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Rural Resilience Strategy and (Re)Development, in Post-Disaster Areas

Rural Resilience Strategy and (Re)Development, in Post-Disaster Areas

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    P2 Richard de Ruiter P2 Richard de Ruiter Presentation Transcript

    • Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 1
    • ‘My Mountain’ Marie-Jo Mont Reynaud www.stanford.edu/~matrotz/maryjo‘My Mountain’ a journey to rural Haiti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 2
    • Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 3
    • Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas.(Re)Development of rural/naturallandscape in Post-Disaster areas,through urban resilienceinterventions. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 4
    • Content Presentation I I Project Information II II Background HaitiIII III EcoregionsIV IV Deforestation V V ResearchVI VI Urban ResilienceVII VII Urban MetabolismVIII VIII Project AreaIX IX Research Haiti X X Intended Outcome Final Product Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 5
    • I Project Information Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 6
    • Earthquake 7.0 M U.S. Department of State hiu_info@state.gov http://hiu.state.gov HUMA NITA RI A N I NFORMAT I ON UNIT Haiti: Major Earthquake Creates Lands Magnitude 7.0 - Haiti Region; Earth Zone of Jan 12 Major Damage 4:53pm I Area of Interest Baie de Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC. Port-au-Prince Detail Jun -12 Jan Jul 5:00pm 2001 (USGS 2011) PORT AU ( 15 ( 5 PRINCE Jan 12 Jul - Oct 5:12pm 2006 Leogane Petionville II ! ! Jan 12 ( 3 Epicenter 6:12pm ( Kensko Haiti earthquake occurred in the boundary Miragoane 11 ! 1 ! Jan 12 ( 12 ( 7 7:43pm region separating the Caribbean plate and ( ( 13 ( 10 ( 4III 8 Jan 12 ( 9 7:59pm the North America plate. ( 14 Jan 12 A ( 2 8:16pm Jan 12IV B Landslide Risk ( 6 0 5 10 kilometers ! Jacmel ! ! Marigot 8:32pm Very high Cayes Jan 12 High 0 5 10 miles Jacmel 8:36 C Names and boundary representation are not necessarily authoritative. Jan 12 7 Day Rain Forecast Port-au-Prince Area 8:55pm V Jan 12 D 8:57pm Jan 13 U.S. Department of State UNCLASSIFIED Landslide Risk 12:02am E hiu_info@state.gov http://hiu.state.gov Haiti: Multi-Hazard Risk, Major Disasters and Severity (1998 - 2010) Very highVI HUMA N ITA RIA N IN FOR MAT I ON U NI T Tor tuga TS High Med./high Jan 13 12:18am Je Year Month Disaster Killed A ected I sla nd 200 anne Med. 2010 Jan EQ 230,000 3 mil. (est) 4 2009 Sep-Oct FL/LS 10 2,796 HU Debby - 2000 Millimeters Low Jan 13 Area of Interest 2009 May FL 11 9,910 <1 None or low 2:23am Nord- 2008 Aug-Sep TS, HU 698 246,056 1-5 Ouest 5-10 HospitalVII 2007 Aug-Dec HU, FL, TS 143 191,028 Cap ! Haïtien 10-15 UN location Jan 13 TS A 2007 Mar-Jul FL/LS 20 29,014 Nord > 15 National Palace 9:43am 2006 Aug-Nov HU, FL 16 39,700 lph 2005 Jul-Nov HU, FL 88 42,061 a HU Nord-Est - 20 2004 Sep HU 2,757 322,094 No HU UNCLASSIFIED Source: Haiti Remote Sensing and GIS (UTSIG), USGS Janu 05 ! Gonaïves e 2004 May FL 2,665 31,283 G l- eor ges 20 2003 Aug-Dec FL/LS 88 162,225 - 199 07 2001 May FL 26 5,081 8 ArtiboniteVIII 2000 Dec FL 16 1,200 1998 Sep HU 190 12,029 222,570 people killed, HU - Hurricane, TS - Tropical Storm, FL - Flood, LS - Landslide, EQ - Earthquake TS - Olga - 2007 ! DOMINICAN Saint- Centre Haiti’s river basins and coastal delta areas Marc REPUBLIC 300,000 injured, have the highest hazard risk, mostly as a TS Fay result of ooding from heavy rains, tropical - 2008 storms, and hurricanes. Deforestation and erosion exacerbates the risk of landslides associated with oods and heavy rains. 1.300.000 displaced, !IX Arcahaie HU G G o n â ve Jéremié usta Island ! v -2 00 PORT-AU- 8 97,294 houses destroyed Leogane PRINCE Jimaní GrandAnse Petite- Goâve ! ! Nippes ! ! Ouest Multi-Hazard Risk Low 188,383 damaged Camp Perrin ! High Sud-Est Sud X Earthquake Jacmel ! epicenter (Jan ‘10) ! HU Les Cayes Major fault line (approx.) in the Port-au-Prince area and in much of southern Er HU/TS track ne National capital s to City - 20 River Haiti. 06 0 20 40 kilometers Department 0 20 40 miles boundary Names and boundary representation are not necessarily authoritative. UNCLASSIFIED Sources: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database (2010); UNEP/UNDP/UN-ISDR/World Bank 2009 Global Risk Data Platform February 23, 2010 - U139 2-10 STATE (HIU) Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 7
    • Newspapers I IIIII AIV B C V D Fig 1: Shutterstock 2010 Fig 3: Bigstock 2010VI EVIIVIIIIX X Fig 2: Left: Istockphoto 2010 Fig 4: Istockphoto 2010 Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 8
    • Urban Emergencies 1 Philippines I 2 Bangladesh II 3 IndonesiaIII A 4 GhanaIV B 5 Venezuela C V D 6 El SalvadorVI E 7 SichuanVII 8 HaitiVIII www.urbanemergencies.net/ The urban emergencies (UE) Haiti atelier research into To support the redevelopment of Haiti, the UE platform,IX post-disaster urban responses while contributing to the based on its global study on post-disaster urban re- (re)development of Haiti. All research is carried out sponses, is invited to investigate various possibilities stems forth from the requirements coming from various to contribute in the relief and rebuilding process (Volle- X partners that are locally embedded; as such a ‘research bregt 2011, p.2). by demand’ framework is established. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 9
    • Studio Structure Care Goverment of Haiti UN Habitat CORDAID Oxfam Mayor of Leoganne Goal I II ‘Research by Demand’ PartnersIII Urban Emergencies CORDAID/CARITAS A GOVERNMENT OF HAITI MAYOR OF LEOGANNE UN HABITATIV CARE B OXFAM Wageningen University & Delft University of Tilburg University GOAL Reseach Centre Technology C V D Architecture Urbanism Real Estate & Housing Building TechnologyVI E Resilience strategy for lanscape and environmental improvements of the surface in rural areasVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 10
    • Research Partner I II ‘Cordaid combines more than 90 years’ experi-III ence and expertise in emergency aid and struc- A Rapportage Haïti tural poverty eradication. We are one of the big-IV B gest international development organisations with a network of almost a thousand partner C organisations in 36 countries in Africa, Asia and V D Latin America’. SHO 2e rapportage HaitiVI E ‘Our counterpart organisations work on variousVII themes, including participation, emergency aid and reconstruction, health and well-being andVIII entrepreneurship. Each year around 170 mil- Tweede nieuwsbrief haiti lion euros is spent on initiatives in the South, of which over 30 million euros is available forIX emergency aid. A small part is spent in the Netherlands on lobby, public support and con- X sciousness-raising’. Derde rapportage Haïti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 11
    • II Background Haiti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 12
    • Haiti The Netherlands I Amsterdam Port-au-Prince Distance 7095 km Haiti IIIII AIV B C V DVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 13
    • Haiti Population: I 9,719,932 Age structure: II 0-14 years: 35.9%III male 1,748,677 female 1,742,199) A 15-64 years: 60.1%IV B male 2,898,251 female 2,947,272 C Location: V 65 years and over: 3.9% Caribbean, western one-third of the D male 170,584 female 212,949 island of Hispaniola, between the Carib-VI bean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Urbanization: west of the Dominican Republic urban population:VII 52% of total population Area: total: 27,750 sq km rate of urbanization:VIII land: 27,560 sq km 3.9% annual rate of change water: 190 sq kmIX Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 52.9% male: 54.8% X female: 51.2% Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 14
