Natural DisastersA natural disaster is the effect of anatural hazard (e.g., flood, tornado,hurricane, volcanic erruption,earthquake, heatwave, or landslide). Itleads to financial, environmental andhuman losses. 2
FloodsA flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land. A flood is a temporary covering of land by water not normally covered by water. Flooding may result from the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake, which overflows or breaks levees, with the result that some of the water escapes its usual boundaries. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, it is not a significant flood unless such escapes of water endanger land areas used by man like a village, city or other inhabited area. 3
2011 Floods in Sindh The 2011 Sindh floods began during the Pakistani monsoon season in mid-August 2011, resulting from heavy monsoon rains in Sindh, eastern Balochistan, and southern Punjab. The floods have caused considerable damage; an estimated 434 civilians have been killed, with more than 5.3 million people and 1.5 million homes affected. 4
Continue… The flooding follows the previous years historic 2010 Pakistan floods, which devastated the entire country. Unprecedented torrential monsoon rains caused severe flooding in 16 districts of Sindh province. 5
Continue….. Sindh is a fertile region and often called the "breadbasket" of the country; the damage and toll of the floods on the local agrarian economy is said to be extensive. At least 1.7 million acres of arable land have been inundated as a result of the flooding. 6
How to Prevent from the Floods By making more Dams. By planting trees along the rivers and canals. By proper maintenance of rivers and canals. By strengthening the banks of the rivers. By maintaining drainage systems. 7
How to Prevent from the Diseases By shifting affected people to safer places. By Vaccination of common diseases. By providing immediate medical care. By draining out of the stagnant waters. 8
How to save the country from flood damages and losses. To establish disaster relief organizations. To train the disaster relief workers. By creating awareness in the people for the rescue. By strong communication. 9
Economic Affects The crops and cattles got expensive and in lack amount. Industries based on agriculture and cattle ranching got in loss. A number of houses and industries got damaged. It will lead to the damages of roads, collapse of bridges or traffic congestion. Inflation. Resources used in reconstruction. 10
Social Affects A large part of population displaced from their homes. Increase in unemployment. A huge destruction of educational institutions caused long break in education of children. Spread out of numerous diseases, which take long time to recover. 11
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