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Research platform for post disaster urban responses   Richard de Ruiter      1342061   R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com          ...
‘My Mountain’                Marie-Jo Mont Reynaud                      www.stanford.edu/~matrotz/maryjo‘My Mountain’ a jo...
Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas.  Research platform for post disaster urban responses ...
Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas.(Re)Development of rural/naturallandscape in Post-Disa...
Content Presentation I       I       Project Information II      II      Background HaitiIII      III     EcoregionsIV    ...
I        Project Information    Research platform for post disaster urban responses   Richard de Ruiter      1342061   R.d...
Earthquake 7.0 M                                                                                                      U.S....
Newspapers I IIIII       AIV     B       C V       D                                                        Fig 1: Shutter...
Urban Emergencies             1 Philippines I                             2 Bangladesh II             3 IndonesiaIII      ...
Studio Structure              Care       Goverment of Haiti        UN Habitat         CORDAID              Oxfam          ...
Research Partner I II             ‘Cordaid combines more than 90 years’ experi-III             ence and expertise in emerg...
II        Background Haiti     Research platform for post disaster urban responses   Richard de Ruiter      1342061   R.de...
Haiti                                                                                                         The Netherla...
Haiti                                                                 Population: I                                       ...
Historical Events           1492                    Discovery by Columbus I         17th Century            The French est...
Haiti I IIIII       AIV     B V       C                    What is the future prospect of Haiti ???       DVIVIIVIIIIX X  ...
III        Ecoregions      Research platform for post disaster urban responses   Richard de Ruiter      1342061   R.de.Rui...
Ecoregions Hispaniola                                                                                                     ...
Hispaniola Dry Forest                                                                      NT0215                         ...
Hispaniola Pine Forest                                                                                    NT0305          ...
Hispaniola Moist Forest                                                                                               NT01...
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P2 Richard de Ruiter
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P2 Richard de Ruiter

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Rural Resilience Strategy and (Re)Development, in Post-Disaster Areas

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  1. 1. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 1
  2. 2. ‘My Mountain’ Marie-Jo Mont Reynaud www.stanford.edu/~matrotz/maryjo‘My Mountain’ a journey to rural Haiti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 2
  3. 3. Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 3
  4. 4. Rural resilience strategyand (re)development,in Post-disaster areas.(Re)Development of rural/naturallandscape in Post-Disaster areas,through urban resilienceinterventions. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 4
  5. 5. Content Presentation I I Project Information II II Background HaitiIII III EcoregionsIV IV Deforestation V V ResearchVI VI Urban ResilienceVII VII Urban MetabolismVIII VIII Project AreaIX IX Research Haiti X X Intended Outcome Final Product Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 5
  6. 6. I Project Information Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 6
  7. 7. Earthquake 7.0 M U.S. Department of State hiu_info@state.gov http://hiu.state.gov HUMA NITA RI A N I NFORMAT I ON UNIT Haiti: Major Earthquake Creates Lands Magnitude 7.0 - Haiti Region; Earth Zone of Jan 12 Major Damage 4:53pm I Area of Interest Baie de Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC. Port-au-Prince Detail Jun -12 Jan Jul 5:00pm 2001 (USGS 2011) PORT AU ( 15 ( 5 PRINCE Jan 12 Jul - Oct 5:12pm 2006 Leogane Petionville II ! ! Jan 12 ( 3 Epicenter 6:12pm ( Kensko Haiti earthquake occurred in the boundary Miragoane 11 ! 