    • Historical Events 1492 Discovery by Columbus I 17th Century The French established a presence on Hispaniola II 1697 Spain ceded the French 1-3 of the island, western part which later became Haiti.III Late 18th Century Haiti’s nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L’OUVERTURE. A 1804 Haiti became the first black republic toIV B declare independence. C 1957-1971: Dictator “Papa Doc” Francios Duvalier. V D 1971-1986: Dictator “Baby Doc” Jean-Claude Duvalier (Son) forced into exile.VI 1990-1991: First free Haitian elections. Won by Jean-Bertrand Aristide. He was disposed byVII a militairy coupe in 1991. 1994-1995: Militairy govermentstepped down.VIII 2000-2004: Aristide reclaimed the presidency.. 2004-2006: International stabilization mission wasIX established. 2010: Earthquake Januari 12, struck the country. X Cholera Epidemic October 20, 2011: New president of Haiti, Michel Martelly. May 14,2011. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 15
    • Haiti I IIIII AIV B V C What is the future prospect of Haiti ??? DVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 16
    • III Ecoregions Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 17
    • Ecoregions Hispaniola The Island of Hispaniola 20°N I is home to a rich mixture of ecoregions and biodi- II versity. MOIST FOREST HISPANIOLA NT0127 HISPANIOLA DRY FOREST NT0215III HISPANIOLA PINE FOREST NT0305 A ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903IV B C 19°N Haiti hosts four distinct V D ecoregions, each with Frontière internationale 3500 m distinct and important 2500 m Limite de département E 2000 m Cours deauVI 1500 m 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations endemic species. 500 m 400 m 300 m Sommets Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villesVII 0 -200 m -500 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -1000 m - 1500 m - 2000 m - 2500 m - 3000 mVIII ECOREGIONS -3500 m - 4000 m - 4500 m NT0127 Moist Forest NT0127 0 0 (km) (mi) 50 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°WIX ECOREGIONS NT0215 Dry Forest NT0215 NT0127 Moist Forest NT0127 NT0305 Pine Forest NT0305 X NT0215 Dry Forest NT0215 NT0903 ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903 NT0305 Pine Forest NT0305 NT0903 ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903 Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 18
    • Hispaniola Dry Forest NT0215 20°N Hispaniolan dry forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W Hispaniolan dry forest (NT0215) C V Dry Broadleaf Forests DVI E Size: 15.000 km²VII about the size of HawaiiVIII Conservation Status: Critical/EndangeredIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 19
    • Hispaniola Pine Forest NT0305 20°N Hispaniolan pine forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C Hispaniolan pine forest (NT0305) V Coniferous Forest DVI E Size: 11.600 km²VII about the size of Maryland Con- necticutVIII Conservation Status:IX Critical/Endangered X http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/nt/nt0305. html http://nl.wikipedia.org Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 20
    • Hispaniola Moist Forest NT0127 20°N Hispaniolan moist forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C Hispaniolan moist forest (NT0127) V Moist Broadleaf Forest DVI E Size: 46.000 km²VII about the size of Maryland and Massachusetts combinedVIII Conservation Status:IX Critical/Endangered X http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/nt/nt0127. html http://nl.wikipedia.org Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 21
    • Hispaniola Enriquillo Wetlands NT903 20°N Hispaniolan Enriquillo Wet- I lands II Where: 19°N Island of Hispaniola,III Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m in the Caribbean 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Biome: - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C Hispaniolan enriquillo wetlands (NT0903) V Flooded Grasslands and Savannas DVI E Size: 600 km²VII about the size of Washington DCVIII Conservation Status: VulnerableIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 22
    • IV Deforestation Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 23
    • Deforestation Factors 7% 2% 1,6% 40% 60% I 93% 98% 98,4% Continuing in the same II 7% speed Haiti will be totally deforest, or do we start 100% reforestation programsIII to protect the landscape 93% A from further degradation 2031 2031IV B Deforest Forest C Aid organisation discourages central problem V causes driver accentuates positive human actor Lack of Sun ovens ReforestationVI Regulation Promote negative human actor decreases negative non-human actor perputuates positive non human actorVII Charcoal market Deforestation Loss of natural habitat donate feedbacksVIII Poverty Population Decreased soil Desertification increase structure DroughtIX Storms, hurricanes, tremors, etc. Soil erosion Decreased soil Decreased farm fertility output X Land slides Famine Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 24
    • Deforestation Results I Changing landscape Depletion Natural Resources II Soil ErosionIII Unusable land beyond recovery (Disasters) AIV B C VVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 25
    • Forest cover Hispaniola I 20°N HISPANIOLA MOIST FORE NT0127 HISPANIOLA DRY FOREST NT0215 HISPANIOLA PINE FORES II NT0305 ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903 19°NIII Frontière interna 3500 m 2500 m Limite de départe 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m 400 m Sommets A 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de départeme 50 m Autres villes 0 -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 D -500 m -1000 m - 1500 m - 2000 m - 2500 mIV - 3000 m B -3500 m - 4000 m - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C VVIVIIVIII WaterIX Closed Forest Open- Fragmented Forest Other wooded lands Fig 3.8 Forest cover Haiti X Forest coverMap source: Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000, Other land base map: ESRI Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 26
    • V Research Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 27
    • Motivation - Problem Statement I Developing a strategy that can contribute to the problem in the rural areas. II Creating new opportunities for the rural population and improveIII the living conditions. AIV B C V D The ongoing degradation of the rural landscape in Haiti contribute to the hazard risk of erosion and landslides. The economic possibilities and livingVI conditions for peasant in rural areas are getting poorer by timeVII The challenge lies in: learning the peasants how to use the land in a moreVIII efficient way with other techniques, so that they can make a bigger profitIX out of their harvest. X The other challenge is that they have to understand what they are doing to the landscape and how they can protect it from further degradation. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 28
