Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
P01 l01 b-shilesh_hariharan_-_geo-political_history_history_(introduction_to)_china
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

P01 l01 b-shilesh_hariharan_-_geo-political_history_history_(introduction_to)_china

511

Published on

Shilesh Hariharan - Geo-Political History History (Introduction to) China …

Shilesh Hariharan - Geo-Political History History (Introduction to) China
20/04/2010
Faculty of Architecture
TU Delft, The Netherlands
shilesh,"lecture series",sichuan,"urban emergencies",hariharan

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
511
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Epicenter WENCHUAN COUNTRY, SICHUAN province Beijing Magnitude 7.9 Richter Scale Range Tremors felt as far as Beijing 1500km from epicenter Casualty 69,197 people dead, of which 68,636 in Sichuan province Affected 15 million people lived in the Injured affected area 374,176 people Homeless Missing 4.8 million people homeless 18,222 people
  • 2. A collapsed building in Dujiangyan, close to the epicentre of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.
  • 3. Lake Formation in the Aftermath of Magnitude 7.9 Earthquake, Reliefweb
  • 4. Dujiangyan Area
  • 5. • 2000‐year‐old irrigation system • On the 29th of November 2000, Dujiangyan Irrigation System was placed on the World Cultural Heritage list. • It irrigates farming land across 33 counties in West Sichuan Province.
  • 6. Development from Disaster
  • 7. Reliefweb
  • 8. Current development: RAPID SHRINKAGE OF FARM LANDS WHICH OWING TO HIGH AMOUNT 70% OF URBANISATION Results Human displacement 35% Development without proper risk assessment to safeguard current investments.
  • 9. Aim of Workshop Redevelopment of Dujiangyan and the Sichuan province are a unique opportunity to find sustainable ways to synergize social, economical and spatial forces within its geo‐political framework. All the stakeholders in relation to their sustainable presence within current spatial framework must be acknowledged if a prosperous future is to be realized.
  • 10. CHINA
  • 11. Land Area 9.6 million square kilometres Population 1.3 Billion Ruled People's Republic of China 1 October 1949
  • 12. WESTERN CENTRAL EASTERN REGION REGION REGION CENTRAL TIBETIAN MOUNTAIN & EASTERN PLATEAU PLATEAU PLAINS
  • 13. http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
  • 14. http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
  • 15. 1986
  • 16. 1983
  • 17. http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/png/average-annual-precipitation-in-china(english)
  • 18. http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/jpg/china-satellite-photo/full-size
  • 19. https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog486/l3_p7.html
  • 20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PRC_Population_Density.svg
  • 21. 1983
  • 22. Regional Imbalance
  • 23. EXTRA-ECUMENICAL CHINA CHINA PROPER
  • 24. 1983
  • 25. Political History Mao Zedong Hua Guofeng Deng Jiang Zemin Hu Jintao (1943-1976 ) (1976-1981) Xiaoping (1989-2004) (since 2004… (1981-1989)
  • 26. Treaty of Nanking (29 August 1842) End of First Opium War (1839–42) Opening 5 ports for foreign trade • Guangzhou • Xiamen • Fuzhou • Ningbo • Shanghai
  • 27. Japanese Occupation of China (1931 -1941) MANCHURIA
  • 28. WAR OF LIBERATION CIVIL WAR (1946 – 1949) People’s Republic of China (PRC) came to power on 1 October 1949 Mr. Mao Zedong becomes the leader of the Communist party
  • 29. Post war Problems • Severe depression • High Inflation • Huge income and regional inequalities • Coastal region produced about 70 percent of industrial products while the vast interior was devoid of modern industries
  • 30. Communist China (PRC) Highly centralized mode of planning and administration Establishment of State Planning Commission and the State Construction Commission Transfer of Private enterprises into state-owned enterprises (SOEs) operating under planning SELF RESILIENCE: Isolated from the rest of the World Premier Mao Zedong
  • 31. Industry Land ownership Workers Economy Agriculture
  • 32. Work Food Land
  • 33. Regional Inequalities
  • 34. Development Push INLAND New factories close to resource INLAND Upgrade Existing factories in the Coastal areas
  • 35. Resource Factory First FIVE YEAR PLAN (FYP) 156 Industry and Energy based projects 50% In CENTRAL CHINA Local work force
  • 36. HUKOU system
  • 37. Family Registration system at hereditary places all over the country Effective check towards Migration Migration
  • 38. Cultural revolution 1966 “Class struggle is the driving force of social development” - Premier Mao Zedong • Private commerce and markets were prohibited • Government organizations, factories, and educational institutions were disbanded
  • 39. Cultural Revolution Civil war
  • 40. Economic Reform 1978 “To Get Rich Is Glorious” Premier Deng Xiaoping
  • 41. Development Policy
  • 42. Kuznets curve
  • 43. Chinese Cities
  • 44. 30 Cities with OVER 1 MILLION POPULATION 375 cities with less than 200,000 Population
  • 45. City Development
  • 46. Rural Agricultural Land
  • 47. Shenzhen 1980’s, a small fishing city with a population of 30,000. Today it is a sprawling city of 12 million+ population
  • 48. Chinese peasants are able to leave the soil but not the village and enter the factory but not the city
  • 49. City A City B
  • 50. City A City B
  • 51. City A City B
  • 52. Migrant worker housing
  • 53. Government Power
  • 54. Central Power State Power

×