1 ! Jan 12 ( 12 ( 7 7:43pm region separating the Caribbean plate and ( ( 13 ( 10 ( 4III 8 Jan 12 ( 9 7:59pm the North America plate. ( 14 Jan 12 A ( 2 8:16pm Jan 12IV B Landslide Risk ( 6 0 5 10 kilometers ! Jacmel ! ! Marigot 8:32pm Very high Cayes Jan 12 High 0 5 10 miles Jacmel 8:36 C Names and boundary representation are not necessarily authoritative. Jan 12 7 Day Rain Forecast Port-au-Prince Area 8:55pm V Jan 12 D 8:57pm Jan 13 U.S. Department of State UNCLASSIFIED Landslide Risk 12:02am E hiu_info@state.gov http://hiu.state.gov Haiti: Multi-Hazard Risk, Major Disasters and Severity (1998 - 2010) Very highVI HUMA N ITA RIA N IN FOR MAT I ON U NI T Tor tuga TS High Med./high Jan 13 12:18am Je Year Month Disaster Killed A ected I sla nd 200 anne Med. 2010 Jan EQ 230,000 3 mil. (est) 4 2009 Sep-Oct FL/LS 10 2,796 HU Debby - 2000 Millimeters Low Jan 13 Area of Interest 2009 May FL 11 9,910 <1 None or low 2:23am Nord- 2008 Aug-Sep TS, HU 698 246,056 1-5 Ouest 5-10 HospitalVII 2007 Aug-Dec HU, FL, TS 143 191,028 Cap ! Haïtien 10-15 UN location Jan 13 TS A 2007 Mar-Jul FL/LS 20 29,014 Nord > 15 National Palace 9:43am 2006 Aug-Nov HU, FL 16 39,700 lph 2005 Jul-Nov HU, FL 88 42,061 a HU Nord-Est - 20 2004 Sep HU 2,757 322,094 No HU UNCLASSIFIED Source: Haiti Remote Sensing and GIS (UTSIG), USGS Janu 05 ! Gonaïves e 2004 May FL 2,665 31,283 G l- eor ges 20 2003 Aug-Dec FL/LS 88 162,225 - 199 07 2001 May FL 26 5,081 8 ArtiboniteVIII 2000 Dec FL 16 1,200 1998 Sep HU 190 12,029 222,570 people killed, HU - Hurricane, TS - Tropical Storm, FL - Flood, LS - Landslide, EQ - Earthquake TS - Olga - 2007 ! DOMINICAN Saint- Centre Haiti’s river basins and coastal delta areas Marc REPUBLIC 300,000 injured, have the highest hazard risk, mostly as a TS Fay result of ooding from heavy rains, tropical - 2008 storms, and hurricanes. Deforestation and erosion exacerbates the risk of landslides associated with oods and heavy rains. 1.300.000 displaced, !IX Arcahaie HU G G o n â ve Jéremié usta Island ! v -2 00 PORT-AU- 8 97,294 houses destroyed Leogane PRINCE Jimaní GrandAnse Petite- Goâve ! ! Nippes ! ! Ouest Multi-Hazard Risk Low 188,383 damaged Camp Perrin ! High Sud-Est Sud X Earthquake Jacmel ! epicenter (Jan ‘10) ! HU Les Cayes Major fault line (approx.) in the Port-au-Prince area and in much of southern Er HU/TS track ne National capital s to City - 20 River Haiti. 06 0 20 40 kilometers Department 0 20 40 miles boundary Names and boundary representation are not necessarily authoritative. UNCLASSIFIED Sources: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database (2010); UNEP/UNDP/UN-ISDR/World Bank 2009 Global Risk Data Platform February 23, 2010 - U139 2-10 STATE (HIU) Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 7
  8. 8. Newspapers I IIIII AIV B C V D Fig 1: Shutterstock 2010 Fig 3: Bigstock 2010VI EVIIVIIIIX X Fig 2: Left: Istockphoto 2010 Fig 4: Istockphoto 2010 Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 8
  9. 9. Urban Emergencies 1 Philippines I 2 Bangladesh II 3 IndonesiaIII A 4 GhanaIV B 5 Venezuela C V D 6 El SalvadorVI E 7 SichuanVII 8 HaitiVIII www.urbanemergencies.net/ The urban emergencies (UE) Haiti atelier research into To support the redevelopment of Haiti, the UE platform,IX post-disaster urban responses while contributing to the based on its global study on post-disaster urban re- (re)development of Haiti. All research is carried out sponses, is invited to investigate various possibilities stems forth from the requirements coming from various to contribute in the relief and rebuilding process (Volle- X partners that are locally embedded; as such a ‘research bregt 2011, p.2). by demand’ framework is established. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 9
  10. 10. Studio Structure Care Goverment of Haiti UN Habitat CORDAID Oxfam Mayor of Leoganne Goal I II ‘Research by Demand’ PartnersIII Urban Emergencies CORDAID/CARITAS A GOVERNMENT OF HAITI MAYOR OF LEOGANNE UN HABITATIV CARE B OXFAM Wageningen University & Delft University of Tilburg University GOAL Reseach Centre Technology C V D Architecture Urbanism Real Estate & Housing Building TechnologyVI E Resilience strategy for lanscape and environmental improvements of the surface in rural areasVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 10
  11. 11. Research Partner I II ‘Cordaid combines more than 90 years’ experi-III ence and expertise in emergency aid and struc- A Rapportage Haïti tural poverty eradication. We are one of the big-IV B gest international development organisations with a network of almost a thousand partner C organisations in 36 countries in Africa, Asia and V D Latin America’. SHO 2e rapportage HaitiVI E ‘Our counterpart organisations work on variousVII themes, including participation, emergency aid and reconstruction, health and well-being andVIII entrepreneurship. Each year around 170 mil- Tweede nieuwsbrief haiti lion euros is spent on initiatives in the South, of which over 30 million euros is available forIX emergency aid. A small part is spent in the Netherlands on lobby, public support and con- X sciousness-raising’. Derde rapportage Haïti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 11
  12. 12. II Background Haiti Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 12
  13. 13. Haiti The Netherlands I Amsterdam Port-au-Prince Distance 7095 km Haiti IIIII AIV B C V DVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 13