    • Research Question How to develop a resilience strategy method I that improves the quality of the soil surface in II rural areas (of developing countries), through theIII use of agriculture? AIV B I. Can agriculture improve local ecology, III. How is the current flow (¤) of agriculture C while securing (¤) resourse demand as food products from rural areas to urban areas? V and building materials based out of agricul- Where does the infrastructure needs to be im- D tural (¤¤) waste? proved to optimising the agricultural flows?VI ¤ Securing: meet the demand for food and building ¤ Flows: how the product is transported from A to B. materials. ¤¤ Agriculture waste: based on 5 plants that produce food and waste product for natural building materials; rice,VII maize, sugarcane, coconut, bamboo guadua. II. What kind of crops (¤) be produced and IV. What kind of spacial interventions (¤) onVIII how many space is there available based on province / city scale have to be set to make resilience indicators (¤¤)? the resilience strategy method a success?IX ¤ Crops: rice, maize, sugercane, coconut, ¤ Spatial interventions: bamboo guadua. ¤¤ Resilience indicators: location, climate, ecoregions, X ecological zones, geography and biodiversity. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 29
    • Approach Research Question Methods DR LR CS M SO DE GIS SC Research Question I How can agriculture be used as a tool to improve the quality of the soil surface? What kind of crops can be produced, based on the II climate, ecological zones, ecoregions, geography and location? What kind of crops can be used for the production of natural building materials based on sub research question II?III How much space is there available to produce a type of crop, based on sub research question III? A How is the current flow of agriculture products from ruralIV B areas to urban areas? Where does the infrastructure needs to be improved to optimise the agriculture flows? What influence has the strategy method on the living C conditions and future prospects on the rural population? (scenarios) V How can locals benefit from the strategy method? D (scenarios: business model, livelihood) What kind of spacial interventions on province / city scaleVI have to be set to make the resilience strategy method a succes?VIIVIII DR Data Research CS Case Study SO Site Observation GIS GIS Analyses LR Literature Research M Mapping DE Designing SC ScenariosIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 30
    • Strategy - Methodology METHODS / TOOLS I PROBLEM CONTEXT ANALYSIS DATA RESEARCH INTRODUCTION HISTORICAL MOTIVATION LITERATURE RESEACH II SPATIAL RELEVANCE SITE OBSERVATION INTERVIEWING GEOGRAPHYIII PROBLEM STATEMENT LANDSCAPE MAPPING A DEMOGRAPHIC MOVEMENT PATTERNSIV B EXISTING C AIMS OF THE RESEACH RESEARCH QUESTION PROGRAMS / PROJECTS URBAN INTERVENTION V DVI Introduction Research Methods / Tools LITERATURE REVIEW THEORETICAL EVALUATION / TESTING THEORY FRAMEWORK OF RESULTS Theoretical FrameworkVII Analysis Empirical Framwork Design Urban InterventionVIII CASE STUDY EMPIRICAL FINAL PRODUCT Evaluation Urban Intervention FRAMEWORK URBAN INTERVENTION Final Product: SET OF CASE STUDY RECOMMENDATIONS - Urban InterventionIX - Recommendations CASE STUDY X CASE STUDY COMPARISON CASES Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 31
    • VI Urban Resilience Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 32
    • Urban Resilience I Resilience is the ability of a system to return to a stable state in the face of disturbance, and is an important ecosystem property II (Hawes and Reed, 2006).III According to Holling (1973), resilience is “a measure of the persistence of systems and of A their ability to absorb change and disturbance and still maintain the same relationshipsIV B between populations or state variables.” C V D In 1986, Holling (1986) refines this definition and defines resilience as “the ability of a system to maintain its structure and patterns of behavior in the face of disturbance.”VI E Later, Holling offers another definition based on the first two, stating that resilience is the buf-VII fer capacity or the ability of a system to absorb perturbations, or the magnitude of dis- turbance that can be absorbed before a system changes its structure by changing theVIII variables and processes that control behavior.IX (Holling et al., 1995 cited in Adger, 2000; Schoon, 2005). X URBAN RESILIENCE: ENERGETIC PRINCIPLES AND A SYSTEMS ECOLOGY APPROACH Poli Lucy Lin Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 33
    • Resilience Indicators I 20°N 20°N I IIIII 19°N 19°N AIV B C V 18°N 74°W 73°W 0 0 (km) (mi) 50 30 72°W 18°N 74°W 73°W 0 0 (km) (mi) 50 30 72°W D Ecology Heights Ecoregions Ecological ZonesVI E 20°N 20°NVIIVIII 19°N 19°NIX X 0 (km) 50 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 34
    • Resilience Indicators II Palmiste 20°N 20°N Port-dePaix St. Louis du Nord I Jean-Rabel Môle St.-Nicolas Anse-à-Foleur Le Borgne Monte Criste Port-Margot Cap-Haïtien Palmiste Quartier Limbé Plaine Morin Caracol Fort- Bombardopolis du Nord Liberté Baie de Henne Pilate Phaëton Gros-Morne Acul du Nord Limonade Anse-Rouge Milot Plaisance Trou-du-Nord Ferrier Terre-Neuve Grande-Rivière Sainte- Dajabon du Nord Suzanne Ouanaminthe Marmelade Dondon Perches II Ennery Bahon Gonaïves Vallières Saint- Raphaël Ranquitte Mont-Organisé Saint-Michel La Victoire de lAttalaye Pignon Grande-Saline Dessalines Cerca-Carvajal Cerca-la-Source Petite-Rivière- Maïssade de-lArtibonite Hinche Saint-Marc ThomassiqueIII Verrettes 19°N 19°N Thomonde La Chapelle Belladère Magasin Mirebalais Lascahobas A Saut-dEau Baptiste Pointe-à-Raquette Arcahaie Duvalierville Savenette Thomazeau Cornillon Abricots Trou Jérémie Bonbon PORT- AU- Croix desIV Dame-Marie Roseaux Moron Gressier PRINCE Bouquets Corail B Chambellan Petit Trou de Nippes Pestel Petite Rivière Carrefour Ganthier Source Chaude Anse-à-Veau de Nippes Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond Parisien Baradères Jimani Anse dHainault MASSIF DE LA HOTTE Petit-Goave Kenscoff Miragoâne Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes Les Irois LAsile La Cahouane Camp-Perrin Trouin Maniche Tiburon Les Anglais Cavaillon St.-Louis Aquin Vieux Bourg C du Sud La Vallée Belle- Chardonnières dAquin de Jacmel Cayes-Jacmel Marigot Anse Thiotte Port-à-Piment Côteaux Jacmel Chantal Bainet Les Cayes Grand-Gosier Roch-à-Bateau Torbeck Côtes-de-Fer Banane V St.-Jean du Sud 0 (km) 50 Port-Salut 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 0 (mi) 30 Anse-à-Pitres 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W D Land Water Infrastructure Provinces Focus AreaVI E Palmiste 20°N 20°N Port-dePaix St. Louis du Nord Anse-à-Foleur Monte Le Borgne Criste Jean-Rabel NORD-OUEST Môle St.-Nicolas NORD-OUEST Port-Margot Cap-Haïtien PalmisteVII Quartier Limbé Plaine Morin Caracol Fort- Bombardopolis du Nord Liberté Baie de Henne Pilate Phaëton Gros-Morne Acul du Nord Limonade NORD Anse-Rouge NORD Milot Plaisance Trou-du-Nord Ferrier Terre-Neuve Grande-Rivière Sainte- Dajabon du Nord Suzanne Ouanaminthe Marmelade Dondon Perches NORD-EST Bahon NORD-EST Ennery Gonaïves Vallières Saint- Raphaël Ranquitte Mont-Organisé Saint-Michel La Victoire de lAttalaye Pignon ARTIBONITE ARTIBONITEVIII Grande-Saline Dessalines Petite-Rivière- Maïssade Cerca-Carvajal Cerca-la-Source de-lArtibonite Hinche Saint-Marc Thomassique Verrettes 19°N 19°N Thomonde CENTRE La Chapelle CENTRE Belladère MagasinIX Mirebalais Lascahobas Saut-dEau Baptiste Pointe-à-Raquette Arcahaie Duvalierville Savenette Thomazeau Cornillon Abricots Trou Jérémie Bonbon PORT- Roseaux AU- Croix des Dame-Marie Moron PRINCE Bouquets Corail Gressier OUEST Chambellan Pestel Petit Trou de Nippes Petite Rivière Carrefour OUEST Ganthier Source Chaude GRANDE-ANSE Anse-à-Veau de Nippes Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond Parisien GRANDE-ANSE Baradères Jimani Anse dHainault NIPPES MASSIF DE LA HOTTE NIPPES Petit-Goave Kenscoff Miragoâne X Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes Les Irois LAsile La Cahouane Camp-Perrin Trouin Maniche Tiburon Les Anglais SUD-EST Cavaillon St.-Louis Aquin SUD-EST du Sud Vieux Bourg La Vallée Belle- SUD Chardonnières SUD dAquin de Jacmel Cayes-Jacmel Marigot Anse Thiotte Port-à-Piment Côteaux Jacmel Chantal Bainet Les Cayes Grand-Gosier Roch-à-Bateau Torbeck Côtes-de-Fer Banane St.-Jean du Sud 0 (km) 50 Port-Salut 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 0 (mi) 30 Anse-à-Pitres 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 35
