FCTC1. FCTC: The first global world treaty adopted by the WHO in May 2003. Entered into force in May 2005;2. Ratified by 174 countries;3. Objective: “to reduce continually and substantially the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke.”4. The implementation of the various articles is pushed forward by guidelines.
FCTC Articles: Process 2010 Art. 9&10 Art. 9&10 Art. 9&10 Deadline for CoP4 Nov. Discussions in Parties to Deadline for Parties 15-20 Working Groups submit to submit comments comments Informal working group on a protocol Second meeting of to eliminate illicit the working group 2011 trade on tobacco with exact dates to products be confirmed 2012 Art. 9&10 / 17&18 New text on Art. CoP5 Nov. Discussions OF 17&18 to be Final Doc. Working Groups circulated on Art. 15-20 17&18
FCTC Articles 9&10! The treaty contains 38 articles, some of them related closely to tobacco growing. ! Articles are generally broad and vague. ! Guidelines are developed to provide specific details on how countries should implement the articles
FCTC Articles 17&18 A shift in Focus• From research on the negative effects of tobacco growing……• …..to the development of economically viable alternative livelihoods to tobacco growing
FCTC Articles 17&18no comparison with other crops• No assessment of the pollution, environmental degradation, poverty and disease caused by other crops or industries.• Total disregard of evidence provided by eminent institutions such as World Bank, FAO and other UN agencies or local ministries comparing tobacco to other crops.
FCTC Articles 17&18 No assesment of alternative livelihood• The problem is not to grow another crop instead of tobacco, but to find another crop or activity with: " a ready market " same level of income as tobacco " same level of employment• No mechanism of support to switch to alternatives
FCTC Articles 17&18-Tobacco Growers excluded from dialogue • Despite the claim that growers should be involved, the FCTC excludes tobacco growers from dialogue • According to the FCTC the only growers who might be involved are disgruntled tobacco farmers representing a tiny minority of the class (public hearing in Brazilia experience)
Conference of the Parties Nov 2010: GuidelinesGuidelines were discussed and partially approved onthe composition of tobacco products (articles 9 and 10);Recommendations were made for alternativelivelihoods to tobacco growing (articles 17 and 18);A new working group was created to work on taxation(article 6);Strong presence of non-Parties as very vocalobservers.