...
Business-to-Consumers (B2C) cont…
• Electronic Storefront has its own URL at which
buyers can place orders.
• Electronic M...
Business-to-business (B2B)
Most of Electronic Business
today is of this type. It includes the IOS transactions
(An IOS inv...
Business-to-business (B2B) cont…
• E-Procurement is using electronic support to
purchase goods and materials, sourcing,
ne...
Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C)
In this category consumer sells directly to consumers.
Examples are individuals selling in clas...
Consumer to Business (C2B)
This category includes individuals who sell
products or services to organizations, as well
as i...
Non-business Electronic Business
An increased number of non-business
institutions such as academic institutions,
non-profi...
Intrabusiness (organizational) EC
In this category we include all internal
organizational activities, usually performed
on...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC Business
The global nature of the Technology, low cost,
opportunity to reach hundreds of millions o...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC Business
Benefits to organizations
1) Provide opportunity to expends the marketplace to
national an...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS
Benefits to organizations
• Provide new platform for specialized business. For
example, do...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to organizations
• Reduces the time between the outlay of capital and the receipt...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to
consumers
1. No restriction on shopping time. EC enables customers to
shop or ...
BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to
consumers
4. EC provides quick delivery of products
( in case of digitized pro...
Benefits to Consumer
6. Provides customers to participate in virtual
auctions.
7. Customers can interact with other custom...
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Introduction to e business unit

  1. 1. The objective of the course is to make the student understand the latest trends in electronic business and the information technology involved in running e-business Unit – 1 Introduction to E-Business – Definitions – Types of E- Business, Benefits of Business – Limitations of E- Business – Impact of E-Commerce – Electronic Market Structure – Business Model of Electronic Marketing – Procedure for Internet Shopping: Consumer Perspective – Aiding Comparison Shopping
  2. 2. The Cycle of Electronic Commerce • Electronic Business includes the tasks that support the buying and selling of goods and services, and interactions among these tasks
  3. 3. Definition of Electronic Commerce • Electronic Business is defined as the conducting of business transactions over electronic networks instead of paper, telephones, couriers, tracks, planes and other means of moving products and information.
  4. 4. Definitions of E-Commerce • According to Lou Gerster, IBM’s CEO – “E Business is all about cycle time, speed, globalization, enhanced productivity, reaching new customers and sharing knowledge across institutions for competitive advantage.”
  5. 5. Why E-Business • Lack of time at public or Consumers • Flexibility in timings • Easy delivery at door steps • Planning for payment • Safe Transactions
  6. 6. Introduction to Electronic Business • According to Albert Gore Jr. “We are on the verge of a revolution that is just as profound as the change in the economy that came with the industrial revolution. Soon electronic networks will allow people to transcend the barriers of time and distance and take advantage of global markets and business opportunities not even imaginable today, opening up a new world of economic possibility and progress”.
  7. 7. Introduction to Electronic Business • Electronic commerce describes the manner in which transactions take place over networks, mostly the Internet. • It is the process of electronically buying and selling goods, services, and information. Certain Electronic commerce applications, such as buying and selling stocks or books on the internet, are growing at a rate of several hundred percent every year. • Electronic Commerce could have an impact on significant portion of the world on businesses, professions, and of course on people. • However, the impact of Electronic Commerce is not just the creation of web-based corporations. It is the building of new Industrial order.