    • Resilience Indicators III I II 20°N I III IV V II VI VII VIIIIII AIV B C V Hydrogeology D Soils 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 73°W 72°WVI E 19°NVIIVIIIIX X 0 (km) 50 Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 36
    • Urban Resilience I Resilience Indicators II To understand the landscape and research the possibilities for agriculture.III What can grow where based on a variaty of indicators. AIV B It will contribute to build up arguments for an possible urban intervention in V C rural areas that will improve the agricultural sector. DVI EVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 37
    • VII Urban Metabolism Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 38
    • Beans Third Beans Main Maize Main Urban Metabolism Beans Second Maize Second Beans Third I TheMain Rice term urban metabolism refers to the flows and links, in cities, be- Maize Main Rice Second tween humans, infrastructures, food, energy, etc. Maize Second Sowing II Sorghum Main Rice Main Sorghum Second GrowingIII Rice Second A Wheat Main Beans Main Sowing Sorghum Main HarvestIV B Wheat Second Beans Second Sorghum Second Growing C Sugarcane Main Beans Third Wheat Main V Harvest D Sugarcane Second Maize Main Wheat Second E PatatoSecond MaizeVI Sugarcane Main SweetMain Rice Patato Sugarcane SecondVII MaizeSecond Rice Third Patato Rice ThirdMain Sowing Sorghum Sweet PatatoVIII Sorghum Second Growing Maize Third Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Wheat MainIX Rice Third Harvest Wheat Second X Sugarcane Main Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Sugarcane Second Patato Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Sweet Patato TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Hosted by Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 39
    • Current Production I Rice - First Sowing Season II FAO Emergency II for Haiti I Roads Port-de Paix ! Ia Primary Secondary Ia III II " " Cap Haitien VI VI ! Area of extreme energy released " " III III II II during the earthquake event (from USGS) Fort Liberté II Area of medium-to-high energy released " " VII VII ! during the earthquake event (from USGS) " " " " IV II " " III Ia Agro-Ecological Zones First Sowing Season " " " " " Gonaives " " " " " VIII ! IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes Jan " " " " " VII " " " " "III Montagne humide et tres humide IV II II IV Feb " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " III III Montagne semi humide " " " " " " " " " " " Apr " " " " V" " " " " " " III A Ia Plaine aride " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Hinche May ! III I Plaine seche et semi aride " " " " " " " " " " " III " " " " " " " " " " " IV IV " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " VI Plaine humide Jul IIV " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " B " " " " " " " " " VII V Plaine irriguée " " " " " " VIII VIII VII Plaine semi humide II VI C VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II VIII VIII IV IV II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride V Urbain Jérémie ! III III D Port-au-Prince !Urbain II DOMINICAN IVa VII I I V V I VII REPUBLIC III III E II VIII III VII VIIVI IV IV VII VIII III III IV II VI VI IV IVa IVa V I Jacmel III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! Les Cayes II II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! II OpenStreetMap. V Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations Rice - Second Sowing Season II FAO Emergency II for Haiti and Rehabilitation Division (TCE)VII Port-de Paix Roads FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) ! VII Primary Ia " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. Secondary Ia III " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " 25 0 25 50 " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " # ## II # ## ## # " " " " " " " " " Cap Haitien " " " " " " " " " V VI VI ! February 2010 # ## ## # Kilometers Area of extreme energy released " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " This map is not an authority on International Boundaries during the earthquake event (from USGS) III III II II " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " V " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Fort Liberté VII VII ! " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Area of medium-to-high energy released ### # ## # ## Rice First Season " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " during the earthquake event (from USGS) ### ### # ## " " " " " " " " IV " " " " " " " " " " II III " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Ia Agro-Ecological Zones Second Sowing Season " " # ## # ## # " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " Gonaives # ## # ## # # ## # ## # VIII ! IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes # ## # ## # Jun # ## # ## # # ## # ## # VII IV Montagne humide et tres humideVIII II II IV III Montagne semi humide Jul # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## III # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## III Ia Plaine aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## Hinche ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## ! # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## III III Plaine seche et semi aride " " " " " " I " " " " " " " " " " " " Sept # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # IV IV VI Plaine humide # ## # " " #" " " " ## # ## # ## # # # # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # I # # ## V Plaine irriguée # ## # ## # # # ## # ## # # Oct II VII # ## # ## # # # ## # ## # # IV # ## # ## # # " ## " " " " " " " " VIII VIII Dec II ## VII Plaine semi humide # ## # ## # # " ## " " " ## " " " " " # ## # ## # # ## " " " ## # ## # ## # # " VI " " " " " VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II VII " " VIII " " " " " " " " VIII " " " " " " " " IV IV Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride " " " " " " " " " IIIX " " " " " " " " " Jérémie III III Urbain ! Port-au-Prince II DOMINICAN IVa VII I I !Urbain V V I VII REPUBLIC III III II VIII III VII VII IV VIII IV VII III III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV II VI VI IV IVa ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I Jacmel III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Les V Cayes II II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II OpenStreetMap. V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! X and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. 25 0 25 50 This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers Rice Second Season Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 40
