Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit: Why Openness Matters?
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Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit: Why Openness Matters?

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Keynote presentation at Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit on September 27, 2013.

Keynote presentation at Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit on September 27, 2013.

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  • I’m Una Daly, Community College Outreach Director at OpenCourseWare Consortium. I am truly honored to be invited to Ohio and kick off your Textbook Affordability Summit. Ohio has long been a leader in innovative education from OhioLink to Ohio Digital Bookshelf and Scaffold to the Stars. I have had the pleasure of working with both Danielle Budzick on an open textbook project here at Cuyahoga Tri-City College and cheering on your Scaffold to the Stars run by the Ohio Digital Bookshelf.
  • The Open Course Library is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrollment college courses. 42 courses have been completed so far, providing faculty with a high-quality option that will cost students no more than $30 per course.
  • What about something small – local? Do open policies make sense on a smaller scale?Even one open textbook for a top 100 course makes sense.But WA should (a) ask if anyone else has already done this and openly licensed it (e.g., CK12), (b) alert other states / countries that it is going to make this investment and share.
  • Siyavula means “we are opening”
  • Collaborative Statistics co-author – my open textbook is better because of all the feedback that I have received from other instructors.

Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit: Why Openness Matters? Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit: Why Openness Matters? Presentation Transcript

  • Why Openness Matters? Expand Access • Reduce Costs • Improve Quality Una Daly Ohio Textbook Affordability Summit September 27, 2013 1Except where otherwise noted these materials are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY)
  • Welcome Una Daly Community College Outreach Director OpenCourseWare Consortium
  • Agenda • Barriers to Education • Open Textbook Solution • How Openness Enables Sharing … • Business Case for Open Textbooks • Open Licensing • Case Studies and Impact • OER Impact • Steps to Adopt Open Textbooks
  • Education as Human Right “ Education is both a human right and a vital means of promoting peace and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms … to realize this potential, education must be made universally available and equally accessible to all “ World Education Report 2000, “The right to education: Towards education for all throughout life”. http://www.unesco.org/education/information/wer/PDFeng/wholewer.PDF
  • Tuition and Fees • Undergraduate costs rose 42 percent at public institutions 2001-2011 https://www.ohiohighered.org Source: National Center for Education Statistics http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp? id=76
  • Student Debt • Federal Student Loan Debt – 1-Trillion Dollars • Avg. loan upon graduation – $25,000+ Source: Chronicle of Higher Ed, Forbes Magazine, Aug 2013 http://www.forbes.com/sites/specialfeatu res/2013/08/07/how-the-college-debt-is- crippling-students-parents-and-the- economy/ Image: Student Loan, Wikipedia
  • Textbook Prices • Increased 812 percent since 1978 • 3 to 4 times inflation rate • Average student spends $1168 annually on supplies Source: Consumer Price Index, College Board. Student PIRGs
  • There is a direct relationship between textbook costs and student success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus www.projectkaleidoscope.org
  • Solution: Open Textbooks • Online access to textbook on first day of class. • Free online, low- cost print option • Faculty can adapt for students Licensed for re-use by OpenSourceWay
  • Education is about Sharing • Faculty share knowledge with students • Students share their understanding • Faculty share with colleagues Source: David Wiley, Why be Open, slideshare 2012
  • What are Open Educational Resources? U.S. Dept. of Education – Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or repurposing by others. cc-by donkyhotey/flickr
  • Examples Includes – • Course materials • Lesson Plans • Modules or lessons • OpenCourseWare (OCW) • Open textbooks • Videos • Images • Tests • Software • Any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support ready access to knowledge adapted from Judy Baker’s ELI 2011 OER Workshop cc-by license
  • Business Case for Open • Open textbooks are born digital … • Digital enables editing – Add/Remove chapters – Adjust reading level • Copying and distribution are “free” online. Image: Some Rights Reserved MrKCoolsPhotostream
  • What is an Open License? • Free: Free to access online, free to print • Open: Shared, usable and re-usable • Creative Commons: less restrictions than standard copyright but author retains full rights.