  8. 8. Components of Electronic Business Electronic Business NetworksNetworks CorporateCorporate InternetInternet CommercialCommercial InstitutionsInstitutions GovernmentGovernment MerchantsMerchants ManufacturesManufactures SuppliersSuppliers ConsumersConsumers ProcessesProcesses MarketingMarketing SalesSales PaymentPayment FulfillmentFulfillment SupportSupport
  9. 9. The cycle of Electronic Business Access Follow on sales Customer Online Ads Online order Standard order Distribution Electronic customer Support
  10. 10. Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business Eliminations of traditional intermediation is called disintermediation. Incorporation of new electronic intermediaries (such as Electronic-malls,electronic- catalogues/directory, search engine services and product selection agents) are called reintermediation
  11. 11. Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business ManufacturerManufacturer ElectronicElectronic IntermediariesIntermediaries On the InternetOn the Internet consumerconsumer ReintermediationReintermediation
  12. 12. Elements of E-Business • Direct to Consumer from Manufacturer • Electronic payment system • Negotiation at online • Flexibility in Delivery of the product • Saving the time and cost
  13. 13. Disadvantages of E-Business • Can not test the product • Disadvantage in Price and quality • Legal Problems and jurisdiction
  14. 14. Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business ManufactureManufacture DisintermediationDisintermediation ConsumerConsumer
  15. 15. Disintermediation and Reintermediation by Electronic Business ManufacturesManufactures WholesalerWholesaler DistributorDistributor RetailerRetailer ConsumerConsumer TraditionalTraditional IntermediationIntermediation
  16. 16. Components of Electronic Business Electronic Business can facilitate Internal department interactions, improve customer relations and eliminate the constraints of time and place. A significant synergy has formed between the use of digital information, computerized business practices and the Internet. This synergy is what enables electronic commerce more efficient and effective
  17. 17. Types of E-Business a common Classification of E-Commerce is by the nature of transaction. • Business-to-consumers (B2C) • Business-to-business (B2B) • Consumer-to-consumer (C2C) • Consumer to Business (C2B) • Non-Business EC • Intrabusiness (organizational) EC
  18. 18. Types of EB (Continued) • Mobile Commerce (m-commerce) refers to e-commerce that is conducted in a wireless environment. i.e. using cell phone to shop over the Internet • Business model is the method by which a company generates revenue to sustain itself.
  19. 19. Classification of Electronic Business Applications Types of interorganizational systems. • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), which provides secured B2B connection over Value- added-networks (VANs) • Extranets, which provide secured B2B connection over the Internet • Electronic funds transfer • Electronic forms
  20. 20. Types of Interorganisational systems • Integrated messaging delivery of e-mail and fax documents through a single electronic transmission system that can combine EDI, e-mail, and electronic forms • Shared databases – information stored in repositories is shared between trading partners and is accessible to all. • Supply Chain Management – cooperation between a company and its suppliers and/or customers regarding demand forecasting, inventory management and orders fulfillment can reduce inventories, speed shipments, and enable just-in-time manufacturing.
  21. 21. Classification of Electronic Business Applications Interorganizational Systems (IOS) An IOS involves information flow among two or more organizations. Its major objective is efficient transaction processing. Such as transmitting orders, bills, and payments using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) or extranets. Interorganizational systems are used exclusively for Business to Business (B2B) applications, whereas electronic markets exist in both the B2B and Business to Consumer (B2C) cases.
  22. 22. Interorganisational system A typical IOS will include a company and its suppliers and/or customers. Through IOS, buyers and sellers arrange routine business transactions. Information is exchanged over communications networks using prearranged formats.
  23. 23. Classification of Electronic Business Applications What is internet, intranet and extranet? 1. Computers connected to a global networked environment known as the Internet. 1. Computers connected to a global networked environment and its counterpart within organizations, called an intranet. An intranet is a corporate network that functions with Internet technologies, such as browsers, using Internet protocols. 1. An extranet, a network that links the intranets of business partners over the Internet.
  24. 24. Classification of Electronic Commerce Applications Electronic Markets Electronic Market is a network-based location where business interactions occurs. Where information, products, services, and payments are exchanged. The Electronic Market is place where shoppers and sellers meet. The Electronic Market handles all the necessary transactions, including the transfer of money between banks. In Electronic Markets the principal participants are transaction handlers, buyers, brokers, and sellers.
  25. 25. Classification of Electronic Business Applications Application of EC are divided into 3 categories 1. Buying and selling goods and services. These are usually referred to as Electronic Markets 2. Facilitating Inter and Intra-organization flow of information. Communication and collaboration. These are sometimes referred to as Interorganizational Systems (IOS). 3. Providing customer services.
  26. 26. Business-to-Consumers (B2C) These are retailing transactions with individual shopper. The typical shopper at Amazon.com is a consumer, or customer. Woolworths of Australia with home shopping site (www.woolworths.com.au) is designed with freshness in mind and all the fresh food is available for delivery.
  27. 27. Business-to-Consumers (B2C) cont… • Electronic Storefront has its own URL at which buyers can place orders. • Electronic Malls (Cybermall or e-mall) is a collection of individual shops under one Internet address. – Referral malls in which you are transferred to a participating storefront – Electronic shopping cart enables you to gather items from various vendors and pay for them in one transaction.