    • Current Production II Common Beans - First Sowing Season II FAO Emergency Common Beans - Second Sowing Season II FAO Emergency II II for Haiti for Haiti Port-de Paix Port-de Paix Roads ! Roads ! Ia Ia Primary Primary I Secondary Ia III Secondary Ia III II V Cap Haitien II V Cap Haitien VI VI ! VI VI ! Area of extreme energy released III III II II Area of extreme energy released III III II II during the earthquake event (from USGS) V VII Fort Liberté during the earthquake event (from USGS) V Fort Liberté VII ! VII VII ! Area of medium-to-high energy released Area of medium-to-high energy released during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II III III Ia Ia Agro-Ecological Zones First Sowing Season Agro-Ecological Zones Second Sowing Season Gonaives VIII Gonaives VIII Jan ! IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes VII IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes ! Jan-Feb VII IV Montagne humide et tres humide IV Montagne humide et tres humide Feb II II III IV II II III IV III Montagne semi humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III Montagne semi humide Jul Mar ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V III II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V III Ia Plaine aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Ia Plaine aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! HincheII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug Hinche ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I Plaine seche et semi aride Apr ! III III I Plaine seche et semi aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III III ## # ## ## # IV IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV IV # # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # Nov # # ## # ## ## # VI Plaine humide ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # I VI Plaine humide # # ## # ## ## # Nov II # # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # VII # # ## # ## ## # VII V Plaine irriguée ## # ## ## # V Plaine irriguée # # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # Nov-Dec # # ## # ## ## # Dec ## # ## ## # # # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # VIII VIII VIII VIII VII Plaine semi humide II # # ## # ## ## # II ## # ## ## # VII Plaine semi humide # # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # Dec VI # # ## # ## ## # VI VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide ## # ## ## # II VIII VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide VIII II VIII VIII IV IV IV IV II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride Jérémie III III III Urbain ! Urbain Jérémie III !III Port-au-Prince II DOMINICAN II Port-au-Prince DOMINICAN IVa VII I I !Urbain V V VII I I !Urbain V V IVa IVa I VII REPUBLIC I REPUBLIC III III III III VII II II VIII III VIII VII VII IV VIII VII VII III IV VII IV IV VII VIII III III III III IV IV II VI VI IV II VI A IVa V VI IV IVa V I Jacmel III I III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la Jacmel V Les Cayes II II V II II ! Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; Les Cayes ! ! II OpenStreetMap. OpenStreetMap. Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. 25 0 25 50IV 25 0 25 50 This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers B Common Beans First Season Common Beans Second Season C Cow Pea - First Sowing Season II II FAO Emergency for Haiti Cow Pea - Second Sowing Season II II FAO Emergency for Haiti V Port-de Paix Port-de Paix Roads ! Roads ! Ia Ia Primary Primary Secondary Ia III Secondary Ia III D II Cap Haitien II Cap Haitien V VI VI ! VI VI ! Area of extreme energy released III III II II Area of extreme energy released III III II II during the earthquake event (from USGS) V VII Fort Liberté during the earthquake event (from USGS) V VII Fort Liberté VII ! VII ! Area of medium-to-high energy released Area of medium-to-high energy released during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II III III Ia V Ia V Agro-Ecological Zones First Sowing Season Agro-Ecological Zones Second Sowing Season Gonaives VIII Gonaives VIII ! ! Montagne humide de basses altitudes Montagne humide de basses altitudes E IVa Jan IVa VII Jul VIIVI IV Montagne humide et tres humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II II IV IV Montagne humide et tres humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II II IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Mar III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug III III Montagne semi humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III Montagne semi humide " ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! " " " " " III Ia Plaine aride Apr V Ia Plaine aride " " " " " " " " " " " " Sept V III HincheII " #" #" # # # # # # # # " " " HincheII Oct ! III # ## # # ## # ## ! III I Plaine seche et semi aride III I Plaine seche et semi aride # ## # # ## # ## III IV IV IV IV May # ## # # ## # ## # ## # # ## # ## # ## # ## ## VI Plaine humide II VI Plaine humide II III # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## # ## # ## ## Nov III II VII II VII V Plaine irriguée Nov V Plaine irriguée # ## # ## ## IV IV VIII VIII VIII VIII VII Plaine semi humide II VII Plaine semi humide II VI VI VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II VIII VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II VIII VIII VIII IV IV IV IV II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi arideVII Urbain Jérémie ! I Port-au-Prince !Urbain II III III DOMINICAN Urbain Jérémie ! I Port-au-Prince !Urbain II III III DOMINICAN IVa VII I V V IVa VII I V V I VIII REPUBLIC I VIII REPUBLIC III III III III II II VIII III VIII III VII VII IV VIII VII VII IV VIII IV VII IV VII III III III III IV IV II VI III II VI III VI IV VI IV IVa V IVa V I Jacmel I III I Jacmel I III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! V Les Cayes II II V Les Cayes II II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! VII II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! VII II OpenStreetMap. OpenStreetMap. Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency OperationsVIII and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. 25 0 25 50 25 0 25 50 This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers Cow Pea First Season Cow Pea Second SeasonIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 41
    • Current Production III Maize - First Sowing Season II FAO Emergency Maize - Second Sowing Season II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! FAO Emergency II II for Haiti for Haiti ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Port-de Paix Port-de Paix Roads ! Roads ! ! ! ! Ia Ia Primary Primary ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Secondary Ia III Secondary Ia III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Cap Haitien ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II Cap Haitien II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V VI ! VI VI ! VI Area of extreme energy released ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Area of extreme energy released III III II II III III II II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! during the earthquake event (from USGS) during the earthquake event (from USGS) Fort Liberté ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V Fort Liberté V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VII VII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VII VII ! Area of medium-to-high energy released Area of medium-to-high energy released ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II III III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Ia Ia ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Agro-Ecological Zones First Sowing Season Agro-Ecological Zones ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Gonaives VIII Second Sowing Season Gonaives ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes Jan VII IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VII