  14. 14. Haiti Population: I 9,719,932 Age structure: II 0-14 years: 35.9%III male 1,748,677 female 1,742,199) A 15-64 years: 60.1%IV B male 2,898,251 female 2,947,272 C Location: V 65 years and over: 3.9% Caribbean, western one-third of the D male 170,584 female 212,949 island of Hispaniola, between the Carib-VI bean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Urbanization: west of the Dominican Republic urban population:VII 52% of total population Area: total: 27,750 sq km rate of urbanization:VIII land: 27,560 sq km 3.9% annual rate of change water: 190 sq kmIX Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 52.9% male: 54.8% X female: 51.2% Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 14
  15. 15. Historical Events 1492 Discovery by Columbus I 17th Century The French established a presence on Hispaniola II 1697 Spain ceded the French 1-3 of the island, western part which later became Haiti.III Late 18th Century Haiti’s nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L’OUVERTURE. A 1804 Haiti became the first black republic toIV B declare independence. C 1957-1971: Dictator “Papa Doc” Francios Duvalier. V D 1971-1986: Dictator “Baby Doc” Jean-Claude Duvalier (Son) forced into exile.VI 1990-1991: First free Haitian elections. Won by Jean-Bertrand Aristide. He was disposed byVII a militairy coupe in 1991. 1994-1995: Militairy govermentstepped down.VIII 2000-2004: Aristide reclaimed the presidency.. 2004-2006: International stabilization mission wasIX established. 2010: Earthquake Januari 12, struck the country. X Cholera Epidemic October 20, 2011: New president of Haiti, Michel Martelly. May 14,2011. Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 15
  16. 16. Haiti I IIIII AIV B V C What is the future prospect of Haiti ??? DVIVIIVIIIIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 16
  17. 17. III Ecoregions Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 17
  18. 18. Ecoregions Hispaniola The Island of Hispaniola 20°N I is home to a rich mixture of ecoregions and biodi- II versity. MOIST FOREST HISPANIOLA NT0127 HISPANIOLA DRY FOREST NT0215III HISPANIOLA PINE FOREST NT0305 A ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903IV B C 19°N Haiti hosts four distinct V D ecoregions, each with Frontière internationale 3500 m distinct and important 2500 m Limite de département E 2000 m Cours deauVI 1500 m 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations endemic species. 500 m 400 m 300 m Sommets Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villesVII 0 -200 m -500 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -1000 m - 1500 m - 2000 m - 2500 m - 3000 mVIII ECOREGIONS -3500 m - 4000 m - 4500 m NT0127 Moist Forest NT0127 0 0 (km) (mi) 50 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°WIX ECOREGIONS NT0215 Dry Forest NT0215 NT0127 Moist Forest NT0127 NT0305 Pine Forest NT0305 X NT0215 Dry Forest NT0215 NT0903 ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903 NT0305 Pine Forest NT0305 NT0903 ENRIQUILLO WETLANDS NT0903 Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 18
  19. 19. Hispaniola Dry Forest NT0215 20°N Hispaniolan dry forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W Hispaniolan dry forest (NT0215) C V Dry Broadleaf Forests DVI E Size: 15.000 km²VII about the size of HawaiiVIII Conservation Status: Critical/EndangeredIX X Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 19
  20. 20. Hispaniola Pine Forest NT0305 20°N Hispaniolan pine forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C Hispaniolan pine forest (NT0305) V Coniferous Forest DVI E Size: 11.600 km²VII about the size of Maryland Con- necticutVIII Conservation Status:IX Critical/Endangered X http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/nt/nt0305. html http://nl.wikipedia.org Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 20
  21. 21. Hispaniola Moist Forest NT0127 20°N Hispaniolan moist forests I Where: II Island of Hispaniola, 19°N in the CaribbeanIII Frontière internationale 3500 m 2500 m Limite de département 2000 m 1500 m Cours deau 1000 m 750 m Agglomérations 500 m Sommets A 400 m 300 m Capitale nationale 200 m 100 m Chef-lieu de département 50 m Autres villes 0 Biome: -200 m Projection UTM - WGS84 Datum -500 m -1000 m - 1500 mIV - 2000 m B - 2500 m - 3000 m -3500 m - 4000 m Tropical and Subtropical - 4500 m 0 (km) 50 0 (mi) 30 18°N 74°W 73°W 72°W C Hispaniolan moist forest (NT0127) V Moist Broadleaf Forest DVI E Size: 46.000 km²VII about the size of Maryland and Massachusetts combinedVIII Conservation Status:IX Critical/Endangered X http://www.nationalgeographic.com/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/nt/nt0127. html http://nl.wikipedia.org Research platform for post disaster urban responses Richard de Ruiter 1342061 R.de.Ruiter1983@gmail.com Delft University of Technology P2 Presentation Hosted by TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture Master of Urbanism June 24th, 2011 21

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