Growth and Collaboration - Dr Michael Kitson, UK Innovation Research Centre
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Growth and Collaboration - Dr Michael Kitson, UK Innovation Research Centre

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Growth and Collaboration - Dr Michael Kitson, UK Innovation Research Centre

Growth and Collaboration - Dr Michael Kitson, UK Innovation Research Centre

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  • 1. Eight Features of Knowledge Exchange Michael Kitson www.michaelkitson.org https://twitter.com/MichaelKitson
  • 2. Survey of 2,500 Businesses Survey of 22,000 Academics
  • 3. 1 Broaden the focus beyond technology transfer
  • 4. 5 7 4 14 Licensed research Patenting Spun-out company Formed/run consultancy Commercialisation activities Community- based activities Lectures for the community Community-based sports Public exhibitions People-based activities Giving invited lectures Student placements Participating in networks Standard-setting forums Enterprise education Curriculum development Attending conferences Sitting on advisory boards Format adapted from Ulrichsen (2009) Abreu, Grinevich, Hughes and Kitson (2009) Commercialisation Activities of UK Academics
  • 5. 65 67 87 38 33 28 31 33 6 38 30 3 15 5 7 4 14 57 49 43 35 46 10 10 27 37 9 Setting of physical facilities Contract research Consultancy services External secondment Joint Publications Prototyping and testing Informal advice Research consortia Hosting personnel Joint research Problem-solving activities Licensed research Patenting Spun-out company Formed/run consultancy Commercialisation activities Community- based activities Lectures for the community Schools project Community-based sports Public exhibitions People-based activities Giving invited lectures Student placements Participating in networks Standard-setting forums Enterprise education Curriculum development Attending conferences Sitting on advisory boards Employee training Source: Hughes , A. and Kitson. M. (2012), Cambridge Journal of Economics, All Interactions for UK Academics
  • 6. All Interactions for UK Business 10 8 13 4 3 3 7 7 2 4 12 3 2 27 3 6 6 3 2 24 5 1 3 2 1 2 joint publications Creation of physical facilities Prototyping and testing Joint research informal advice Secondment to HEIs Hosting academics Consultancy services Contract research) Research consortiaProblem solving activities Academic Publications Licenses owned by HEIs Spun-out company Licences owned by non-HEIs Commercialisation and research activities Community based activities Lectures for the community Schools projects public exhibitions Community based sports People based activities Attending conferences with HEIs Attending conferences organised by HEIs Supervising student projects; Participation in networks Sitting on advisory boards Participation in standard setting forums involving HEIS Training at HEIs Invited lectures Enterprise Education 2 Curriculum development Source: Data from Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2013), Connecting with the Ivory Tower: Business Perspectives on Knowledge Exchange in the UK, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • 7. 2 Broaden the focus beyond STEM
  • 8. Interactions with private sector companies (% of respondents) Source: Abreu, M., Grinevich, V., Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2009), Knowledge Exchange between Academics and the Business, Public and Third Sectors, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • 9. 3 Its not just about business
  • 10. Interactions with public sector organisations (% of respondents) Source: Abreu, M., Grinevich, V., Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2009), Knowledge Exchange between Academics and the Business, Public and Third Sectors, Centre for Business Research, University of
  • 11. Interactions with the third sector organisations (% of respondents) Source: Abreu, M., Grinevich, V., Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2009), Knowledge Exchange between Academics and the Business, Public and Third Sectors, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • 12. 4 Not just about technology
  • 13. Why businesses interact with HEIs? Source: Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2013), Connecting with the Ivory Tower: Business Perspectives on Knowledge Exchange in the UK, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • 14. 5 Constraints: not the usual suspects
  • 15. Constraints on interactions with external organisations (% of respondents – All and Engineering) Source: Cambridge Centre for Business Research Survey of Knowledge Exchange Activity by UK Academics (Hughes, A., Kitson, M., Abreu, M., Grinevich, V., Bullock, A. and Milner, I.) UK Data Archive Study Number 6462
  • 16. Academic and business perceptions of constraints on interactions Source: Data from Hughes, A. and Kitson, M. (2010), Connecting with the Ivory Tower: The Business Perspective on Knowledge Exchange in the UK, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
  • 17. 6 The danger of focusing on ‘impact’
  • 18. 7 Realistic expectations
  • 19. Number of Businesses and Academics (FT) in the UK (2013) Sources: HESA and Department for Business Innovation and Skills
  • 20. 8
  • 21. THE MYTH OF THE ACADEMIC IVORY TOWER