Mar ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Montagne humide et tres humide IV Montagne humide et tres humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Feb II II III IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV Montagne semi humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III Montagne semi humide III Feb-Mar May III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II V III V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Ia Plaine aride Ia Plaine aride HincheII Hinche Mar ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III III Plaine seche et semi aride Jul ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III III Plaine seche et semi aride I ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I IV IV IV IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Mar-Apr ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VI Plaine humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II VI Plaine humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Apr VII VII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V Plaine irriguée V Plaine irriguée ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug-Sept ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII VIII VIII VII Plaine semi humide Apr-May II VII Plaine semi humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! " " " " " VI ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VI ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide " " " " " " " " " " Sept II VIII VIII VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII VIII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ## # ## ## ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV IV IV IV II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride ## # ## ## ## # ## ## Dec II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ## # ## ## ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ## # ## ## III III Jérémie III III Jérémie Urbain ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Urbain ! !III II II DOMINICAN DOMINICAN Port-au-Prince ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Port-au-Prince ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IVa VII I I !Urbain V V IVa VII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I I ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V V REPUBLIC REPUBLIC ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I I ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III III VII III III VII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II II VIII VIII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III VII VII III VII VII IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII IV IV VII VIII IV VII III III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III III ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II VI II VI IV A VI IV IVa VI ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! IVa V IVa V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! I III I Jacmel III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la Jacmel Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! V II II ! Les Cayes II II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; Les Cayes Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II ! II V ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! OpenStreetMap. OpenStreetMap. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. 25 0 25 50IV 25 0 25 50 This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers B Maize First Season Maize Second Season C V D Sorghum - First Sowing Season II Port-de Paix II FAO Emergency for Haiti Sorghum - Second Sowing Season II Port-de Paix II FAO Emergency for Haiti Roads ! Roads ! Ia Ia Primary Primary Secondary Ia III Secondary Ia III E II Cap Haitien II Cap Haitien V VI VI ! VI VI ! Area of extreme energy released Area of extreme energy releasedVI III III II II III III II II during the earthquake event (from USGS) V VII during the earthquake event (from USGS) V VII VII ! VII ! Area of medium-to-high energy released Fort Liberté Area of medium-to-high energy released Fort Liberté during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II during the earthquake event (from USGS) IV II III III Ia V Ia V Agro-Ecological Zones First Sowing Season Agro-Ecological Zones Second Sowing Season Gonaives VIII Gonaives VIII IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes Feb ! VII IVa Montagne humide de basses altitudes Feb ! VII IV Montagne humide et tres humide IV Montagne humide et tres humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Mar II II III IV May II II III IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III Montagne semi humide ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III Montagne semi humide Apr V III Jul V III Ia Plaine aride Ia Plaine aride Hinche II Hinche ! ! ! ! ! ! ! II II Apr-Jul Aug ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III ! III I Plaine seche et semi aride III I Plaine seche et semi aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! III IV IVVII IV IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! " " " " " " VI Plaine humide May II VI Plaine humide " " " " " " Aug-Sept I II III VII " " " " " " II III VII V Plaine irriguée V Plaine irriguée ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! May-Aug IV IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII VIII VIII VIII VII Plaine semi humide II VII Plaine semi humide II Jul VI VI VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II VIII VIII Plateau, colline et morne semi-humide II I VIII ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! VIII II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Aug IV IV II Plateau, colline, morne sec et semi aride IV IV ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Jérémie III III Jérémie III III Urbain ! Urbain ! Port-au-Prince II DOMINICAN Port-au-Prince II DOMINICAN IVa VII I I !Urbain V V IVa VII I I !Urbain V V REPUBLIC REPUBLICVIII I I III III VIII III III VIII II II III VIII III VII VII IV VIII VII VII IV VIII IV VII IV VII III III III III IV IV II VI III II VI III VI IV VI IV IVa V IVa V V I Jacmel I III I Jacmel I III Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! Sources: CNSA - Coordination Nationale de la ! Les Cayes II II V II II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! VII II Sécurité Alimentaire; USGS / FEWSNET; ! I VII II OpenStreetMap. OpenStreetMap. Les Cayes Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations Authors: Supported by FAO-Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) and Rehabilitation Division (TCE) FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-GIEWS Workstation (FENIX) VII FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. FAO-Natural Resources, Land and Water Division. 25 0 25 50 25 0 25 50 This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 Kilometers This map is not an authority on International Boundaries February 2010 KilometersIX Sorghum First Season Sorghum Second Season X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 42
    • Urban Metabolism I The maps of the current agriculture production are based on the eco- logical zones of Haiti and the conditions where the crops and plants II can grow.III A What i want to research is how and where the agriculture sector ofIV B Haiti can intensify the agriculture production, based on more then one C indicator. V DVI E Can the production be stimulated, if so where and what kind of ur- ban intervention have to be made to make sure the production willVII increase.VIIIIX This will contribute to the development of the rural areas that are now losing there strength because of rural urban migration. X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 43
    • VIII Project Area Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 44
    • Project Area I Palmiste 20°N Port-dePaix St. Louis du Nord Anse-à-Foleur Monte II Le Borgne Criste Jean-Rabel Môle St.-Nicolas NORD-OUEST Port-Margot Cap-Haïtien Palmiste Quartier Limbé Plaine Morin Caracol Fort- Bombardopolis du Nord Liberté Baie de Henne Pilate Phaëton Gros-Morne Acul du Nord LimonadeIII Anse-Rouge Terre-Neuve Plaisance NORD Grande-Rivière Milot Trou-du-Nord Ferrier Sainte- Dajabon du Nord Suzanne Ouanaminthe A Marmelade Ennery Dondon Bahon Perches NORD-EST Gonaïves Vallières Saint-IV B Saint-Michel Raphaël Ranquitte La Victoire Mont-Organisé de lAttalaye Pignon ARTIBONITE Grande-Saline Dessalines Cerca-Carvajal V Petite-Rivière- de-lArtibonite Maïssade Cerca-la-Source Hinche Saint-Marc Thomassique Verrettes 19°N ThomondeVI La Chapelle CENTRE Belladère Magasin Mirebalais Lascahobas Saut-dEau Baptiste Pointe-à-Raquette ArcahaieVII Duvalierville Savenette Thomazeau Cornillon Abricots Trou Jérémie Bonbon PORT- Roseaux AU- Croix des Dame-Marie Moron PRINCE Bouquets Corail Gressier Petit Trou de Nippes Chambellan OUESTVIII Pestel Petite Rivière Carrefour Ganthier Source Chaude Anse-à-Veau de Nippes Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond Parisien GRANDE-ANSE Baradères Jimani Anse dHainault MASSIF DE LA HOTTE NIPPES Petit-Goave Kenscoff Miragoâne Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes Les Irois LAsile La Cahouane Camp-Perrin Trouin Maniche Tiburon Les Anglais St.-Louis AquinIX Cavaillon SUD-EST du Sud Vieux Bourg La Vallée Belle- Chardonnières SUD dAquin de Jacmel Cayes-Jacmel Marigot Anse Thiotte Port-à-Piment Côteaux Jacmel Chantal Bainet Les Cayes Grand-Gosier Roch-à-Bateau Torbeck Côtes-de-Fer Banane St.-Jean du Sud X 18°N Port-Salut 74°W 73°W 0 0 (km) (mi) 50 30 72°W Anse-à-Pitres Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 45
    • Project Story The research results will determine what the scale of the fi- When the agricultural sector can redevelop itself it will con- nal project will be. The ‘best way’ analysis, that will be done , tribute to further development in rural areas. New program I with GIS will show where to the rural areas can be improved can be added to the current program. Proper education, based on agricultural production of 5 plant that will be looked health care, sanitation, shelters, community program can at in the research. benefit from a functioning agricultural sector in developing countries. II Rice, Maize, Sugarcane, Coconut and Bamboo are the plants that will be tested in the database. The outcome of the plants in combination with the resilience indicators will be a strate-III gic map. This will be the results on National scale. A When the National strategic map is determined i will focus on the province Ouest (East). On province scale i will research Business Crops & SoilIV plan Plants Erosion B and design how to optimise the flows of the agricultural pro- duction. Where is the harvest going and where is the waste going. Mapping the flows and calculating the energy that can be reduced due to optimising the infrastructure, result into a V province scale design. Food Building Depending on the outcome of the analysis an urban inter- Product Material vention on district/community scale will be designed. OnVI this level i will design then; how the landscape should be transformed to protect the landscape against soil erosion and improve the surface productivity for agricultural produc- Climate RegionVII tion. This will result into small economies set up by the rural Landscape Geography population. Ecoregion Ecological Zones (Land Use) The economic opportunities is important for the development Top Soil / Sub SoilVIII of rural areas in develop and developing countries. Especially Hydrogeology for developing countries is it very important. By improving the use of the rural agricultural landscape makes the country less depending from import product.IX Micro Macro A growing population has a demand for food, water and (nat- Economy Economy ural) building materials. This resilience strategy can contrib- ute to the demand of an growing population. X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 46
    • IX Research Haiti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 47
    • Research Haiti / Theory The research will continue in putting data into the data- Depending on the outcome the project will stay on a base to come up with ‘best way’ maps for protecting the research level or goes to an urban intervention on district I landscape against further degradation and improve the / community level. The fieldwork in Haiti will determine productivity. The database is combining Urban Resilience in which direction the project will go. In Haiti i will have and Urban Metabolism. The horizontal table are plants that contact with the head of the farmers association to talk can be used for agriculture. The research focuses on these about how the agricultural sector in working now in Haiti. I II plants, because they can grow in Haiti and they can answer will also discuss and observe what kind of technologies and the demand for food and building materials for a certain machinery is used in this sector. percentage.III I will discuss why and how i set up the database, what is The plants produce food for the population and the waste the purpose of making this database. With my project i can A product can be transformed into natural building materi- show best way scenarios as well as doom scenarios if they als. The outcome of how much and where the plants can continue in the way they are doing now. Another thing thatIV B grow in the ‘best way’ is depending on different factors. For is important for my research is to map what kind of projects the outcome of how much can be produced i will use data there are set up after the earthquake and how they deal that is researched by Wageningen University and numbers with the different layers from the database. Do they take C and facts out of the practise. For the data that can an- into account all the layers, are they all even important or V swer where the data can grow the best i will use the same are there layers involved that are not that important. Is my D sources. database complete or did i forgot an important input that can change the results that come out of the database. When all the data is set into the table the table will showVI how much there can be produced, based on the different The outcome of this thesis is to develop a database that Urban Resilience layers in the table. To visualise where a can be used for making strategical spatial plans for protect- plant can grow in the ‘best way’ i will use GIS as a tool to ing the landscape and answer the growing demand of food,VII classify the different layers of urban resilience to come up building materials and water. The database can help farm- with a ‘best way’map. ers to decide which kind of crop/plant they can sow and harvest the best way of his land based on all the different This map will contribute to a strategic spatial plan for Haiti. UR layers. On province and country scale the governmentVIII On national level i can show where to produce which kind of can use the database to make a strategic spatial plan per plant based on the database table. On province level i will province or the whole country. This tool (database) can help research the flows of the plants. Where does the infra- to build up the agricultural sector and make new policies to structure needs to be optimised. To visualise the flows and preserve the landscape from further degradation and deple-IX infrastructure i will use street density time and distance to tion of natural resources. show where the infrastructure needs to be optimised. X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 48
    • Database Soil class VI: Soils limited cultures. Unfit for irrigation except in special circumstances Tropical Climate and with dultures very profitable mainly clean pasture or permanent crops; flat or corrugated topography ee, severe limitations requiring very intensive management Dry Climate (dessert / steppe Bamboo Guadua measures; low productivity or poor. On the conservation, applying the most adequate is in HAITI I permanent crops requiring little plowing. CLIMATE Mild Climate (warm and humid) Sugercane Coconut Plants Continental Climate (cold /humid) Maize Soil class V: Soils unsuitable for agriculture, just pure good crops of rice, without Rice Resilience Indicators restrictions for pasture severe limitations, especially drainage, high productivity for Polar Climate (very cold/dry) COUNTRY pastures or rice with some very intensive development, particularly affecting the drainage. Surface in Ha. 2.775.000,00 2.775.000,00 2.775.000,00 2.775.000,00 2.775.000,00 Soils included due to low fertility Practices requiring investment of intensive fertilization. Mountain areas (altitude effects climate) Available land 20,32% for agriculture in Ha. 563.880,00 563.880,00 563.880,00 563.880,00 563.880,00 II SOIL TYPES Soil class VI: Inpropres soil for agriculture, good for crops demontagne; own mainly to Mountainous forests and pastures; severe limitations, particularly with regard to topography, soil depth GEOGRAPHY LANDSCAPE Available land for plant in Ha. and rocky soils. Without restrictions on sensitive forests and limitations for grazing. Plateau Best way production of 1 Ha. In tonnes RESULTS Plaine Best way production in tonnes Soil class VII: Unfit for agriculture purposes only own forest. Severe restrictions for ice caps and polar deserts FAO statistics in tonnes with the consideration of current state of theIII crops. In the portions where the actual depth of soil and slope permit it is possible to soil and the agriculture technology develop tree crops, coffee and fruit, and Vertain cases pastures. tundra Average in tonnes taiga A deciduous forest Soil class VIII: Unsuitable for agriculture without restrictions pure national parks or conservation areas, wildlife and recreation. The rational use of these soils is an important Population in milions phase of soil conservation more productive classes earlier productivity. RESULTS steppeIV Demand in tonnes B subtropical rainforest mountain humid low altitude Food in tonnes Mediterranean vegetation mountain wet and very wet Waste in tonnes C monsoon forest semi-wet mountain VEGETATIONS Sowing season 3 Sowing season 2 Sowing season 1 Sowing V sand desert arid plain ECOLOGICAL ZONES dry and semi arid plain Growing rock bottom D dry steppe lowland wet Harvesting CROPCALENDAR irrigated plains Sowing desert lowland semi-humid GrowingVI grass savanna plateau, hill and dreary wet-smi Harvesting tree savanna plateau, hill, dry and semi arid more Sowing sutropisch dry forest urban Growing tropical rainforest HarvestingVII alpine tundra Cloud Forest BIODIVERSITY Dry Forest NT0215 ECOREGIONS Pine Forests NT0305VIII Moist Forest NT127 Enriquillo Wetland NT0903 Soil class 1: Arable land, fit for irrigation; flat topography without significant limiting HYDROGEOLOGY factors; high productivity with good design does not require conservation measures. Some soil physical conditions which would allow their inclusion in this class, are severely affected by factors of aridity that require the application of intensive management practices,IX particularly drainage, which places them in a classification less productive. HYDROGEOLOGY Soil class II: Arable land, props for irrigation; flat topography, undulating slightly lumpy SOIL TYPES HYDROGEOLOGY and not severe limiting factors, which can be offset by practices more or less intensive management. High productivity with good management practices that require moderate conservation. Wquelques portions of alluvial soils with a limited extension, probably correspond to Class I X Soil class III: Arable land, fit only for irrigation of crops with very profitable flat topography, wavy or slightly bumpy, aves factors limiting a severe stinks; aves average HYDROGE OLOGY productivity of intensive management practices and possible limitations in the cultures. Require intensive conservation measures. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 49
    • ‘Best Way’ I Crop / Plant Ecoregrion II EcologyIII Crop / Plant A InfrastructureIV B Soil C V D Climate Best Way PractiseVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 50
    • ‘Best Way’ I Crop / Plant Ecoregrion II EcologyIII Crop / Plant A InfrastructureIV B Soil C V D Climate Best Way PractiseVIVIIVIIIIX X Potentials Space Syntax Interventions Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 51
    • X Intended Outcome Final Product Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 52
    • Intended Outcome Resilience strategy for the Agriculture Sector. I Improving the agricultural flows. II Increase the agriculture production on food and buildingIII materials to cope with the growing demand. AIV B Make Haiti less independent from import products. C VVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 53
    • Project Scales I National II Arcahaie Duvalierville Thomazeau CornillonIII PORT- AU- Croix des PRINCE Bouquets A Gressier Carrefour Ganthier Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond ParisienIV B Petit-Goave Jimani Kenscoff Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes C Trouin VVI Province How are the flows functing in the agricultural sector Arcahaie Duvalierville Thomazeau Cornillon PORT- AU- Croix des Gressier PRINCE Bouquets Carrefour Ganthier Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond Parisien Gressier Jimani Petit-Goave Kenscoff Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes TrouinVII What kind of Léogâne interventions canVIII Petit-Goave improve the flows? Grand-GoâveIX Arcahaie Trouin Duvalierville Thomazeau Cornillon PORT- AU- Croix des District Gressier PRINCE Bouquets Carrefour Ganthier Léogâne Pétion-ville Fond Parisien Jimani Petit-Goave Kenscoff Grand-Goâve Fonds-Verrettes Trouin Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 54
    • Phasing / Time Schedule 2011 2012 I U JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB II Motivation Field Urban Design Intervention Poster research Thesis Plan Abstract Thesis Plan Final recommendationsIII y Existing programs Haiti Final A Theory paper Abstract Theory paper Research by Design ChangesIV B Historical Analysis Strategic Plan Conclusions C V S c s Case Study: agriculture to improve the quality of the soil surface. z EvaluationVI Case Study: agriculture crops based on;climate, ecological zones, ecoregions, geography and location? Scenarios Site Research: current situation of infrastructure & agricultureVII Mapping different layers for GIS analysisVIII P0 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5IX Motivation feedback Go/No Go feedback Go/No Go Final Poster presentation presentation presentation X JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC JAN FEB Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 55
    • ‘My Mountain’ a journey to rural Haiti Thank You.Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 56