  28. 28. Business-to-business (B2B) Most of Electronic Business today is of this type. It includes the IOS transactions (An IOS involves information flow among two or more organizations. Its major objective is efficient transaction processing, such as transmitting order, bills and payments using Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and Electronic Market transactions between organizations.) • Sell-side marketplaces are where organizations attempt to sell their products or services to other organizations electronically from their own private e-marketplace. • Buy-side marketplaces are where organizations attempt to buy needed products or services from other organizations electronically.
  29. 29. Business-to-business (B2B) cont… • E-Procurement is using electronic support to purchase goods and materials, sourcing, negotiating with suppliers, paying for goods and making delivery arrangements. • Group purchasing is when the orders of many buyers are combined so that they constitute a large volume.
  30. 30. Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) In this category consumer sells directly to consumers. Examples are individuals selling in classified ads ( www.classified2000.com) and selling residential property, cars and so on. Advertising personal services on the Internet and selling knowledge and expertise is an other example of C2C
  31. 31. Consumer to Business (C2B) This category includes individuals who sell products or services to organizations, as well as individuals who seek sellers, interact with them and conclude a transaction.
  32. 32. Non-business Electronic Business An increased number of non-business institutions such as academic institutions, non-profit organizations, religious organizations, social organizations and government agencies are using various types of Electronic Commerce to reduce their expenses. e.g. improve purchasing or to improve their operations and customer services
  33. 33. Intrabusiness (organizational) EC In this category we include all internal organizational activities, usually performed on intranets, that involve exchange of goods, services or information. Activities can range from selling corporate products to employees to online training and cost- reduction activities.
  34. 34. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC Business The global nature of the Technology, low cost, opportunity to reach hundreds of millions of people, interactive nature, variety of possibilities, and resourcefulness and rapid growth of the supporting infrastructures (especially the web) result in many potential benefits to: 1)1) OrganizationsOrganizations 2)2) ConsumersConsumers 3)3) SocietySociety
  35. 35. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC Business Benefits to organizations 1) Provide opportunity to expends the marketplace to national and international markets. With minimal capital outlay, a company can easily and quickly locate more customers, the best suppliers and most suitable business partners worldwide. 1) Decreases the operating cost. EC decreases the cost of creating, processing, distributing, storing, and retrieving paper-based information. For example, by introducing an electronic procurement system, companies can cut the purchasing administrative costs by as much as 85 per cent.
  36. 36. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to organizations • Provide new platform for specialized business. For example, dog toys which can be purchased only in pet shops or discount stores in the physical world, are sold now in a specialized www.dogtoys.com • Reduces inventories and overhead by facilitating “pull” type Supply Chain Management (SCM). In this system the process starts from customer orders and uses Just-in-time manufacturing. The pull-type processing enables expensive customization of products and services which provides competitive advantage to its implementers. A class example is DELL Computer Corporation.
  37. 37. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to organizations • Reduces the time between the outlay of capital and the receipt of products and services. • Initiates business processes reengineering projects. By changing processes productivity of salespeople, knowledge workers and administrators can increase 100% or more. • Improved image, customer services, new-found business partners, simplified processes, compressed cycle and delivery time, increased productivity, eliminating paper, expediting access to information, reduced transportation costs and increased flexibility.
  38. 38. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to consumers 1. No restriction on shopping time. EC enables customers to shop or do other transactions 24 hours a day, thought-out the year and from almost any location. 2. Increased choices, EC provides customers with more choices: they can select from many vendors and from move products. 3. Easy to get less expensive product or services. EC frequently provides with less expensive products and services by allowing them to shop in many places and conduct quick comparisons.
  39. 39. BENEFITS OF ELECTRONIC BUSINESS Benefits to consumers 4. EC provides quick delivery of products ( in case of digitized products) 5. Transformation of information from manufacture or services provider to customers in seconds of time, rather than days or weeks.
  40. 40. Benefits to Consumer 6. Provides customers to participate in virtual auctions. 7. Customers can interact with other customers in electronic communities and exchange ideas as well as compare experiences. 8. Facilities competition, which results in substantial discounts.

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