  • Creative Commons Licenses Simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions Adapted from Ronda Neugebauer Slidesshare Permission: Attribute Commercial? Share alike? http://creativecommons.org
  • 16
  • CC licenses are unique because they are expressed in three ways. Slide adapted from Paul Stacey slideshare
  • Search & Discoverability Slide adapted from Cable Green slideshare
  • http://oeraccess.merlot.org/ Translations & Accessibility Slide adapted from Cable Green slideshare
  • Customization & Affordability Slide adapted from Cable Green slideshare
  • Cost Savings Publisher: Wiley & Sons Publisher : Connexions $171.25 Amazon Digital Access - $0 Softbound: $26.20
  • Who creates open textbooks? • Private Foundations • Grant funded projects • Educational institutions • Faculty and other experts Source: lumen learning slideshare $100 million from private foundations in the last decade.
  • OpenStax College Ultimate Goal – Professional-grade books for top 20+ courses. All books licensed Spring 2012 Spring 2012 Spring 2013 Spring 2013 Fall 2013 Adapted from David Harrison CCCOER webinar cc-by 23
  • Large scale Open Textbook Projects • U.S. Department of Labor • Open Course Library • BCcampus Open Textbooks • California Open Textbooks • South Africa Siyavula • NGLC Kaleidoscope CC-BY-NC-SA by Cascade Hiker
  • $2 billion over four years Materials licensed with CC-BY TAACCCCT Grants Source: Cable Green, Creative Commons, 2013
  • http://www.nationalstem.org Ohio TAACCCCT Projects
  • Peer reviewed, 81 highest-enrolled lower division courses. You can download and use for teaching. All content is stored in Google docs making it easy to access, browse and download. Washington State Board Community & Technical Colleges s Open Course Library
  • English Composition I • 55,000+ enrollments / year • x $175 textbook • = $9.6+ Million every year Source: Cable Green, Washington SBCTC, 2011
  • British Columbia • Find & develop 40 open textbooks for highest-enrolled college courses. • Peer-reviews by BC faculty • Competitive bid for customization of open textbooks. • $1 million pledged by BC Higher Education Ministry http://open.bccampus.ca/forums/topic/list-of-textbooks-with-reviews/
  • California Legislation & Policy • 50 Open Textbooks for highest- enrolled college courses • California State University’s Affordable Learning Solutions • California Community College System requires CC-BY license • University of California Open Access Research Policy 50
  • South Africa’s Siyavula “we are opening” • Free High School Science Textbooks • Department of education adopted for all 10, 11, 12th grades in 2010
  • NGLC Kaleidoscope Project • Create and adopt course designs for high-enrollment courses collaboratively across multiple institutions • Use best of existing OER • First round: – 6 two-year and 2 four-year colleges.
  • Student ratings of quality of open texts 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Better quality Same quality Worse quality Number of Students • “It was very concise and aligned with exactly what we were working on in the class.” • “Having the textbook catered to us by our teacher was perfect.” 3% 56% 41% Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
  • 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Historical Success Kaleidoscope www.projectkaleidoscope.org Student Success C or Better
  • Open Textbook Research 2010 • Enhanced students interactions with materials and peers • Increased faculty collaboration leading to improved practices Open Learning Journal, 2011 http://bit.ly/14aGKiP
  • OER Research Hub 2013-2014 • Use of OER leads to critical reflection with evidence of improvement in practice. • Participation in OER pilots leads to policy change at institutional level. • Open education models lead to more equitable access to education • OER adoption at institutional level leads to financial benefits for students and/or institutions
  • Open Textbook Adoption 1. Find and Select Open Textbooks Peer Review 2. Adoption Process Support for customization 3. Feedback and Research Students, faculty, and staff 4. Revisions Sustainability & Support San Miguel stairs creative commons licensed by larry&flo 2007
  • Discover Open Textbooks Repositories & Listing Sites How to Adopt an Open Textbook
  • Collaboration Needed • Involve all campus stakeholders – Faculty – Campus advocates – Students – Researchers – Publishers – College Bookstores – Authors – Librarians – Professional organizations for educators Image cc-by Sujin Jetkasettakorn/ FreeDigitalPhotos.net
  • • Promote open practices and policies • Help faculty adopt OER • Get student input • Openly license your own work • Join the open education community Open Textbook Sustainability
  • • Find & Adopt open textbook workshops • Understanding open licenses • Open textbook development workflow • Online accessibility • Faculty and student surveys • Access to community of OER practitioners & experts Need Help Getting Started? We can help …
  • Thank you! Contact Information Una Daly unatdaly@ocwconsortium.org
  • Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa Photo credits: