Epicenter
                                        WENCHUAN COUNTRY,
                                        SICHUAN provin...
A collapsed building in Dujiangyan, close to the epicentre of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.
Lake Formation in the Aftermath of Magnitude 7.9 Earthquake, Reliefweb
Dujiangyan Area
• 2000‐year‐old irrigation system

• On the 29th of November 2000, Dujiangyan Irrigation System was
placed on the World Cu...
Development from Disaster
Reliefweb
Current development:
            RAPID SHRINKAGE OF FARM LANDS
            WHICH OWING TO HIGH AMOUNT
70%         OF URBAN...
Aim of Workshop
 Redevelopment of Dujiangyan and the Sichuan province are a unique
opportunity to find sustainable ways to...
CHINA
Land Area
9.6 million square
kilometres

Population
1.3 Billion

Ruled
People's Republic
of China
1 October 1949
WESTERN     CENTRAL     EASTERN
REGION      REGION      REGION




            CENTRAL
TIBETIAN   MOUNTAIN &   EASTERN
PLA...
http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
1986
1983
http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/png/average-annual-precipitation-in-china(english)
http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/jpg/china-satellite-photo/full-size
https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog486/l3_p7.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PRC_Population_Density.svg
1983
Regional Imbalance
EXTRA-ECUMENICAL CHINA
                         CHINA PROPER
1983
Political History




Mao Zedong     Hua Guofeng       Deng      Jiang Zemin     Hu Jintao
(1943-1976 )   (1976-1981)     ...
Treaty of Nanking (29 August 1842)




      End of First Opium War (1839–42)

      Opening 5 ports for foreign trade
   ...
Japanese Occupation of China (1931 -1941)   MANCHURIA
WAR OF LIBERATION

CIVIL WAR (1946 – 1949)

People’s Republic of China (PRC) came to power on 1
October 1949

Mr. Mao Zedo...
Post war Problems
• Severe depression

• High Inflation

• Huge income and regional inequalities

• Coastal region produce...
Communist China (PRC)
                     Highly centralized mode of planning and
                     administration

  ...
Industry
                         Land ownership

  Workers




                           Economy
Agriculture
Work
       Food   Land
Regional Inequalities
Development Push INLAND


New factories
close to resource
INLAND




                                       Upgrade Existi...
Resource           Factory
                             First FIVE YEAR PLAN (FYP)

                                    15...
HUKOU system
Family Registration system
            at hereditary places all over
            the country

            Effective check ...
Cultural revolution 1966
   “Class struggle is the driving force of social development”
                                  ...
Cultural Revolution


Civil war
Economic Reform 1978


                    “To Get Rich Is Glorious”




Premier Deng Xiaoping
Development Policy
Kuznets curve
Chinese Cities
30 Cities with OVER 1
MILLION POPULATION


                          375 cities
                        with less than
   ...
City Development
Rural Agricultural Land
Shenzhen


           1980’s, a small fishing
           city with a population of
           30,000.




                ...
Chinese peasants are able to leave the soil
but not the village and enter the factory but
                 not the city
City A   City B
City A   City B
City A   City B
Migrant worker housing
Government Power
Central Power   State Power
P01 l01 b-shilesh_hariharan_-_geo-political_history_history_(introduction_to)_china
P01 l01 b-shilesh_hariharan_-_geo-political_history_history_(introduction_to)_china
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Shilesh Hariharan - Geo-Political History History (Introduction to) China
20/04/2010
Faculty of Architecture
TU Delft, The Netherlands
shilesh,"lecture series",sichuan,"urban emergencies",hariharan

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P01 l01 b-shilesh_hariharan_-_geo-political_history_history_(introduction_to)_china

  1. 1. Epicenter WENCHUAN COUNTRY, SICHUAN province Beijing Magnitude 7.9 Richter Scale Range Tremors felt as far as Beijing 1500km from epicenter Casualty 69,197 people dead, of which 68,636 in Sichuan province Affected 15 million people lived in the Injured affected area 374,176 people Homeless Missing 4.8 million people homeless 18,222 people
  2. 2. A collapsed building in Dujiangyan, close to the epicentre of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.
  3. 3. Lake Formation in the Aftermath of Magnitude 7.9 Earthquake, Reliefweb
  4. 4. Dujiangyan Area
  5. 5. • 2000‐year‐old irrigation system • On the 29th of November 2000, Dujiangyan Irrigation System was placed on the World Cultural Heritage list. • It irrigates farming land across 33 counties in West Sichuan Province.
  6. 6. Development from Disaster
  7. 7. Reliefweb
  8. 8. Current development: RAPID SHRINKAGE OF FARM LANDS WHICH OWING TO HIGH AMOUNT 70% OF URBANISATION Results Human displacement 35% Development without proper risk assessment to safeguard current investments.
  9. 9. Aim of Workshop Redevelopment of Dujiangyan and the Sichuan province are a unique opportunity to find sustainable ways to synergize social, economical and spatial forces within its geo‐political framework. All the stakeholders in relation to their sustainable presence within current spatial framework must be acknowledged if a prosperous future is to be realized.
  10. 10. CHINA
  11. 11. Land Area 9.6 million square kilometres Population 1.3 Billion Ruled People's Republic of China 1 October 1949
  12. 12. WESTERN CENTRAL EASTERN REGION REGION REGION CENTRAL TIBETIAN MOUNTAIN & EASTERN PLATEAU PLATEAU PLAINS
  13. 13. http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
  14. 14. http://www.drben.net/ChinaReport/Sources/China_Maps/Map-Peoples_Republic_of_China-at_Night-Nightview_China-1A.html
  15. 15. 1986
  16. 16. 1983
  17. 17. http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/png/average-annual-precipitation-in-china(english)
  18. 18. http://mapsof.net/china/static-maps/jpg/china-satellite-photo/full-size
  19. 19. https://www.e-education.psu.edu/geog486/l3_p7.html
  20. 20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PRC_Population_Density.svg
  21. 21. 1983
  22. 22. Regional Imbalance
  23. 23. EXTRA-ECUMENICAL CHINA CHINA PROPER
  24. 24. 1983
  25. 25. Political History Mao Zedong Hua Guofeng Deng Jiang Zemin Hu Jintao (1943-1976 ) (1976-1981) Xiaoping (1989-2004) (since 2004… (1981-1989)
  26. 26. Treaty of Nanking (29 August 1842) End of First Opium War (1839–42) Opening 5 ports for foreign trade • Guangzhou • Xiamen • Fuzhou • Ningbo • Shanghai
  27. 27. Japanese Occupation of China (1931 -1941) MANCHURIA
  28. 28. WAR OF LIBERATION CIVIL WAR (1946 – 1949) People’s Republic of China (PRC) came to power on 1 October 1949 Mr. Mao Zedong becomes the leader of the Communist party
  29. 29. Post war Problems • Severe depression • High Inflation • Huge income and regional inequalities • Coastal region produced about 70 percent of industrial products while the vast interior was devoid of modern industries
  30. 30. Communist China (PRC) Highly centralized mode of planning and administration Establishment of State Planning Commission and the State Construction Commission Transfer of Private enterprises into state-owned enterprises (SOEs) operating under planning SELF RESILIENCE: Isolated from the rest of the World Premier Mao Zedong
  31. 31. Industry Land ownership Workers Economy Agriculture
  32. 32. Work Food Land
  33. 33. Regional Inequalities
  34. 34. Development Push INLAND New factories close to resource INLAND Upgrade Existing factories in the Coastal areas
  35. 35. Resource Factory First FIVE YEAR PLAN (FYP) 156 Industry and Energy based projects 50% In CENTRAL CHINA Local work force
  36. 36. HUKOU system
  37. 37. Family Registration system at hereditary places all over the country Effective check towards Migration Migration
  38. 38. Cultural revolution 1966 “Class struggle is the driving force of social development” - Premier Mao Zedong • Private commerce and markets were prohibited • Government organizations, factories, and educational institutions were disbanded
  39. 39. Cultural Revolution Civil war
  40. 40. Economic Reform 1978 “To Get Rich Is Glorious” Premier Deng Xiaoping
  41. 41. Development Policy
  42. 42. Kuznets curve
  43. 43. Chinese Cities
  44. 44. 30 Cities with OVER 1 MILLION POPULATION 375 cities with less than 200,000 Population
  45. 45. City Development
  46. 46. Rural Agricultural Land
  47. 47. Shenzhen 1980’s, a small fishing city with a population of 30,000. Today it is a sprawling city of 12 million+ population
  48. 48. Chinese peasants are able to leave the soil but not the village and enter the factory but not the city
  49. 49. City A City B
  50. 50. City A City B
  51. 51. City A City B
  52. 52. Migrant worker housing
  53. 53. Government Power
  54. 54. Central Power State Power

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